Subjectivity and Knowledge in the Philosophy of Saint Thomas Aquinas
Gregorian Biblical BookShop, 1965 - 168 páginas
The philosophers of the middle Ages were profoundly interested in the metaphysical explanation of reality. None of them questioned the validity of human knowledge; they took for granted the intellect's capacity to arrive at truth and to construct valid sciences. Problems raised by the medievals concerning human knowledge were those of the Universals, of it is not surprising to find St Thomas Aquinas treating the problem of knowledge under its metaphysical aspect. Many present-day thinkers claim that even within the metaphysical explanation of knowledge, the Scholastic speculations centred round the object and the objectivity of knowledge without giving importance to the knowing subject and the spiritual riches of subjectivity. The modern age is often called the age of the discovery of subjectivity, of the triumph of the thinking subject and his interiority over the anonymous, impersonal and exterior object.
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act of existing act of knowing activity actu affirm agens agent intellect aliquid aliud anima Aquinas Aristotle attains attingit autem Averroes cognitionis cogno concept connatural consciousness dicitur Dionysius divine E. R. Dodds enim essence essentiam etiam existential exterior object faculty finite forma habet habitual knowledge hoc quod human intellect human knowledge human subject hypostasis Ibid id quod identity ideo immanence individual infimum intel intelligere intelligibilis intelligible ipsa ipsum knower knowl known Marietti material metaphysical mind modo modum Neoplatonic nihil nisi notion objectum omnia ontological participation perceive perfect phantasm possesses potency potentia potest Proclus proper pure quae quam quantum quia quidem quodammodo ratione realised reality rebus reflexive rerum secundum quod sense sicut signifies solum soul species spiritual subject suam subject as subject subsistent substance substantia sunt suppositum supremum tamen tellect things Thomist thought tion truth unity unum W. D. Ross
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