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COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE
HAROLD D. COOLEY, North Carolina, Chairman

STEPHEN PICE, Georgia, Vice Chairman
W. R. POAGE, Texas

CLIFFORD R. HOPE, Kansas GEORGE M. GRANT, Alabama

AUGUST H..ANDRESEN, Minnesota WALTER K. GRANGER, Utah

REID F. MURRAY, Wisconsin E. C. GATHINGS, Arkansas

EDWIN ARTHUR HALL, New York JOHN L. MCMILLAN, South Carolina

WILLIAM S. HILL, Colorado
EUGENE WORLEY, Texas

CHARLES B. HOEVEN, Iowa
THOMAS G. ABERNETHY, Mississippi SID SIMPSON, Illinois
CARL ALBERT, Oklahoma

ERNEST K. BRAMBLETT, California WATKINS M. ABBITT, Virginia

PAUL B. DAGUE, Pennsylvania JAMES G. POLK, Ohio

NORRIS COTTON, New Hampshire PAT SUTTON, Tennessee

DELEGATES EUGENE D. O'SULLIVAN, Nebraska

E. L. BARTLETT, Alaska JOEN C. DAVIES, New York

JOSEPH R. FARRINGTON, Hawaii CECIL F. WHITE, California

RESIDENT COMMISSIONER JAMES F. LIND, Pennsylvania

A. FERNÓS-ISERN, Puerto Rico
Mrs. MAREL C. DOWNEY, Clerk
Mrs. ALTAVENE CLARK, Executive Officer

JOSEPH O. PARKER, Counsel
JOHN J. HEIMBURGER, Research Specialist

SPECIAL COTTON SIBCOMMITTEE

STEPHEN PACE, Georgia, Chairman HAROLD D. COOLEY, North Carolina, ex- CLIFFORD R. HOPE, Kansas ofiicio

AUGUST H. ANDRESEN, Minnesota W. R. POAGE, Texas

REID F. MURRAY, Wisconsin GEORGE M. GRANT, Alabama

WILLIAM S. HILL, Colorado E. C. GATHINGS, Arkansas

CEARLES B. HOEVEN, Iowa JOHN L. MCMILLAN, South Carolina

ERNEST K BRAMBLETT, California EUGENE WORLEY, Texas

NORRIS COTTON, New Hampshire THOMAS G. ABERNETHY, Mississippi CARL ALBERT, Oklahoma PAT SUTTON, Tennessee CECIL F. WHITE, California

CONTENTS

Page
Adams, Harvey, farmer, Proctor, Ark., representing Agricultural Council
of Arkansas.

399
Agnew, Hugh, president, South Carolina Farm Bureau Federation..

132
Aldrich, Ransom, president, Mississippi Farm Bureau Federation.

132
Amacker, David, Louisiana Farm Bureau and Louisiana Delta Council. 413, 425
Andrews, W. W., Goldsboro, N. C., chairman cotton committee, North
Carolina State Grange.

335

Bagwell, John C., Office of the Solicitor, Department of Agriculture

191

Baldwin, Lt. Col. 0. J., U. S. Army

82

Bell, E. D., agricultural economist, Cotton Branch, Production and

Marketing Administration..

228, 255, 268

Bentsen, Hon. Lloyd, Member of Congress from Texas.

139

Brannan, Charles F., Secretary of Agriculture..

201

Buie, J. C., Louisiana Farm Bureau and Louisiana Delta Council.. 413, 425

Bunje, Ralph B., Western Cotton Growers Association of California.

453

Camp, w. B., cotton grower, Bakersfield, Calif., and Gaffney, S. C.-- 467

Cherry, Russell, cotton farmer, Raymondville, Tex.

140

Conran, James V., New Madrid, Mo.

449

Cunningham, W. H., Littlefield, Tex..

495

Davis, E. C., Agricultural Council of Missouri.

Dearing, Gerald L., cottoo editor, Commercial Appeal, Memphis, Tenn. 503

Dean, John H., Assistant Director, Cotton Branch, Production and

Marketing Administration.

208, 227

Delta Council, agricultural committee (additional statement).

385

Draper, Hon. W. H., Under Secretary of the Army, Washington, D. C.. 69

Edwards, Walter S., Agricultural Council of Missouri, New Madrid, Mo..

441

FitzGerald, Dr. Dennis A., Economic Cooperation Administration..

45

Fortenberry, W. O., Lubbock, Tex., cotton farmer.

493

Gilfoil, James H., Louisiana Farm Bureau and Louisiana Delta Council. 413, 425

Hand, James, cotton grower, Rolling Fork, Miss..

372

Hilbert, Dr. G. E., Chief, Bureau of Agricultural Industrial Chemistry,

Department of Agriculture..

88

Ivey, Louis J. (Texas State Legislature), El Paso, Tex.

453, 462
Johnson, S. E., Louisiana Farm Bureau and Louisiana Delta Council.. 413, 425
Lee, J. D., director, Arizona Cooperative Cotton Growers Association --- 453
Oliver, Judge A. W., Proctor, Ark., Agricultural Council of Arkansas- 399
Palmer, Dr. Arthur W., Office of Foreign Agricultural Relations, Depart-
ment of Agriculture.

63

Pattison, James B., member, Texas State Legislature, Pattison, Tex_- 453, 465

Patton, James G., president, National Farmers Union, Denver, Colo.. 345

Peterson, Miss Ruth E. K., commodity specialist, United States Tariff

Commission.

97

Planz, William C., chairman, Textile Industry Committee on Foreign

Trade

432

Randolph, Walter L., president, Alabama Farm Bureau Federation --- 132, 297

Resolution adopted at mass meeting of cotton growers, Caruthersville, Mo.- 449

Reed, Dr. Vergil D., associate director of research, J. Walter Thompson

Co., New York City.

549

Sanders, J. T., legislative counsel, National Grange.

320
Sayre, C. R., executive manager, Delta Council. --

372
Schoonover, Tedford E., representing the Solicitor, Department of Agricul-
ture.

175
Scott, Dr. Walter H., director, Southern Regional Research Laboratory,
New Orleans

88, 97

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Page
Shibley, W. Burton, cotton farmer, Newbern, Tenn.

517

Simon, Farris, Blytheville, Ark.

157

Smith, C. C., executive assistant, Staple Cotton Cooperative Association,
Greenwood, Miss..

525
Smith, Elwood H., director and vice president, Southwest Four-State
Cotton Growers Association....

453

Smith, Russell, legislative secretary, National Farmers Union.

353

Smith, W. L., member, California State Grange-

338

Trigg, Ralph S., Administrator, Production and Marketing Administration. 191

Turner, Irby, cotton producer..-

372

Walker, C. 'D., Director, Cotton Branch, Production and Marketing

Administration, Department of Agriculture -

36, 184, 208

White, Hon. Cecil F., Member of Congress from California-

43

White, E. D., assistant to Secretary of Agriculture and Chief of Cotton

and Fibers Branch, Economic Cooperation Administration.

3

Wingate, H. L., president, Georgia Farm Bureau Federation.

132

Williamson, John C., assistant legislative director, Veterans of Foreign

Wars..

512

Wooley, Frank, Deputy Administrator, Production and Marketing Admin-

istration.

168, 191, 204, 293

Tables:

Average cotton yield per harvested acre, by States and United

States, 1928-48.

165

Acreage of all cotton in cultivation in the United States July 1,

1928–48.

164

Cotton consumption in ECA countries for specified years; cotton

production and consumption, by countries, for specified years;

cotton stocks; supply and distribution by years; etc.

10

Cotton: Exports from United States, by countries of destination, by
specified months..

13, 19

Cotton: Production by States, 1928–48.

166

Cotton spot prices on specified world markets.

21

Cotton: Support prices under Aiken bill for specified supply condi-

tions with and without quotas..

167

Cotton: Estimated imports into specified countries, by countries of

origin, crop year 1948–49.

48

Cotton production in foreign countries

24

Cotton payments under ECA program, April 3, 1948, to December
31, 1948

56

Cotton-planted acreages and allotments by various combinations

and weightings adjusted to 20,000,000 acres by States and for the

United States.-

256

Economic classes of farms.

366

List of articles imported into United States to be considered in trade-

agreement negotiations.-

101

Production of rayon, by countries and calendar years.

61
Rayon production and capacity production forecasts.

122

Telegrams from county farm bureaus in Texas

500

Statement on production of cotton in foreign countries.

436

Rayon yarn and staple fiber: United States import duties in the Tariff

Act of 1930 and changes negotiated at Geneva, effective January 1,

1948.

90

H. R. 128, a bill to provide that acreage planted to cotton in 1949 shall not

be used in computing cotton-acreage allotments for any subsequent

year.-

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BOOKBINDING

431 ST

005

DR

2189

QUALITY CONTROL MARK

COTTON ACREAGE ALLOTMENT AND MARKETING

PROGRAMS

FRIDAY, JANUARY 7, 1949

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE

Washington, D. C.
The subcommittee met at 10 a. m., Hon. Stephen Pace (chairman)
presiding
Mr. PACE. Gentlemen, the committee will please come to order.

May I say first that I am very gratified for the attendance
on time of the minority members of the committee, and I am
gratified by the indication of their interests in this problem.

With the consent of the committee I will indicate the presence of
Mr. Hill.

I would like to make a preliminary statement in regard to the
problem before us and the purpose of the hearing. It is thought by
many that cotton is confronted with a most serious problem, the most
serious problem of any commodity today.

Generally speaking, there were about 4,000,000 bales of carry-over
last August and there was approximately 15,000,000 bales produced,
or a 19,000,000-bale supply. Estimates have been made by the
Department of a net consumption of around 9,000,000 bales and the
export of approximately 4,000,000 bales.

Whether those estimates will be realized is not yet known. It is
generally thought that in the light of the supply situation that mar-
keting quotas or acreage controls on cotton will be necessary in 1950.
If quotas are required we will be confronted with a rather antiquated
quota law as it relates to cotton. As most of the members of the
committee already realize, under the marketing-quota law the quotas
are approved by the Secretary, and the Secretary will not be per-
mitted to allot less than 27,000,000 acres in cotton, notwithstanding
the fact that in 1946 the farmers themselves planted only about
18,000,000 acres, in 1947 only about 21,000,000 acres, and in 1948
only about 23,000,000 acres.

The members of the committee are also concerned about the possi-
bility of the plantings this year. Reports have reached us that many
producers contemplate marketing quotas next year in cotton and are
planning a considerable increased acreage this year.

Ꭹ.
One of the questions that the committee will be asked to consider,
of course, is whether or not we can, within the time available get word
to the producers as to the disposition of the Congress and certainly
of this committee in regard to the 1949 acreage being taken into
account in fixing the 1950 allotments.

The purpose of the subcommittee in beginning hearings now is on
account of the emergency nature of the situation. As all members

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