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years visited England, and died at the Bahama

PAWNEE CITY, Neb. Islands. Please give a list of the names of passengers who ar. "A maid servant; who married. and died one or rived on the Mayflower at Plymouth Rock Dec. 11 (old style), 1620, 80 that we may know if many of the two years after. names are common st present. F. E. WASHBURN.

"Jasper Moore; who died the first season. Ansuer.-This question 18 answered the moro "Mr. William Brewster; their Raling Eldor, cheerfully since it is a matter of historic interest, lived some twenty-three or four years after his and yet, strange to say, is not recorded in any arrival. Mary, his wife; died between 1623 and one of a dozen United States histories and ency. 1627. Love Brewster, a son; married, lived to clopedias in our library, including Bancroft's and the year 1650, bad four children. Wrestling Hildreth's extended works. Bui in Hotten's Brewster; youngest son. "List of Emigrants to America, 1600 to 1700," is "Richard More and brother; two boys placed found the following "List of the 'names and with the Elder. Richard afterwards married, families' of those who came over first in the and had four ohildron. Bis brother died the first Mayflower in the year 1620, and were the found- winter. ors of New Plymouth, which led to the planting "Mr. Edward Winslow;Mr. W. afterwards chosen of the other New England colonies, as preserved Governor, died in 1655, when on a commission to by Governor Bradford at the close of his History the West Indies. Elizabeth, his wife; died the of Plymouth Colony." This history was first first winter. Mr. W. left two children by a second brought to the light and given to the types in marriage. 1856. The names are here presented in the order "George Soale and Elias Story: two men in Wingin which Governor Bradford placed them. As low's family. G. Soule married and had eight one observes how frequently the words, "died in children. E. Story died in the first sickness. the first sickness," "died the first winter," "died "Ellen More, a little girl placed in Mr. Winssoon after landing," "died in the general sick- low's family, sister of Richard More, died soon ness"

recar after names in this list, the wonder after their arrival. grows that all the others did not die of grief and "Mr. William Bradford; their second Governor, despair, or return to England by the Mayflower, author of the history of the Plymouth Colony, which lay in the harbor until this epidemic was [lived to the year 1657.) Dorothy, his wife; who Dearly over. That they did neither makes died soon after their arrival. Governor Bradford their heroism inexpressibly sublime:

left & son in England to come afterwards-had “Mr. John Carver; who was chosen the first Gov. four children by a second marriage. ernor on their arrival at Capo Cod. He died the "Wr. Isaac Allerton; chosen first assistant to the first spring. Katherine, his wife; she died a few Governor. Mary, his wife; who died in the first weeks after her husband, in the beginning of sickness. Bartholomow; son, who married in summer.

England. Remember and Mary, daughters. Re"Desire Minter; afterwards returned to her member married in Salem, had three or four friends, in poor health, and died in England. children.

"John Howland, man-servant, afterwards mar- "John Hook; servant boy, died in first sickness. ried the daughter of John Tillie, and had ten "Mr, Samuel Fuller; their physician. His wife children.

and child remained and came over afterwards: "Roger Williams; man-servant, died in the first they had two more children. dckness.

"William Rutters servant, died on the passaga "William Latham; a boy, after more than twenty *John Crackston; who died in the first sicknown "John Crackston, his son; who died some five first winter: by a third marriage he left threo or six years after.

children. Samuel, a son, married, had one child. "Captain Myles Standish, who lived to the year "Moses Fletcher, John Goodman, Thomas Will1656; chief in military affairs. Rose, his wife; iams, Digerie Priest, Edmond Margeson, Richard died in the first sickness. Captain Standish had Britterige, Richard Clarke; these seven died in four sons living in 1650, by a second marriage. the general sickness The wito of D. Priest came

"Mr. Christopher Martin and his wife, Solomon afterward, she being the sister of Mr. Allerton. Prower and John Langemore, servants; all died "Peter Brown, lived some fourteen years after; soon after their arrival.

was twice married, and left four children. "Mr. William Mullens, his wife, Joseph, a son; "Richard Gardiner, became a seamad and died these three died the first winter. Priscilla, a abroad. daughter, survived, and married John Alden. “Gilbert Winslow, after living here a number of Robert Carter, servant, died the first winter. years, returned to England.

"Mr. William White, died soon after landing. "John Alden, 'a hopeful young man,' lived at Susanna, his wife, afterwards married to Mr. E. Southampton; married Priscilla Mallens, as menWinslow. Resolved, & son, married and had five tioned, and had eleven chilren." ohildren. Peregrine, a son, was born after their These are the John Alden and “Priscilla, tho arrival at Cape Cod; he cannot, therefore, be Puritan Maiden," celebrated in the poem entitled bumbered among the passengers propor; married "The Courtship of Miles Standish," written by and had two children before 1650.

their descendant, on the mother's side, the poet “William Holbeck and Edward Thompson, ser- Longfellow. vants, both died soon after landing.

THE COTTON GIN SLAVERY. "Mr. Stephen Hopkins and Elizabeth, his wife,

Harry B. Cornelius, Opdyke, Ill. When the both lived over twenty years after their arrival,

question of American slavery was a living issue. and had a son and four daughters born in this

some political speakers and writers maintained country. Giles and Constantia, by a former mar

that the invention of Whitney's cotton-gin, by riage, had twelve children. Damaris, a son, and

rendering the production and manufacture of Oceanus, born at sea, children by the present

cotton so much more profitable, had enhanced the marriage.

value of slaves, and thus stopped the tendency "Edward Doty and Edward Lister, servants;

toward gradual emancipation, previously strong E. Doty, by a second marriage, had seven chil

in several of the Southern States. Only in some dren; after his term of service went to Virginia.

such way as this can it be said that "the inven. "Mr. Richard Warren; his wife and five daugh

tion of the cotton-gin caused the war of the reters were left, and came over afterward. They

bellion." But the invention of the power loom, also had two sons, and the daughters married

and scores of other improvements in the manubere.

facture and transportation of cotton goods, all "John Billington; he was not from Leyden, or

contributed to the same end. Nevertheless the of the Leyden Company, but from London.

world blesses the inventors, and refuses to excuse Ellen, his wife, and John, his son, who died in

the slaveholders. a few years. Francis, the second son; married, and had eight children.


LAWRENCE, Kan. "Edward Tillie and Ann, his wife; both died Please give a biographical sketch of the Mahdi, or soon after they camelon shore. Elizabeth, their

Mehdi, the False Prophet of Islam, who is at the

bottom of the present trouble in Upper Egypt and the daughter, afterward married John Howland. Soudan.

A CONSTANT READER. "Francis Cooke, who lived until after 1650; his Answer.-One of the best biographical sketches wife and other children came afterward; they of the Mahdi, or Prophet, as he is styled, is bad six or more children. Johp, his son, after- the following, which appeared recently in one of ward married; had four children.

our most highly esteemed English exchanges, the "Thomas Rogers, died in the first sickness. Jo- Newcastle Weekly Chronicle, taken from a resoph, his son, was living in 1650; married, and port of Colonel Stewart to the British Foreign had six children, Mr. Rogers' other children Office: came afterward and had families.

"Mahomet Achmet, the Mahdi, is a Dongolawi, "Thomas Tinker, wife and son, all died in the or native of the Province of Dongola. His grandfirst sickness.

father was called Fahil, and lived on the island of "John Rigdale and Alice. his wife, both died in Naft Arti (Arti-Dongolawi for “island.") This the first sickness.

island lies east of and opposite to Ordi, the na"James Chilton and his wife, both died in the tive name for the capital of Dongola. His father first sickness. Mary, their daughter, lived, mar- was Abdullahi, by trade a carpenter. In 1852 red, and had nine children. Another married this man left and went to Shindi, a town on the daughter came afterward.

Nile south of Berber. At that time his family "Edward Fuller and his wife, both died in the consisted of three sons and one daughier, called Arst sickness. Samuel, their son; married, bad respectively Mahomed, Hamid, Mahomet Achmet four children,

(the Mahdi), and Nur-el-Sham (Light of Syria). "John Turner, two sons, names not given; all At Shindi another son was born, called Abdullah. three died in the first slokness. A daughter came As a boy, Mahomet Achmet was apprenticed to somo years afterward to Salem and there mar- Sherit-ed-deen, his unclo, residing at ShaHed.

kabeh, an island opposite Senaar. Having "Francis Eaton, Sarah, his wife; sho died the one: day received beating tror his

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to Khartoum, and tomb is, I believe, at Bagdad. Judging from his joined the free school or "Medressu" of a faki conduct of affairs and policy, I should say he had (learned man, head of a sect of Dervishes), who considerable natural ability. The inanner in resided at Hoghali, a village east of and close to which he has managed to merge the usually disKhartoum. This school is attached to the tomb cordant tribes together denotes great tact. He of Sheikh Hoghali, the patron saint of Khartoum, bad probably been preparing the movement for and who is greatly revered by the inhabitants of some time back." that town and district. (The sheikh of this tomb

THE ENGLISH CONSTITUTION. or shrine, although he keeps a free school and

A Reader, Higginsville, M0.-The Engfeeds the poor, derives a very handsome revenue

lish Constitution consists of common law from the gifts of the pious. He claims to be a

decisions, based apon custom, Usage, and descendant of the original Hoghali, and through precedent, together with such charters of liberty him of Mahomet), Here he remained for some

as the Magna Charta, Petition of Rights, and Bill timo studying religion, the tenets of his sheikh,

of Rights. In other words, the English Constitueto., but did not make much progress in the more

tion is a collection of cumulated laws and statworldly accomplishments of reading and writing.

ates, and not a body of enactments accepted as a After a time he left and went to Berber, where he

whole like the Constitution of the United States. joined another free school kept by a Sheik Ghobush, at a village of that name, situated nearly

MONSTER SEA SERPENTS. opposite to Mekherret (Berber). This school is


To settle a dispute, tell us whether there is any such also attached to a shrine greatly venerated by the thing as a sea-serpent.

A. C. E. nativos. Here Mahomet Achmet remained six Answer.-That there are sea monsters, spoken months completing his religious education.

of &S "sea-serpents," not hitherto actually Thence he went to Aradup (Tamarind Tree) village, captured and scientifically described and classisouth of Kana Here in 1870 he became a dis- fied seems to be tolerably well established, alciple of another laki-Sheikh Nur-el-Daim though some naturalists still regard these (Continuous Light). Nur-el-Daim subse- creatures as fabulous. One of the latest accounts quently ordained him

sheikh touching this matter is the following: While the faki, and he then left to tako boats of the bark Hope On, commanded by up his home in the Island of Abba, near Kana, on Captain Seymour, were on the watch for whales the White Nile. Here he began by making a sub- off the Pearl Islands, between forty and ifty terranean excavation (khaliva-retreat) into which miles from Panama, the water broke a short dishe made a practice of retiring to repeat for hours tance away, and Captain Seymour made ready one of the names of the Deity, and accompanied for a whale. But a head like that of a horse rose this by fasting, incense burning, and prayers. from the water and then dived. The creature His fame and sanctity by degrees spread far and was seen by all the boat's crew. Captain Seywide, and Mahomet Achmet became wealthy, col- mour describes the animal as about twenty feet lected disciples, married several wives, all of long, with a handsome, horsė-like head, with two whom he was careful to select from among the unicorn-shaped horns protruding from it. The daughters of the most influential Baggara Sheikhs creature had four legs, or double-jointed (Baggara--tribes owning cattle and horses) and


bronzed hide, profusely speckled other notables. To keep within the legalized with large black spots, and a tail which apnumber (four), he was in the habit of divorcing peared to be divided

into two parts.

It the surplus and taking them on again according was seen on two different days, and if whales had to his fancy. About the end of May, 1881, he not been about at the time an effort would have began to write to his brother fakis (religious been made to catch it. Captain Seymour and his chiefs), and to teach that he was the Mahdi fore- officers agree that the creature is peculiar to the told by Mahomet, and that he had a divine mis- locality, and that it could easily be killed witb sion to reform Islam, to establish a universal lances and guns. It is important to notice that equality, a universal law, a universal religion, and officers of the Pacific Mail Company state that a community of goods ("beyt-al-mal"); also that they have seen the animal on several occasions all who did not believo in him should be de- but not so closely as did officers and men of the stroyed, be they Christian, Mahommedan, or pa- Hope On. This account is repeated by Richard gan. Among others he wrote to Mahomet Saleh, A. Proctor, the popular writer on soience, in the a very learned and influential faki of Dongola, Newcastle Chronicle, who evidently gives it full directing him to collect his dervishes (followers) credence. Norwegian fishermen relate numerous and friends and to join him at Abba. This sheikh, traditions of sea serpents seen on their coasts, Instead of complying with his request, informed particularly in Moldefjord. (See Naturalist Lithe government, declaring the man must be mad brary, Vol. III., Edinburg.) Incredulous naturalThis information, along with that collected from isis assume that all these observers were more or other quarters, alarmed his Excellency Reouf less ignorant and superstitious, coloring their Pasha, and the result was the expedition of the stories with their recollections of the fabulous 3d of August, 1881. In person the Mahdi is tall, serpent, "Midguardsormen," of the old Scanslim, with a black beard and light brown com- dinavian mythology, who

represented plexion. Like most Dongolawis, he reads and as dwelling in the depths of the ocean writes with difficulty. He is local head of the and enfolding the foundations of the earth Gheelan or Kadridge order of dervishes, a school in his coils. But however ignorant fisheroriginated by Abdul Kader-el-Ghulami, whose men may be of ather matters. thev are certainly

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less likely than any other class of observers to be disturbance of the earth bad so far subsided a deceived in a case of this kind. In the reports of to admit of an examination, it appeared that tho Linnean Society of New England will be Mount Augustine was split in two from summit found accounts of the appearance of sea-ser- to base, and that the northern slope had sunk to ponts off the coast of New England. An animal the level of the surrounding cliffs. At the same supposed to be a sea-serpent was seen off the time a new island, a mile and a half long and coast of Cape Ana, Mass., in 1817. Eleven wit- about seventy-five feet high, had made its messes of good reputation testified before several appearance between the main land and Ohernamagistrates-one of whom was himself a witness foura Island. Two extinct volcanoes on the main of the fact that this animal was like a huge ser- land, lying westward of Niamna, also began to pent, dark brown in color, or, as others said emit immense volumes of smoke and dust. Ilimottled, with white under the head and neck. amna has long been recognized as an active volIts head was as large as a horse's, but shaped like cano. There are others, probably, within our vast * serpent's, and its length was e stimated at fifty Alaskan possessions, a large area of which is still teotColonel Perkins observed something pro- quite unexplored. Jecting in front of the head like a single horn,

IN WINTER but others took this to be the monster's tongue. Since then there have been several other in

Inquirer, Normalville. Ill.-In common usage

the term winter is understood to be the period gtances of a similar sort, a monster having been

between Dec. 1 and March 1, but in astronomical! been reported as discovered off the New Jersey coast not many months ago, and another off a

parlance winter begins with the winter solstice,

about Dec. 21, and ends with the vernal equinox, part of the English coast very recently. Gosse,

between March 21 and 22. in his "Romance of Natural History," and some other naturalists maintain that the evidence is

THE JAOOBITES. guficient to warrant the assertion that there is a


Who are the Jacobites? race of marine animals, apparently of several

What gave them their

name, and what was their origin? species, characterized by a serpentine neck, a

EMMA RANDOLPH. bead large as compared with the thickness of the Answer.--1. The Jacobitos in church history are neck, an air-breather, propelled by paddles, an oriental religious sect, who owe their name to something not unlike the plesiosaurians now a Syrian monk, Jacobus Baradacus, the organizer found in the fossil state among the rocks of the of the sect. They are Monophysites, believing Inesozoic age.

that Christ possessed not two natures, but one

the human nature being lost in the divine. Their THE AZTEOS.

present strength is about 40,000. 2. The term W. B. Wilson, Parsons, D. T.-The Az

Jacobites in English history refers to the adtecs trace their origin to the legendary land or herents of James II. in his struggle to maintain Aztlan, where they dwelt in seven caverns of the the throne of Great Britain and Ireland. When earth. After a cataclysm and distribution of William of Orange ascended the throne with tongues the Aztecs wandered away from their Mary, the daughter of the exiled King, many of fellows, and traveled southward. It is said that the Jacobites followed James to France, whilo the seven tribes halted many times before they the majonty secretly plotted in England for his inally reached the Valley of Mexico, so that the restoration Journey occupied from fifty-three to one hundred and sixty-three years. The emigration oc

ABOUT NAMES OF DANOKS. ourred in the thirteenth century.

CHICAGO, Dl. Please state what is the difference, if any, between the Sicilian Circle, the Circassian Circle, and the Portland Fancy dances?



P. Sullivan, of Chicago, to
Give principal facts as to the recent great earth- whom the above question WAS referred,
quake and tidal wave in Alaska. Is it true that tho
Onited States owns a first-class volcano?

writes: "The Sicilian Circle is different from

SUBSCRIBER. the Portland Fancy, the former having waltzing Answer.-On the morning of Oct. 6, 1883, im- in it and figures different from some in mense volumes of smoke and flame suddenly the latter. The Circassian Circle I have nevor burst from the summit of Mount Augustine, near taught under that name, and so I cannot say English Bay, Alaska. At 3:30 o'clock p. m. an whether it differs from the Sicilian Circle or not, earthquake shock was felt, and a wave thirty feet without referring to some old ball-room guides, high came rushing over the hamlet, sweeping which I cannotatonce lay hands on. " Mr. Martine away all the boats and flooding the houses. But writes still more at length, as follows: "The Cirfor the fact that this happened at low tide, the cassiap Circle and the Sicilian Cirole are the same. settlement would have been utterly destroyed. The Portland Fancy, though somewhat similThis wave was succeeded by two others, each lar, is still quite different. They are usually both about eighteen feet high. Pumice ashes fell to a formed in circles, where the room is large enough depth of five inches, and it was so dark that lamps to admit of the circle, or they may be formed in a had to be lit. At night the whole landscape was column, if necessary, The Portland Fancy has illuminated by the flames of the volcano. Mount two couples facing two couples, while the Sicilian Augustine, usually covered with snow, has been Circle has but one. The changes for the former bare recently, due perhaps to the gradual in- &re: Eight hands round; first four right and left grease of the temperature of this mountain pre- simultaneously; side four; ladies' chain; thon, oeding this final sudden outburst. When the first four chain; side four right and left; pass

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