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CHART 5 - DISTRIBUTION OF CLASSROOM UNITS ACCORDING TO LEVELS OF EXPENDITURE

ALABAMA

CURRENT EXPENDITURE PER CLASSROOM UNIT 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 6,000

$500

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TOTAL

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1.115

Expenditure Av. Daily Classroom Units
level Attendance No.
(21 (3)

(5)
$ 1700-above 27.164 1.111 4.51 100.00
1400-1500
1.814 85

05.49
1300-1396 5.027 206 84 05.15
1200-1299 12.152 1,794 7.29 94.31
1100-1199 26,144

4.53 87.02
1000-1099
14.312

2.56 2.49
900. 099

27.624
1.172

79.93
B00. 899 71.471

2.65 75.16 700. 799 136.13A 5.941 2415 62.51 600. 609

16.542

716 2 91 34. 36
500. 599 33.840 1.452 5.90

35.45
400- 499 10.946 525 2.14 29.
300- 399 55,454 2.490 10.12
200. 799 65,556 2,96 12.07
100. 199 29,152

1,284 5.22
State tutal 563.358 24,599 100.00

PERCENTAGE OF CLASSROOM UNITS

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Expenditur Av. Daily Clausryon Voits
level Altendance No.

Com
121

15) $ 1700-ahove 27.164

4.51 64.85 1400-1509 1.814 65

60.34 1300 - 1399 5.027 206

60.00 1200-1299 42.152 1,794 7.29 59.16 1100-1199 26.144

1.115 4.53

51.87
1000-1009
14.312
20

47.34
200. 099

27.624 1.172 1.77 800.999 11.471 3,111 12.65 40.01 200. 135.9A 5,93

27.35 600. 699 16.232

703

3.24
500. 596 732 93 .Ju .36
400. 499
300- 399
200. 299

100. 109
State total 368,161 15,953

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$500 1.000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 6,000

$1,700 per classroom unit, which is only just above the national median of $1,600. In this State (California) all except a small fraction down here (indicating) are above the national median of $1,600.

Chart 6 is for the State of North Dakota, a northern State. It shows rather meager provision for education; a thin profile as compared with the State of California, for example.

Illinois, chart 7, shows a State in which average support is at a fairly good figure, but the extremes are very good. Some of the more favored districts in the Chicago region go up to $6,000 a classroom as compared with some in southern Illinois, where the glacier did not go far enough to make good soil, which are financed at less than $500 per classroom. Here is Chicago, the long vertical line near the top, financed at $3,200 per classroom unit.

CHART 4 -- DISTRIBUTION OF CLASSROOM UNITS ACCORDING TO LEVELS OF EXPENDITURE

CALIFORNIA

CURRENT EXPENDITURE PER CLASSROOM UNIT $500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 6,000 100%

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PERCENTAGE OF CLASSROOM UNITS

$500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 6,000

I will not take time to present the charts for the other States. The charts for the other States are being given to the reporter with the request that they be reproduced in the report of this hearing at this point, as charts 8 to 50 inclusive.

Senator MORSE. May I ask about the District of Columbia ?

Dr. NORTON. Yes, the median support per classroom unit, as defined in this study, is $3,200 in the District of Columbia.

In chart 51 we summarize the picture with reference to the median level of support in the various States. New York, $4,100; California, $3,500; New Jersey and the District of Columbia, $3,200; Connecticut, $2,500; Massachusetts, $2,400 and so on down until at the bottom of the chart we have $400, $500, $700 for Mississippi, Arkansas, Kentucky and Alabama, respectively.

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CHART 6 -- DISTRIBUTION OF CLASSROOM UNITS ACCORDING TO LEVELS OF EXPENDITURE

NORTH DAKOTA

CURRENT EXPENDITURE PER CLASSROOM UNIT $500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 6,000 100%

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$500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 6,000

Senator GUFFEY. Will you show me where Pennsylvania comes in there?

Dr. NORTON. Pennsylvania is here at $2,000. Is there any other States any of you would like to have information on?

The extremes are $400 to $4,100, or a 10 to 1 difference.
Senator JOHNSTON. What year was that chart based on?

Dr. NORTON. All of these figures are based on the school year 1939-40. We chose the school year 1939-40 in order to have a year that would be after the full effects of the depression were over and one that would represent data before the inflationary effects of the war period had come. I might say, however, that in terms of adequacy to maintain education the money now available in most States is less adequate than it was in 1939-10. The rise in the price

CHART 7

-- DISTRIBUTION OF CLASSROOM UNITS ACCORDING TO LEVELS OF EXPENDITORE

ILLINOIS

CURRENT EXPENDITURE PER CLASSROOM UNIT 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4.000 4,500 5,000 5,500 6,000

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PERCENTAGE OF CLASSROOM UNITS

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level has been more rapid than the increase in financial support for education. Also, the manpower situation is affecting education as it does other civilian undertakings which do not enjoy priorities.

Now, going further, I will show certain data for different sections of the country.

Senator WALSH. Have you the charts or the information showing the relative change in the assets of the States compared to the Federal Government?

Dr. NORTON. You mean figures with reference to surpluses in some of the treasuries?

Senator WALSH. Yes.

Dr. NORTON. I do not have the figures at hand. I know what the general situation is, yes.

CHART 8 -- DISTRIBUTION OF CLASSROOM UNITS ACCORDING TO LEVELS OF EXPENDITURE

ARIZONA

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Senator WALSH. Has there been an improvement in the financial standing of the States in recent years?

Dr. NORTON. Well, that is a rather long and technical subject. Take a State like Mississippi, for example; that is at the bottom among the States, in terms of ability to finance education, and in terms of provision made for financing education I understand they have something like a $23,000,000 so-called surplus.

Dr. Ivy. Only $15,000,000.

Dr. NORTON. Thank you. Some of the Southern States have a relatively heavy debt. However, we figured out the other day how long the surplus that Mississippi has would be available if you began applying it to lifting the schools of Mississippi up to the average cost for the United States, and our figures showed it would last less than

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