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United States Government, whether or not the employees thereof are paid from funds appropriated by Congress, shall be included within the provisions of this Act. (U. S. C., Title 5, § 30 (J).)

SEC. 7. The leave of absence herein provided for shall be administered under such regulations as the President may prescribe, so as to obtain, so far as practicable, uniformity in the application of this Act. (U. S. C., Title 5, $ 30 (k).)

REORGANIZATION OF EXECUTIVE AGENCIES Executive Orders Pursuant to Act of March 3, 1933, c. 212, Title IV-Reorganiza

tion of Executive Departments (47 Stat. 1517) (U. S. C., Title 5, Z8 124 132)

EXECUTIVE ORDER No. 6166
(U. S. C., 1934 ed., Title 5, page 47)

SECTION 3-INVESTIGATIONS

All functions now exercised by the Bureau of Prohibition of the Department of Justice with respect to the granting of permits under the national prohibition laws are transferred to the Division of Internal Revenue in the Treasury Department

All functions now exercised by the Bureau of Prohibition with respect to investigations and all the functions now performed by the Bureau of Investigation of the Department of Justice are transferred to and consolidated in a Division of Investigation in the Department of Justice, at the head of which shall be a Director of Investigation.

All other functions now performed by the Bureau of Prohibition are transferred to such divisions in the Department of Justice as in the judgment of the Attorney General may be desirable.

SECTION 4-DISBURSEMENT

The function of disbursement of moneys of the United States exercised by any agency is transferred to the Treasury Department and, together with the Office of Disbursing Clerk of that Department, is consolidated in a Division of Disbursement, at the head of which shall be a Chief Disbursing Officer.

The Division of Disbursement of the Treasury Department is authorized to establish local offices, or to delegate the exercise of its functions locally to officers or employees of other agencies, according as the interests of efficiency and economy may require.

The Division of Disbursement shall disburse moneys only upon the certification of persons by law duly authorized to incur obligations upon behalf of the United States. The function of accountability for improper certification shall be transferred to such persons, and no disbursing officer shall be held accountable therefor.

SECTION 5-CLAIMS BY OR AGAINST THE UNITED STATES

The functions of prosecuting in the courts of the United States claims and demands by, and offenses against, the Government of the United States and of defending claims and demands against the Government, and of supervising the work of United States attorneys, marshals, and clerks in connection therewith, now exercised by any agency or officer, are transferred to the Department of Justice.

As to any case referred to the Department of Justice for prosecution or defense in the courts, the function of decision whether and in what manner to prosecute, or to defend, or to compromise, or to appeal, or to abandon prosecution or defense, now exercised by any agency or officer, is transferred to the Department of Justice.

For the exercise of such of his functions as are not transferred to the Department of Justice by the foregoing two paragraphs, the Solicitor of the Treasury is transferred from the Department of Justice to the Treasury Department.

Nothing in this section shall be construed to affect the function of any agency or officer with respect to cases at any stage prior to reference to the Department of Justice for prosecution or defense.

SECTION 8-INTERNAL REVENUE

The Bureaus of Internal Revenue and of Industrial Alcohol of the Treasury Department are consolidated in a Division of Internal Revenue, at the head of which shall be a Commissioner of Internal Revenue. (Promulgated June 10, 1933.)

EXECUTIVE ORDER No. 6639

(U. S. C., 1934 ed., Title 5, page 49)

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

1 (a). The Bureau of Industrial Alcohol and the Office of Commissioner of Industrial Alcohol are abolished, and the authority, rights, privileges, powers, and duties conferred and imposed by law upon the Commissioner of Industrial Alcohol are transferred to and shall be held, exercised, and performed by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, and his assistants, agents, and inspectors, under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury.

(b). The authority, rights, privileges, powers, and duties conferred and imposed upon the Attorney General by the act of May 27, 1930 (ch. 342, 46 Stat. 427), entitled "An Act to transfer to the Attorney General certain functions in the administration of the National Prohibition Act, to create a Bureau of Prohibition in the Department of Justice, and for other purposes", so far as they are required to, or may, be exercised and performed under existing law, are transferred to and shall be held, exercised, and performed by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, and his assistants, agents, and inspectors, under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury: Provided, That the Attorney General shall continue to exercise the power and authority (a) to remit or mitigate forfeitures under the Internal Revenue laws and to determine liability for Internal Revenue taxes and penalties, in connection with violations of the National Prohibition Act occurring prior to the repeal of the eighteenth amendment, and (b) to institute suits upon any cause of action under the National Prohibition Act or under the Internal Revenue laws involving a violation of the National Prohibition Act, arising prior to, and/or not affected by, the repeal of the eighteenth amendment, and to compromise any such cause of action before or after suit is brought: And provided further, That the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, shall prescribe all regulations under the provisions of the National Prohibition Act, and all laws amendatory thereof or supplementary thereto, which were not rendered inoperative by the repeal of the eighteenth amendment, relating to permits, and he shall prescribe the form of all applications, bonds, permits, records, and reports under such acts.

TRANSFER OF OFFICIAL RECORDS AND PROPERTY

2 (a). The official records and papers on file in, and pertaining to the business of, the Bureau of Industrial Alcohol, together with the supplies, furniture, equipment, and other property of the United States in use in such Bureau, are transferred to the Bureau of Internal Revenue.

(b). The official records and papers on file in the Department of Justice pertaining to the functions transferred by this order to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, together with the supplies, furniture, equipment, and other property of the United States in use in said Department in connection with the performance of such functions, are transferred to the Bureau of Internal Revenue.

TRANSFER OF PERSONNEL

3 (a). The officers and employees employed in, or under the jurisdiction of, the Bureau of Industrial Alcohol, are transferred to the Bureau of Internal Revenue, without change in classification or compensation.

(b). The officers and employees employed in, or under the jurisdiction of, the Alcoholic Beverage Unit of the Division of Investigation, Department of Justice, except those employed in, or under the jurisdiction of, the taxes and penalties section of said Unit, are transferred to the Bureau of Internal Reve nue without change in classification or compensation.

(c). Officers and employees transferred to the Bureau of Internal Revenue hereunder, who do not already possess a competitive classified civil-service status, shall not acquire such status by reason of such transfer, except upon recommendation by the Secretary of the Treasury to the Civil Service Commission, subject to such noncompetitive tests of fitness as the Commission may prescribe; and no officer or employee so transferred may be retained in the Bureau of Internal Revenue without appropriate civil-service status for a period longer than 60 days from the effective date of this order.

TRANSFER OF APPROPRIATIONS

4. The unexpended balances of appropriations for the Bureau of Industrial Alcohol and the field service thereunder, and the unexpended balances of the appropriations made for salaries and expenses, Bureau of Prohibition, Department of Justice, including the field service thereof, insofar as may be required for the performance of the functions transferred by this order to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, shall be transferred on the books of the Treasury Department to the appropriation entitled "Collecting the Internal Revenue”, which shall thereafter be available in the Bureau of Internal Revenue as a single fund for expenditure for the purposes named in the laws making the separate appropriations for “Salaries and Expenses, Bureau of Industrial Alcohol, Treasury Department”, “Salaries and Expenses, Bureau of Prohibition, Department of Justice”, and “Collecting the Internal Revenue", respectively; and appropriations, if any, made to the Bureau of Industrial Alcohol and the Department of Justice, respectively, for the fiscal year 1935, for the performance of the functions transferred by this order to the Bureau of Internal Revenue shall likewise be transferred on the books of the Treasury Department to the appropriation “Collecting the Internal Revenue”, subject to the conditions herein set forth.

GENERAL PROVISIONS

5. Executive Orders Numbered 6166, 6224, and 6540, dated June 10, 1933, July 27, 1933, and December 28, 1933, respectively, are revoked insofar as they are in conflict with the provisions of this order.

6. This order shall take effect upon the sixty-first calendar day after its transmission to Congress, unless otherwise determined in accordance with law, (Promulgated March 10, 1934.)

CLERKS PROHIBITED FROM CARRYING ON A TRADE OR BUSINESS IN THE FUNDS OB

DEBTS OF THE UNITED STATES

Every clerk employed in the Treasury Department who carries on any trade or business in the funds or debts of the United States, or of any State, or in any kind of public property, or who takes or applies to his own use any emolument or gain for negotiating or transacting any business in the department, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and punished by a fine of five hundred dollars and removal from office. (R. S. § 244.) (U. S. C., Title 5, $ 254.)

ACCOUNTS OF INTERNAL REVENUE RECEIPTS

Separate accounts shall be kept at the Department of the Treasury of all moneys received from internal duties or taxes in each of the respective States, Territories, and collection districts, and of the amount of each species of duty and tax that shall accrue; so as to exhibit, as far as may be, the amount collected from each source of revenue, with the moneys paid as compensation and for allowances to the collectors and deputy collectors, inspectors, and other officers employed in each of the respective States, Territories, and collection districts. (R. S. $ 239, amended by Feb. 18, 1875, c. 80, 18 Stat. 317.) (U. S. C., Title 5, 8 259.)

RULES GOVERNING AGENTS, ATTORNEYS, ETC., REPRESENTING CLAIMANTS BEFORE

DEPARTMENT

The Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe rules and regulations governing the recognition of agents, attorneys, or other persons representing claimants before his department, and may require of such persons, agents, and attorneys, before being recognized as representatives of claimants, that they shall show that they are of good character and in good repute, possessed of the necessary qualifications to enable them to render such claimants valuable service, and otherwise competent to advise and assist such claimants in the presentation of their cases. And such Secretary may after due notice and opportunity for hearing suspend and disbar from further practice before his department any such person, agent, or attorney shown to be incompetent, disreputable, or who refuses to comply with the said rules and regulations, or who shall with intent to defraud, in any manner willfully and knowingly deceive, mislead, or threaten any claimant or prospective claimant, by word, circular, letter, or by advertisement.

(July 7, 1884, c. 334, § 3, 23 Stat. 258.) (U. S. C., Title 5, 8 261.)

DETAIL OF OFFICERS OR EMPLOYEES FOR FOREIGN SERVICE OF DEPARTMENT OF STATE

The President, in his discretion, may assign officers of the Army and Navy or officers or employees of the Treasury Department for duty as inspectors of buildings owned or occupied by the United States in foreign countries, or as inspectors or supervisors of buildings under construction or repair by or for the United States in foreign countries, under the jurisdiction of the Department of State, or for duty as couriers of the Department of State, and when so assigned they may receive the same traveling expenses as are authorized for officers of the Foreign Service, payable from the applicable appropriations of the Department of State. (May 15, 1936, c. 405, § 1, 49 Stat. 1321 ; June 16, 1937, c. 359, Title I, § 1, 50 Stat. 273; April 27, 1938, c. 180, Title I, § 1, 52 Stat. 258.) (U. S. C., Title 5, $ 271.)

FRAUDS UPON THE BEVENUE

The General Counsel for the Department of the Treasury, under direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, shall take cognizance of all frauds or attempted frauds upon the revenue, and shall exercise a general supervision over the measures for their prevention and detection, and for the prosecution of persons charged with the commission thereof. (R. S. § 376; May 10, 1934, 11.40 A. M., c. 277, $ 512, 48 Stat. 758.) (U. S. O., Title 5, § 326.)

REPORT OF MONEY RECOVERED TO BE MADE BY GENERAL COUNSEL FOR THE DEPARTMENT

OF THE TREASURY

The General Counsel for the Department of the Treasury shall report all moneys recovered or collected under his direction to the officer from whom the bond or other evidence of debt was received, who shall give proper credit therefor; and he shall report in like manner all credits allowed by due course of law on any suits under his direction. (R. S. § 378; May 10, 1934, 11.40 A, M., c. 277, $ 512, 48 Stat. 758.) (U. S. C., Title 5, § 328.)

TRAVELING EXPENSES OF CIVILIAN OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES

WHILE ON OFFICIAL BUSINESS

SUBSISTENCE EXPENSE ACT OF 1926

(June 3, 1926, c. 457, 44 Stat. 688, amended June 30, 1932, c. 314, § 207, 47 Stat.

405)

SECTION 1. That this act may be cited as the “Subsistence Expense Act of 1926." (U. S. O., Title 5, § 821.)

SEO. 2. When used in this Act

The term "departments and establishments” means any executive department, independent commission, board, bureau, office, agency, or other establishment of the Government, including the munici; government of the District of Columbia.

The term "subsistence" means lodging, meals, and other necessary expenses incidental to the personal sustenance or comfort of the traveler.

The term “actual expenses" means the actual amounts necessarily expended by the traveler for subsistence and itemized in accounts for reimbursement.

The term “per diem allowance” means a daily flat rate of payment in lieu of actual expenses. (U. S. C., Title 5, 8 822.)

SEC. 3. Civilian officers and employees of the departments and establishments, while traveling on official business and away from their designated posts of duty, shall be allowed, in lieu of their actual expenses for subsistence and all fees or tips to porters and stewards, a per diem allowance to be prescribed by the head of the department or establishment concerned, not to exceed the rate of $5 within the limits of continental United States and not to exceed an average of $6 beyond the limits of continental United States. (U. S. C., Title 5, § 823.)

SEC. 7. The fixing and payment, under section 3, of per diem allowance, or portions thereof, shall be in accordance with regulations which shall be promulgated by the heads of departments and establishments and which shall be standardized as far as practicable and shall not be effective until approved by the President of the United States. (U. S. C., Title 5, § 827.)

SEO. 8. The heads of departments and establishments, under regulations which shall be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury for the protection of the United States, may advance through the proper disbursing officers from applicable appropriations to any person entitled to actual expenses or per diem

allowance under this Act such sums as may be deemed advisable considering the character and probable duration of the travel to be performed. Any sums so advanced shall be recovered from the person to whom advanced, or his estate, by deduction from any amount due from the United States or by such other legal method of recovery as may be necessary. (U. S. C., Title 5, & 828.)

SEO. 9. All laws or parts of laws which are inconsistent with or in conflict with the provisions of this Act except such laws or parts of law as specially fix or now permit rates higher than the maximum rates established in this Act are hereby repealed or modified only to the extent of such inconsistency or conflict. (U. S. C., Title 5, 8 829.)

SEQ. 10. This Act shall not be construed to modify or repeal the Act providing for the traveling expenses of the President of the United States or any Acts (including appropriations for the fiscal year 1927) specifically fixing or permitting mileage rates for travel and/or subsistence expenses. (U. S. C., Title 5, $ 830.)

TITLE 6-OFFICIAL AND PENAL BONDS

CUSTODY, EXAMINATION, RENEWAL

(Act of Mar. 2, 1895, c. 177, § 5, 28 Stat. 807, June 17, 1930, c. 497, 88 523, 651 (a),

(1), 46 Stat. 740, 762.) SEC. 5. •

Hereafter all bonds of the Treasurer of the United States, collectors of internal revenue, collectors, comptrollers of customs, surveyors, and other officers of the customs, either as such officers or as disbursing officers of the Treasury, bonds of the Secretary of the Senate, Clerk of the House of Representatives, and the Sergeant-at-Arms of the House of Representatives, and all such bonds now on file in the office of the Comptroller of the Treasury, shall be transmitted to the Secretary of the Treasury and filed as he may direct; and the duties now required by law of the Comptroller of the Treasury in regard to such bonds, as the successor of the Commissioner of Customs and First Comptroller of the Treasury, shall hereafter be performed by the Secretary of the Treasury. (U. S. C., Title 6, § 1.)

Hereafter every officer required by law to take and approve official bonds shall cause the same to be examined at least once every two years for the purpose of ascertaining the sufficiency of the sureties thereon; and every officer having power to fix the amount of an official bond shall examine it to ascertain the sufficiency of the amount thereof and approve or fix said amount at least once in two years and as much oftener as he may deem it necessary. (U. S. C., Title 6, § 2.)

Hereafter every officer whose duty it is to take and approve official bonds shall cause all such bonds to be renewed every four years after their dates, but he may require such bonds to be renewed or strengthened oftener if he deem such action necessary. In the discretion of such officer the requirement of a new bond may be waived for the period of service of a bonded officer after the expiration of a four-year term of service pending the appointment and qualification of his successor: Provided, That the nonperformance of any requirement of this section on the part of any official of the Government shall not be held to affect in any respect the liability of principal or sureties on any bond made or to be made to the United States: Provided further, That the liability of the principal and sureties on all official bonds shall continue and cover the period of service ensuing until the appointment and qualification of the successor of the principal: And provided further, That nothing in this section shall be construed to repeal or modify section thirty-eight hundred and thirty-six of the Revised Statutes of the United States. (U. S. C., Title 6, § 3.)

NOTICE OF DELINQUENCY OF PRINCIPAL

SECTION 1. Hereafter, whenever any deficiency shall be discovered in the accounts of any official of the United States, or of any officer disbursing or chargeable with public money, it shall be the duty of the accounting officers making such discovery to at once notify the head of the department having control over the affairs of said officer of the nature and amount of said deficiency, and it shall be the immediate duty of said head of department to at once notify all obligors upon the bond or bonds of such official of the nature of such deficiency and the amount thereof. Said notification shall be deemed sufficient if mailed at the post-office in the city of Washington, District of Columbia, addressed to said sureties respectively, and directed to the respective post-offices where said obligors may reside, if known; but a failure to give or mail such notice shall not discharge the surety or sureties upon such bond. (Aug. 8, 1888, c. 787, 8 1, 25 Stat. 387.) (U. S. C., Title 6, § 4.)

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