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for Mississippi, merely to bring the classrooms up to the national median of $1,600, would require such a large sum that there is no expectation, under the present economic and fiscal situation, that Mississippi will be able to do it.

I think Dr. Ivy has said Mississippi has a surplus now of $15,000,000; $15,000,000 would be less than enough to do it for 1 year, because it would cost $23,000,000 to do it for 1 year. If Mississippi took all of that surplus, if it let the roads, debt, and everything else go, and applied it all to education, the State could not do it for 1 year, and next year it would be back with no surplus at all; back to this present [indicating] level of support.

Compare the situation in California; chart 64. All California would need to do would be to vote an additional $84,000, or $85,000 in rounds numbers, to fill out this little bit that is below $1,600. CHART 64 -- DISTRIBUTION OF CLASSROOM UNITS ACCORDING TO LEVELS OF EXPENDITURE

CALIFORNIA

CURRENT EXPENDITURE PER CLASSROOM UNIT $500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 6,000 100%

[graphic]

PERCENTAGE OF CLASSROOM UNITS

0

$500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 6,000 73384-45-pt. 1-6

The CHAIRMAN. Doctor, could you give me the same comparison for the State of Montana ?

Dr. NORTON. We can look it up and give it to you. I do not happen to have the chart with me.

Alabama, making 7 percent above average effort for the country as a whole, would have to have $23,000,000 more, as compared with the $18,000,000 it is already spending, or would have to double its expenditure and make a far greater effort than any State is now making.

Senator ELLENDER. I wonder if it would be possible to get the same information for each State?

(The information requested by Senator Ellender follows:)

Additional amount necessary, on the basis of 1939–40 current expenditures, to

raise all classroom units below any $100 level of support up to that level (transportation and tuition costs not included)

LEVEL OF CURRENT EXPENDITURE PER CLASSROOM UNIT

[graphic]

LEVEL OF CURRENT EXPENDITURE PER CLASSROOM UNIT-Continued

[graphic]

9, 988, 700
1, 502, 000

153, 800
1, 412, 100

2, 100 2,500 67, 700

23, 400 3, 653, 300 1,013, 400

25, 200 285, 700

44, 200 579, 800

500 3, 322, 300

706, 700 3,557,000 2, 160, 200

26, 800 3,840, 900

1, 600

4, 800 206, 800

38, 200 3,023, 100

17,951, 200

8,500 14, 603, 800

13,600 1, 152, 600

23, 000

18, 800 4, 202, 700 16, 367, 700

575, 500 6,092, 900 1, 580, 100 6, 153, 200 5, 066, 600 12, 522, 300 7, 267, 200 1, 738, 200 549, 100

22, 200 3, 757, 900 3, 900, 300 19, 298, 200 8, 211, 400

801, 400 4, 452, 200

32, 400 80, 800 36,500 708, 800

987, 800 18, 226, 200 3, 910, 100 1,088, 500 5, 306, 000

634, 100 5, 556, 000

6, 500 8,437, 700

2, 811, 100 12, 660, 300 10, 538, 100

65, 800

485, 500 11, 960, 200

85, 200 2, 573, 200 2,772, 700

331, 200 8, 229, 500

[graphic]

Alabama. Arizona.. Arkansas. California Colorado Connecticut. Delaware. Florida.. Georgia. Idaho. Illinois Indiana Iowa. Kansas. Kentucky Louisiana. MaineMaryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi. Missouri. Montana Nebraska

$268, 741, 300 $20, 296, 900

17,000 16, 228, 700

32, 200 1, 468, 600

39, 800

31, 800 5, 113, 300 18, 592, 800

823, 900 7,542, 700 2, 314, 800 7, 333, 400 5, 929, 200 14, 366, 300 8,618, 400 2, 187, 900 884, 500

48, 800 4, 804, 300 4, 713, 600 21, 285, 700 10, 063, 300

980, 700 5, 242, 900

43, 700 144, 900

65, 600 939, 300 1, 383, 300 21, 503, 100 4, 610, 000 1, 837, 000 7,041, 100

863, 200 7, 257, 400

9, 500 9, 842, 400 3, 357, 100 14, 691, 400 13, 376, 600

167, 900

637, 900 13, 784, 200

134, 000 4, 140, 400 3,532, 900

416, 900 9, 277, 100

$315, 823, 100
$22, 645, 700

25, 500
17, 984, 600

84, 600 1, 846, 600

78, 900

47, 000 6,071, 100 20, 872, 300 1, 148, 000 9, 222, 600 3, 236, 700 8, 642, 700 6,918, 300 16, 233, 700 10, 006, 500 2,690, 700 1, 431, 700

98, 500 6,020, 500 5, 626, 700 23, 284, 100 12,030, 200 1, 180, 600 6, 128, 900

55, 700 241, 100

108, 000 1, 203, 700 1, 818, 200 24, 780,000 5, 324, 600 2,857, 500 8, 846, 800 1, 134, 200 9, 244, 600

16,500 11, 292, 700

3, 942, 300 16, 927, 700 16, 714, 900

344, 300

798, 700 15, 693, 100

210, 600 5, 890, 700 4,380, 500

530,000
10, 324, 700

$366, 319, 100
$24,994, 500

34, 000
19, 562, 400

199, 100 2, 286, 400

157, 400

69, 100 7, 162, 500 23, 237, 600

1,524, 600 11,054, 700

4, 359, 400 10, 099, 600

8,010, 400 18, 134, 600 11, 488, 100 3, 199, 700 2,046, 600

230, 100 7,355, 300 6, 638,000 25, 330, 500 14, 071, 200 1, 414, 800 7,084, 900

68, 800 360, 400

171, 200 1, 533, 700 2, 284, 000 28,082, 500

6,043, 200 4, 225, 200 10, 689, 600

1, 436, 100 11, 561,300

26, 600 12, 780, 300

4,558, 100 19, 183,000 20, 447, 400

604, 700

971, 900 17,628, 500

313, 900 7,641, 400 5,304, 700

657, 100
11, 372, 300

$420,095, 700
$27, 454, 400

50, 600
21, 232, 800

377, 000 2, 761, 400 261, 800

99, 500 8,348, 200 25, 635, 200

1,932, 100 13, 024, 500

5,670, 800 11, 766, 100

9, 214,000 20,052, 500 13, 014, 900 3, 718, 600 2, 661,500

415, 000 8,855, 200 7, 781, 300 27, 396, 300 16, 206, 400 1,685, 300 8, 106, 900

84, 600 513, 900

262, 100 1, 920, 800 2, 770,000 31, 385, 000

6,780, 800 5,962, 600 12, 566, 300

1,781, 900 14, 284, 500

39, 700 14,300,000

5, 212, 700 21, 448, 100 24, 435, 600

868, 900 1, 157, 500 19, 620, 700

469, 300 9, 392, 700 6,326, 100

789, 600 12, 419, 900

$476, 497,000 $29, 914, 300

89, 600 22,903, 300

639, 700 3, 277, 100

402, 900

137, 000 9, 589, 200 28, 032, 800 2, 355, 600 15, 079, 500 7,056, 000 13, 600, 500 10, 519, 300 21, 974, 000 14, 566,100 4, 254, 600 3, 276, 400

678, 800 10, 479, 400

9,057,000 29, 473, 800 18, 425, 700 1,976, 500 9, 166, 300

102, 000 685, 500

379, 600 2, 327, 300 3, 300, 100 34, 687, 500 7, 520, 300 8,018, 500 14, 468, 900 2, 169, 300 17, 294, 000

95, 000 15, 825, 900

5, 891, 500 23, 713, 200 28, 685, 600 1, 222, 500

1,348, 100 21, 653, 000

694, 300 11, 144, 800 7, 412, 300

932, 400 13, 467, 500

$535, 787, 400 32, 374, 200

141.500 24, 573, 800 1,003, 900 3, 879, 800

612, 100

181,400 10,858, 700 30, 434,400

2, 806, 500 17, 305. 200

8,578,000 15, 578, 200 11, 913, 900 23,923, 200 16, 117, 300 4,813, 100 3. 938, 500 1,051, 500 12, 260, 800 10, 451, 900 31, 554, 300 20, 657, 300

2, 289, 700 10, 258, 700

$597, 815, 800
34, 834, 100

208, 800
26, 244, 600
1,467, 800
4, 496, 200

875, 000

230, 100 12, 128, 200 32,836,000

3, 271.300 19, 636.500 10, 203, 700 17, 611, 300 13, 428, 800 25. 907, 200 17, 668, 500 5, 395, 500 4, 705, 600

1. 519. 200 14, 196, 100 11, 947, 700 33, 640,000 22, 905, 700

2, 648,000
11, 401, 100

$662, 696, 900
37, 294, 000

451, 000
27,915, 800
2.020, 200
5, 160, 400
1, 170, 200

303,000 13, 510, 900 35, 237, 600

3,741, 600 22,064, 800 11,939, 200 19, 713, 100 14, 983, 800 27.894, 700 19, 219, 700 6,028, 600 5, 472, 700 2, 291.600 16, 433, 700 13, 478,000 35, 730, 900 25, 172, 700

3, 034, 000
12,564, 800

$730, 106, 300
39, 753, 900

716, 400
29, 587, 100
2, 679,000
5, 848,000
1,532, 000

397, 900 14, 893, 600 37, 639, 200

4, 219.500 24, 663, 400 13, 730, 600 21. 849,000 16, 562, 900 29, 404, 600 20, 925, 800 6, 661, 700 6, 239, 800 3, 269, 000 18,728, 400 15, 034, 300 37, 821, 800 27, 488, 900

3, 438, 200 13, 873, 100

$799, 477,500 42, 213, 800

1,032, 000 31, 258, 400 3, 389, 900 6, 540,000 1,939, 800

504, 300 16, 276, 300 40,040, 800

4,701, 200 27, 315, 400 15,537, 300 24, 151, 600 18, 150, 300 31, 917.500 22, 631, 900 7, 294.800 7,006, 900 4, 468.000 21, 174, 800 16, 609, 500 39, 914, 900 29. 807, 900

3,852, 000 15, 185, 100

LEVEL OF CURRENT EXPENDITURE PER CLASSROOM UNIT-Continued

$2,000 to $2,099 $2,100 to $2,199 $2,200 to $2,299 $2,300 to $2,399 $2,400 to $2,499

[blocks in formation]

$156, 300 1, 120, 100

762, 000 3, 169, 300 4.582, 300 41, 292, 500

9, 004, 300 12, 838, 900 18, 554.900

3,077, 700 24, 228, 400

252, 700 18, 927, 300

7, 307.500 28, 243, 400 37, 909, 000 2, 122, 600 1, 766, 600 25,882, 400

1, 426, 400 14,705, 500 9, 846, 600 1, 232, 100 15, 562, 700

$187, 400 1, 353, 800 1,064, 200 3, 602, 400 5, 375, 700 44, 595,000

9, 783, 800 15, 684, 700 20, 617, 300

3, 582, 900 28, 154, 800

348, 200 20, 530, 800

8, 072, 700 30, 508, 500 42, 672.000 2, 646, 700 1, 984, 300 27, 997, 100

1,981, 400 16,516, 300 11, 182, 400

1, 427, 500 16,610, 300

$219, 700 1,589, 400 1, 422, 100 4,042, 700 6, 305, 200 47,897, 500 10, 563, 500 18, 944, 400 22, 695, 500

4, 106, 900 32, 364, 100

478, 200 22, 158, 400

8,837, 900 32. 799, 400 47, 493, 400

3, 170, 800 2, 209,000 30, 111, 800

2, 632, 300 18, 327, 100 12, 651, 100

1, 627, 800 17, 657, 900

$273, 900 1, 857, 900 1,858, 500 4, 495, 500 7, 372, 800 51, 200,000 11, 343, 200 22, 368, 900 24, 868, 200

4, 666, 400 36, 780, 300

707, 600 23, 786, 800

9, 616,000 35. 090, 300 52, 341, 900 3,694, 900 2, 453,000 32, 226, 500

3, 369, 900 20, 138, 100 14, 211, 400

1,841, 100 18, 705,500

$2,500 to $2,599 $2,600 to $2,699 $2,700 to $2,799 $2,800 to $2,899 $2,900 to $2,999

[blocks in formation]

$1,176, 255, 000

Alabama.
Arizons.
Arkansas.
California.
Colorado.
Connecticut.
Delaware
Florida..
Georgia.
Idaho.
Minois
Indiana.
Iowa..
Kansas.
Kentucky
Louisians.
Maine..
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan.
Minnesota
Mississippi.
Missouri.
Montana.
Nebraska
Nevada.
New Hampshire.
New Jersey.
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina.
North Dakota..
Ohio.
Oklahoma..
Oregon.
Pennsylvania.
Rhode Island.
South Carolina.
South Dakota.
Tennessee.
Texas.
Utah.
Vermont.
Virginia.
Washington
West Virginia.
Wisconsin.
Wyoming
Puerto Rico.

44, 673, 700

1, 377, 100
32, 932, 200
4, 214, 700
7, 233, 300
2, 429, 600

618, 700
17, 659, 000
42, 442, 400
5, 183, 200
30, 031, 100
17, 422, 100
26, 506, 600
19, 846, 300
33, 943, 200
24, 338, 000

7,927, 900
8,078,000
5,854, 000
23, 691, 800
18, 358, 400
42,008,000
32, 131, 800

4, 281, 600 16, 549, 300

332, 700 2, 142, 500 2, 406, 500 4,955, 200 8, 619, 300 54, 502, 500 12, 122, 900 25, 952, 200 27,042, 800

5, 238, 400
41, 505, 500

944, 600
25, 417, 400
10, 400, 800
37, 381, 200
57, 208, 900
4, 219,000
2, 702, 400
34, 341, 200
4, 214, 100
21, 949, 100
15, 829, 600

2,062, 700
19,753, 100

$944, 568, 500 $1,019, 752, 200 $1,097, 194, 800
47, 133, 600 49, 593, 500 52,053, 400
1, 722, 200 2,086, 400

2, 459, 800
34, 606, 000 36, 279, 800 37, 953, 700
5, 106, 500
6,057, 800

7, 143, 800
7, 930, 200 8, 658, 700 9, 398, 300
3,031, 300
3, 726, 900

4, 530,000
734, 600

850, 500 1,017, 300 19,041, 700 20, 424, 400 21, 807, 100 44, 965, 400 47, 488, 400 50,011, 400

5,665, 900 6, 149, 300 6, 632, 900
32, 808, 500 35, 655, 400 38, 565, 100
19, 595, 500 22,020, 300 24, 478, 800
28, 862, 700 31, 271, 800 33, 681, 100
21, 550, 200 23, 258, 500 25, 018, 100
36,085, 900 38, 228, 600 40, 374, 300
26, 044, 100 27, 750, 200 29, 456, 300
8, 561, 000 9, 194, 100 9, 827, 200
9, 149, 100 10, 220, 200 11, 291, 300
7, 339, 200 8,897, 800 10, 521, 000
26, 246, 300 28. 840,000 32, 492, 000
20, 125, 100 22, 182, 600 24, 261, 000
44, 101, 100 46, 194, 200 48, 287, 900
34, 553, 000 37, 002,000 39, 451, 000

4, 715, 600 5, 182, 800 5, 651, 600
17, 916, 600 19, 283, 900 20, 651, 200
395, 400
458, 800

530,000
2, 430, 700 2, 731, 800 3,033, 500
3, 058, 900 3, 802, 900 4, 633, 200
5, 417, 800 5,880, 400 6, 343, 000
10, 025, 700 11, 679, 000 13, 444, 400
57, 805, 000 61, 107, 500 64, 410,000
12, 902, 700 13,682, 500 14, 462, 300
29, 542, 800 33, 322, 900 37, 122, 200
29, 219, 800 31, 398, 200 33, 576, 900

5,826, 300 6, 416, 200 7, 176, 400 46, 375, 100 51, 410,000 56, 643, 700

1, 190, 200 1, 435, 800 1,681, 400 27,048, 000 28, 678, 600 30, 309, 200 11, 188, 500 11, 976, 200 12, 763, 900 39, 672, 100 41, 963, 000 44, 253, 900 62, 105, 000 67,006, 900 71, 920, 900 4, 743, 100 5, 267, 200 5, 791, 300 2, 959, 500 3, 216, 600 3, 477, 800 36, 458,000 38, 588, 800 40, 719, 600

5,085, 400 5, 966, 500 6,852, 200 23, 760, 100 25, 571, 100 27, 382, 100 17, 480, 200 19, 174, 000 20,897, 300

2, 286, 900 2, 519, 200 2, 754, 000 20, 800, 700 21, 848, 300 22, 895, 900

54, 513, 300 2, 833, 200 39, 627, 600

8, 269, 900 10, 139, 300 5, 391,600 1, 184, 100 23, 189, 800 52, 534, 400

7, 118, 200 41, 583, 500 26, 937, 300 36, 090, 700 26, 782, 800 42, 542, 400 31, 162, 400 10, 460, 300 12, 362, 400 12, 323, 700 36, 146, 400 26, 408, 700 50, 381, 700 41, 900, 200

6, 127, 200 22, 018, 500

603, 900 3, 335, 200 5, 544,000 6,805, 600 15, 390, 700 67, 712, 500 15, 242, 100 40, 957, 700 35, 755, 800

7, 940, 300 62, 039, 600

1,943, 900 31, 440,000 13, 551, 600 46, 544, 800 76, 844, 200 6, 315, 400 3, 744, 700 42, 850, 400

8,014, 000 29, 193, 100 22, 967, 100

2,988, 800 23, 943, 500

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