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Town officers to be Sworn.
to choose assessors
And col- entering upon the collection of any tax or taxes, shall lectors of
give bond with sufficient sureties, to the town-treasurer of the town for which he is chosen, in double the sum of the tax or taxes with the collection of which he shall be charged, for the faithful performance of such trust.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That every person elected to any town office within this State, shall take the following engagement before he shall act therein:
6 You do solemnly swear (or affirm) that you will be true and faithful unto this State; that you will support the constitution of the United States, and that
you will well and truly execute the office of
for the ensuing year, or until another be engaged in your room, or until you be legally discharged therefrom. So help you God, or this affirmation you make and give, upon peril of the penalty of perjury.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That if any town in neglecting this State shall neglect to appoint three good substan
tial freeholders to be assessors of taxes, such town shall to be fined. forfeit and pay two hundred dollars, to be recovered by
the general-treasurer by action of debt, to be brought against the town-treasurer of such town, at the next court of common pleas to be bolden in the county in which such
town may be. Neglecting Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That if any town in other of this State shall neglect, on their town election days, to cers may choose and elect so many other town officers as by law
are required to be chosen for the management of their prudential affairs, that then such towns, upon being presented by the grand jury to the court of general sessions of the peace, and duly convicted, shall be fined at the discretion of the court, not exceeding two hundred dollars, to and for the use of the State ; and said court shall make an order, directing such town to appoint and choose their town officers for the residue of the year, at such time as
shall be by them enjoined. Town- Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That the town-meetmeetings ing of Jamestown, for choosing town officers, shall be holtown and den on the same day in the month of April, annually, on Coventry, which by law they shall meet to choose representatives,
and vote for general officers; and the town-meeting of the town of Coventry, for the purpose aforesaid, shall and may be holden on the first Monday of June annually.
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That at the election of officers of every description, in every town in this State,
be indict. ed.
if any freeman shall move, that the choice shall be made Election by ballot or vote in writing, and such motion shall be sec
to be by
ballot in onded, it shall be the duty of the moderator of the meet-case. ing to cause the suffrages of the freemen to be taken by ballot or vote in writing; and if any person shall be chosen to any office otherwise than by ballot, when the same shall be required as aforesaid, such election shall be void.
An act appointing the several Town-Councils in this State, 1806, '16,
Boards of Health ex-officio. Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and by Town: the authority thereof it is enacted, That the several towncouncils aforesaid be and they are hereby constituted ex-boards of
health. officio boards of health, and are empowered, when in the opinion of said council the inhabitants of any town or any particular part thereof, is in danger from any contagious or infectious disease, to order and enact such rules Their and regulations, not repugnant to the laws of this State, or of the United States, for preventing the same, as to them shall appear to be proper, either by removing the inhabitants, or otherwise; and shall affix such penalties, for the breach of said rules and regulations, as to them shall seem necessary, not exceeding the sum of three hundred dollars fine, or six months imprisonment, for any one of fence.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That in the several May make sea-ports of this State, the town-councils of the towns
regulawherein such sea-ports are respectively situated, may and tive to they are hereby empowered to make and carry into effect quaran. such rules and regulations respecting quarantine, as to them may appear necessary, to prevent the introduction of contagious or infectious diseases from other places ; that such town-councils shall respectively prescribe, from time to time, the several ports, places or countries, from which vessels arriving shall be subject to examination or quarantine; and shall likewise appoint the particular place May apin their harbor, bay or river, where all ships or vessels ar-point the riving, subject to examination or quarantine, shall come to where vesanchor; and shall define the limits of such quarantine sels shall ground, and assign the time which such ships or vessels shall be detained, and where and how unladen; and such councils shall respectively appoint a sentinel, who shall be
May ap- paid by said town, and be stationed in some convenient point a sentinel.
place on shore, or in some boat or vessel, properly situated
to hail all ships or vessels which may arrive in such river, His duty. bay or harbor; and if he finds such ship or vessel is subject
to quarantine, to direct the commander thereof to come to anchor, within the limits of said quarantine ground, as aforesaid, and there remain until visited by the health officer; and to place a signal in said vessel's shrouds, in
such manner as to be seen at a proper distance. Vessels Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That any commander
of a ship or vessel who shall, upon being hailed and direcchor within quaran-ted by the sentinel as aforesaid, refuse or neglect to bring tine limits. said ship or vessel to anchor within the limits described
as aforesaid, shall pay as a fine, to and for the use of such Penalty. town, the sum of twenty dollars; and the town-council
may order such ship or vessel to be anchored on said quarantine ground, at the expence of the owners, master or commanding officer thereof, there to remain until there
from discharged in manner hereinafter provided. Penalty Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That any person, either for leaving officer, seaman, or passenger, who shall leave such ship
or vessel, under order of quarantine as aforesaid, without permission from the health-officer, or the town-council, shall pay, to and for the use of said town, a fine not exceeding the sum of twenty dollars; and said town-council may order such person to be returned on board of such vessel, there to remain until said council order
him or her to be dismissed. For enter. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That if any vessel ing the
shall arrive in the waters of this State, and bound to the
port of Providence, at any time while the quarantine regdence.
ulations of said town are in force, no person or persons on board said vessel, either master, officer, seaman or passenger, shall enter into the town of Providence, or village of Pawtuxet, until such vessel shall have been visited and examined by the health-officer of said town, and permission shall have been given by such health-officer, or by the town-council of said town, to such person or persons to enter therein; and every such person or persons, so entering into said town, without such permission first had and obtained as aforesaid, shall pay as a fine a sum not exceeding twenty dollars; and said town-council may also cause such person or persons to be returned to such vessel, in case she is under quarantine, there to remain until permitted to depart therefrom. fr
town of Provi.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the several towns Towns or or town-councils in this State be and they are hereby em- Councils powered, to appoint a health-officer, whose duty it shall may apbe to visit all vessels which shall be subject to examina-point
health offtion or quarantine as aforesaid and carry into execution cer. all regulations established by the said council; which said health-officer shall be at all times accountable to said town-council, and shall receive for his services such compensation as said council may allow, to be paid by the owner or owners, agent or agents, or commanders of such vessels as may be subjected to quarantine or examination.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That all penalties and Penalties fines accruing under this act, shall be recovered by ac-covered. tion of the case, to be brought in the name of the towntreasurer of the town where said offence is committed, before any justice of the peace in such town, if the penalty does not exceed twenty dollars, but if more than twenty dollars, said action shall be brought before the court of common pleas, in the county where such offence is committed.
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That all sheriffs, depu- Sheriffs, ty-sheriffs, town-sergeants and constables, be and they do irem hereby are required, in their several capacities, to carry carry regthe rules and regulations of the several town-councils, in their several counties, into effect.
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That any town-council Quaranestablishing rules and regulations respecting quarantine, to be pubas herein before expressed, shall cause the same to be pub- lished. lished in one or more newspapers published within this tasapai State, within or nearest the town wherein such rules and regulations shall be adopted as aforesaid, and at the proper cost and expence of said town.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That the town-coun- Towncil of Newport be and the same is hereby authorized and council of empowered to appoint such persons as said town-council may apmay deem suitable, as a board of health, whose duties, point powers and authority shall be the same as said town-coun-health. cil have a right to exercise by law, during the period for which they shall by the said town-council be appointed, for the preservation of the health of the inhabitants.
1743, ?48, An act to prevent the Spreading of any Contagious or Infec'08, 1800,
tious Sickness in this State. '06, '16, '20, '22.
. Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and by No infect.. ed vessel the authority thereof it is enacted, That no master or com
mander of any ship or other vessel, who shall come into within one mile of any port or harbor of this State, and shall have any perany land- son or persons on board sick of the small-pox, or any othing place.
er contagious or infectious distemper, or who has had any person sick of such distemper in the passage, or who shall come from any port or place usually infected with the small-pox, or where any other contagious or infectious distemper is prevalent, shall presume to bring such vessel to anchor in any of the ports of this State, within the distance of one mile of any public ferry,pier or landing place, or permit or suffer any person or persons on board such vessel to be landed, or any person to come on board such
vessel, without a license first had and obtained from the license. town-council of such town where such vessel shall arrive, Penalty. on the penalty of forfeiting four hundred dollars, to and
for the use of the State, to be recovered by the generaltreasurer, by action of debt, in any court of common pleas: and it shall be the duty of such master or commander, on
his first arrival in any port in this State, to hoist and keep To wear his colors in the shrouds of his ship or vessel, as a signal colors in the of having come from any such infected place, or having shrouds. infection or contagion on board. Landing
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That if any person or without persons whosoever shall presume to land or come on permit to per
shore from on board such vessel, without license first had and obtained as aforesaid, it shall be lawful for the towncouncil to send back such offender or offenders immediately on board such vessel, or confine him or them on shore, in such convenient place as to them shall appear most effectual to prevent the spreading of any infection;
and the person or persons so offending shall satisfy and And forfeit pay all charges that shall arise thereon, and also each of forty dol- them shall forfeit forty dollars, to be recovered in manner lars, &c.
as aforesaid ; and if the offender or offenders shall not have sufficient estate to pay the same, he or they shall be confined, and subjected to hard labor for a term not exceeding two months.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the town-council Physician to be sent be and they are hereby empowered and directed to send on board. a physician or other suitable person to examine into and
be sent back.