Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

what is at present lost amongst thankless, useless, or disaffected persons.

Let the honourable the governors of Westminster School be in. trusted with the supreme power of the college, and disposal of revennes.

Lct no person, professor, or fellow, have any extraordinary allowances, but what shall arise from their care in instructing others, and donatives to be given from time to time by the governors, accordingly as they shall find men profit in learnin, and hopeful to serve the commonwcalth.

Let the novices of the foundation be provided for of such books as arc prescribed them by the discipline of the house (without permission to read others till they have perfectly laid their foundation) and accommodated in a decent way as to cloaths, diet, and cham. bers, and chamber-furniture, and with physick in case of indispo. sition, at the college charge.

Let the foundation be supplied from Westminster School, not only for their better instruction, but for the preserving of unani. mity; and that, upon their coming to the university, they be not enforced to one study, or general studies, but immediately put uato such a society and class of students as are for this or that profession.

Let there be certain times of the year fixed, in which commoners and others may be received into the college, and at no other time, to prevent disorders in studies; let that time be such as the profes. sors shall agrew upon, wherein to finish their course of lectures : And let these be distributed into classes as the other, and regulated in their diet, habits, and company, as may best suit with their in. tended course of life, and the being of the commonwealth, which requires that the youth be bred up to sobriety, frugality, and kuowledge.

Let the students of all sorts, and faculties, be obliged, before their departure, to understand the grounds of a commonwealth, and what is the particular basis of this, that so they may be more active in their persons and relations, it being their reason, and not custom which induces them to subjection.

Let the governors make it their care, that when persons shall arise to maturity, and capable of any employments, to promote them in several ways according to their several professions; and that none be perniited to refuse any such probation employments: As for physicians, that they go with our merchants and ambassadors to remote countries, and that though the emolument be not great; and the like for such as study other faculties, and that nonc decline this. : That, after their return, they give an account of their observations, and deposit them in the college archives, and that they be at their return maintained as before (their places in their absence being supplied by others) till the state can find them employment.

Let there be established in the college one or two professors in diviuity, who shall finish such a course thercin as shall be thought

fit, especially instructing all in the sereral analysis's of faith, and grounds of religion: Let him or they uphold disputations and such-like exercises

Let there be a professor of civil law and politicks, who may in. struct all in the foundations of coinmon right, and dispose them to prefer a commonwealth before monarchy: Let him direct them is a method of particular politicks and history.

Lot there be one professor in Des Cartes's philosophy and ma. themaks.

Let there be one professor of Gassendus's Philosophy, and General Geography, who may also give directions for particular geography.

Let these each have assistants out of the fellows to be constitui. ted, who inquire into the magnetical philosophy; let them have a school of experiments in opricks and mechanicks, for the instruction of the gentry, and such, as shall be found suitable, to assist them in their studies; and let this be defrayed by the publick, or by levics

upon each commoner that comes to study there, as they now give picces of plate.

Let there be a profrssor of physick, and another of anatomy; let them read, dissect and keep a chymist for experiments and promoting of medicines; let this be defrayed partly at the publick charge, and partly by lery upon the students in physick, and such as shall desire to be present, and partly by the standing apothecary of the college-physicians.

Let there be a professor of useful logick and civil rhetorick, for the institution of such as are to be employed in the publiek; and let them practise, not in a declanatory and light, but masculine and solid way, that is, English as well as Latin; and that they be instructed in the way of penning letters and dispatches.

Let all, or any of these, teach such, as are not versed in Latin, in English; and let such be distributed into agreeable company, for the bettering theirselves; and let the professors be severely prohi. bited from teaching any that shall be young, and not of their col. legc: As for such as are grown in years, and yet would learn any, or all the studies aforesaid, they may be admitted, and disposed of according to discretion, without prejudicing the constant course of studies to be upheld in the college.

Let there be sixty fellows in the college, with competent allow. ance, to supply the quality of standing tutors, who may carry on the studies of the youth in things of lesser moment, and prepare them for lectures, examine them after lectures, sce to their man.

ners, &c.

Let twenty of these study controversial divinity and ecclesiasti. cal history, yet so, as to be able to manage the practical part for the good and credit of the nation, cither at home, or in employments with ambassadors. Let a third part of these alternately reside at London, that they may not be strangers to the world, and' circumstances thereof, and so be able to direct better, in order to the education of their countrymen.

Let the other twenty study after a competency of knowledge in the theory, and other qualifications, to dispose themselves for the practick and altered tutelage of such as mean to be divines; for the education of whom, and promoting them in order to the service of the nation, the said governors may take care.

The last twenty may be divided so, as one third study physick, and tutor others therein, under their professor, they having precedancously learn:d one, or both of the philosophies specified; and the rest may study general and particular politicks, geography, history, and all other ornaments becoming exact virtuosi; and accordingly take care for the tutelage of others; and that part of them be obliged to go abroad at the state's employing, then return, and after that residy a while, before they engage into

any

determi. nate course of life.

The governors of Westminster may rule the college by a vice. principal elected ont of the fellows, and the fellows themselves; the power of gratifying and encouraging being reserved to them : And, further, they may constitute a censor of discipline, who may, in case of neglect, punish any fellow, professor, or student any way related to the college arbitrarily, without being subject to any but the governors,

As for particular orders, an account of them may be given in upon demand. Let it suflice, that this project, as great as its in. fluence will be upon the residue of the university, if it be thought meet to continue it unaltered, will cost no more, than doth the present college of Christ-church; which as it must be new-model. led one day, so it may be regulated thos without injury to the ca. nons or students in being; they, who are most concerned in the charge, may be (if they deserve it, and if the canons, their pow g?vernors, will recommend them ; which it is certain they will not) disposed of for the service of the nation, as in the dissolution of monasteries; and those, who are notoriously disaffected, and hav shewed themselves such, though they may comply now, or hereafter, out of interest; or which are rude, ignorant, or debauched, may receive a condign dismission, to be provided for, when the council of state shall have found out some passive protection, and passive preferments, for those that will yield but, at most, a pas. sive obedience.

Several Queries concerning the University of Oxon, &c. I. WHETILER the proposal of the army, and resolve of the par. liament for the advancement of learning, or the several petitions against tithes do most threaten the university in its present posture?

II. Whether the independents, or presbyterians in Oxon be more for their private, and less for the commonwealth ?

III. Whether the parliament did well to own the university, before the university owned them ?

IV. Whether it be not eminently truc of the university, that, in it, men of low degree are vanity, men of high degree are as a lye; to be laid in the balance, they are altogether lighter than vanity?'

V. Whether the university of Oxon did not well to petition, that Durham might not be made such an university, and give suchlike degrees? And whether it be not as incuinbent upon parliaments not to multiply asses, as upon the kings of Israel not to multiply horses?

VI. Whether the university of Oxon be not several times run into a præmunire?. Especially by that solemn act of perjury, in making Dr. John Wallis antiquary*, Whether it be not a judgment, that hath since befallen Mr. Richard Cromwell, Secretary Thurloe, Commissioner Lisle and Fiennes, &c. tliat they never took notice of such perjury, though they were engaged in honour, and by an appeal to them, so to do?

VII. Whether the whole course of the university be any thing else, at present, but a formality of drinking in the most, and of eating in all? And whether he, that should plead for it with the commonwealth's-inen, might not fall before the proposals which Abraham made to God in the behalf of Sodon), and yot the university not be preserved?

VIII. Since Dr. Wilkinson of Christ-church hath denounced out of the pulpit, by way of prophecy, that a fire out of the sanctuary, that is, the sectaries, and not any culinary tire, should dcstroy the university; whether the publick be not concerned, that he, that speaks, speaks as the oracles of God?

IX. Whether it be an excuse for the principal heads of houses, that their statutes were bad, sioco they never observed them?

X. Whether, upon enquiry, it would not be found disputable, committee-men, sequestrators, or the Oxford visitors? And, whes ther the prejudice, which the publick hath received by the last, be not, without dispute, greater than what hath sprung from the former?

XI. Whether the doctors in divinity may not take place of knights as well as esquires, since their wives may take place of the ladies ?

XII. Whether the doctors are not concerned to uphold the formalities of caps, gowns, and hoods, becausc there is nothing else to difference them from common fools?

XIII. Whether the present parliament bo not obliged to uphold the grandeur of the doctors, since it was resolved by them that an esquire, and son to one of the most cminent persons now in par. Jiament, and commcil of state, ought not, in a cloke, vccasionally to sit in the church, 210, not at the lower end of those seats, in which they, and each paultry acquaintance of theirs, do sit?

XIV. Whether they pull down the universities who ruin learn. ing, or they who ruin college rules ?

XV. Whether the canons of Christ church have any thing to do, but to get children and money? Whether they are not descendants from the papistical regulars, and have twice escaped a reformation ? Whether they were not so called, as other things are, by way of

[ocr errors]

• The case is stated and sold by Andrew Crook, in Paul's Church-yard.

contrariety, as not being regular, since they rule, without funda. mental statutes, without regard to custom or conscience ?

XVI. Whether the canons of Christ.church ought not to eat the bread of affliction, and drink the water of affliction, since they refuse to eat the sanie bread, and drink the same drink, with the rest of the college, which, indeed, is so bad, as never was worse eaten or drunk, but by the same canons before they came to be canons ?

XVII. Whether king Charles did not better serve bimself and the publick, by putting in two professors to be canons of Christchurch, than the parliament did themselves, and the publick, by putting in eight pretenders? Whether any man can tell when the nation, or they themselves, will render their acknowledgments for the promotion of them; or why the two king's-professors are not of the number of the canons, since they own more right, and not pore malignancy?

XVIII. Whether the canons, having given O. P. their organs out of their cathedral, may not give the parliament their cathedral. plate and furniture (if any of it be yet undivided) since they will pot give them a good word ?

XIX. Whether Dr. Langley, when he took from the students of Christ-church a part of their small bowling-green, to build himself a coach-house; and, from the alms-men a part of their ground to enlarge his private garden, without either of their con. sents, asked or obtained ; did well to justify hinself by that scripture, “ From him that hath not shall be taken even that which he hath?· XX. Why did Canon Poynter pray for 0. P. after he was dead, and yet never blessed God for the good old cause being revived ?

XXI. Whether Canon Upton, having been created batchelor, master, and canon, and being never made for a scholar, need not to fear an annihilation ?

XXII. Whether, since Canon Upton's wife bargained with her husband that he preach but once a quarter, it would not be worth the consideration of the parliament, to order that he have no occa. sion to preach so often?

XXIII. Whether the wives, children, and coach-horses of the canons of Christ church are not to be taken into their number for to make up any proportion betwixt cight-thousand pounds per annum, for eight useless, and, most of them too, ignorant canons, and two-thousand pounds for one-hundred students, &c. ?

XXIV. Whether the moral philosophy reader be not a fit tutor to Col. Philip Jones's sons ? And whether the tutor to Col. Philip Jones's sons be fit to be moral philosophy reader?

XXV. Whether the boy, Dr. Staughton, of Exon college, did well to lie in his scarlet-gown that night he was made doctor, since his degree was a thing he ought not to have dreamed of?

« AnteriorContinuar »