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Counsel for the Crown, 164, Speaker the Second Time, 164. Urges the Execu-
tion of Mary Queen of Scots, 164. Answer of Elizabeth, 64. Puckering prose-
cutes Secretary Davison, 165. Queen’s Serjeant, 165. His Conduct on Trial of
Eari of Arundel, 165. Conducts Prosecution of Sir John Perrot, 165. Puckering
is knighted, and receives the Great Seal, 166. His Installation as Lord Keeper,
167. His Merits and Defects as a Judge, 167. A Parliament, 168. Lord Keep-
er's Address, 168. Sir Edward Coke elected Speaker, 168. Allowed by the
Lord Keeper, 168. Lord Keeper’s Definition of “Liberty of Speech,” 169.
Members of House of Commons committed to Prison, 169, Ideas of Lord Keeper
and Speaker respecting Privilege of Parliament, 169. Death of Lord Keeper
Puckering, 170. His Character, 170. Steady Government of Queen Elizabeth, iž0
Queen keeps Great Seal in her own Custody, 171. Great Seal delivered to Sir
THom As EGERT on, 171. Natural Son of Sir Richard Egerton, 171. His Edu-
cation, 172. His Study of Law, 172. Anecdote of his interfering, while a Student,
as Amicus Curiae, 172. He becomes a great Jurist, 173, Called to Bar, 173.
Made Queen’s Counsel, 173. His Mode of Conducting Suits, 173. Made Solic-
itor General, 175. His Mode of conducting State Trials, 175 He frames the In-
dictment against Mary Queen of Scots, 175. Counsel against Earl of Arundel,
176. Egerton, Attorney General, 176. Prays Judgment on Sir John Perrot, 176.
Knighted, 177. Chamberlain of Chester, 177. Master of the Rolls, 177. Mode
of appointing him Lord Keeper, 177. While Lord Keeper, he continues Master
of the Rolls, 178. General Joy on his Appointment, as Lord Keeper, 178. He
proves a consummate Judge, 179. His Decisions, 179. Offends Common-law
Judges by granting Injunctions, 179, is defeated in Attempts to enforce Decrees
in Equity by imposing Fines, 180. Appropriate Punishment of Equity Draughts-
man for Prolixity, 180. A Parliament, i81. Lord Keeper’s Speech, 181. Lord
IKeeper's Admonition to the Speaker, 181. Question of Precedence, 182. Bill
against Monopolies, 182, Lord Keeper negotiates Treaty with Dutch, 182,
Treaty with Denmark, 182. Egerton’s Conduct to Earl of Essex, 183. Queen
Elizabeth's Box on Ear, to Earl of Essex, 183. Egerton’s Letter to him, 183.
Essex induced to apologise, 184. Essex in Ireland, 184. Returns without leave,
184. Committed to the Custody of the Lord Keeper, 185. Lord Keeper’s Kind-
ness to his Prisoner, 185. Letter from the Lord Keeper to Essex, 185. Proceed-
ing against Essex in Star Chamber, 185. Lord Keeper’s Speech, 186. Essex re-
leased from the Custody of Lord Keeper, 187. Trial of Essex before Lord Keeper
and other Commissioners, 187. His Defence, 187, Lord Keeper’s Admonition
to him, 187. The Sentence, 188, Essex’s Rebellion, 188. Lord Keeper sent to
Essex House to quell it, 189. The Lord Keeper made Prisoner, 189. The Lord
Keeper liberated, 190. Surrender of Essex, 190. His Trial for High Treason, 191.
Lord Keeper’s Interview with him in the Tower, 191. Death of Lord Elles-
mere’s second Wife, and of his eldest Son, 192. His Third Marriage, 192.
Lord Keeper’s Controversy with Serjeant Heele, 193. His Memorial against Ser-
jeant Heele, 193. Serjeant Heele's Letter to the Lord Keeper, 194. Serjeant
Heele's Speech in the House of Commons, 195. He is coughed down, 195.
Opening of Elizabeth’s last Parliament, 195. Queen faints away, and Commons
excluded, 195. Lord Keeper’s Speech to the Two Houses, 195' Queen piously
interrupts the Lord Keeper, 196. Admonition to Commons against Abuse of
Freedom of Speech, 196. Commons Complain of Breach of Privilege, 196.
Parliament dissolved, 196. Queen Elizabeth’s Visit to the Lord Keeper at Hare-
field, 196. Othello acted before her, 197. A Lottery, 197. Waledictory Address
to her Majesty by Harefield, personified, 198. Practical Mitigation of Penal Code,
199. Clemency to the Roman Catholics, 199. Queen’s last Illness, 199. Lord
Keeper asks her to name her Successor, 200. Her Death, 200. Equitable Juris-
diction during Reign of Elizabeth, 200. Process of Sequestration, 200, Costs,
201. Office of Lord Keeper, 201. Assistance of Common-law Judges, 201. Re-
ferences to Master, 201. Fees, 202. The Bar, 202. Decision against the Court of
Requests, 202. Charities, 203. Equity Reports, 203.
CONTINUATION OF THE LIFE OF LORD ELI, ESMER so FR (9M THE ACCESSION of
J AM ES I,
Accession of James I., 203. Egerton continued Lord Keeper, 203. His Letters to
propitiate the King, 203. Letter from Sir Thomas Chaloner to the Lord Reeper,
204. Meeting between Lord Keeper and James I, 204. Egerton made Lord
Chancellor, and a Peer, 205. Resigns office of Master of Rolls, 205, Lord Kin-
losse, Master of Rolls, 205. Trial of Lord Cobham and Lord Grey de Wilton,
206. Parliament summoned, 207. Opening of the Session, 207. King’s Speech,
207. Abortive Attempt of Lord Chancellor to decide on Validity of Returns of
Members of the House of Commons. 208. Union with Scotland, 208, Commis-
sioners appointed to treat of Union, 208. Gunpowder Plot, 208. Measure of
Union resumed, 209. Resisted by the English, 209. Question of Naturalization
of “Postnati,” 209. Calvin’s Case, 209. Judgment of Lord Chancellor 210.
Two dissenting Judges, 211. Aid for Knighting the King's eldest Son, 212.
Death of Prince Henry, 212. A Parliament, 212. Commons complain of Speech
in House of Lords, 213. Parliament dissolved, 214.
Assistance to Chancellor in Court of Chancery, 214. His Letter to Earl of Somerset,
214. Countess of Shrewsbury’s Case, 215. “Case of Duels,” 215. Oliver St.
John’s Case on “Benevolences,” 216 Lord Ellesmere invariable Supporter of
Abuses of Prerogative, 216. Court of High Commission, 216. Illegal Proclama-
tions, 217. Controversy between Löfd Coke and Lord Ellesmere respecting “In-
junctions,” 217. Injunction against Execution on a fraudulent Judgment. 218.
Proceedings in King’s Bench, 218. Lord Ellesmere's Statement, 218, Lord Elles-
mere’s Illness, 220 Appeal to the King, 220. King’s Decision, 220. Lord Coke's
Obstinacy, 220. Letter from Sir Francis Bacon to the King, 221. Murder of Sir
Thomas Overbury, 221. Divorce of Countess of Essex, 221. Prosecution of
Earl and Countess of Somerset, 222. Lord Ellesmere Lord High Steward at
their Trial, 222. His Address to Countess of Somerset, 223. Measures for silen-
cing Earl of Somerset, 223. Pardon improperly granted to Somerset, 223. Blame
imputable to Lord Ellesmere, 223. Dismissal of Lord Coke from Office of Chief
Justice, 224. Question of Commendans and King’s Power to stay Actions at
Law, 224. Pusillanimity of the Judges, 224. Unconstitutional Opinion of Francis
Bacon, 224. Unconstitutional Opinion of Lord Ellesmere, 224. Cowardice of the
Puisne Judges, 225. Noble Answer of Lord Coke, 225. Order for Lord Coke
to abstain from public Exercise of his Office, 226. He is dismissed, 226. Lord
Ellesmere’s Speech in swearing in new Chief Justice, 226. Lord Ellesmere's
Letter to King wishing to resign, 227. King’s Answer refusing Leave, 228.
Lord Ellesmere’s second Letter to King, 228. Lord Ellesmere inade Viscount
Brackley, 228. His Resignation, 230. Offer of an Earldom, 230. His Death,
231. Funeral, 231. Epitaph, 231. Character of Lord Ellesmere, 232. Solicitous
for Honour of Bar, 233. King’s Interference with Suits, 233. Courtesy
to Peers, 233. His Patronage of Merit, 234. Anxious to make good Judges,
Difficulty of writing Life of Lord Bacon, 238. His birth, 240. Early Education,
240. Instructed by his Mother, 240. His Progress, 241. Early Turn for Inquiry,
241. His Answer to Queen Elizabeth, 241. At Cambridge, 241. His Studies
there, 241. His Opinion of Aristotle, 242. His Residence in France, 242. Sud-
den Death of his Father, 243. He returns to England, 243. Tries in vain to ob-
tain political Appointment, 243. Embraces the Profession of the Law, 244. A
very diligent student, 244. Became a sound Lawyer, 244. His Popularity, 244.
Outer Barrister, 215. A Bencher and Reader, 545. Counsel extraordinary to the
Queen, 245, Familiarity with the Queen, 246, Solicits Situation under Govern-
ment, 246. Not in great Practice, 247.
Enters on new Career, 248. Returned a Member of the House of Commons, 248.
His maiden Speech on Law Reform, 248. Ben Jonson’s Opinion of his Oratory,
248. His famous Speech against the Subsidy, 249. Indignation of Queen, 249.
He is a Candidate for the Office of Solicitor General, 250. His Letter to Burgh-
ley soliciting the Appointment, 251, Burghley's Answer, 251. Bacon’s Letters to
Lord Keeper Puckering, 251. Bacon warmly snpported by Essex, 252, Essex's
Letters to Bacon, 252. Bacon writes to the Queen, 253, Sends her a Jewel, 254.
His Hopes of being made Solicitor General, 254, He is Disappointed, 255. His
Despair, 255. His Resolution to Retire from public Life, 255. He recovers his
Composure, 256. Queen reconciled to Bacon, and tries to make a Vacancy for
him in Office of Solicitor General, 256, Generosity of Essex, 256. Bacon writes a
Law Book, 257. Publishes his Essays, 257. Again returned to Parliament, 258;
Bills introduced by him, 258. His Speech for the Subsidy, 258. His Matrimonial
Scheme, 259. Courts the Lady Hatton, 259. Is supported by Essex, 260. The
Lady Hatton marries Sir Edward Coke, 260. Bacon is arrested for Debt, 260.
Carried to a Spunging-house, 260. He is liberated, 261. Altercation with Sir Ed-
ward Coke in Court of Exchequer, 261, Enmity of Sir Edward, Coke, 262.
Bacon’s “History of the Alienation Office,” 262. His celebrated Argument in
Chudleigh’s Case, 262, “Reading Statute of Uses,” 262. Bacon’s prosperous
CONTINUATION OF THE LIFE OF LORD BACON TO THE END OF THE REIGN OF
. EI, IZABETH
Bacon s Ingratitude to Essex, 264. Essex's Return from Ireland, 264. Bacon’s
Representations to the Queen, 265. Different Account by Queen Elizabeth, 265.
Prosecution against Essex at York House, 266, Bacon ceases to visit Essex, 266.
Bacon’s Letter to the Queen respecting Essex, 266. Bacon’s Conduct on Prosecu-
tion of Essex at York House 266. He writes Report of the Trial for the Queen, 267.
Composes Letters in favour of Essex to be shown to the Queen, 267. Imprudent
Conduct of Essex when liberated, 267. Resentment of the Queen, 267. Bacon’s
Dialogue with the Queen respecting Essex, 268. Ruin of Essex when deserted
by Bacon, 268, Base Conduct of Bacon when Essex committed for Treason, 268.
Bacon Counsel against Essex, 269. Essex’s Trial for Treason, 269. Bacon’s
Speech against Essex, 269, Essex quotes Bacon’s Letters, 270. Essex’s Appeal
for Mercy, 270. Bacon’s Answer to it, 270. Bacon’s Conduct between Conviction
and Execution of Essex, 271. Bacon's Baseness in blackening the Memory of
Essex, 271. Indignation of the Public, 271. Defence of Bacon by Mr Montague,
273. A new Parliament, 274. Bill introduced by Bacon, 274. His Speech for a
Subsidy, 274. Sarcasm of Sir Walter Raleigh, 274, Bacon supports Monopolies,
275. His Speech in the House of Commons, 275. Queen obliged to yield upon
the Question of Monopolies, 275. Close of the Reign of Elizabeth, 276.
Accession of James I., 276. Bacon’s Letters to be shown to the King, 276. Bacon's
Letter to the King, 276. Renewal of his Patent as King’s Counsel, 277. Pro-
posed Proclamation, 277. He is presented to the King, 277, Bacon’s Description
of James, 277. Bacon's Anxiety to be knighted, 278. He is knighted with 300
others, 277. He is married, 277. Bacon’s Unpopularity from his Ingratitude to
Essex,278. His Letter to Lord Southampton, 279. His Indiscreet “Apology,”
279. Trial of Sir Walter Raleigh, 279. A Parliament, 279. Bacon recovers his
Credit, 279. King’s Counsel, with Salary and Pension, 280. Succeeds to Gorham-
bury, 280. His Poverty, 280. Bacon’s Visit to Provost of Eton, 280. Projected
History of England, 280. Publication of “Advancement of Learning,” 280.
Part taken by him in the House of Commons, 280. His Discontent, 280 Sir E.
Coke tries to depress him, 281. His Letter of Remonstrance to Sir E. Coke, 28 1.
Coke promoted to be Chief Justice of Common Pleas, 281. Bacon’s letter to
Lord Salisbury, asking Office of Solicitor General, 282. His second Letter to
Lord Salisbury, 282. Again disappointed, 282. Iłacom's Letter to Lord Chancel-
lor Ellesmere, 283. His Letter to the King, 284, Bacon, Solicitor General, 285.
His Speech in favour of the Union with Scotland, 285. Trial of Lord Sanquhar
for Murder, 285. “Cogitata et Visa,” 286. Bacon's Letter to the King, asking
Promotion, 286. Another Letter to the King respecting Office of Attorney Gen.
eral, 287. Intrigue for removing Sir E. Coke from being Chief Justice of the
Common Pleas to be Chief Justice of the King's Bench, 288. Bacon Attorney
General, 289. Dialogue between Mr. Attorney and Chief Justice Coke, 289. In-
fluence of Bacon in the Administration of the Government, 289. Question
whether he could be re-elected to the House of Commons, being Attorney Gen.
eral 290. Speech as Attorney General for a Supply, 290. Raising of “Benevo-
lences,” 291. Bacon defends “Benevolences,” 291 Bacon's atrocious Conduct
in the Prosecution of Peacham for Treason, 292. Tampers with the Judges, 292.
Puts Peacham to the Torture, 292. , Letter to the King about the torturing of
Peacham, 292. Bacon announces his Resolution to the King to go to the 'lower
to see the Torture inflicted on Peacham, 293. His Report of the torturing, 293.
Peacham brought to Trial and convicted, 293. Public sndignation, 293. Death
of Peacham, 293. Improper Attempts to palliate Bacon's Misconduct, 294.
Bacon cultivates George Williers, James's new Favourite, 294. His excellent
advice to Williers, 294, Illness of Lord Ellesmere, 295. Bacon's Letter to King
soliciting Chancellor's Place, 295. Second Letter to King, pressing for the Ap.
pointment, 295. Profits of Offices he would give up, 296. Retainer of Serjeant
Yaxley in the Reign of Henry VII., 296, Arguments against making Sir E.
Coke Chancellor, 297. Bacon's own Fitness, 297. Preparations for Transfer of
Great Seal, 298. Lord Chancellor recovers, 298. Bacon's pretended Joy, 298.
Bacon solicits to be made Privy Councillor, 298. He is offered a Promise of
Great Seal, or to be made Privy Councillor, 299. He prefers being a Privy Coun-
cillor, 299. Sworn a Privy Councillor, 299. Gives up private Practice at the
Bar, 299. His Proposal for “the Amendment of the Law,” 300. His wise Views
of Law Reform, 300. Murder of Sir Thomas Overbury, 300. Bacon’s Part in
WOL. II. 2
Prosecution of the Somersets, 300. Proceedings against Sir E. Coke, 301. Sir
E. Coke obnoxious for resisting a job, 301. Merits of Coke as a Lawyer, 302.
Foolish Charge against him, 302. He is ordered to revise his Reports, 302,
Bacon’s insulting Letter to Coke, 302, Coke is summoned before the Privy
Council, 304. Bacon presses for his Dismissal, 305. Coke is dismissed, 305.
Bacon, Chancellor of Duchy of Cornwall, 305.
contriNUATION OF THE LIFE OF LORD BACON FROM HIS APPOINTMENT AS
CHANCELLOR TILL HIS FAI, L.
Great Scal delivered to BACON as Lord Keeper, 305. His Delight, 306. His Letter
of Thanks to Buckingham, 306. King's Visit to Scotland, 307. Bacon's instal-
lation as Lord Keeper, 308. His inaugural Address, 308. His Account of the
Ceremony, 309, King’s Approbation of his Address, 310. The Lord Keeper's
great Despatch in the Court of Chancery, 310. His Letter announcing that there
were no Arrears in the Court, 311. He gives Dinners to the Judges and the Bar,
3.11. Tampers with the Judges about High Commission Court, 312. Bacon in-
discreetly opposes Marriage between Buckingham’s Brother and Sir E. Coke's
aughter, 312. His Letter to Buckingham dissuading the Match, 313. His Let-
ter to King on same Subject, 313. He directs Prosecution against Sir E. Coke
for rescuing his Daughter, 313 Rage of the King and Buckingham, 313. Bacon's
Alarm and Contrition, 314. King’s vituperative Letter to Bacon, 314. Bacon's
abject Apology to the King, 315. His Servility to Buckingham, 315 He is
pardoned, 315. He defends Monopolies, 315. Buckingham's Interference in
Suits in Chancery, 316. Bacon made Lord Chancellor, and a Peer, 315. Bacon's
Danger from a Maniac Peer, 317. Execution of Sir Walter Raleigh, 318. Cen-
sure on Bacon for his Concurrence in the Death of Raleigh, 318. Prosecution
for Exportation of Bullion, 319. Prosecution of Earl of Suffolk for trafficking
with public Money, 319. Prosecution for Libel on the Chancellor, 319. Prosecu-
tion of Yelverton, the Attorney General, for improperly granting a Charter, 320,
Publication of Novum OR GANUM, 320. Bacon's Letter presenting this Work
to the King, 321. The Ring's Answer, 321. Presentation Copy to Sir E. Coke,
322. Bacon at the Height of his Prosperity, 322. His Mode of Living, 322.
Made Viscount St. Alban's, 323. His sudden Fall, 223. He advises the Calling
of a Parliament, 323. Parliament meets, 323. His Address to the King, 323.
Proceedings in Parliament, 324. Sir E. Coke, Leader of Opposition, 324. Com-
mittee to inquire into Monopolies, 324. Scene in the House of Lords when Sir
E. Coke demanded a Conference, 324, Committee to inquire into Abuses in
Courts of Justice, 325. Williams, Dean of Westminster, afterwards Lord Keeper,
becomes Adviser of the Court, 325. Measures recommended by him, 825. Con-
serence between the two Houses, 326. Bacon irregularly defends himself, 326.
He is censured, 326. Charge of Corruption against the Chancellor, 326. He at
first treats the Charge with scorn, 327. His last Appearance in the House of
Tords, 327. His dread of a Message from the Commons to impeach him, 327.
He suddenly adjourns the House, and takes to his Bed, 327. The Chief Justice
of the Ring’s Bench appointed Speaker of the House of Lords, 327, Commons
demand a Conference on Charges against the Chancellor, 328. Bacon’s Letter to
the Peers, 328. Answer of the Peers, 329. King’s Message to the Commons,
329. Fresh Charges of Bribery against the Chancellor, 329. Bacon’s Behavi-
our under the Accusation, 330. His Letter to the King, 330. His private inter-
view with the Ring, 331. King wishes to dissolve Parliament, 331. Is dissuaded
by Williams, 331. Impeachment proceeds, 332. Bacon’s Confession, 332. Con-
fession voted insufficient, 333. Articles of Impeachment, 834. Full Confession,
324, Deputation of Peers to Bacon to verify the Confession, 334. The Great
Seal is taken from him, 335. He is summoned to hear Judgment, 335, Last at-
tempt to move the King in his favour, 335. Sentence is pronounced, 335. Justice
of the Sentence, 336. Bacon’s modern Defenders, 336. Reason for his plead-
ing Guilty, 336. Whether Bacon subject to Imputation of Moral Guilt 2 336.