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Page 113] trict wherein said don, John A.Smith, William Smyth, the legislature of any State has ratified any

gent, Sawyer, Schenck, Scofield, the Secretary of State of the United States, that many special deuughton, Strickland, Strong. Taffe, preserve ordeurn, William B. Washburn, Welker, Wil- which shall hereafter be proposed by Congress, to

und, Twichell, Tyner, Upson, Cadwala- amendment heretofore proposed by Congress, or sentatives r. Wilson, Winans, Witcher-101.

the Constitution of the United States, it shall be deputiezingham moved to substitute for the mi- unlawful for any officer of such State to certify at slly resolutions the following:

thereafter any repeal of such amendment, unless br That the President is hereby authorized to re

an amendment for the repeal thereof shall have monstrate against the barbarous manner in which been first proposed by the Congress of the United the war in Cuba has been conducted, and, if he States, or by a convention called by Congress shall deem it expedient, to solicit the co-opera- for proposing amendments; and if such certifition of other governments in such measures as cate of repeal be made, said Secretary of State he may

deem necessary to secure from both con- shall not receive or make any record thereof in tending parties an observance of the laws of war the Department of State, but the same shall be recognized by all civilized nations.

void and of no effect. Which was agreed to-yeas 100, nays 17, on a SEC. 3. That whoever, after the legislatures division.

of three-fourths of the States shall have ratified The minority resolution, as amended by Mr. any amendment to the Constitution of the United Bingham-being simply Mr. Bingham's proposi- States heretofore proposed, or which shall heretion-was then substituted for that of the ma- after be proposed, by the Congress thereof, shall jority-yeas 101, nays 88, as follow:

do any act declaring the repeal, either by color of Yeas-Messrs. Allison, Ambler, Ames, Armstrong, State legislation or of State ordinance, of any ratAsper, Atwood, Beaman, Benjamin, Benton, Bingham, ification of such amendment, after the same shall George M. Brooks, Buckley, Buffinton, Burchard, Rod. erick R. Butler, Cake, Cessna, Churchill, William T. I have been certified to the Secretary of State of Dickey, Dixon, Dockery, Donley. Dával. Dyer, Ela, United States shall have proposed an amendment Clark, Coburn, Cook, Conger, Covode, Cowles, Dawes, the United States, and before the Congress of the Farnsworth, Ferry, Fisher, Garfield, Hale, Ilarris, Hawkins, lleflin, liill, Hoar, Ilooper. Hotchkiss, Juda, providing for the repeal thereof, or a convention Kelley, Kellogg, Kelsey, Ketcham, k napp, Laflin, Law- called by Congress for proposing amendments rence, Maynard, NicCarihy, McCrary, McGrew, Mercur, shall have proposed such amendment, shall be Eliakim H. Moore, Jesse II. Moore, William Moore, Daniel J. Morrell, Negley, O'Neill, Orth, Packard. Pack- guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction er, Palmer, Perce, Plielps, Platt, Poland, Pomeroy, thereof in any court of the United States having Rogers, Sargent, Sawyer, Schenck, Scofield, John A. Smith, William J. Smith, William Sinyth.Starkweather; jurisdiction in the premises, shall be subject to Stokes, Stoughton, Strickland, Strong. Taffe, Tanner, imprisonment not less than one nor more than Tillman, Townsend, Twichell, Tyner, Upson, Ward, ten years, or to a fine of not less than $2,000 nor Cadwalader C. Washburn, William B. Washburn, Welker, Wheeler, Whitmore, Willard, John T. Wilson, more than $10,000, or to both, in the discretion Winans-101.

of the court. Nays-Messrs. Adams, Archer, Axtell, Bailey, Banks, SEC. 4. That all acts or parts of acts inconsistBarry, Beatty, Beck, Biggs, Bird, Blair:, Boyd, ent herewith are hereby repealed ; James Brooks, Buck. Burdett, Burr. Benjamin F. Butler, Callin, Sidney Clarke, Amasa Cobb, Clinton L. Cobb, Which, the rules being suspended, under the Conner, Cor, enllom, Degener, Dickinson, L'ox, Eldridge, operation of the previous question, was agreed Ferriss, Finkelnburg, Fitch, Fox, Getz, Gibson, Griswotd, Haigit, Isamill, Tiamilton, Ilay, ll Iman, Ingersoll, to-yeas 130, nays 54, as follow: Johnson, Julian, Kerr, Knoit, Lash, Lewis, Logan, Mar- YEAS-Messrs. Allison, Ambler, Ames, Armstrong, Arshall, Miy m, McKee, McK'enzie, Alc.Vorli, Milnes. Mor- nell, Asper, Atwood. Bailey, Barry, Beatty, Benjamin, gan, Morphis, Morrisseu, Mungen, Newstam, Niblack, Bennett, Benton, Bingham, Blair, Boles, George M. Paine, Porter, Potter, Prosser, Rundall, Reeves. Rice, Brooks Buckley, Builinton, Burchard, Burdett, BenRoots, Schumaker, Shanks, Lionel A. Sheldon, Porter jamin F. Butler, Roderick R. Butler, Cake, Cessna, Sheldon, Sherid. Sho'er, Joseph S. Smith, Stiles, Strader, Churchill, William T. Clark Sidney Clarke, Amasa Suann, Suceney, Taylor, Trimble

, Vun Trump, Wells, Cobb, Coburn, Conger, Cook, Cowles, Cullom. Darrall, Eugene M. Wilson, Winchester, Wood, Woodward—88. Davis, Dawes. Degener, Dickey, Donley, Duval. Dyer, The resolution was then agreed to without a

Ela, Ferriss, Finkelnburg, Fisher. Fitch, Garfield. Gildivision.

fillan, Hale, Hamilton, Harris, Hawley, llay, Hays,

Heflin, Hill, Hoar, Jenckes, Judd, Julian, Kelley, KielRatification of Constitutional Amendments.

sey, Ketcham. Knapp, Lash, Loughridge Lynch, May

nard, McCarthy, McCrary. McGrew, Nekee, Nckenzie, 1870, May 8—Mr. Bingham reported the fol- Mercur, Eliakim 11. Moore, Jesse II. Moore, William lowing bill:

Moore, Myers, Negley, O'Neill, Orth, Packard, Paine, To regulate the mode of determining the ratifica- Pulmer; Pocok Perce. Peters. Phelps, Poland, Porter, tion of amendments to the Constitution of the Shinks, Lionel 'A. Sheldon, Porier Shelilon, John A.

Prosser, Roots, Sanford, Sargent. Siwyer, cofield, United States proposed by Congress, and for Smith, William J. Smith. Worthington C. smith. Wil

liam Smyth. Starkweather, Stevens, Stevenson, Stokes, That whenever the legislature of any State man, Townsend. Twicell, Tyner, Upson, Van Wyck,

Stoughton, Strickland, Strong, Tanner, Taylor, Tillshall have ratified an amendment to the Constitu- Wallace, Ward, Cadwalader i Washbuun, William B. tion of the United States heretofore proposed, or liams, John T. Wilson, Winans--130.

Washburn, Welker, Wheeler, Whitmore, Willard, Wilwhich shall be hereafter proposed, by Congress NAYS--Messrs. Archer, Bcek. Biggs, Bird, Booker, James to the legislatures of the several States for ratifi-Brooks, Burr, Calkin, Cleveland, Conner, Cor, Crebs, Dickcation, it shall be the duty of the Executive of inson: Eldridge: Fox, Getz, Griswold, Hajght, Ilaldeman,

Hamill, Hawkins, Johnson, Thomas L. Joncs, Kerr, such State so ratifying to certify forthwith, under Knott, 'Lewis, Mayham, McCormick, Nc Neely, Niilnes, Morthe seal of such State, such ratification and the gan, Mungen, Niblack, Potter, Randall

, Recres, Rogers, date thereof to the Secretary of State of the Schumaker, Sherrod, Slocum, Joseph S. Smith, Stiles, stone, United States, whose duty it shall be to file and Eugene M. Wilson, Winchester, Wood, Woodward54.

Swann, Sweeney, Trimble, Van Auken, Voorhees, Wells, record the same in the Department of State. SEC. 2. That in all cases wherein official notice

New Constitution of Illinois. has been given, cr shall hereafter be given to, At the recent election, in July, this instruand has been or shall hereafter be received by, ment was adopted by the majority of the people

other purposes.




of the State. Among its features are the follow


Republican, February 22, 1870. Divides the State into senatorial districts, and 1. We congratulate the country on the restoraprovides for the election of one senator and tion of law and order in the late rebellious States three representatives from the same district; under the reconstruction measures adopted by the gives each voter as many votes as there are rep

General Government, and upon the prevalence resentatives to be elected, and allows him to of peace and return of fraternal feeling among divide his vote among candidates as he sees fit.

the people of all the States under a constitution securing an equality of political and civil rights

to all citizens, without distinction of race or color. Same as the old..

2. That we reverence the Constitution of the BILL OF RIGHTS.

United States as the supreme law of the land No person shall be denied any civil or politi- and a wise embodiment of the principles of free cal right, privilege, or capacity, on account of government, and, following its teachings, we will his religious opinions. Grand juries may be adopt from time to time such amendments as are abolished by law (when a better system is de- necessary more completely to establish justice, vised.)

insure domestic tranquillity, and secure the blessThe fee of land taken for railroad tracks shall ings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity ; remain with the owner, subject only to the use and that we rejoice at the ratification of the for which it is taken.

XVth Amendment, which forever secures an No irrevocable grant of special privileges shall equality of political rights to all men, and we be passed.

extend to the colored man a helping hand to en

able him in the race of life to improve and elean oath that they have not paid any bribe to fense and preservation of the Union, however Members of the Legislature required to take vate his condition.

3. That the national debt created in the desecure their election, and that they will not accept any gist or bribe for any vote or influence great the burden, must be cheerfully borne, until they may give or withhold for any official act.

honorably and honestly extinguished in accordance with the letter and spirit of the several

laws authorizing the debt; and that all attempts No appropriation of money allowed in any at repudiation of principal or interest should private law, and bills making appropriations for meet the scorn and denunciation of an honest the pay of any officer shall not contain any and patriotic people. other provision.

4. That we demand in every department of The general assembly shall have no power to the Government, from the highest to the lowest, release or extinguish, in whole or in part, the the strictest economy in all expenditures, conindebtedness, liability, or obligation of any cor- sistent with the requirements of the public serporation or individual to this State, or to any vice; the reduction and abolishment of all municipal corporation therein.

extravagant fees and salaries ; the closing of all The general assembly shall never grant or useless offices and the dismissal of their incumauthorize extra compensation, fee, or allowance bents; and all efforts to these ends, in Congress to any public officer, agent, servant, or con- or elsewhere, have our unqualified approval tractor, after service has been rendered, or a 5. That a reduction of taxation is demanded, contract made, nor authorize the payment of any both of tariff and internal taxes, until it reaches claim, or part thereof, hereafter created against the lowest amount consistent with the credit and the State under any agreement or contract made necessities of the Government; and that we are without express authority of law; and all such in favor of a tariff for revenue, believing that a authorized agreements or contracts shall be null proper adjustment of duties must necessarily afand void.

ford all the incidental protection to which any The State shall never pay, assume, or become interest is entitled. responsible for the debts or liabilities of, or in That we are in favor of a currency founded any manner give, loan, or extend its credits to, on the national credit, as abundant as the trade or in aid of, any puiblic or other corporation, and commerce of the country demand; and we association, or individual.

disapprove of all laws in reference thereto which No law shall be passed which shall operate to establish monopoly or inequality therein. extend the term of any public officer after his 7. That we are opposed to the donation of the election or appointment.

public lands, or the grant of subsidies in money No county, city, township, school district, or to railroads and other corporations; and that we other municipal corporation, shall be allowed to demand the reservations of the public domain become indebted in any manner, or for any pur- for the use of actual settlers and educational pose, to an amount, including existing indebted- purposes. ness, in the aggregate exceeding five per centum 8. That we reaffirm that of "all who were faithof the value of the taxable property therein, to ful in the trials of the late war, there are none be ascertained by the last assessment of State entitled to more especial honor than the brave and county taxes previous to the incurring of soldiers and seamen who endured the hardships said indebtedness.

of campaign and cruise, and imperiled their Railroads are forbidden to consolidate with a lives in the service of their country, and the competing line.

bounties and pensions provided by law for those General assembly to fix maximum rates of brave defenders of the nation are obligations charges for the different railroads.

never to be forgotten, and should be paid with. out cost to the recipient. The widows and or- | blessing, the Constitution must be respected and phans of the gallant dead are wards of the nation observed, and every approach to centralized des-a sacred legacy bequeathed to the nation's potism defeated, whether attempted by Congress protecting care.

or the Executive. 9. That we approve the general course of our 2. That recent events have, more than ever, Senators and Republican Representatives in Con- convinced us of the infamous and revolutionary gress, and express our full and entire confidence character of the reconstruction measures as an that they will act with wisdom and integrity in invasion of the sovereign and sacred rights of the all that concerns the welfare of the people; and people and of ail the States. that we tender thanks to Senator Morton for his 3. That the independence of the Supreme Court exertions in so shaping the legislation of Con- of the United States is essential to the safety and gress on the reconstruction of the late rebel States security of the States and the people; and we deas to secure the passage of the XVth Amend- clare that the measures of Congress, having in ment.

view the destruction of the powers of that court 10. That we indorse the administration of to adjudicate on the constitutionality of the enGeneral Grant as President of the United States, actments of Congress is a dangerous evidence of accept the increased collection of revenue, the re- the usurpations of the legislative over the judicial duction of expenditures, and payment of a large department of the Government. portion of the public debt as a fulfillment of his 4. That we are in favor of a tariff for revenue promises of economy, and rejoice that the victo-only; and we demand that the burdens of taxarious general of the Union armies should, as a tion shall be fairly and equally adjusted, and that civil officer, receive the last of the rebel States such an adjustment cannot be made without in its return to the national family.

striking from the statute book the present and 11. Inasmuch as all republican governments odious tariff laws, a system of taxation based upon depend for their stability and perpetuity on the favoritism, and which has destroyed American intelligence and virtue of the people, it is the shipping and commerce, or pressed the people of right and duty of the State and national author- the great agricultural regions, which compels the ities to establish, foster, and secure the highest many to pay tribute to the few, and which has moral and intellectual development of the people. built up monopolies that control not only every

12. That taxation for county and other local American market, but also the legislation of purposes has become so great as to be oppressive Congress; and we demand that the prime articles to the people; that our system of county admin of necessity, such as tea, coffee, sugar, and salt, istration needs reform, and we demand of our shall be placed upon the free list. representatives in the legislature such changes 5. That we are willing to pay our national in the statutes of the State as will protect the debt in strict compliance with our contracts, people from extravagant tax levies by local au- whether it was made payable in gold or greenthorities; and as an aid to this needed reform, backs, but we are unwilling to do more than we favor a reduction of the fees of the county that; and we declare that the five-twenty bonds officers to a standard which will furnish a fair are payable in greenbacks, or their equivalent; and reasonable compensation for the services and we condemn the policy of the administrarendered, and that no officer should be favored tion, which is squandering millions of money by with salary, fees, or perquisites beyond such fair buying such bonds at a high rate of premium, and reasonable compensation.

when the Government has the clear right to re13. That the canal stocks issued under the deem them at par. legislation of 1846 and 1847, commonly called 6. That the national bank system, organized the “Butler bill,” were, by the terins of the con- in the interest of the bondholders, ought to be tract, charged exclusively upon the Wabash and abolished, and greenbacks issued in lieu of such Erie canal, its revenues and lands, and the faith bank paper, thus saving millions annually to of the State never having been, directly or indi- the people, and giving to the whole people (inrectly, pledged for the payment or redemption stead of the few) the benefits of issuing a paper thereof, said canal stocks therefore constitute no currency. part of the outstanding debts or liabilities of the 7. That the business interests of the country, State; that the constitution of this State ought demand an increased and maintained volume of to be amended at the earliest practicable period, the currency; and the burden of the public debt, so as to prohibit the taking effect of any law or the high rate of interest and taxation, imperaacts of the general assembly proposing to recog. tively forbid the contraction of the currency in nize or create any liability of the State for the the interest of the bondholders. said canal stocks, or any part thereof, until such 8. That the shares of stock in the national proposition shall have been submitted to a direct banks ought to be subjected to school and munivote of the people of the State and approved by icipal taxation on the same conditions as other them.

property; and we demand of our State legisla14. That we heartily indorse the administra- iure that the shares of such banks shall be subtion of our State affairs by Governor Baker and jected to equal taxation with other property of his associate State officers, and especially con- the State. gratulate the people that the time is so near 9. That the bonds of the United States ought when the State debt will be entirely liquidated. to be taxed by Congress for national purposes

to such an extent as will substantially equalize Democratic, January 8, 1870.

the taxation of such bonds with other property Resolved, That the federal Union, with all the subject to local taxation. rights and dignity of the several States, should 10. That we denounce the action of our last be presoryed; and to secure that great national ' legislature in attempting to force upon the peoe ] ple the proposed XVth Amendment to the Con- that in the arrangement of any revenue tariff all stitution of the United States as in palpable the necessaries of life should be absolutely free violation of our State constitution, and we sol- of duty. emnly protest against Indiana being counted for 2. That the internal revenue system of the said amendment; and we hereby declare our un- United States is unendurable in its oppressive alterable opposition to its ratification.

exactions; that it should be immediately remod. 11. That any attempt to regulate the moral eled; that its annoyances of stamps and licenses ideas, appetites, or innocent amusements of the and taxes upon sales and incomes should be abolpeople by legislation is unwise and despotic. ished; that the tax itself should be collected

12. That we are opposed to any change in the the State and county officials; and that the mulnaturalization laws of the United States, whereby tiplication of officers is wholly unnecessary, exadmission to citizenship will be made more diffi- cept to eat out the resources of the tax-payers; cult or expensive; and we especially denounce and that we pledge ourselves to effect a thorough the proposed plan of transferring the naturaliza- reform in this particular. We denounce the tion of aliens to the courts of the United States, profligacy in the present administration of the and abridging the powers of State courts in that federal Governinent, the corruption which has respect, as a hardship and expense to the poor entered all the official stations, the favoritism and friendless candidate for American citizen- which, overlooking fitness for office, has appointship: we recognize the proposed change as the ed to positions of public trust the friends or tools off-shoot of intolerant “Know-Nothingism"

of those who control the public patronage, and the “twin relic" of radicalism itself.

the imbecility which directs the destinies of the

republic, without an apparent purpose, and manOHIO.

ages its affairs with such embarrassment and dis

aster to the material interests of the people at Democratic, June 1, 1870.

home, and with such disregard of the rights and The democracy of Ohio, coming together in the liberties of its citizens abroad. spirit of devotion to the doctrines and faith of 3. That land monopoly is one of the great evils free representative government, and relying for of our country and against the spirit of our insuccess upon discussion and the intelligence of stitutions; that the whole of our public lands the people, deem the present convention a fitting ought to be held as a sacred trust to secure homeoccasion to reassert the following time-honored steads for actual settlers; we therefore denounce principles of the Democratic party:

the recent action of Congress in making grants That the federal Government is one of limited to mammoth railroad corporations, which are powers, derived solely from the Constitution; that already too powerful, and may become dangerthe grants of power made therein ought to be ous to a free people. strictly construed by all the dependents and 4. That we regard the act recently passed by, agents of the Government, and that it is inexpe- Congress to enforce the "Fifteenth Amendment, dient and dangerous to exercise doubtful powers; as unconstitutional, unjust and oppressive; an

That the Constitution of the United States is invasion of the rights of the States, subversive founded on the fundamental principle of the en- of the best interests of the people, and therefore tire and absolute equality of all the States of the demand its unconditional repeal. Union, and it is not competent for Congress to 5. That the power of the federal Government impose upon them any conditions or restrictions to assess and collect taxes on bonds of the United in respect to their internal concerns which the States is clear and unquestioned; and we defederal Constitution has not imposed;

mand of Congress that a share of taxation equal That the liberal principles embodied by Jeffer- to the fair average amount levied in cach State son in the Declaration of Independence, and on money loaned shall be assessed and collected sanctioned in the Constitution, which make ours from all investments made in bonds. the land of liberty and the asylum of the op- 6. That we are opposed to the system of napressed of every nation, have ever been cardinal tional banks, and demand the immediate repeal principles of the democratic faith, and every of the law creating them, and that in place of attempt to abridge the privileges of becoming the notes of such banks treasury notes of the citizens and the owners of soil among us ought United States should be substituted. to be resisted with the same spirit which swept 7. That the Democracy of Ohio sympathize the alien and sedition laws from the statute with the efforts of all people struggling for selfbooks;

government, and that we denounce the truckling And, in order that we may more distinctly of the federal Administration to Great Britain declare our views of the measures and policy of and Spain, and the efforts of the party in power the present administration,

to reduce whole States in our Union to a condiResolved, That we denounce the present tariff, tion of vassalage to the general Government. as well as the substitute lately introduced in the 8. That the thanks of the Democracy of Ohio House of Representatives by the Committee of are extended to our Senator, Allen G. Thurman, Ways and Means, as a gigantic robbery of the and the Democratic Representatives in Congress, labor and industry of the country; that they are who, though in a small minority, have bravely bolely designed to advance the interests of a few contended for the principles of democracy and thousand monopolies, and that they should no the interests of the people. longer be submitted to; and that no candidate 9. That upon the foregoing platform we infor Congress, nor for any other office, is worthy vite all the electors of Oliio, without regard to of support who is not in favor of a low revenue past differences, to vote for the ticket this day tariff, which closely approximates to free trade; ( nominated.


STATISTICAL TABLES. PUBLIC LANDS, REVENUE AND NATIONAL DEBT STATEMENTS. TABLE, showing the area of the land States, the amount of land granted to railroads, sold, and

otherwise disposed of, and the amount remaining on hand in each.

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[blocks in formation]

1,181,129.30 6,581,305.40 4,749,259.07









17,319,167 32

[blocks in formation]

12,805,971.08 1,823,494.67 10,917,374.25

16,122,244.78 1,311,956.65 4,504,559.50 2,595,053.00 19,879,408.27 9,533,805.03 3,353,800.97 1,715,435.00 22,924,661.21 8,030,532.06 8,826,407.67 2,288,138.50 | 17,789,351.45 1,539,559.85 3,263,721.81

908,680.29 12,201,037.03 585,217.92 11,735,645.69 1,072,405.45 5,720,319.71 1,224,105.23 11,924,781.21 5,686,109.51 | 12,381,774.87 5,062,631.77 8,835,790.22 1,793,167.10 8,235,728.57 2,691,011.98 9,308,870.87 1,760,468.39 1,832,431.49 768,181.58 21,710,248.78 3,415,669.46 11,773,758.20 14,514,170.55 4,547,120.38 1,729,710.05 | 10,043,685.78 7,154,420.58 6 889,226.79

161,892.56 2,925,668.80 907,600.02 15,519,079.62 2,510,283.64 2,255,881.10 8,619,550.51 5,212,089.70 1,813,600.00 264,902.91 436,955.16 7,7-2,162.88 2,908.92 285,029.73 5,115,316.03 4,257,993.47

62,064.36 21,771.55 4,572,261.99 442,053.3 2,956,369 32 4,293,584,99 300,530.80 336,914.47 2,781,590.77 480.00

480.00 6,763,122.00 51,638.26 104.241.65 5,088,733.00


[blocks in formation]

The amount remaining on hand is subject to a reduction of 163,4965,626.33 acres, granted by Congress to aid in the construction of railroad lines, and not yet selected and certified to them.

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