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BARBERS,

plying their trade on Sunday, 216, note, 224.

(see Sunday 19w.)
BARMAIDS,

may be prohibited, 239, 240.
BAR-ROOMS,

prohibition of.

(see saloons, liquor trade.)
BASTARDY,

how far may be made a crime, 81.

(see crime and vice, vice.)
BATTERY,

(see assault and battery.)
BEGGARS,

when punishable, 149, 150, 152.

(see dangerous classes.)
BEGGING,

when a punishable offense, 149, 150, 152.

(see dangerous classes.)
BENEFIT SOCIETIES,

compulsory membership of workmen in, 319-321.

(see labor combinations.)
BEQUESTS,

regulation of right to take by, 647-649, 819-821.

taxation of, 649–661.
BETTERMENT LAWS

as provision for involuntary alienation between disseisor and dis-

seisee, 670–675.
BETTING,

contracts illegal, 465-468.
option contracts when illegal, 468-478.

(see crime and vice, vice.)
BIBLE, READING OF,

in public schools, 194–196.
BICYCLE.

use of, regulated and prohibited, 836, 837.
BILL OF ATTAINDER,

prohibited by constitutions, 18, 83–86.
BLASPHEMY,

distinguished from permissible religious criticism, 200–205.

(see morality and religion.)
BLASTING,

of rock, regulated, 759.
BOOK-MAKING,

on races, may be prohibited, 510.
BOARD OF HEALTH,

power of, to confine for contagious and infectious diseases, 122–124.
BOARD OF HEALTH - Continued.

authorized to destroy certain property in interest of public health,

828, 829.

(see health.)
BODY AND LIMB,

security to, 28.
corporal punishment, 28-30.
personal chastisement in certain relations, 30.

battery in self-defense, 30-35.
BOYCOTT,

legality of the, 440-465.
by employers and tradesmen, 462-464.

(see labor contract, combinations in restraint of trade.)
BREAD, PRICE OF,

regulated, 306.
BRIDGES,

franchise to build, permissible, 560-569.
may be made government monopolies, 586-595.
right of eminent domain may be delegated to, 680–682.

State and Federal control of the construction of, 1073–1075.
BUCKET-SHOPS,

may be prohibited, 510.

(see gambling-houses.)
BUILDING AND LOAN ASSOCIATIONS,

when they offend usury laws, 353.

exclusive privileges to, 677, 678.
BUILDINGS,

regulation of construction of, 752–759.
foundations and walls prescribed, 753.
plumbing regulated, 753, 754.
may be required to be fireproof, 753.
water-closets regulated, 754.
fire-escapes required, 754.
height of buildings restricted, 754.
enforcement of artistic designs unconstitutional, 755.
removal of, regulated, 755.
restriction of construction of wooden, 755, 756.
regulation of construction of asylums, 757.
regulation of party-walls, 757.
regulation of construction of fences, 757–759.
destruction of, when permissible, 762-764.

erection of, controlled by permits, 764, 765.
BURIAL GROUNDS,

regulation of, 749–752.

(see cemeteries).
BUSINESS RELATIONS,
compulsory formation of, 295–302.

77

BUSINESS RELATIONS – Continued.

compulsory performance of labor contract, 341-343.

(see labor contract, combinations in restraint of trade.
BUTTER COMPOUNDS,

regulation of sale of, to prevent deception, 254–256.

(see oleomargarine.)
CAMP-MEETINGS,

certain trades prohibited in vicinity of, 745, 746.
CANDIDATES FOR PUBLIC OFFICE,

critcism of, how far privileged, its effect upon one's right of secur-

ity to reputation, 52-60.
CAPITALISTIC COMBINATIONS,

at common law, 358–363, 371-382.
in modern times, 382-392.
modern statutes, prohibiting, 392-416.

(see monopolies, combinations in restraint of trade.)
CAPITAL PUNISHMENT,

its constitutionality, 24-28.
CAPTAINS AND OFFICERS OF SHIPS,

examination and licensing of, 881, 882.
CHANCERY,

power of court of, to decree involuntary alienation, 664, 665.
CHANNEL OF STREAM,

diversion of, 776.
CHARGES AND PRICES,

regulation of, 302–304, 974-981, 1058–1061.

(see prices and charges.)
CHARITY, WORKS OF,

permitted on Sunday, what are, 223-225.
CHARTERS,

of corporations inviolable, 945–951.

(see corporations.)
CHILDREN,

State control of, 160–164, 914-924,
may be prohibited from engaging in certain employments, 240, 241.
may have hours of labor regulated, 335, 336.

relative rights of (see parent and child).
CHILD LABOR,

compulsory submission to surgical treatment in, 39, 40.
CHINESE,

compulsory emigration, 170–173.
prohibition of immigration, 173-176.
employment of, prohibited, 332.

regulations restricting keeping of laundries by, 556, 766.
CHINESE LAUNDRIES,

subject to restrictive legislation, 556, 766.

CHRISTIANITY,

how far a part of the common law, 193, 195, 200-205.
CHURCH AND STATE,

historical synopsis, 189-192.
constitutional restriction upon State regulation of religion, 192–197
State control of churches and congregations, 197–200.
religious criticism and blasphemy distinguisbed, 200–205.
permissible limitations upon religious worship, 205–208.
religious discrimination in respect to admissibility of testimony,

208–209.
Sunday laws, 209–225.
conspiracy of church members against minister, in the nature of a

boycott, 462.

(see moralty and religion.)
CEMETERIES,

regulation of, 749–752.
authorized to be established by corporations, held not to be sub-

ject to prohibitory law, 963.
CENSORSHIP,

of the press and of publications prohibited by constitutions, 227–

231.
CERTIFICATE OF PURCHASE,

of public lands, how far an interest in expectancy, 636.
CIGAR FACTORIES,

restricted as to location, 556, 557.
CITIZENS,

public duties of, 176-178.
CITIZENSHIP AND DOMICILE, REGULATIONS OF THE

RIGHTS OF.
citizenship and domicile distinguished, 166-167.
expatriation, 167, 168.
naturalization, 168, 169.
prohibition of emigration, 169, 170.
compulsory emigration, 170–173.
prohibition of immigration, 173-176.

the public duties of a citizen, 176–178.
CIVIL RIGHTS BILL,

of Congress, unconstitutional, 1020, 1021.
CLAMS,

digging of, regulated, 760.
CLERGYMEN,

not generally subject to police regulation, 248.

are subject so far as they perform civil acts, 251.
COINAGE OF MONEY, 265-279.

in general, 265, 260, 1082, 1083.
free coinage of silver, 279-292.
prohibited to private individuals, 832, 833.

COLORED PEOPLE,

separate schools for, 928, 932.

separate cars for, 1001-1004.
COMBINATIONS IN RESTRAINT OF TRADE,

common law, prohibition of, 358-363, 371-382.
combinations to corner the market, 363–366.
industrial and corporate trusts, as combinations in restraint of

trade, 382-392.
modern statutory legislation against trade combinations, virtual

monopolies and contracts in restraint of trade, 392-410.
factor's system as a phase of, 410, 417.
railroad pro-rating, 411, 412.
control of patents, as affected by laws against, 412, 413.
combinations against dishonest debtors, 413.
agreements to sell only to regular dealers, 413.
combinations of employers to restrict combinations of employees, 414.
intention to monopolize business essential to violation of anti-trust

laws, 406, 407, 414, 415.
State law does not affect or cover interstate business, 415.
effect of violation of statute on rights of contract, 415.
department stores, 415, 416.
labor combination, trade-unions, 416-424.
legality of strikes, 424–440.
legality of the boycott, 440-465.
conspiracies of employees and tradesmen in the nature of boycott,

462-464.
legalized by the grant of licenses, 478-504.
as affected by the creation of private monopolies, 560-586.
as affected by the creation of national, State and municipal monop-

olies, 586-612.
COMMERCIAL TRAVELERS,

license tax upon, limitation of power of States, 1026-1032.
COMMERCE,

(see trades and occupations, combinations in restraint of trade,

monopolies, corporations, interstate commerce.)
COMMISSIONERS,

to take charge of property of insane, 132-134.
COMMITMENT,

of insane in asylums, necessary procedure, etc., 124-135.
of habitual drunkards in asylum, 140-142.
of vagrants, 142–149.

of suspicious characters, crooks, etc., 158.
COMMON CARRIERS,

obligation to serve everybody, 295–300.
pro-rating of, as a phase of combination in restraint of trade, 411,

regulation of charges of, 302–314, 974–981, 1058-1061.

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