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Returning, and looking through the house, I found almost every 1 For a quarter of a century the growth of the village was remarkably thing changed. Two American, and three Irish families had occupied | slow, as shown by the fact, that, in 1830, there were but twelve houses it since we left, and each, evidently thinking that they would soon in the village, with three suburban residences ou Madison street, the leave, did not pretend to make any improvements for their successors entire population, whites, half breeds, and negroes, making about one to enjoy. To sum up the description of the house - it has never been hundred. That was forty years ago. painted since we left; the door yard fence is gone; the wood-house I should have told you that Chicago has a river, which is doubtless has been removed; the out-door cellar has caved in; the wagon the cause of the wonderful commercial growth of the place, of late house leans so badly it is liable to fall over at any time; the house years, which, at the time of its discovery, was two hundred feet wide, itself, in a few years, will go the way of the fences; and most of the and twenty feet deep, with banks so steep, that vessels could come up out buildings are already gone. Nearly every American family that to the water's cdge, and receive their lading. A half mile or more, once lived here has gone West; the population of the vicinity, at the from the mouth of the river, the stream divides; that portion north present time, being largely made up of Irish. Another generation, of the stream, being known as the North Side; that between the forks, and, it is probable, scarcely an American will be left to tell the tale. | the West Side; and that south of the river, the South Side. Though sorrowing to see the wreck of our old home, I am greatly At that time, the North Side was covered with a dense forest of black enjoying the visit. The scenery is truly beautiful; though, unfortu. walnut and other trees, in which were bears, wolves, foxes, wild cats, Dately, the people here know nothing of its beauties, and it takes us deer and other game in great abundance; while the South Side, now some years on the level plains of the West to learn to appreciate it. the business center, was a low, swampy piece of ground, being the resort

One thing must be said of the people here, however, especially the of wild geese and ducks. Where the court house stands, was a pond, Americans that are left- they take their full measure of enjoyment. which was navigable for small boats. On the banks of the river, With continuons snow four months in the year, the winter is made up among the sedgy grass, grew a wild onion, which the Indians called of sleigh-riding to partics and festal occasions; the sunshine of Chikago, and hence the name of the city. spring is the signal for maple sugar making, and sugaring-off parties;

On a summer day, in 1831, the first vessel unloaded goods at the the hard work of summer is broken up by fishing, berrying, and fre

mouth of the river. In 1832, the first frame house was built, by Geo. quent excursions to various parts of the country; the fall is charac

W. Dole, and stood on the southeast corner of Dearborn and South terized by apple parings and corn huskings; so that with their maple

Water streets. At an election for township trustees in 1833,- just fortyeu gar, berries, cream, tront, honey, and pumpkin pies, they are about

one years since, there were twenty-eight voters. In 1840, there were the best livers and happiest people I ever met. I never knew till I

less than 5,000 people in the place. Thus you see this city, now the returned that they enjoyed themselves so well.

fifth in the order of the population in the United States, has grown I will continue the record of my visit in my next.

from 5,000 to 300,000 in thirty-three years. Yours Affectionately.

It is needless for me to describe the wonderfully rapid up-building of ALFRED T. WEEKS.

the city since the fire. You have heard all about it. What I want to tell you more especially is concerning our relatives. Uncles John, William and James, you recollect perhaps, all came here in 1836.

They worked that summer for different parties, and until the next Descriptive Letter.

spring when, in the summer of 1837, each of the men they had

labored for failed, uncle John had due him $150. Fortunately, as he From a Young Lady Visiting Chicago, to her Parents in the thought, he was able to settle the claim at fifty cents on the dollar, and East.

with the $75, he left the place in disgust, and went to work for a farmer

in Dupage County, a little distance west of Chicago. Uncle William, CHICAGO, ILL, June 1, 1873,

could not get a cent. He even proposed to take $50 for the $175 that DEAR PARENTS:

were due him, but cash could not possibly be obtained. He finally Having been the rounds among our relatives here,

settled his claim by taking six acres of swampy land on the South I seat myself to give you something of an idea of this wonderful

Side, which he vainly tried to sell for several years that he might city, in many respects one of the most remarkable on the face of the

leave the city, but, unable to do so, he continued to work in Chicago. earth, having a population, to-day, of over 300,000.

Uncle James took fifteen acres in settlement of his claim, which he You have heard so much of the city that I must give you a brief

also found it impossible to sell, his experience being about the same as sketch of its bistory.

that of uncle William. Well, now the luck begins to come in. Uncle The first white man ever known to have set foot on the spot where

William got independent of his land by and by, but sold, at last Chicago now stands, was a French missionary, from Canada, named

an acre for money enough to put up one of the most elegant residences Pierre Jacques Marquette, who, with two others having been on a

you ever beheld. He sold afterwards another acre for money with missionary tour in the southern part of Illinois, when homeward

which he bought a farm three miles from the court house, that is now bound was detained at this place in the fall of 1673, in consequence

worth $500,000. With two acres more, he got money enough to put up of the severe cold, until the following spring. That was two hun

five business blocks, from which he gets a revenue, each year, sufficient dred years ago.

to buy several farms. The first settler that came here was Point-au-Sable, a St Domingo

Uncle James' experience is almost exactly similar to uncle William's negro, who, in 1796, commenced a few improvements -- seventy-seven

He has sold small portions of his land at various times, re-investig years since. Au-Sable soon afterwards removed to Peoria, ni., his im.

his money in real estate, until he is worth to-day about $2,000,000. provements passing into the bands of one Le Mai, a Frenchman, who

Uncle William is said to be worth about the same amount. Uncle John traded considerably with the Indians. The first permanent settler here

came in from the country a few years ago, and in various capacities, is was John Kinzie, who came over from St. Joseph, Michigan, and com

working for his brothers around the city, being to-day a poor man: menced his improvements in 1804; sixty-nine years ago. Mr. Kinzie

but will, I presume, be just as rich in eternity, as uncles James and was, indeed, what Romulus was to Rome, the founder of the city.

William. There was a fort built that year, a block house made of logs, a few rods

All have interesting families of intelligent children, among whom southwest of what is now known as Rush street bridge. Mr. Kinzie

I have almost terminated one of the most delightful visits I ever made. had a house near the south end of the bridge, which bridge, of course,

Such in brief is the history of Chicago, and a sketch of two of its bad no existence in those days. An employe of Mr. Kinzie named

sample rich men, who were inade wealthy in spite of themselves. Quilmette, a Frenchman, had a cabin little west of Mr. Kinzie; and

In my next I will describe the parks and boulevards about the city, a little further west was the log cottage of one Burns, a discharged

Till then adieu. soldier. South of the fort, on the south side, a Mr. Lee had a farm, in the low gwamp lands, where now stands the heart of the business

Your Affectionate Daughter, center of the city, and his cabin was a half mile or so down the river.


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PF all letters, the love letter | impulsive marriage, simply resulting from a

should be the most carefully | youthful passion. As a physiological law, man
prepared. Among the written should be twenty-five, and woman twenty-three,
missives, they are the most before marrying.
thoroughly read and re-read,


the longest preserved, and the While there may be exceptional cases, as a most likely to be regretted in

rule, correspondence should be conducted only after life.

with the assent and approval of the parents. If IMPORTANCE OF CARE.

it is not so, parents are themselves generally to

blame. If children are properly trained, they They should be written with the utmost regard for perfection. An ungrammatical expres

will implicitly confide in the father and mother, sion, or a word improperly spelled, may seriously

who will retain their love until they are suffiinterfere with the writer's prospects, by being

ciently matured to choose a companion for lisc.

If parents neglect to retain this love and confiturned to ridicule. For any person, however,

dence, the child, in the yearning for affection, to make sport of a respectful, confidential letter,

will place the love elsewhere, frequently much because of some error in the writing, is in the

too early in life. highest degree unladylike and ungentlemanly.


Ladies should not allow courtship to be conAs a rule, the love letter should be very ducted at unseasonable hours. The evening guardedly written. Ladies, especially, should be

entertainment, the walk, the ride, are all favorvery careful to maintain their dignity when

able for the study of each other's tastes and writing them. When, possibly, in after time

feelings. For the gentleman to protract his the feelings entirely change, you will regret

visit at the lady's residence until a late hour, is that you wrote the letter at all. If the love

almost sure to give offence to the lady's parents, remains unchanged, no harm will certainly be

and is extremely ungentlemanly. done if you wrote with judgment and care.


The love letter should be honest. It should The love letter is the prelude to marriage, a say what the writer means, and no more. For state that, if the husband and wife be fitted for the lady or gentleman to play the part of a coeach other, is the most natural and serenely quette, studying to see how many lovers he or happy; a state, however, that none should she may secure, is very disreputable, and bears enter upon until, in judgment and physical de- | in its train a long list of sorrows, frequently velopment, both parties have completely ma- | wrecking the domestic happiness for a life-time. tured. Many a life has been wrecked by a blind, | The parties should be honest also in the state

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ment of their actual prospects and means of sup- | be given to understand, by his wife and others, port. Neither should hold out to the other from time to time, that whatever consequence wealth or other inducements that will not be he may attain, it is all the result of his wife's realized, as disappointment and disgust will be money. Most independent men prefer to start, the only result.

as all our wealthiest and greatest men have MARRYING FOR A HOME.

done, at the foot of the ladder and earn their

independence. Where, however, a man can Let no lady commence and continue a correspondence with a view to marriage, for fear that

bring extraordinary talent or distinguished rep

utation, as a balance for his wife's wealth, the she may never have another opportunity. It is the mark of judgment and rare good sense to

conditions are more nearly equalized. Obsergo through life without wedlock, if she cannot

vation shows that those marriages prove most marry from love. Somewhere in Eternity, the

serenely happy where husband and wife, at the

time of marriage, stand, socially, intellectually, poet tells us, our true mate will be found. Do not be afraid of being an “old maid.” The

and pecuniarily, very nearly equal. For the disgrace attached to that term has long since

chances of successful advancement and happipassed away. Unmarried ladies of mature years

ness in after life, let a man wed a woman are proverbially among the most intelligent,

poorer than himself rather than one that is

richer. accomplished, and independent to be found in

POVERTY. society. The sphere of woman's action and

Let no couple hesitate to marry because they work is so widening that she can to-day, if she

are poor. It will cost them less to live after desires, handsomely and independently support herself. She need not, therefore, marry for a

marriage than before, one light, one fire, etc.,

answering the purpose for both. Having an home.

object to live for, also, they will commence their INTEMPERATE MEN.

accumulations after marriage as never before. Above all, no lady should allow herself to

The young woman that demands a certain correspond with an intemperate man, with a

amount of costly style, beyond the income of her view to matrimony. She may reform him, but

betrothed, no young man should ever wed. As a the chances are that her life's happiness will be

general thing, however, women have common completely destroyed by such a union. Better

sense, and, if husbands will perfectly confide in a thousand times, the single, free, and indepen

their wives, telling them exactly their pecuniary dent maidenhood, than for a woman to trail

condition, the wife will live within the husband's her life in the dust, and bring poverty, shame,

income. In the majority of cases where men and disgrace on her children, by marrying a

fail in business, the failure being attributed to man addicted to dissipated habits.

the wife's extravagance, the wife has been kept MARRYING WEALTH.

in entire ignorance of her husband's pecuniary Let no man make it an ultimate object in life,

resources. The man who would be successful to marry a rich wife. It is not the possession, but

in business, should not only marry a woman the acquisition of wealth, that gives happiness.

who is worthy of his confidence, but he should It is a generally conceded fact that the inherit

at all times advise with her. She is more interance of great wealth is a positive mental and

ested in his prosperity than anybody else, and moral injury to young men, completely destroy

will be found his best counselor and friend. ing the stimulus to advancement. So, as a rule,

CONFIDENCE AND HONOR. no man is permanently made happier by a | The love correspondence of another should marriage of wealth ; while he is quite likely to be held sacred, the rule of conduct being, to do

Ceded fact that thontal and

will be found hi

Dear Sir,

iams' visits.

to others as you wish them to do to you. No 1

Favorable Reply. woman, who is a lady, will be guilty of making

914 -- $1 July 2, 18, light of the sentiments that are expressed to

MR. HARMON WILLIAMS, her in a letter. No man, who is a gentleman,

It will give me much pleasnre to see yon at our resi.

doncc dext Wednesday evening. My father desires me to state that he will boast of his love conquests, among boon

retains a very favorable recollection of your uncle, in consequence of companions, or reveal to others the correspond

which he will be pleased to continue your acquaintance.

Yours Truly, ence between himself and a lady. If an en

MYRA BRONSON. gagement is mutually broken off, all the love letters should be returned. To retain them is

Unfavorable Reply. dishonorable. They were written under cir

944 -- St., July 2, 18--, cumstances that no longer exist. It is better

Miss Myra Bronson, making it a rule to receive no gentlemen visitors for both parties to wash out every recollection upon such brief acquaintance, begs to decline the honor of Mr. Will. of the past, by returning to the giver every me

HARMON Williams, Esq. mento of the dead love. HOW TO BEGIN A LOVE CORRESPONDENCE.

An Invitation to a Place of Public Amusement. Some gentlemen, being very favorably im

462 -- St., April 4, 18–.

Miss FARRINGTON: pressed with a lady at first sight, and having

May I request the very great pleasure of escorting

you to Barnum's Museum, at any time which may suit your couveni. no immediate opportunity for introduction, make ence? To graut this favor will give me very much pleasure. No pains bold, after learning her name, to write her at

will be spared by myself to have you enjoy the occasion, and I will

consult your wishes, in every particular as to time of calling for you once, seeking an interview, the form of which and returning. Waiting an early reply to this, I remain,

Most Sincerely, letter will be found hereafter. A gentleman in

CHAS. STEVENSON, doing so, however, runs considerable risk of receiving a rebuff from the lady, though not

Reply Accepting. always. It is better to take a little more time, learn thoroughly who the lady is, and obtain an

876 - St., April 7, 18,

MR. STEVENSON, introduction through a mutual acquaintance.

Dear Sir: I thank you for your very kind invitation, which Much less embarrassment attends such a meet

I am happy to accept. I will appoint next Monday evening, at which

time, if you will call for me, at our house, I will accompany you. ing, and having learned the lady's antecedents,

Yours Sincerely,

CLARA FARRINGTON, subjects are easily introduced in which she is interested, and thus the first interview can be made quite agreeable.

Reply Refusing. The way is now paved for the opening of a

876 — ST,, April 4, 18, correspondence, which may be done by a note

Dear Sir: I am grateful to you for your very polite invita.

tion, but as I should go only with my own family, were I to attend inviting her company to any entertainment sup

any place of amusement, I am unable to avail mysell of your kind. posed to be agreeable to her, or the further ness. Thanking you, I remain,

Yours Truly, pleasure of her acquaintance by correspondence,



Reply with Conditions.

148 -- St., July 2, 18– Miss MYRA BRONSON :

Having greatly enjoyed our brief meeting at the residence of Mre. Powell, last Thursday evening, I venture to write to request permission to call on you at your own residence. Though myself almost entirely a stranger in the city, your father remembers, he told me the other evening, Mr. Williams of Syracuse, who is my uncle. Trusting that you will pardon this Uberty, and place me on your list of gentlemen acquaintance, I am,

Yours Viry Respectfully,


876 — St., April 4, 18, MR. STEVENSON,

Dear Sir: I shall be most happy to visit Barnum's Museum with you, but will prefer being one of a company in which yoursell is included, such also being the wish of my motber who sends her kind regards. A visit from you, at our house, next Tuesday evening, will enable us to decide upon the time of going.

Very Sincerely,


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we may be. I will let that thonght sustain me. In the meantime, from this moment, until your return, I will think of you, just once, --a long drawn out thought.

Yours Affectionately,


Love at First Sight,

96 — ST., June 1, 18DEAR Miss HAWLEY:

Yon will, I trust, forgive this abrupt and plainly spoken letter. Although I have been in your company but once, I cannot forbcar writing to you in defiance of ail rules of etiquette. Affection is sometimes of slow growth, but sometimes it springs up in a moment. I left you last night with my heart no longer my own. I cannot, of course, hope that I have criated any interest in you, but will you do me the great favor to allow me to cultivate your acquaint. ance! Hoping that you may regard me favorably, I shall await with much anxiety your reply. I remain,

Yours Devotedly,


Letter asking an Introduction through a Mutual Friend.

912 — St., April 2, 18. FRIEND HENRY:

I am very desirous of making the acquaintance of Miss Benjamin, with whom you are on terms of intimate friendship. Will you be so kind as to give me a letter of introduction to her? I am aware that it may be a delicate letter for you to write, but you will be free, of course, to make all needed explanations in your letter to her. I will send her your letter, instead of personally calling upon her myself, thus saving her from any embarrassment that may result from my so doing. By granting this favor, you will much'oblige, Yours Very Respectfully,


Unfavorable Reply

694 — ST., June 1, 18-, MR. GOODRICH,

Sir: Your note was a surprise to me, considering that we had never met until last evening, and that then our conversation had been only on common place subjects. Your conduct is indeed quite strange. You will please be so kind as to oblige me hy not repeating the request, allowing this note to close our correspondence.



• 117 -- St., Apr. 2, 18, FRIEND TYLER:

Enclosed, find the note you wish. As you will observe, I have acted upon your suggestion, of giving her suHcient explanation to justify my letter. Your desire to please the lady, coupled with your good judgment, will, I doubt not, make the matter agrutable.

Truly Yours,


Favorable Reply

694 -- St., June 1, 18–. MR. GOODRICH,

Dear Sir: Undoubtedly I ought to call you severely to account for your declaration of love at first sight, but I really cannot find it in my heart to do so, as I must confess, that, after our brief interview last evening, I have thought much more of you than I sbould have been willing to have acknowledged had you not come to the con. fession first. Seriously speaking, we know but very little of each other yet, and we must be very careful not to exchange our hearts in the dark. I shall be bappy to receive you here, as a friend, with a view to our further acquaintance. I remain, dear sir,


LETTER OF INTRODUCTION. DEAR Miss BENJAMIN: This will introduce to you, my friend, Wm. Tyler, who is very desirous of making your acquaintance, and having no other means of doing so, asks the favor of m., of writing this note of introduction, which he will send you, instead of calling himself, thus leaving you free, to grant him or not, an intervi, w. Mr. Tyler is a gentleman ( very highly respect, and whose acquaintance, I think, you would not have occasion to regret., you may not regard this a proper method of introduction, in which case, allow me to assure you, I will entertain the same respect for yourself, if you will frankly state so, though it would be gratifying to Mr. Tyler and myself to have it otherwise, With sincere, I am,

Very Respectfully,


A Lover's Good-bye before starting on a journey.

To the Father of the Lady.

104 --- St., May 10, 18. MY DARLING MINNIE:

I go west to-morrow on business, leaving my heart in your gentle keeping. You need be at no expense in placing a guard around it, for I assure you, that as surely as the needle points towards the pole, so surely my love is all yours. I shall go, dearest, by the first train, hoping thereby to return, just one train sooner, which means that not an hour, not a minute longer will I be absent from you, than is imperatively necessary. Like the angler, I shall “drop a line" frequently, and shall expect a very prompt response, letter for letter. No credit given in this case; business is business, I must have prompt returns. Ever Faithfully Yours,



I take this means of consulting you, on a subject, that deeply interests myself, while it indirectly concerns you; and I trust, that my presentation of the matter will meet with your approval.

For several months, your daughter, Mary, and myself, have been on Intimate terms of friendship, which bas ripened into affection, on my part, and I have reason to think, that my attentions are not indifferent to her. My business and prospects are such, that I flatter myself, I can provide for her future, with the same comfort that has surrounded her under the parental roof. Of my character and qualifications, I have nothing to say: I trust they are sufficiently known to you, to give confidence in the prospect of your child's happiness.

Believing that the parents bave such an interest in the welfare of the daughter, as makes it obligatory upon a lover to consult their desires, before taking her from their home, I am thus induced to request you to express your wishes upon this subject. I shall anxiously await your answer. Your very Obedient Servant,


184 --- St.


Reply to the Foregoing.

814 --- St., May 10, 18—. DEAR WINFIELD:

I have had my cry over your letter-a long hard cry. Of course, I know that does not help the matter any. I suppose you must go, but I shall be so lonely while you are gone. However, you promise that you will return, at the earliest moment, and that is one little ray of sunshine that lines the cloud. Shall we be enough happier after your return, to pay for this separation? Thinking that

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