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thing towards their living, as to read paper, from Dr. Gill, in which he asand write," and " that all children of serts that “the Pædobaptists are ever above seven years old may be pre- restless and uneasy, endeavouring to sented to this kind of education, none maintain and support, if possible, being to be excluded by reason of the their unscriptural practice of infantpoverty and unability of their parents, baptism; though it is no other than a for hereby it bath come to pass, that pillar of Popery." many are now holding the plough, Then follows (p. 26) the “ which might have been made fit to a Letter published in the Whitehall steer the state."
Evening Post, Sept. 17, 1747, with The author proceeds to recommend Notes by the Author.” This is a severe that “such poor children be employed charge of inconsistency against the in works, whereby they may earn Dissenting gentleman (Mr. Towgood) their living, equal to their strength for his zealous defence of Infant-Bapand understanding. And if they can- tism, compared with his assertion of not get their whole living, and their Christ's sole authority, in reply to Mr. parents can contribute nothing at all White. The Dissenting gentleman to make it up,” that they stay is loudly called upon to explain him. somewhat the longer in the work- self. One of your correspondents can, house." He further recommends, perhaps, say who was the anonymous "that they use such exercises, whether Letter-writer, and whether Mr. Tow. in work or for recreation, as tend to good ever replied. the health, agility and strength of their P. 50, col. 1.
“ The confounding bodies;—that they be taught to read by of Wollaston with Woolston" was once much more compendious means than very common. Mr. Clarke, in his are in common use, which is a thing Preface to “The Religion of Nature," certainly very easy and feasible ;" — 1750, attributes the mistake not only and " that the elements of arithmetic to “ the similitude of names,” but to and geometry be by all studied, being the circumstance of both those writers not only of great and frequent use in having been members of the same colall human affairs, but also sure guides lege in Cambridge. and helps to reason, and especial Ibid. col. 2. Voltaire's last moremedies for a volatile and unsteady ments were not so described nearer mind.”—Advice, pp. 3–5.
the time of his death in 1778. Con. Such, at the age of 25, without dorcet, in his Life, annexed to Vol. the benefit of an example, and with C. of his works, (1792, p. 164,) scarcely a coadjutor, was the antici. says, not indeed much to the credit pation of improvements, reserved for of Voltaire's sincerity, “L'Abbé Gaua distant generation, but now contem- thier confessa Voltaire, et reçut de plated by this almost universal genius. lui une profession de foi par laquelle lo Ward's Gresham Professors, p. il déclarait qu'il mourait dans la 223, the Advice is mentioned as the religion Catholique où était né.” An earliest of the author's publications. earlier account, probably the eariiest I cannot help remarking how highly in English, (An. Reg. 1778, XXI. 4,) honoured was Mr. Hartlib, by the con- makes Voltaire reply to the question fidence of such a triumvirate, as Boyle, on the divinity of Christ : " Ah! M. Milton and Petty!
le Curé, if I pass that article to you, P. 20. I thank Mr. H. Taylor for you will demand if I do not also behis information. Since I mentioned lieve in the Holy Ghost, and so go on, Dr. John Taylor's pamphlet, I have until you finish by the Bull Ünigefound “A Letter to the Society of nitus.” Protestant Dissenters at the Octagon P. 52, col. 2. The late King's " bad in Liverpool. London, 1766.” This education," In Lord Melcombe's Di. pamphlet contains an introductory let- ary, (ed. 3, 1785, p. 171,) the Princess ter inviting to an examination of the Dowager, in October 1752, says of her subject of baptism. This is followed sop Prince George, “that he was very by a letter from “A Pædobaptist," honest, but she wished that he was a with a reply, both which had appeared, little more forward and less childish, October, 1765, in the General Even- at his age,”. (just past 14,) and “ that ing Post, the first letter being occa- she hoped his preceptors would imsioned, by an advertisement in that prove him," adding, in answer to
the courtier's further inquiries, that The first of these interpretations, she really did not well know what
“ lovest thou me
inore than thou they taught him; but, to speak freely, lovest thy nets, thy boats and thy fishshe was afraid not much; that they ing employment ?" -has been adopted were in the country, and followed their by Whitby and Pearce, and certainly diversions, and not much else that she has the claim of ingenuity to recomcould discover."
mend it. Peter was by occupation a P. 52, col. 2. “The Bishop of Peter- tisherman ; and, judging from many borough, Mr. Stone and Mr. Scott.” little circumstances which are inciThe Princess (Diary, 172) says, “ that dentally mentioned in the Gospels, Stone was a sensible man, and capable was fond of his employment, and took of instructing in things, as well as in a pleasure in it unconnected with any books--that Scott, in her opinion, was prospect of emolument. It was, therea very proper preceptor ; but that for fore, reasonable, as well as natural, the good Bishop, he might be, and she that Christ should endeavour to obtain supposed he was, a mighty learned from his own lips a confession that he man, but he did not seem to her very was not less attached to the cause of proper to convey knowledge to chil- the gospel than to his worldly occupadren; he had not that clearness which tion. Hence it has been thought, that, she thought neces
cessary; she did not in the question, “ Lovest thou me well comprehend him herself, his more than these?” our Lord had a thoughts seemed to be too many for reference to the instruments of Peter's his words.”
trade; which are supposed to have This Bishop of Peterborough was been upon the spot where Jesus and Dr. John Thomas, who had first so- his disciples were assembled at the journed at Lincoln, and was, in 1761, time when this interesting dialogue translated to Salisbury:
coinmenced. But there is a delicacy
and reserve in the Apostle's answer, “ Another and another still succeeds, And the last See more welcome than the supposition that the question re
which was altogether unnecessary on the former."
lated inerely to his worldly occupa, This Prelate has been exalted, ap- tion : for, though he promptly and parently with great justice, to a bad unhesitatingly replies, "Yea, Lord !" eminence,” by Wakefield, in his Me- the answer is afterwards so qualified moirs, I. 15, 16. He is there repre- as to exclude all idea of comparison sented (from his treatment of my between his love to Christ and other friend's father) as an “ episcopal tan- objects. It is also worthy of remark, talizer,” who made a “common prac- that, in his subsequent answers, he tice of exercising the credulity and repeats, without any material variainsulting the feelings of his inferior tion, what he had said in his first reply; clergy."
cautiously avoiding that comparison,
whatever it might be, which it was the Remarks on our Lord's Question to from him :
design of our Lord's question to draw
Lord, thou knowest all Peter, “Simon, Son of Jonas; things ; thou knowest that I love lovest thou me more than these?” thee :'' As if he had said, “I am unJohn xxi. 15.
willing, after the severe trial which my Sir,
January 2, 1822. fidelity and attachment have lately unTHESE words are capable of three dergone, and the imperfect manner in me more than thou lovest these things, displayed, to make any further pro-thy nets, thy boats and thy fishing fessions ; but, notwithstanding my employment ? " (2.) Lovest thou me three-fold denial of thee, at which thou more than thou lovest thy fellow-dis- hast manifestly hinted by thrice reciples? (3.) Lovest thou me more peating this einbarrassing question, I than these love me? Is thy affection can affirm, with sincerity and confifor me stronger and more ardent than dence, that my love towards thee still that of Thomas and Nathanael, John remains unshaken.” Now, had Peter and James, and those two other disci- attributed to our Lord’s qnestion the ples (ver. 2) who have accompanied meaning assigned to it by the advocates ihee in this fishing expedition ?
of the above interpretation, it appears
to me that he could have had no diffi- effectually promoted, mine will be in culty whatever in returning a positive least danger of being forgotten.” Such and distinct answer, and in expressly appears to be the true interpretation declaring that he loved his Lord more of this confessedly difficult passage ; than his employment as a fisherman, and the gramınatical construction of or any other worldly occupation. On the clause, as it stands in the original, this account I feel a considerable de- seems to me to require this interpregree of reluctance in adopting this in- tation : Ayanus ME TELOV TRTWY; The terpretation ; and this reluctance is personal pronoun ou is only implied greatly increased by the circumstance in the termination of the verb : the of Peter and his companions having emphasis, therefore, rests correctly quitted their vessel some time before and properly upon the word je. our Lord began the conversation, and “Lovest thou me more than these?” likewise of their having probably left On this account I feel strongly intheir fishing tackle bebind them when clined to suspect that Doddridge and they came on shore.
others are not justified in adopting tbe The second interpretation—"Lov- third interpretation,-“ Lovest thou est thou me more than thou loyest me more than these love me?” “ The thy fellow-disciples ?-is not liable to nominative of the personal pronoun," these difficulties. Jesus had just finish- says Matthiæ, ( 465,) is usually ed his repast with his disciples, and omitted with the personal termination had begun a short but interesting con- of verbs, except where there is an emversation, by turning to Peter, and phasis, e. g. in an opposition, that is putting to him, in an abrupt and un- expressed or understood.” It follows, expected manner, the question which therefore, that, where such opposition has given rise to these remarks. The exists, the insertion of the pronoun is Apostle instantly perceived the drift essential; as in the following instance: of this question, and was aware of the “ All these have of their abundance embarrassing situation in which it cast in unto the offerings of God; but placed him. His reply, therefore, was she (attn) of her penury hath cast in more guarded and deliberate than all the living that she had.” (Luke usual. Jesus had said, on a former xxi. 4.) In this and other similar occasion, when he called his Apostles cases the opposition is marked by the together and commissioned them to insertion of the pronoun; and its abpreach in his name, “ He that loveth sence in our Lord's question to Peter father or mother more than me, is not affords strong presumptive evidence worthy of ine; and he that loveth son against the correctness of Doddridge's or danghter more than me, is not wor- interpretation. thy of me.” (Matt x. 37.) The time Others have objected to this interhad now arrived, when the necessity of pretation on different grounds,
alleging acting up to the spirit of this injunc- that it was impossible for Peter to tion was more imperative and binding say whether his own love to Christ or than ever. But, instead of devoting that of his fellow-disciples was the himself exclusively to the support of stronger. He could have had no difhis Master's cause, Peter was disco- ficulty, it may be said, in affirming, vered among his old associates, pur- that he was more attached to the cause suing his employment as a fisherman, of Jesus than to his employment as a and apparently forgetful of his duty as fisherman, if he had understood the an apostle of Jesus Christ. With a question proposed to him, as Whitby view, therefore, as it would seem, to and Pearce have understood it: and ascertain his comparative attachment he could easily have ascertained the to Jesus and his fishing companions, comparative extent of his affection for our Lord puts to him the question, Christ and his fellow-disciples, though “ Lovest thou me more than these?” he might be unwilling, on many ac
Yea, Lord,” replies Peter, “thou counts, to declare it in express terms knowest that I love thee.” Then says in their presence. But he could not Jesus, “ Feed my lambs.” “Let not possibly have determined by any test thy love for others exclude me from but that of experience, whether his a place in thy affections ; but love me love to Jesus was stronger than that through my disciples, and be assured, of Thomas or Nathanael, James or that when their interests are most John. There appears to me, however, I confess, no particular force in this the Books of Daniel and Esther seem objection. Peter, it should be recol. probable? In the Hebrew copies of lected, had made a boast on a former those books we find, that under the occasion, that, whatever others might Persian monarchy, the king could not do, nothing should induce him to deny revoke a decree which he had once or betray his Master. Although all signed. This seemed very strange to should be offended,” says he, (Mark the inhabitants of Alexandria, living xiv. 29,) “yet will not 1” thus place under a very different government, ing his own attachment to Christ on and very ignorant of the ancient Perhigher grounds than that of his fellow- sian customs. Some of them, theredisciples. In this view our Lord's fore, boldly wrote another account of question to Peter might have had some the circumstances of Daniel's being allusion to his former professions of thrown into the lion's den, in order to attachment, and might thus bave been evade the difficulty. This appears to intended to convey an indirect rebuke me to furnish a very strong internal grounded on his late fickleness and proof, that the Books of Daniel and miscarriage.
Esther were written during the contiOf the above interpretations, the nuance of the Persian monarcliy, as first and third have been most gene- otherwise this very remarkable custom rally adopted. The second appears to would probably not have been menme to be the only one which suits tioned in them. It strengthens this both the context and the gransmatical argument to observe, that Josephus construction of the passage. Different in his history of Esther, and Racine in minds, however, will of course be dif- his play, have both committed the ferently affected by them; and it is error of making the king revoke his possible that many arguments in fa- decree, which shews the high probavour of the first and third interpreta- bility that an historian who has given tions may have been overlooked by a correct history of these transactions, me in the course of the preceding re- must have lived while the custom was marks. If any of your learned readers, still in existence, that is, before the Sir, are in possession of such argu- destruction of the Persian empire. ments, by stating them in soune future This is of importance, because, as the Number of the Monthly Repository Book of Daniel certainly contains prothey will oblige your occasional cor, phecies of events long after the derespondent,
0. P. Q. struction of the Persian empire; if it
were written before that time, the SIR,
divine authority of its prophecies, T the conclusion of the Book of from which the truth of the Jewish
Psalms in the Septuagint is the and Christian revelations may very following: “This Psalm was written easily be deduced, is an undeniable by David, when he fought with Goli- consequence in the opinion of ath, and is out of the number: 'I
T. C. H. was the least among my brethren, the youngest in the house of my father. Sir,
Junuary 12, 1822. Í fed my father's sbeep. My hand S
have inserted an account made the pipe, and my fingers formed the viol. And who told it to my Alexander with three Quakers, Vol. Lord? He is the Lord, he heareth. XVI. p. 701, I send you what I take He sent his messenger, and took me to be an equally authentic narrative of from my father's sheep, and anointed a less formal conference between Peter me with the oil of his anointing. My the Great, the founder of the Russian brethren were fair and great, yet thé Empire, and two respectable memLord did not take pleasure in them. bers of that Society, in the words of I went out to meet the Philistine, and one of them. If you think fit to ac. he cursed me by bis idols. But ), cept it, your readers will see that this having seized his sword from m, cut ancestor of Alexander was so far from off his head, and took away reproach affecting to adopt the peaceable prin. from the sons of Israel."" How is it ciples of the Friends, that he inquired that this has not been put in the Apo- of what use they could be in any kingcrypha? Does the following account dom, seeing they would not bear arms of the additions in the Apocrypha to and fight? Yet this conference seems
to have induced the Czar to attend "Being invited up stairs, we obthe Friends' Meeting, at Gracechurch served two tall men walking in a large Street, with his suite and interpreter, room, and being directed to the Czar's the next Sunday morning. And while interpreter, he told us, that such a he was at Deptford, afterwards, ac- person had been in the Czar's service, quiring a practical knowledge of ship- but was dead. building, he occasionally attended their “In the mean time, the Czar and meeting at that place, and behaved not Prince Menzicoff, his general, came to only with great propriety, but with us, and upon the Czar saying somethe condescension of a truly great thing to his interpreter which we did man, by changing seats, or standing not understand ; he asked us, as we up to accommodate others. His con- bad our hats on, "Why do you not duct also towards the Quakers in so pay respect to great persons when promptly ordering his soldiers out of you are in their presence ?' their Meeting-house at Frederickstadt, swered, (says Thomas Story,) 'So we going himself to their meeting, and do when we are fully sensible of it, acting as an interpreter to his atten- especially to kings and princes ; for, dants, who did not understand the lan. though we decline all vain and empty guage of the preacher, was to give an shows of respect and duty, and flatterimpressive, practical lesson of tolera- ing titles, whereby they are generally tion, and almost of religious liberty, deceived by insincere and designing which many monarchs have yet to men; yet we yield all due and sincere learn, or want the virtue or the wis- respect to such, and all in authority dom to act upon. There seems, in- under them, by ready obedience to all deed, to have been in his intercourse their lawful commands. But when, at with the Friends, an entire consonance any time, any of them, either through between his actions and his profes- tyranny or ignorance, or ill counsel, sions, which is more than I can say of happen to command any thing conAlexander's.
trary to our duty to the Almighty, or His I confess rather remind me of his Son, Christ our Lord, then we the saying of Napoleon, who was per offer our prayers to God, and humble sonally acquainted ith him, and a addresses into such rulers, that their shrewd discerner of the real character understandings may be opened, and of others, (whatever might be the de- their minds changed towards us.' fects of his own,) when he described “ The Czar made no reply to this, Alexander, as "delightful in conver- but talked with his interpreter again, sation, but as false and treacherous who then asked, “Of what use can as a Greek," alluding, I suppose, not you be in any kingdom or governto the modern Greeks, but to the ment, seeing you will not bear arms well-known line in Virgil
and fight?' “ timeo Dagaos et dona ferentes." “ To this I replied, “That many of
us had borne arms in times past; but
when it pleased God to reveal in our “ At this time,” (1697,) says Tho. hearts the life and power of Jesus mas Story, (Journal of his Life, fol. Christ, his Son, our Lord, whose comVol. I. p. 123,) “ Peter the Great, Czar mandment is love, we were then reof Muscovy, being in London incog, conciled unto God, one unto another, and Gilbert Mollyson (Robert Barclay's into our enemies, and unto all men. wife's brother) having heard that a Yet we are of use in any kingdom or kinsman of his was in the Czar's ser- governinent. For the principle of our vice, and being desirous to increase religion forbids idleness and incites the kuowledge of the truth, requested to industry; as it is written, They me to go with him in quest of his shall beat their swords into plonghkinsinan to the Czar's residence, a shares, and their spears into pruninglarge house at the bottom of York hooks.' And we being concerned in Buildings, in order to present him all manner of husbandry, as likewise with some of Robert Barclay's Apo. in inanufactories and merchandizing, logies in Latin, hoping they might fall with the blessing of heaven upon our under the Czar's 'notice. When we labours, do not want, but rather etme to the place, Gilbert inquired of abound. the porter after his cousin.
“* And though we are prohibited