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COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE
HAROLD D. COOLEY, North Carolina, Chairman
STEPHEN PICE, Georgia, Vice Chairman
W. R. POAGE, Texas
CLIFFORD R. HOPE, Kansas GEORGE M. GRANT, Alabama
AUGUST H..ANDRESEN, Minnesota WALTER K. GRANGER, Utah
REID F. MURRAY, Wisconsin E. C. GATHINGS, Arkansas
EDWIN ARTHUR HALL, New York JOHN L. MCMILLAN, South Carolina
WILLIAM S. HILL, Colorado
EUGENE WORLEY, Texas
CHARLES B. HOEVEN, Iowa
THOMAS G. ABERNETHY, Mississippi SID SIMPSON, Illinois
CARL ALBERT, Oklahoma
ERNEST K. BRAMBLETT, California WATKINS M. ABBITT, Virginia
PAUL B. DAGUE, Pennsylvania JAMES G. POLK, Ohio
NORRIS COTTON, New Hampshire PAT SUTTON, Tennessee
DELEGATES EUGENE D. O'SULLIVAN, Nebraska
E. L. BARTLETT, Alaska JOEN C. DAVIES, New York
JOSEPH R. FARRINGTON, Hawaii CECIL F. WHITE, California
RESIDENT COMMISSIONER JAMES F. LIND, Pennsylvania
A. FERNÓS-ISERN, Puerto Rico
Mrs. MAREL C. DOWNEY, Clerk
Mrs. ALTAVENE CLARK, Executive Officer
JOSEPH O. PARKER, Counsel
JOHN J. HEIMBURGER, Research Specialist
SPECIAL COTTON SIBCOMMITTEE
STEPHEN PACE, Georgia, Chairman HAROLD D. COOLEY, North Carolina, ex- CLIFFORD R. HOPE, Kansas ofiicio
AUGUST H. ANDRESEN, Minnesota W. R. POAGE, Texas
REID F. MURRAY, Wisconsin GEORGE M. GRANT, Alabama
WILLIAM S. HILL, Colorado E. C. GATHINGS, Arkansas
CEARLES B. HOEVEN, Iowa JOHN L. MCMILLAN, South Carolina
ERNEST K BRAMBLETT, California EUGENE WORLEY, Texas
NORRIS COTTON, New Hampshire THOMAS G. ABERNETHY, Mississippi CARL ALBERT, Oklahoma PAT SUTTON, Tennessee CECIL F. WHITE, California
Adams, Harvey, farmer, Proctor, Ark., representing Agricultural Council
Agnew, Hugh, president, South Carolina Farm Bureau Federation..
Aldrich, Ransom, president, Mississippi Farm Bureau Federation.
Amacker, David, Louisiana Farm Bureau and Louisiana Delta Council. 413, 425
Andrews, W. W., Goldsboro, N. C., chairman cotton committee, North
Carolina State Grange.
Bagwell, John C., Office of the Solicitor, Department of Agriculture
Baldwin, Lt. Col. 0. J., U. S. Army
Bell, E. D., agricultural economist, Cotton Branch, Production and
228, 255, 268
Bentsen, Hon. Lloyd, Member of Congress from Texas.
Brannan, Charles F., Secretary of Agriculture..
Buie, J. C., Louisiana Farm Bureau and Louisiana Delta Council.. 413, 425
Bunje, Ralph B., Western Cotton Growers Association of California.
Camp, w. B., cotton grower, Bakersfield, Calif., and Gaffney, S. C.-- 467
Cherry, Russell, cotton farmer, Raymondville, Tex.
Conran, James V., New Madrid, Mo.
Cunningham, W. H., Littlefield, Tex..
Davis, E. C., Agricultural Council of Missouri.
Dearing, Gerald L., cottoo editor, Commercial Appeal, Memphis, Tenn. 503
Dean, John H., Assistant Director, Cotton Branch, Production and
Delta Council, agricultural committee (additional statement).
Draper, Hon. W. H., Under Secretary of the Army, Washington, D. C.. 69
Edwards, Walter S., Agricultural Council of Missouri, New Madrid, Mo..
FitzGerald, Dr. Dennis A., Economic Cooperation Administration..
Fortenberry, W. O., Lubbock, Tex., cotton farmer.
Gilfoil, James H., Louisiana Farm Bureau and Louisiana Delta Council. 413, 425
Hand, James, cotton grower, Rolling Fork, Miss..
Hilbert, Dr. G. E., Chief, Bureau of Agricultural Industrial Chemistry,
Department of Agriculture..
Ivey, Louis J. (Texas State Legislature), El Paso, Tex.
Johnson, S. E., Louisiana Farm Bureau and Louisiana Delta Council.. 413, 425
Lee, J. D., director, Arizona Cooperative Cotton Growers Association --- 453
Oliver, Judge A. W., Proctor, Ark., Agricultural Council of Arkansas- 399
Palmer, Dr. Arthur W., Office of Foreign Agricultural Relations, Depart-
ment of Agriculture.
Pattison, James B., member, Texas State Legislature, Pattison, Tex_- 453, 465
Patton, James G., president, National Farmers Union, Denver, Colo.. 345
Peterson, Miss Ruth E. K., commodity specialist, United States Tariff
Planz, William C., chairman, Textile Industry Committee on Foreign
Randolph, Walter L., president, Alabama Farm Bureau Federation --- 132, 297
Resolution adopted at mass meeting of cotton growers, Caruthersville, Mo.- 449
Reed, Dr. Vergil D., associate director of research, J. Walter Thompson
Co., New York City.
Sanders, J. T., legislative counsel, National Grange.
Sayre, C. R., executive manager, Delta Council. --
Schoonover, Tedford E., representing the Solicitor, Department of Agricul-
Scott, Dr. Walter H., director, Southern Regional Research Laboratory,
Shibley, W. Burton, cotton farmer, Newbern, Tenn.
Simon, Farris, Blytheville, Ark.
Smith, C. C., executive assistant, Staple Cotton Cooperative Association,
Smith, Elwood H., director and vice president, Southwest Four-State
Cotton Growers Association....
Smith, Russell, legislative secretary, National Farmers Union.
Smith, W. L., member, California State Grange-
Trigg, Ralph S., Administrator, Production and Marketing Administration. 191
Turner, Irby, cotton producer..-
Walker, C. 'D., Director, Cotton Branch, Production and Marketing
Administration, Department of Agriculture -
36, 184, 208
White, Hon. Cecil F., Member of Congress from California-
White, E. D., assistant to Secretary of Agriculture and Chief of Cotton
and Fibers Branch, Economic Cooperation Administration.
Wingate, H. L., president, Georgia Farm Bureau Federation.
Williamson, John C., assistant legislative director, Veterans of Foreign
Wooley, Frank, Deputy Administrator, Production and Marketing Admin-
168, 191, 204, 293
Average cotton yield per harvested acre, by States and United
Acreage of all cotton in cultivation in the United States July 1,
Cotton consumption in ECA countries for specified years; cotton
production and consumption, by countries, for specified years;
cotton stocks; supply and distribution by years; etc.
Cotton: Exports from United States, by countries of destination, by
Cotton: Production by States, 1928–48.
Cotton spot prices on specified world markets.
Cotton: Support prices under Aiken bill for specified supply condi-
tions with and without quotas..
Cotton: Estimated imports into specified countries, by countries of
origin, crop year 1948–49.
Cotton production in foreign countries
Cotton payments under ECA program, April 3, 1948, to December
Cotton-planted acreages and allotments by various combinations
and weightings adjusted to 20,000,000 acres by States and for the
Economic classes of farms.
List of articles imported into United States to be considered in trade-
Production of rayon, by countries and calendar years.
Rayon production and capacity production forecasts.
Telegrams from county farm bureaus in Texas
Statement on production of cotton in foreign countries.
Rayon yarn and staple fiber: United States import duties in the Tariff
Act of 1930 and changes negotiated at Geneva, effective January 1,
H. R. 128, a bill to provide that acreage planted to cotton in 1949 shall not
be used in computing cotton-acreage allotments for any subsequent
COTTON ACREAGE ALLOTMENT AND MARKETING
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE
Washington, D. C.
The subcommittee met at 10 a. m., Hon. Stephen Pace (chairman)
Mr. PACE. Gentlemen, the committee will please come to order.
May I say first that I am very gratified for the attendance
on time of the minority members of the committee, and I am
gratified by the indication of their interests in this problem.
With the consent of the committee I will indicate the presence of
I would like to make a preliminary statement in regard to the
problem before us and the purpose of the hearing. It is thought by
many that cotton is confronted with a most serious problem, the most
serious problem of any commodity today.
Generally speaking, there were about 4,000,000 bales of carry-over
last August and there was approximately 15,000,000 bales produced,
or a 19,000,000-bale supply. Estimates have been made by the
Department of a net consumption of around 9,000,000 bales and the
export of approximately 4,000,000 bales.
Whether those estimates will be realized is not yet known. It is
generally thought that in the light of the supply situation that mar-
keting quotas or acreage controls on cotton will be necessary in 1950.
If quotas are required we will be confronted with a rather antiquated
quota law as it relates to cotton. As most of the members of the
committee already realize, under the marketing-quota law the quotas
are approved by the Secretary, and the Secretary will not be per-
mitted to allot less than 27,000,000 acres in cotton, notwithstanding
the fact that in 1946 the farmers themselves planted only about
18,000,000 acres, in 1947 only about 21,000,000 acres, and in 1948
only about 23,000,000 acres.
The members of the committee are also concerned about the possi-
bility of the plantings this year. Reports have reached us that many
producers contemplate marketing quotas next year in cotton and are
planning a considerable increased acreage this year.
One of the questions that the committee will be asked to consider,
of course, is whether or not we can, within the time available get word
to the producers as to the disposition of the Congress and certainly
of this committee in regard to the 1949 acreage being taken into
account in fixing the 1950 allotments.
The purpose of the subcommittee in beginning hearings now is on
account of the emergency nature of the situation. As all members