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Queen keeps Great Seal in her own Custody, 171. Great Seal delivered to Sir

THom As EGERT on, 171. Natural Son of Sir Richard Egerton, 171. His Edu-

cation, 172. His Study of Law, 172. Anecdote of his interfering, while a Student,

as Amicus Curiae, 172. He becomes a great Jurist, 173, Called to Bar, 173.

Made Queen’s Counsel, 173. His Mode of Conducting Suits, 173. Made Solic-

itor General, 175. His Mode of conducting State Trials, 175 He frames the In-

dictment against Mary Queen of Scots, 175. Counsel against Earl of Arundel,

176. Egerton, Attorney General, 176. Prays Judgment on Sir John Perrot, 176.

Knighted, 177. Chamberlain of Chester, 177. Master of the Rolls, 177. Mode

of appointing him Lord Keeper, 177. While Lord Keeper, he continues Master

of the Rolls, 178. General Joy on his Appointment, as Lord Keeper, 178. He

proves a consummate Judge, 179. His Decisions, 179. Offends Common-law

Judges by granting Injunctions, 179, is defeated in Attempts to enforce Decrees

in Equity by imposing Fines, 180. Appropriate Punishment of Equity Draughts-

man for Prolixity, 180. A Parliament, i81. Lord Keeper’s Speech, 181. Lord

IKeeper's Admonition to the Speaker, 181. Question of Precedence, 182. Bill

against Monopolies, 182, Lord Keeper negotiates Treaty with Dutch, 182,

Treaty with Denmark, 182. Egerton’s Conduct to Earl of Essex, 183. Queen

Elizabeth's Box on Ear, to Earl of Essex, 183. Egerton’s Letter to him, 183.

Essex induced to apologise, 184. Essex in Ireland, 184. Returns without leave,

184. Committed to the Custody of the Lord Keeper, 185. Lord Keeper’s Kind-

ness to his Prisoner, 185. Letter from the Lord Keeper to Essex, 185. Proceed-

ing against Essex in Star Chamber, 185. Lord Keeper’s Speech, 186. Essex re-

leased from the Custody of Lord Keeper, 187. Trial of Essex before Lord Keeper

and other Commissioners, 187. His Defence, 187, Lord Keeper’s Admonition

to him, 187. The Sentence, 188, Essex’s Rebellion, 188. Lord Keeper sent to

Essex House to quell it, 189. The Lord Keeper made Prisoner, 189. The Lord

Keeper liberated, 190. Surrender of Essex, 190. His Trial for High Treason, 191.

Lord Keeper’s Interview with him in the Tower, 191. Death of Lord Elles-

mere’s second Wife, and of his eldest Son, 192. His Third Marriage, 192.

Lord Keeper’s Controversy with Serjeant Heele, 193. His Memorial against Ser-
jeant Heele, 193. Serjeant Heele's Letter to the Lord Keeper, 194. Serjeant
Heele's Speech in the House of Commons, 195. He is coughed down, 195.
Opening of Elizabeth’s last Parliament, 195. Queen faints away, and Commons
excluded, 195. Lord Keeper’s Speech to the Two Houses, 195' Queen piously
interrupts the Lord Keeper, 196. Admonition to Commons against Abuse of

CONTINUATION OF THE LIFE OF LORD ELI, ESMER so FR (9M THE ACCESSION of
J AM ES I,

Assistance to Chancellor in Court of Chancery, 214. His Letter to Earl of Somerset,

214. Countess of Shrewsbury’s Case, 215. “Case of Duels,” 215. Oliver St.

John’s Case on “Benevolences,” 216 Lord Ellesmere invariable Supporter of

Abuses of Prerogative, 216. Court of High Commission, 216. Illegal Proclama-

tions, 217. Controversy between Löfd Coke and Lord Ellesmere respecting “In-

junctions,” 217. Injunction against Execution on a fraudulent Judgment. 218.

Proceedings in King’s Bench, 218. Lord Ellesmere's Statement, 218, Lord Elles-
mere’s Illness, 220 Appeal to the King, 220. King’s Decision, 220. Lord Coke's
Obstinacy, 220. Letter from Sir Francis Bacon to the King, 221. Murder of Sir
Thomas Overbury, 221. Divorce of Countess of Essex, 221. Prosecution of
Earl and Countess of Somerset, 222. Lord Ellesmere Lord High Steward at
their Trial, 222. His Address to Countess of Somerset, 223. Measures for silen-
cing Earl of Somerset, 223. Pardon improperly granted to Somerset, 223. Blame
imputable to Lord Ellesmere, 223. Dismissal of Lord Coke from Office of Chief
Justice, 224. Question of Commendans and King’s Power to stay Actions at
Law, 224. Pusillanimity of the Judges, 224. Unconstitutional Opinion of Francis
Bacon, 224. Unconstitutional Opinion of Lord Ellesmere, 224. Cowardice of the
Puisne Judges, 225. Noble Answer of Lord Coke, 225. Order for Lord Coke
to abstain from public Exercise of his Office, 226. He is dismissed, 226. Lord
Ellesmere’s Speech in swearing in new Chief Justice, 226. Lord Ellesmere's

Letter to King wishing to resign, 227. King’s Answer refusing Leave, 228.

Lord Ellesmere’s second Letter to King, 228. Lord Ellesmere inade Viscount

Brackley, 228. His Resignation, 230. Offer of an Earldom, 230. His Death,

231. Funeral, 231. Epitaph, 231. Character of Lord Ellesmere, 232. Solicitous

for Honour of Bar, 233. King’s Interference with Suits, 233. Courtesy
to Peers, 233. His Patronage of Merit, 234. Anxious to make good Judges,

CHAPTER LHI.

CONTINUATION OF THE LIFE OF LORD BACON TO THE END OF THE REIGN OF
. EI, IZABETH

Accession of James I., 276. Bacon’s Letters to be shown to the King, 276. Bacon's

Letter to the King, 276. Renewal of his Patent as King’s Counsel, 277. Pro-

posed Proclamation, 277. He is presented to the King, 277, Bacon’s Description

of James, 277. Bacon's Anxiety to be knighted, 278. He is knighted with 300

others, 277. He is married, 277. Bacon’s Unpopularity from his Ingratitude to

Essex,278. His Letter to Lord Southampton, 279. His Indiscreet “Apology,”

279. Trial of Sir Walter Raleigh, 279. A Parliament, 279. Bacon recovers his

Credit, 279. King’s Counsel, with Salary and Pension, 280. Succeeds to Gorham-

bury, 280. His Poverty, 280. Bacon’s Visit to Provost of Eton, 280. Projected

History of England, 280. Publication of “Advancement of Learning,” 280.

Part taken by him in the House of Commons, 280. His Discontent, 280 Sir E.

Coke tries to depress him, 281. His Letter of Remonstrance to Sir E. Coke, 28 1.

Coke promoted to be Chief Justice of Common Pleas, 281. Bacon’s letter to

Lord Salisbury, asking Office of Solicitor General, 282. His second Letter to

Lord Salisbury, 282. Again disappointed, 282. Iłacom's Letter to Lord Chancel-

lor Ellesmere, 283. His Letter to the King, 284, Bacon, Solicitor General, 285.

His Speech in favour of the Union with Scotland, 285. Trial of Lord Sanquhar

for Murder, 285. “Cogitata et Visa,” 286. Bacon's Letter to the King, asking

Promotion, 286. Another Letter to the King respecting Office of Attorney Gen.

eral, 287. Intrigue for removing Sir E. Coke from being Chief Justice of the

Common Pleas to be Chief Justice of the King's Bench, 288. Bacon Attorney

General, 289. Dialogue between Mr. Attorney and Chief Justice Coke, 289. In-

fluence of Bacon in the Administration of the Government, 289. Question

whether he could be re-elected to the House of Commons, being Attorney Gen.

eral 290. Speech as Attorney General for a Supply, 290. Raising of “Benevo-

lences,” 291. Bacon defends “Benevolences,” 291 Bacon's atrocious Conduct

in the Prosecution of Peacham for Treason, 292. Tampers with the Judges, 292.

Puts Peacham to the Torture, 292. , Letter to the King about the torturing of

Peacham, 292. Bacon announces his Resolution to the King to go to the 'lower

to see the Torture inflicted on Peacham, 293. His Report of the torturing, 293.

Peacham brought to Trial and convicted, 293. Public sndignation, 293. Death

of Peacham, 293. Improper Attempts to palliate Bacon's Misconduct, 294.

Bacon cultivates George Williers, James's new Favourite, 294. His excellent

advice to Williers, 294, Illness of Lord Ellesmere, 295. Bacon's Letter to King

soliciting Chancellor's Place, 295. Second Letter to King, pressing for the Ap.

pointment, 295. Profits of Offices he would give up, 296. Retainer of Serjeant

Yaxley in the Reign of Henry VII., 296, Arguments against making Sir E.

Coke Chancellor, 297. Bacon's own Fitness, 297. Preparations for Transfer of

Great Seal, 298. Lord Chancellor recovers, 298. Bacon's pretended Joy, 298.

Bacon solicits to be made Privy Councillor, 298. He is offered a Promise of

Great Seal, or to be made Privy Councillor, 299. He prefers being a Privy Coun-

cillor, 299. Sworn a Privy Councillor, 299. Gives up private Practice at the

Bar, 299. His Proposal for “the Amendment of the Law,” 300. His wise Views

of Law Reform, 300. Murder of Sir Thomas Overbury, 300. Bacon’s Part in

WOL. II. 2

contriNUATION OF THE LIFE OF LORD BACON FROM HIS APPOINTMENT AS
CHANCELLOR TILL HIS FAI, L.

Great Scal delivered to BACON as Lord Keeper, 305. His Delight, 306. His Letter
of Thanks to Buckingham, 306. King's Visit to Scotland, 307. Bacon's instal-
lation as Lord Keeper, 308. His inaugural Address, 308. His Account of the
Ceremony, 309, King’s Approbation of his Address, 310. The Lord Keeper's
great Despatch in the Court of Chancery, 310. His Letter announcing that there
were no Arrears in the Court, 311. He gives Dinners to the Judges and the Bar,
3.11. Tampers with the Judges about High Commission Court, 312. Bacon in-
discreetly opposes Marriage between Buckingham’s Brother and Sir E. Coke's
aughter, 312. His Letter to Buckingham dissuading the Match, 313. His Let-

ter to King on same Subject, 313. He directs Prosecution against Sir E. Coke

for rescuing his Daughter, 313 Rage of the King and Buckingham, 313. Bacon's

Alarm and Contrition, 314. King’s vituperative Letter to Bacon, 314. Bacon's

abject Apology to the King, 315. His Servility to Buckingham, 315 He is

pardoned, 315. He defends Monopolies, 315. Buckingham's Interference in

Suits in Chancery, 316. Bacon made Lord Chancellor, and a Peer, 315. Bacon's

Danger from a Maniac Peer, 317. Execution of Sir Walter Raleigh, 318. Cen-

sure on Bacon for his Concurrence in the Death of Raleigh, 318. Prosecution

for Exportation of Bullion, 319. Prosecution of Earl of Suffolk for trafficking

with public Money, 319. Prosecution for Libel on the Chancellor, 319. Prosecu-

tion of Yelverton, the Attorney General, for improperly granting a Charter, 320,

Publication of Novum OR GANUM, 320. Bacon's Letter presenting this Work

to the King, 321. The Ring's Answer, 321. Presentation Copy to Sir E. Coke,

322. Bacon at the Height of his Prosperity, 322. His Mode of Living, 322.

Made Viscount St. Alban's, 323. His sudden Fall, 223. He advises the Calling

of a Parliament, 323. Parliament meets, 323. His Address to the King, 323.

Proceedings in Parliament, 324. Sir E. Coke, Leader of Opposition, 324. Com-

mittee to inquire into Monopolies, 324. Scene in the House of Lords when Sir

E. Coke demanded a Conference, 324, Committee to inquire into Abuses in

Courts of Justice, 325. Williams, Dean of Westminster, afterwards Lord Keeper,

becomes Adviser of the Court, 325. Measures recommended by him, 825. Con-

serence between the two Houses, 326. Bacon irregularly defends himself, 326.

He is censured, 326. Charge of Corruption against the Chancellor, 326. He at

first treats the Charge with scorn, 327. His last Appearance in the House of

Tords, 327. His dread of a Message from the Commons to impeach him, 327.

He suddenly adjourns the House, and takes to his Bed, 327. The Chief Justice

of the Ring’s Bench appointed Speaker of the House of Lords, 327, Commons

demand a Conference on Charges against the Chancellor, 328. Bacon’s Letter to

the Peers, 328. Answer of the Peers, 329. King’s Message to the Commons,

329. Fresh Charges of Bribery against the Chancellor, 329. Bacon’s Behavi-

our under the Accusation, 330. His Letter to the King, 330. His private inter-

view with the Ring, 331. King wishes to dissolve Parliament, 331. Is dissuaded

by Williams, 331. Impeachment proceeds, 332. Bacon’s Confession, 332. Con-

fession voted insufficient, 333. Articles of Impeachment, 834. Full Confession,

324, Deputation of Peers to Bacon to verify the Confession, 334. The Great

Seal is taken from him, 335. He is summoned to hear Judgment, 335, Last at-

tempt to move the King in his favour, 335. Sentence is pronounced, 335. Justice

of the Sentence, 336. Bacon’s modern Defenders, 336. Reason for his plead-

ing Guilty, 336. Whether Bacon subject to Imputation of Moral Guilt 2 336.

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