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IV. How are you to ascertain whether you possess these things which are required before you can receive this ordinance, as a means of grace ? 1. By self-examination as to my past life. 1 Cor.
xi. 28, 29. 31. See Previous Exhortation; Ex
hortation at Communion; 2 Cor. xiii. 5. 2. By appeal to God's minister in case of scruple or
doubtfulness. See Previous Exhortation.
V. What would be the consequence of your coming to this ordinance unworthily, that is, without the requisites above-named ?
See 1 Cor. xi. 29. 27; also the Previous Exhortation ; Matt. xxii. 11-13. Luke xiii. 26. Read 1 Cor. xi. 17 -34.
VI. Why is this ordinance called Communion? 1. Because it is a participation in common (kolvwvía)
of the Body and Blood of Christ. 1 Cor. x. 16,
17. xi. 29. 2. Because therein we have fellowship (kolvwviav)
and union with Christ. 1 John i. 3. Rev. iii. 20. John vi. 56. xiv. 23.
VII. Why is it called holy Communion ?
1. Because it is a Sacrament. See ch. I. xiv.
Christ are “taken and received by the faithful;"
and drink his blood.” Exhortation at Communion. 3. Because it is the great support and means of holi
ness to all who receive it worthily. John xv. 5.
VIII. What were the circumstances under which this ordinance was first instituted ?
PassovER. THE LORD'S SUPPER. See Matt. xxvi. 17–20. Mark xiv. 16, 17. Luke xxii. 13-20.
IX. Show that this ordinance was appointed by Christ as a means of grace to confirm and strengthen those who are duly admitted to it; and is therefore necessary to be observed by all who desire to receive grace from Him. 1. From Scripture. 1 Cor. x. 16. John vi. 33–35.
51–58. xv. 1. 4, 5. Matt. xxvi. 26–28. John
xv. 6. Matt. xi. 28. Phil. iv. 13. 2. From the outward part, or sign, i. e. the elements
themselves, bread and wine. See Ps. civ. 15.“ The most comfortable Sacrament," &c. “Our spiritual food and sustenance in that holy Sacrament.” The Previous Exhortation.--"To our great and endless comfort." Exhort. at Comm. See Acts ü. 46.
X. Show that this ordinance is a means of grace, not only as confirming and strengthening, but also as conveying pardon, remission of sins, and eternal life. 1. From Scripture. Matt. xxvi. 28. 1 John i. 7.
John vi. 54. 56. Rev. xix. 9. 2. From the occasion and circumstances of its institu
tion. See Exod. xii. passim. 1 Cor. v. 7. Col. i. 20. Heb. ix. 22. 11, 12. x. 12. 14. John i. 29.
XI. Besides these great and unspeakable benefits to be received thereby, what other reasons are there, why you are bound to observe this ordinance ? 1. Because it is the express command of Christ
Himself. 1 Cor. xi. 25. Luke xxii. 19. Com
pare Exod. xii. 6. 15. 24. 2. Because He commanded it to be done in remem
brance of Him. Luke, ibid. and v. 15. &tiOvuía επεθύμησα. .
3. Because, by so doing, we keep up a perpetual
witness and memory of his death, until his
coming again. 1 Cor. xi. 26. 4. Because, accordingly, this is our EUCHARIST,
our great and most appropriate act of thankful
ness and gratitude (eủxaploría) to Him. 5. Because it is the act by which we more especially
declare, ratify, and maintain our Communion with
his Church. 1 Cor. x. 17. 6. Because the Church has ever held those who
neglect it to be virtually excommunicated. Com
pare neglect of the Passover. Numb. ix. 10. 13. XII. What are the types or similitudes by which Holy
Communion is represented to us in the Bible? 1. Tree of Life. Gen. iii. 22. John vi. 35. 2. Sacred Feast of Melchizedek. Gen. xiv. 18.
Heb. vii. 1-3. 17. 3. Manna and water in the wilderness. 1 Cor. x.
3, 4. John vi. 58. XIII. What are the rules prescribed by our Church with respect to the observance of this ordinance ? 1. That all who have been confirmed are forthwith
to become communicants; implied in Rubric after
Confirmation. Compare Canon cxii. See p. 87. 2. That each of her members shall communicate at
the least three times in the year, of which Easter
age of 16, who receive not the Communion at Easter,
are to be presented to the Bishop. Canon cxii. 3. Of more frequent communion, see 1st and 4th
Rubric after the Service. See p. 83. XIV. What is required of all who have partaken of the Holy Communion, i.e. of Christ's Sacrifice ?
To offer and present unto God themselves, their souls, and bodies, to be a reasonable, holy, and lively sacrifice unto Him. . See the first Prayer in Post Communion.
XV. What is the third ordinance which God has appointed for his people as a continual means of grace and confirmation ?
READING THE INSPIRED WORD. See Matt. iv. 4. John vi. 63. Rom. iv. 4 (→ comfort of the Scriptures”). Ps. xix. 7, 8. 2 Tim. iii. 15–17. John v. 39. ] Pet. i. 23.
XVI. What is the fourth ordinance which God has appointed to the same end?
THE PREACHING AND TEACHING OF HIS MINISTERS. See Matt. xxviii. 20. Luke x. 16.
XVII. Show how great is the responsibility that attaches to the use you shall hereafter make of such teaching.
See Mark iv. 24–27. Luke viii. 18. x. 16. Heb. ü. 1-3.
XVIII. Are there any other special duties or goodworks, which are pointed out in God's word as continual means of His grace and favour? 1. Alms-giving, as expressive of compassion and love of the brethren and of Christ in his poorer members.
. Matt. vi. 4. Heb. xiii. 16. Luke xi. 41. xvi. 9. xii. 33. 1 Tim. vi. 17-19. Acts x. 2—4, Cornelius. Ps. xli. 1-3. Prov. xix. 17. Heb. vi. 10. 2 Cor. ix. 1–10. Ps. cxii. 19. Matt. x. 42.
Mark ix. 41. 2. Religious Fasting, as expressive of self-abasement,
and self-denial. Matt. vi. 16–18. 1 Cor. vii. 5. Acts xii. 2, 3. xiv, 23. Matt. xvii. 21.—Exod. xxxiv. 28, Moses. 1 Kings xix. 8, Elijah. Matt.
iv. 2, JESUS CHRIST.-Jonah iii. 5–10, Ninevites.
-Levit. xxiii. 26–32. Acts xxvii. 9, Day of Atonement. (Comp. Ezra viii. 21–23. Is. lviii. 3.) Judges xx. 26–35, Battle of Gibeah. 1 Sam. vii. 3—12, Victory at Mizpeh. 2 Sam. xii. 16. Ps. lxix. 10, et alib. David. 1 Kings xxi. 27-29, Ahab. 2 Chron. xx. 3, 4. 22, Jehoshaphat. Joel ii. 15–20. Jerem. xxxvi
. 9. Jehoiakim. Dan. ix. 3—27. Zechar. viii. 19. Ezra, ut supr. Nehem. i. 4. Luke ii. 37, Anna. Luke xviii. 12. Matt. ix. 15. Acts x. 30, Cornelius. 2 Cor. vi. 5, St. Paul. See Table of the Vigils, Fasts and Days of Abstinence, to be observed in the year, prefixed
to the Prayer-Book. XIX. You have now been taught what it is to be a Christian. If you despise this teaching, or draw back from it, will you not incur the certain displeasure of Almighty God, and be in danger of losing all the benefits you received from Him in your Baptism?
See Heb. x. 38. Luke ix. 62. xvii. 32, Lot's wife. Ps. cxxv.5. Jer.ii. 19. Heb.ii. 1-3. vi. 4—9. 2 Pet.ii. 20, 21.
XX. On the other hand, if you persevere, and continue in this state of salvation, what will be your reward? 1. In this life. See Matt. vi. 33. Ps. xxxvii. 25. .
1 Tim. iv. 8. Mark x. 29. 2. In the life to come. See Heb. x. 35. 2 Pet. i. 10, 11. 1 Cor. ii. 9.
FAITHFUL UNTO DEATH, AND I will THEE A CROWN OF LIFE.' Rev. ii. 10.
THAT OVERCOMETH SHALL INHERIT ALL THINGS. Rev. xxi. 7.
" WELL DONE, GOOD AND FAITHFUL SERVANT ENTER THOU INTO THE JOY OF THY LORD.” Matt. xxv. 23.
66 BE THOU