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.. 533

487 History ..
494 INDIANAPOLIS.

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Fairport ....
PAGE 508 | Sheep-Growing.

PAGE 515, 527
Franklin County.
510 Soil.

515
Gallipolis.....

508 Statistics

522, 527, 528
Gambier
502 St. Joseph's .

520
Granville
... 510 Topography.

514, 516
Hamilton..
512 Wool-Growing, History of.

527
History.
488-494 Ypsilanti....

523
Kenyon College at Gambier

..503
Lancaster .....

509

INDIANA.
Lane Seminary
502 Academies and Common Schools

533
Latitude and
Luide.

486
Area of the State...

532
Mansfield ...
505 Bear-Hunt

540
Marietta...
503 Bloomington..

543
Massillon
510 Boundaries.

532
Maamee City.

512 Climate....
Newark.....
510 Coal and Copper-Mines..

538
Oberlin
506 Crawfordsville..

536
Painesville...
508 Cut-off River..

543
Pickaway County
509 Evansville

542
Population at different Periods.

540, 543
of 1790 and 1840 compared

533
Pork-Trade of the West........

513
Capitol at.

534
Portsmouth.....

508
Lafayette....

536
Public Works of the State.
488 Latitude and Longitude.

532
Roscoe......
510 Lawrencebarg....

542
Sandusky City.

506
Literary Institutions.

533
Sidney..
512 Madison.....

542
Springfield...
512 Michigan City.

536
Statistics....
496, 513 New Albany.

542
Steubenville.....
506 New Harmony..

534, 543
Toledo........

505 Peculiar Characteristics of Western Mind.. 536
Urbana.....
511 Pigeon Springs..

520
Van Buren..

512
Population.

532
Williamsburg
511 Saltsprings

538
Willoughby
508 South Bend..

536
Wilmington...
511 Terre Haute.

536
Xenia

512 Topography
Zanesville.

508 Vincennes....
Western River Town...

538
MICHIGAN.
Adrian

523

ILLINOIS.
Agricultural Advantages of the State... 515 Alton.....

555
Ann Arbor....
523 Area of the State..

544
Boundaries....
514 Belleville.....

556
Copper-Mines..

524 Cave-in Rock, near Shawneetown........ 555
Detroit
518 Chicago..

551
Emigrants, Advantages to.
530 History of.

554
Exports of Wool......
527 Emigration..

562
Falls of St. Mary.
523 Galena....

549, 556
Fisheries ..
522, 523 Growth of the West...

564
History ...
515 Illinois College

555
Minois and Michigan Canal.
526 Jacksonville....

549, 555
Internal Improvements...
517 Kaskaskia....

555
Jackson ......
523 Latitude and Longitude.

544
Joliet, Water-Power at..
527 Lead-Mines .

549
Kalamazoo.
520 Mount Joliet .....

560
Lake St. Clair.
518 Population

544
LANSIKG...
520, 525 Peoria....

556
Mackinac
520 River Navigation of the West..

559
Business of..
522 | Rock Fort....

556
Marshall.......
520 Rock Island City.

556
Mining Operations, History of ...
524 Shawneetown.

055
Monroe..
520 SPRINGFIELD

555
Population...
515 St. Joseph......

552
Pictured Rocks of Lake Superior.
528 Swedish Settlement, Notice of

550
Account of Visit to ....
529, 530 Topography.

5-15
Railroads
517 | Vandalia...

556

......... 532
........ 534

Bethel .....

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Columbia..........

MISSOURL
Population

.PAGE 687
Prairie on Fire, Description of .

596
Area and Boundaries.
..PAGE 666 Racine....

690
676 Rivers

587
Boonville...:
576 Sheboygan.

592
Buffaloes and Elks.
677 Southport.

592
Canton ...
675 Swamps

588
Cape Girardeau...

576
676

CALIFORNIA.
Edina....

575
Elkhorn Pyramid..
581 | Area and Boundaries .

606
Falls of the Missouri.
568 Benicia....

621
Fulton....
676 Climate..

608
Glasgow
676 Constitution, Synopsis of.

605
Hannibal.
676 Geographical Description

606
Hunting the Buffalo.
578 History.

601
Independence.
576 Indians..

610
JEFFERSON CITY.
571 Mineral Wealth.

622
Latitude and Longitude.
566 Monterey, City of.

620
Lexington
576 Population

610
Liberty
576 Postoffices

622
Memphis.
675 Rivers..

608
Mines..
567 Sacramento City.

617
Missouri River
566 San Diego.

621
New Madrid....
676 San Francisco, Bay of

608
Palmyra..
675 San Francisco, City of ..

611
Population.
667 San Jose, City of.

618
Potosi...
676 Seal of the State, Explanation of.

605
Springfield.
576 Stockton, City of....

620
St. Charles,
675 VALLEJO......

621
St. Genevieve

570
St. Joseph.

576

TERRITORY OF OREGON.
St. Louis..

571
Area and Boundaries.,

627
History of..

571
Climate.

627
Population of at various Periods. 674
Geographical Description.

627
Tully......

675
History.

630
Mountains,

.627, 628
IOWA.
OREGON City, Territorial Capital.

632
Antiquities.....
583 Rivers.....

.629, 630
Area and Boundaries.

582 Towns and Settlements...

........632–634
Burlington.....

583
Dubuque.

583

TERRITORY OF MINNESOTA.
Geological Features of the State..
586 | Area and Boundaries .

636
History..
582 Geographical Description

636
Iowa City.

635
Jamesville
583 St. Paul's, the Territorial Capital.

638
Latitude and Longitude.
582 | Towns and Settlements..

.638, 639
Log-Cabin and Sawmill..
584 Western Territory....

639
Population

682
Prairie, description of......................

584

TERRITORY OF NEW MEXICO.
WISCONSIN.

640
Area and Boundaries....
Geographical Description.

641
Antiquities.....
.592, 594 History

640
Area and Boundaries.
587 Manners and Customs....

644
Azatlan....

592 Mineral Wealth.
Clearing and Log-Cabin...

583 History,

642

594 Population.
Fond du Lac.
692 Santa Fe, Territorial Capital.

643
Geographical Description
.587–589 Towns and Settlements. ...

.641-643
Isle Royale....

598
Lakes, Extent of Great American.

TERRITORY OF UTAH.

600
Lake St. Croix...
598 Area and Boundaries...

646
Latitude and Longitude.
587 | Geographical Description.

646, 647
MADISON
690 GREAT SALT LAKE City, Capital.

647
Maiden's Rock, History of.
596 History....

646
Milwaukie..
590 | Population

648
Mines of Lake Superior...
598 | Settlements..

6-17

.. 648

[graphic][merged small]

163

SEAL OF MAINE, and Desert-Rock Lighthouse.. PAGE 13 Newport ..

PAGE 135

Bowdoin College, Brunswick

19 Brown University...

137

Eastport...

21 | Seal of New York....

143

Seal of New Hampshire, and Old Man of the Mountain 25 Tomb of Kosciusko, West Point..

142

Squam Lake..

27

143

Genesee Falls, Rochester..

Statehouse, at Concord..

29

The Palisades, Hudson River...

Centre Harbor and Lake Winnipisiogee

35

View of Albany from Greenbush

151

Notch-house, White Mountains.

37 Albany Female Seminary.

153

Shaker Settlement at Canterbury

155

St. Paul's Church, Albany.

41

State Street, Albany

157

Seal of Vermont, and View of Burlington .

44 Schenectady Lyceum..

Statehouse, at Montpelier......
53 Village of Little Falls.

167

Seal of Massachusetts, and Landing of the Pilgrims... 59

Utica..

169

179

City of Boston....

Auburn..

58

Geneva Medical College

175

Boston in 1776, taken from the Road to Dorchester ... 61
Residence of John Hancock, Boston..

177

Falls of Niagara, viewed from Table Rock.

67

Cambridge University..

69

Falls of Niagara, viewed from the Clifton House... 179

The Van-Kleek House, Poughkeepsie.....

180

Cambridge Observatory, with Sears' Tower

71

Grand Refractor, Cambridge Observatory

Collegiate School, Poughkeepsie

181

72

182

Lawrence Scientific School, at Cambridge..

Church of Our Lady, at Coid Spring.

73

Boston and Bunker Hill from the East..

Dover Stone Church..

183

75

St. Paul's Church, Troy.

184

Old City-Hall, and State Street, Boston
77

187

Boston Common, with the Statehouse in the Distance. 79 Merchants Exchange, Wall Street, New York City, 189

View of the City of New York.

The Statehouse, at Boston

81

Sears' Plan for improvement of Boston.

The Old Billop House, at Bentley, West End of

83

Staten Island.

191

Residence of the Hon. David Sears, Boston Common.. 85

Customhouse, Boston

87

Seal of New Jersey..

20]

Liberty-Tree

88

Delaware Water-Gap..

201

Faneuil Hall.

89 Theological Seminary, Princeton..

209

Bunker-Hill Monument, Charlestown..

95 Washington's Headquarters, Morristown.

211

Plymouth

97

Source of the Passaic.

213

Cemetery at Mount Auburn.

99 Seal of Pennsylvania..

215

Mount Tom and Mount Holyoke

102 Head Waters of the Juniata, and the Allegany

Amberst College, with new Cabinet and Observatory. 105 Mountains..

215

Portrait of John Winthrop, first Governor of Mass... 110 Treaty of William Penn with the Indians..

217

Death-bed of Winthrop.

114 City of Philadelphia...

219

Residence of the Adams Family, Quincy. ........ 117 Philadelphia Exchange.

221
Yale College, State Seal, &c.....

119

Customhouse (formerly United State: Bank), Phila.
New Haven College-Green...........

delphia...

223
123

Bridge at Norwich.

Old Statehouse, or Independence Hall,Philadelphia. 225

129

Purtrait of John Winthrop, first Gavernor of Con-

Eastern State Penitentiary, near Fairmount.. 226

necticut....

230

131

New Suspension-Bridge at Fairmount..

Seal of Rhode Island.

Fountain Park, Residence of Andrew M‘Makin, Esq. 232

133 View of Pittshurg....

236

Landing of Roger Williams...

133 | The Wyoming Valley, from Prospect Rock......... 239

339

..... 352

Seal of Delaware.

PAGE 253 Seal of Arkansas

PAGE 459

Chesapeake and Delaware Canal

Ozark Mountains

Rocky Bluffs on the Mississippi

Seal of Maryland..

462

260

Battle Monument

260 Seal of Tennessee..

467

City of Baltimore

269

Cumberland Mountains.

Washington Monument, Baltimore .

271 | City of Nashville.

474

Viaduct over the Patuxent, on the Baltimore and

Washington Railroad...

275

Seal of Kentucky

476

Bank Lick..

476

City of Washington..............

280 Entrance to the Mammoth Cave..

479

Capitol, Washington

283 City of Louisville

483

President's Hoase............

285

State Department.

Seal of Ohio..

291

486

Smithsonian Institution..

292

Blennerhasset's Island.

486

Scene in the Early Settlement of Ohio..

491

Seal of Virginia....

302 View of Cincinnati in 1800..

493

Shannondale Springs...

302 View of Cincinnati in 1850.

495

Natural Bridge over Cedar Creek

304 The Landing-Place at Cincinnati

Ruins of Jamestown

315 New Catholic Cathedral, Cincinnati

499

Portrait of Washington..

319 Lane Seminary. Walnut Hills, near Cincinnati

501

Birthplace of Washington

321 Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio..

502

Monticello, Residence of Jefferson..

323 Antiquities-Silver Sword-Ornament

503

Richmond

326 Front and Back View of a Boss of the Sword-Belt 504

Statehouse, at Richmond

328 A Copper Plumb, or Pendant

504

Monumental Church, Richmond

329 View of Steubenville

507

Residence of Madison

333

Birthplace of Monroe..

Seal of Michigan....
335

514

Pictured Rocks on Lake Superior.
Harper's Ferry, from the Potomac Side..

514

Mount Vernon, Residence of Washington........ 341

City of Detroit.

519

Death-bed of Washington....

Mackinac Blufta.
343

521

Tomb of Washington, Mount Vernon.

345 Seal of Indians..

532

Yorktown...

............... 347

Cut-oft River, near New Harmony

532

Negro Cabin in Virginia

......... 349 Statehouse, at Indianapolis

535

View on the Wabash River......

Seal of North Carolina

539

Pine Forest in North Carolina

352

Bear-Hunting-Winter Scene ......

541

The Old Statehouse, at Raleigh

361
Seal of Minois..

544

Seal of South Carolina

365 Cave-in Rock, near Shawneetown..

544

Lake Scene in South Carolina

365

The Pioneer of the Western Forest.

547

City of Charleston

367 City of Chicago....

553

Keowee Lake........

373 Rock Fort, on the Ilinois River.

557

Falls of the Charashilactay..

375

Mount Joliet...

561

Charleston Hotel

376 Emigration to the West

563

View in Meeting Street, Charleston.....

377 Encampment for the Night

Seal of Georgia.

379 Seal of Missouri.

566

The Lover's Leap....

379 Elk-born Pyramid, on the Upper Missouri

566

Tullulah Falls

381 City of St. Louis....

573

Rock Mountain

383 Herd of Buffaloes and Elke

578

Pulaski Monument, and Christ Church, Savannah ... 385 Buffalo-Hunting..

580

Statehouse, at Milledgeville

387

Seal of Iowa.....

City of Columbus...

389

582

Entrance to Madison Springs.

Emigration..

390

382

Medical College of Georgia

Log Cabins and Sawmill at the West.

391

585
Seal of Wisconsin....

587

Oglethorpe University.

393

Prairie on Fire ......

Falls of Towaliga.

395

587

View of the City of Milwaukie.

591

Tockoa Falls ...

397

View of Southport, on Lake Michigan..

593

Seal of Florida..

404 A Clearing, and Log-Hut ....

The Everglades..

404 Maideu's Rock, on the Missouri River

597

Public Square at St. Augustine..

406
Seal of California....

601

Seal of Alabama

412

Scene in the Valley of the Sacramento.

601

Tombigbee River.....

412 California Emigrants at Panama converting Canoes in-

City and Harbor of Mobile

419 to Sailing Vessels, in which to reach California.. 604

Seal of Mississippi

428

San Francisco, from the Foot of Telegraph Hill ..... 613

A Wooding Station on the Mississippi River

428

Iron House at San Francisco ....

615

View of Sacramento City, from the River.

619

Seal of Louisiana.

436 Scene in the Mines-Washing out the Gold

623

Canebrakes

Rounded Water-worn Pebble of Gold, with Quartz.. 624

City of New Orleans

445 Foliated Gold intermingled with Quartz

625

Mississippi River, at Bend 100.

447 Lump of Gold, as it came from the Mines..

625

Seal of Texas.....

449

Specimens of Gold-Dust and Gold in Crystals ...... 625

The Texan Hunter's Home

449
View of Astoria on the Columbia River..

631

Catching Wild Horses on a Prairie

453

View of Oregon at the Falls of the Willamette.. 633

455

Houston .............

.... 457 | Seal of the United States......

648

436

Galveston ......

[graphic]

DESERT ROCK LIGHT HOUSE

MAINE. ALTHOUGH Maine was settled by Europeans several years before any other part of New England, it was not admitted into the Union as a state until 1820. Previously to that period it was a mere territory of Massachusetts, and long bore the title of the “district of Maine." In point of extent, however, and rapidity of growth, it ranks at the head of the eastern states; embracing, between its distant limits of Lower Canada on the north, New Brunswick on the east, the Atlantic on the south, and New Hampshire on the west, an area

of 33,223 square miles. A considerable part of the northwestern division of the state is mountainsus, and there are rough tracts and peaks of considerable elevation in some other parts; but in the north the surface is generally even, although the height is considerable, dividing the waters of the St. Lawrence from those emptying into the ocean. The Allegany range, which first appears in Alabama, and traverses all the intermediate Atlantic states, with mountains or hills of different breadth and elevation, is considered as terminating in that cluster of wild and loftv heights which occupy the northwestern counties of Maine ; beyond which no ridge is to be found, except that of the greatly rising land in the north just mentioned.

The highest land east of the Mississippi, excepting only Mount Washington, and a few of its neighboring peaks, in the heart of the New Hampshire White hills, is Katahdin mountain, on the Penobscot river, near the centre of this state. It is 5,335 feet high. The other most elevated points are Speckled, Whiteface, Bald, and Saddleback mountains, north of Androscoggin river, and not far from the western boundary of the state.

The rivers of Maine present some striking peculiarities. The surface of the state is divided into unequal parts by the courses of the Penobscot, Kennebec,

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