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the end, the King was compelled to returne Battle of Ceireoc.

home without his purpose, and that with A.D. 1165. “ The King gathered another great losse of men and munition besides armie of chosen men through all his domi- his charges. Therefore in a great choler he nions, as England, Normandie, Anjow, Gas- caused the pledges eies, whom he had recoine and Gwyen, sending for succours from ceived long before that, to be put out: Flanders and Brytaine, and then returned which were Rees and Cadwalhon the sonnes towardes North Wales, minding utterlie to of Owen, and Cynwric and Meredyth the destroie all that had life in the land, and sonnes of Rees and other.”—Ibid. comming to Croes Oswalt, called Oswaldstree, incamped there. On the contrarie side, Prince Owen and his brother Cadwal- · Dogs know the Dog-killer. lader, with all the power of North Wales, “ It is a common experience that dogs and the Lord Rees with the power of South know the dog-killer; when as in times of Wales, and 0. Cyverl and the sonnes of infection some petty fellow is sent out to Madoc ap Meredyth with the power of kill dogs ; and that though they have Powys, and the two sonnes of Madoc ap never seene him before, yet they will all Ednerth with the people betwixt Wye and come forth and barke and flie at him.”— Seaverne, gathered themselves togither and LORD Bacon's Sylva Sylvarum. came to Corwen in Edeyrneon, purposing to defend their countrie. But the King understanding that they were so nigh, being

Ladies drawn by Cows. wonderfull desirous of battell, came to the

“ PIACENZA.-I observed in this town a river Ceireoc, and caused the woods to be hewen downe. Whereupon a number of the notable peece of thriftiness used by the genWelshmen understanding the passage, un

tlewomen, who make no scruple to be carried

to their country-houses near the town in knowing to their captaines, met with the King's ward, where were placed the piked coaches drawn by two cowes yoaked toge

ther. These will carry the Signora a pretty men of all the armie, and there began a hote skirmish, where diverse worthie men

round trot unto her villa; they afford her were slaine on either side ; but in the end bring her home again at night without

also a dish of their milk, and after collation the King wanne the passage, and came to the mountaine of Berwyn, where he laie in spending a penny."

The Voyage of Italy, by Rich. LASSELS, campe certaine daies, and so both the armies

Gent. who travelled through Italy stood in awe each of other; for the King

five times, as tutor to several of the kept the open plaines, and was affraid to be intrapped in straits; but the Welshmen

English nobility and gentry. Printed

at Paris, 1670. watched for the advantage of the place, and kept the King so straitlie, that neither forrage nor victuall might come to his camp, neither

Battle of Montargis. durst anie souldiour stir abroad : and to augment their miseries, there fell such raine " I saw but one extraordinery thing in that the King's men could scant stand upon the rest of the way to Lyons, an old intheir feete upon those slipperie hilles. In scription in letters of gold, upon a wooden

fabric, a mile before I came to Montargis, 1" Dost thou not remember, brother, importing, that the English being encamped How in that hot and unexpected charge On Keiriog's bank, we gave the enemy

here, had been forced to raise their siege Their welcoming."

before Montargis, by reason of great raynes Madoc in Wales, part i. ii.-J. W. W. and sudden inundations. Some of the

French historians will have it, that it was the C. de Dunois that forced the English

Cock-roaches exorcised. to raise the siege here; but I had rather “ We found millions of cock-roaches in believe publick inscriptions than private the bread room; it is necessary a man flattery, and it was more honourable for the should have seen them with his own eyes, English to be overcome by God than by to have an idea of the number of these inmen."-LASSELS.

sects. These pests had so much infested the ship, that the holy father, who officiated as

chaplain, was obliged to have recourse to Battle of Murat. Duke Charles the exorcisms more than once.” Journal of Warlike.

D. Francisco Antonio Maurelle, in the Fr. “Murat.— I was told here that the Duke La Princesa, 1781. In La PEROUSE. of Burgundy, seeing his army defeated, and himself environed on one side by the lake here, and on the other side by the enemies

Death of Bertrand of Clesquin. conquering army, chose rather to trust him- “ BERTRAND of Clesquin died at the siege self to the lake than to his enemies. Where- of the Castle of Rancon, near unto Puy in upon spurring his horse into the lake, one Auvergne; the besieged yielding afterof his pages, to save himself also, leaped up wards, were forced to carry the keies of the behind him as he took water. The Duke, castle upon the deceased body of the capout of fear, either perceived him not at tain.”—Montaigne, book i. ch. 3. first, or dissembled it till he came to the other side of the lake, which is two miles broad. The stout horse tugged through with them

Arabian Horses. both, and saved them both from drowning, but “ The Arabian horses are divided into not both from death; for the Duke, seeing

two great branches; the Kadischi, whose in what danger his page had put him, stabbed descent is unknown, and the Kochlani, of the page with his dagger. Poor Prince! whom a written genealogy has been kept thou mightest have given another offering for 2000 years. These last are reserved of thanksgiving to God for thy escape than for riding solely, they are highly esteemed this !"-Ibid.

and consequently very dear. They are said to derive their origin from King Solo

mon's studs. However this may be they Crowsdutiful Children.

are fit to bear the greatest fatigues, and “ In Exameron it is said that the mildnes

can pass whole days without food. They of the crow is wonderfull : for when the old

are also said to show uncommon courage crowes in age be both naked and bare of against an enemy. It is even asserted, that covering of fethers, then the young crowes when a horse of this race finds himself hide and cover them with their fethers, and

wounded and unable to bear his rider much gather meate and feed them. And some- longer, he retires from the fray, and contime when they waxe olde and feeble, then

veys him to a place of security. If the the young crowes underset them, and reare

rider falls upon the ground, his horse rethem up with their wings, and comfort them

mains beside him, and neighs till assistto use to fly, to bring the members that be

ance is brought. The Kochlani are neither diseased into state again."

large nor handsome but amazingly swift. From a book written by BARTHELMEW GLANTVILE, a Franciscan Frier, 1360. Trans- | This is quoted in the notes to Thulubalated by Stephan Batman, Professour in Di- “Lo! at his side a courser stood," &c. vinitie.

Sixth Book.-J. W. W.

The whole race is divided into several fa- | quent and of considerable bulk. In the milies, each of which has its proper name. most arid tracts, near the sea, the dews are Some of these have a higher reputation singularly copious. But notwithstanding than others on account of their more an- this humidity, the air is so pure that the incient and uncontaminated nobility.” habitants sleep in the open air."-Ibid.


The Samiel.

Arabian Birds, Beasts, and Plants.? “ The Samiel prevails only on the con

“ On the lofty hills of Arabia Petræa are fines of the great desert, where the agita- rock-goats. The plains are stocked with tion of the air forms a current for the va- gazelles, and this beautiful creature is so pours which are raised by the heat of the common that the Arabian poets draw from sun from that parched territory. The places it many of their allusions and similitudes. the most exposed to this destructive wind In the sandy tracks are numbers of those are the banks of the Euphrates, and some

little animals called jerboas, Pharaoh's rats, times the environs of Mecca, when the north whose flesh the Arabians eat without any wind blows from the desert. The effects dislike. of the Samiel are instant suffocation to “ In places where there was water, we every living creature that happens to be found a beautiful variety of the plover, and within the sphere of its activity, and imme- sometimes storks. The deserts are not diate putrefaction of the carcases of the without ostriches, which are called by the dead. The Arabians discern its approach inhabitants Thar Edsjammel, the camelby an unusual redness in the air, and they bird. A beautiful lapwing, called Hudhud, say that they feel a smell of sulphur as it is also common on the shores of the Persian passes. The only means by which any | Gulph. Some Arabians have been purperson can preserve himself from suffering suaded that the language of this bird may from the noxious blasts, is by throwing be understood, by a fabulous tradition. himself down with his face upon the earth, The vulture is very serviceable, clearing the till this whirlwind of poisonous exhalations earth of all carcases which corrupt very has blown over, which always moves at a rapidly in hot countries. He also destroys certain height in the atmosphere. Instinct the field-mice, which multiply so prodigieven teaches the brutes to incline their ously in some provinces, that were it not heads to the ground on these occasions." for this assistance, the peasant might cease NIEBUHR.

from the culture of the fields as absolutely vain. Their performance of these impor

tant services induced the ancient Egyptians Arabian Atmosphere.

to pay those birds divine honours; and “A CLEAR sky seldom obscured by clouds even at present it is held unlawful to kill renders storms very unfrequent in the plains. them in all the countries which they freThe air discharges its electric matter in quent. globes of fire, and by the phenomena The Samarman, or Samarmog, 4 is thought called shooting stars, which are not unfre

? The reader will find most of this imagery | This is the Shamyela, or wind of Syria, or

worked up in Thalaba.–J. W. W. Simoom. See notes on Thalaba

3“ And in modern Greek Erpyboráundos." « The blast of the desert came;

- PocockE. Prostrate in prayer, the pious family

• See notes to the third book of ThalabaFelt not the simoom pass."

“And yonder birds our welcome visitants," &c. Book second.-J. W. W.

J. W. W.

to be a native of Korasan, for it comes an- of flower, and berries which are eaten by nually into Arabia, in pursuit of the swarms children. The Merium Obesum, a sort of of locusts, of which it destroys incredible laurel-rose, is remarkable for a singular numbers. Mr. Forskal ranks it among the bulb, close to the earth, and of the size of thrushes, and calls it Turdus Seleucus. The a man's head, which forms all its trunk, services done by this bird in countries ex- and out of which the branches spring. posed to the ravages of those insects, have “ The sandy plains are almost destitute given rise to several ridiculous and super- of trees, only a few palms are scattered stitious practices in Syria. It is thought here and there. to be attracted from Korasan by water, “ The Indian fig-tree is very common. which is for this end brought from a dis- The tamarind is equally useful and agreetance with great ceremony, and preserved able. It has a pulp of a vineous taste, of in a stone reservoir on the top of the tower which a wholesome refreshing liquor is of a mosque. When this water fails, the prepared. Its shade shelters houses from inhabitants of Mosul are in despair. But the torrid heat of the sun, and its fine figure as this bird's instincts prompt it not only greatly adorns the scenery of the country. to feed on locusts, but to kill as many of The inhabitants are also fond of raising them as possible, it naturally follows these over their houses the shade of the Indian insects in the course of their passage. fig-tree.

The Achjal is famous for two beautiful “ The Elcaya and Keura are two trees feathers with which the Highlanders adorn famous for their perfume; the former is their bonnets, and to preserve which unin- common on the hills of Yemen, and the jured the bird it seems, leaves a hole in its women steep its fruit in water, which they nest.-Ibid.

use for washing and perfuming the head. the second bears some resemblance to the

palm, and produces flowers of a rich and “ Tue swarms of locusts darken the air, delicious smell. These flowers are sold at a and appear at a distance like clouds of high price, as the Keura is rather a scarce smoke; the noise they make in flying is plant. But one little knot, if preserved in frightful and stunning, like that of a water

a cool place, will long continue to diffuse fall.

its odours through a whole apartment. “ The Termite infests Arabia, it is there “ There are several trees or shrubs of called Arda.

the genus Mimosa. One of these trees “ In the sandy deserts grows a plant of droops its branches whenever any person a new genus named Moscharia by M. For approaches it, seeming as if it saluted those skal on account of its musky smell.”—Ibid. who retire under its shade. This mute hos

pitality has so endeared this tree to the

Arabians, that the injuring or cutting of “ CAYDBEJA, called by Sir C. Linnæus, it down is strictly prohibited. Another of Forskalea, in honour of Mr. F., grows in these, Mimosa Selam, produces splendid the driest places of the country. It has flowers, of a beautiful red colour, with which small feelers, with which it fixes itself so the Arabians crown their heads on the tenaciously upon stuffs and other smooth days of their festivity. The leaves of bodies that it is torn in pieces before it can another, Mimosa Orfæta, preserve camel's be removed. “ The Volutella is a very extraordinary

I“ That with such pride she tricked

Her glossy tresses, and on holy-day plant, being, properly a long slender thread,

Wreathed the red flower-crown round without root or leaves, which entwines it- Their waves of glossy jet ?” self about trees; it bears, however, a sort

Thalaba, Book third.-J. W. W.

milk from becoming sour, so that it retains

Exposure of Prince Edwin. all its sweetness for several days. “ The Indian fig tree grows to a great

A. D. 938. A certain court lord, enemy age, the new shoots from the branches of to Prince Edwin, the king's brother, acthe primary stem continuing to nourish the cused the young prince of being concerned top of the tree, even after the parent stock in Alfred's conspiracy. The king too reais entirely decayed.

dily gave ear to this accusation. He was “ Of pumpkins and melons several sorts easily induced to believe that a prince in grow naturally in the woods, and serve for

whose favour the conspiracy was formed, feeding camels. But the proper melons are

was not innocent. It may be too, he was planted in the fields, where a great variety

not sorry to find him guilty, as it him

gave of them is to be found, and in such abund

an opportunity to despatch him out of the ance, that the Arabians of all ranks use them, way. However, he would not put him to for some part of the year, as their principal death publicly, but ordered him to be exarticle of food. They afford a very agree- posed to the fury of the waves, in a vessel

without sails or rudder. The young prince able liquor. When the fruit is nearly ripe, a hole is pierced into the pulp; this hole is went on board, protesting his innocence; then stopped with wax," and the melon left but finding the king inexorable, he cast upon the stalk; within a few days the pulp himself headlong into the sea. His esquire, is, in consequence of this process, converted

who was put on board with him, remained, into a delicious liquor."—Ibid.

and was driven on shore at a place called Whitsand, on the coast of Picardy. Athelstan repented, and built Middleton, now

called Melton Abbey, in Dorsetshire." Black Stone of the Kaba.

RAPIN. - In the Kaba is the famous black stone, said to have been brought by the angel Gabriel in order to the construction of that edi

Arabian Hospitality. ✓fice. It was at first of a bright white co- " With the Arabs either a round skin" is

lour, so as even to dazzle the eyes at the laid on the ground for a small company, or distance of four days' journey ; but it wept large coarse woollen cloths for a great so long and so abundantly for the sins of number spread all over the room, and about mankind, that it became at length opaque, ten dishes repeated six or seven times over and at last absolutely black.”—Ibid. laid round at a great feast, and whole sheep

and lambs boiled and roasted in the middle.

When one company has done, another sits Well of Zemzem.

round, even to the meanest, till all is con

sumed. And an Arab prince will often “Hagar, when banished by her master, dine in the street before his door, and call set Ismael down while she should find some

to all that pass, even beggars, in the usual water to quench his thirst. Returning after expression, Bisimillah, that is in the name an unsuccessful search, she was surprised to

of God; who come and sit down, and when see a spring bursting up between the child's they have done, give their Hamdellilah, legs. That spring is the present well of Zemzem."-Ibid.

2 See Speed's remark, “ He built the two

monasteries of Midleton and Michelnesse, as for I “ Whither is gone the boy ?

the most part such seed-plots were ever sown in He had pierced the Melon's pulp,

the furrows of blood.” P. 340.-J. W. W. And closed with was the wound," &c. 3 “Before the tent they spread the skin,” &c. Thulabu, Second Book.-J. W. W.

İbid.-J. W. W.

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