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SHORT FORM OF A LEASE OF A HOUSE.
This indenture, made, &c., between A. B., of, &c., Parties. for himself, his heirs and assigns, of the one part, and C. D., for himself, his executors, administrators, and assigns of the other part; Witnesseth, that, in consideration of the yearly rent and covenants hereinafter reserved and contained, on the part and behalf of the said C. D. to be paid, observed, and performed, he, the said A. B., doth demise and lease Demise. unto the said C. D., all, &c., with the rights, members, and appurtenances thereunto belonging. To have and to hold the said, &c., with the appurtenances, unto the said C. D., from, &c., for and during the term of, &c.; yielding and paying therefore yearly Reservation. during the said term unto the said A. B. the yearly rent of, &c., by four quarterly payments in the year ; (that is to say,) the day of, &c., the day of, &c, and, &c., the first payment to begin and be made To pay rent.
day of, &c., next ensuing. And the said C. D. doth hereby covenant with the said A. B., that he, the said A. B., shall and will, &c., (to pay rent.) Provided always, &c., (to re-enter in default of pay- Proviso for ment of rent, or non-performance of the covenants.) re-entry. [Add a covenant from the tenant to repair the pre- Covenants. mises, and to yield up the same in tenantable repair at the end of the term; and a covenant from landlord for the peaceable possession.] (For other covenants, see Lease, p. 407.) In witness, &c.
CONDITIONS FOR THE LEASE OF A FARM.
Conditions for a lease to be made and granted by
In the subsequent part of the lease it will be only requisite to mention the names of the parties, without adding their representatives. c Or if from year to year, say,
si conditions for letting" of, &c.
A. B., Esq., to C. D., of, &c., of all that messuage and farm called B., situate, &c., and containing, &c., as under.
Names of Fields. A.R.P. Names of Fields. A.R.P. Names of Fields. A.R.P.
The premises to be held for years, a commencing from the
, at and under the yearly rent of L. determinable, &c.
Landlord—to reserve liberty to enter for the purpose of viewing the state and condition of the premises.
Also to reserve all timber and other trees, wood and underwood, with privilege for his servants and workmen to fell, convert, and carry away the same, and to dig saw-pits for the converting thereof.
And also to reserve all mines, minerals, stones and quarries, with power to work, get, and carry away the same.
And also to reserve all the game and fish on the premises, with liberty to sport thereon, doing no wil. ful damage.
Tenant-to pay the rent quarterly without any abatement, (except land-tax and chief-rent.)
And also the additional rent of L.40 for every acre of meadow or pasture-land ploughed or broken up, or sowed with hemp, rape, or flax-seed.
The further rent of L.20 for every acre of the clover, meadow, or pasture grounds that shall not be properly manured, or which the tenant shall wilfully mow for more than two years, (except in the alternate routine of his land, or according to the quality of the same,) without manuring the same.
Times of payment of rent. Additional rents.
say, “from year to year, commencing," &c.
And also the rent of L.20 for every acre of the said land which the tenant shall not use according to the course of good husbandry. The first payment for the said additional rents (if any) to commence upon such of the said quarterly days as shall next happen after such rents shall become payable, during the continuance of the said term, (determinable as aforesaid.)
Tenant—to pay all tithes, taxes, and impositions Taxes: payable during the said term, (determinable as aforesaid,) except land-tax and chief-rent, (if any.)
Tenant-to keep and leave in good order and re- To keep prepair the buildings, windows, doors, pales, wickets,
pair. gates, and fences whatever, belonging to the said premises, being allowed timber in the rough, bricks, stone, slate, and lime, for such purpose; tenant conveying the same at his own expense. And also in the cold and wet parts of the farm, to make good and sufficient ditches, at least four feet wide from the centre of the hedge, and three feet deep, or of a proper depth according to the situation, for the purpose of conveying the water from off the same; and, as often as need or occasion shall require, cleanse the
mises in re
landlord to view.
Tenant-to permit landlord to view the premises, To permit and in case tenant shall neglect to do any of the repairs after having had one month's notice thereof, the landlord to be at liberty to do the same, and charge the costs thereof to the tenant, who shall pay the same at the first rent-day following ; in default of which the landlord to recover the same by distress, as in case of rent in arrear, or otherwise in the nature of liquidated damages.
Tenant—to preserve all the timber and other trees To preserve growing upon the said premises from being damaged the timber or otherwise injured, under the penalty of L.5; and to preserve all the hedges on the premises, and only to plash them at proper seasons of the year, and when the land is in tillage; and to leave all the young saplings that are likely to make timber; and to give
notice to landlord, or his agent, in the months of September and October in each year, of all hedges intended to be plashed that season, so that such saplings may be marked to stand; and tenant to forfeit L.5 for every one that may wilfully or negligently be
injured or destroyed. Not to mow Tenant-not to mow any of the pasture or cloverpasture or clover-ground ground twice in any one year, so that he shall not twice in any be entitled to mow his clover seed for a crop of hay, one year.
in case the season should not permit the seeding of the same; and in case he shall mow any of the pasture or clover-ground for two years together, tenant shall, in every such case, manure the same by laying twelve good cart-loads of rotten dung, or other good manure, to each and every acre; (or thus, « with twelve yards of good rotten dung, or with twenty yards of well-prepared compost, containing six yards of rotten dung, and two and a half tons of well-burned lime to each and every acre, or fertilize the same by means of water, to the satisfaction of the
landlord.") Not to take Tenant-not to take more than one crop of grain
or pulse from off any of the land allowed to be one crop of grain or pulse ploughed on the breaking up thereof, before the from off any same shall be well, properly, and in an husbandlike
manner, summer-fallowed; which fallow to be persame shall be formed in the next summer by at least four ploughsummer-fal- ings; and sufficient harrowings between each plough
ing, one such ploughing to be done before the month of April, and the others before, &c.; and not to take more than one crop after such fallow before the same shall be laid down again, except a turnip crop, (to be well hand-hoed,) or some other vegetable, (potatoes excepted,) to be eaten or consumed on the premises in a green state, or ploughed under for manure; the land so fallowed to be sown with barley the spring following, then to be laid down with 14lbs. of good sound seeds per acre.e
of the land before the
• Here may be added : “ in the following proportions,
Tenant-to manure the lands when fallowed with To manure
the land when twelve good cart-loads of well-reduced rotten dung,
fallowed. or two waggon-loads of well-burnt lime, (or say, "with fourteen cubical yards of well-reduced rotten dung, or five tons of well-burnt lime,") to each acre, or with some other purchased manure of equal value thereto.
Tenant—to use and employ all the lands (not To use the hereinbefore restricted from being ploughed) in the lands in the best and most approved mode of husbandry, adapted ed mode. and suited to the nature and quality of the lands, making equal odd marks of different kinds of grain and fallow every year.
Tenant—not to sow any rape, flax, or hemp. Not to sow seed.
&c. Tenant-to spend yearly all the straw, fodder, and to spend haum, properly reduced into muck, on the premises, straw, &c., on
the premises. in the fold-yard, and on such parts of the premises as most needs the same ; and, at the end of the term, leave in the fold-yard all the straw and compost, fodder, and muck, for the benefit of the landlord or his incoming tenant, without any remuneration for the same.
viz. 5lbs. of white Dutch clover, 9lbs. of red clover, 1 peck of fine rye-grass, or 4lbs. of white Dutch, 4lbs. of trefoil, and 6lbs. of red clover, at the option of the tenant.” And then
may follow, " the lands not to be broken up again before the Michaelmas seedness, after the expiration of two years from the time of laying down, except the seeds should fail ; in which case, with the consent of the landlord, the land to be sown with beans in the spring previous to the time stipulated for breaking up, and afterwards sown with wheat; first being limed with 5 tons of good well-burnt lime to each acre so sown, and afterwards fallowed in the regular course above mentioned.'
not to sow more than half an acre of hemp or flax in any one year, nor, sow any rape or cole for seed, nor
have more than one acre of clover for seed.” * Here may be added, “ being allowed liberty to thrash the last year's crop, and to eat and consume the straw and fodder, until the day of, &c., after quitting; also the
i Or say,