Language Endangerment and Language Revitalization: An Introduction

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Walter de Gruyter, 2006 - 307 páginas
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In almost every part of the world, minority languages are threatened with extinction. At the same time, dedicated efforts are being made to document endangered languages, to maintain them, and even to revive once-extinct languages.

The present volume examines a wide range of issues that concern language endangerment andlanguage revitalization. Among other things, it is shown that languages may be endangered to different degrees, endangerment situations in selected areas of the world are surveyed and definitions of language death and types of language death presented. The book also examines causes of language endangerment, speech behaviour in a language endangerment situation, structural changes in endangered languages, as well as types of speakers encountered in a language endangerment situation. In addition, methods of documentation and of training for linguists are proposed which will enable scholars to play an active role in the documentation of endangered languages and in language revitalization.

The book presents a comprehensive overview of the field. It is clearly written and contains ample references to the relevant literature, thus providing useful guidance for further research. The author often draws on his own experience of documenting endangered languages and of language revival activities in Australia.

The volume is of interest to a wide readership, including linguists, anthropologists, sociologists, and educators.

 

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Contenido

List of tables and figures
4
Degree of language endangerment
9
Figure 21 Terms for language endangerment
14
Approaches to language endangerment
29
Figure 41 Dresslers model
33
Definitions and types of language death
36
Figure 51 Glottocide and language shift
44
External setting of language endangerment
49
Figure 86 Loss of vocabulary
95
Typology of speakers
117
Figure 91 Language shift
119
Value of linguistic heritage
134
maintenance and revival
168
Figure 111 Types of language revitalization programs
201
Role and ethics of researchers
216
Method of documentation and training of fieldworkers
229

sociolinguistic aspects
65
Structural changes in language endangerment
76
Figure 81 Proficiency continuum of YD speakers
78
Figure 83 Syntactic ergativity and accusativity
89

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Acerca del autor (2006)

Tasaku Tsunoda is Professor at the University of Tokyo, Japan.

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