Imágenes de páginas

in heaven : but since they chose to abide them that should throw themself into the upon the earth, she desired them to go to fire would have the glory to become a sun. Mictlanteuctli, god of hell, and ask of him Forthwith one of the men, more intrepid one of the bones of the men that had died; than the rest, called Nanahuaztin, threw to sprinkle this with their own blood, and himself into the flames and descended to from it they would have a man and a wo- hell. In the interval, while they all reman, who would afterwards multiply. At mained expecting the event, the heroes made the same time she warned them to be upon wagers with the quails, locusts, and other their guard against Mictlanteuctli, who after animals, about the place of the sky where giving the bone might suddenly repent. the sun would first appear; and the animals With these instructions from his mother, being mistaken in their conjectures, were imXolotl, one of the heroes, went to hell, and mediately sacrificed. At length the sun arose after obtaining what he sought, began to in that quarter which from that time forward run towards the upper surface of the earth, was called the Levant; but he had scarcely upon which Mictlanteuctli enraged, pur- risen above the horizon, when he stopped, sued him, and being unable to come up with which the heroes perceiving, sent to desire him, returned to hell. Xolotl in his pre- him to continue his course. The sun recipitate flight stumbled, and falling, broke plied, that he would not, until he should see the bone into unequal pieces. Gathering them all put to death. The heroes were no them up again, he continued his flight till less enraged than terrified by that answer ; he arrived at the place where his brothers upon which one of them named Citli, taking awaited him; when they put the fragments his bow and three arrows, shot one at the into a vessel, and sprinkled them with their sun; but the sun saved himself by stooping. blood, which they drew from different parts Citli aimed two other arrows, but in vain. of their bodies. Upon the fourth day they The sun, enraged, turned back the last arbeheld a boy, and continuing to sprinkle row, and fixed it in the forehead of Citli, with blood for three days more, a girl was who instantly expired. The rest, intimilikewise formed. They were both consigned dated by the fate of their brother, and unto the care of Xolotl, to be brought up, who able to cope with the sun, resolved to die fed them with the milk of the thistle. In by the hands of Xolotl ; who, after killing that way they believed the recovery of man- all his brothers, put an end to his own life. kind was effected at that time. Thence The heroes before they died left their cloaths took its rise, as they affirmed, the practice to their servants; and since the conquest of drawing blood from different parts of the of these countries by the Spaniards, certain body so common among these nations, and ancient garments have been found, which they believed the differences in the stature were preserved by the Indians with extraof men to have been occasioned by the in- ordinary veneration, under a belief that equality of the pieces of the bone.”

they had them by inheritance from those

ancient heroes. The men were afected “ TonATRICLI and Meztli, names of the with great melancholy upon losing their sun and moon, both deified by these nations. masters, but Tezcatlipoca commanded one They said, that after the recovery and mul- of them to go to the house of the sun, and tiplication of mankind, each of the above- from thence to bring music to celebrate his mentioned heroes or demigods had among festival; he told him that for his journey, the men his servants and adherents; and which was to be by sea, he would prepare that there being no sun, the one that had a bridge of whales and tortoises, and debeen having come to an end, the heroes sired him to sing always as he went a song assembled in Teotihuacan, around a great which

gave him. This, the fire, and said to the men, that the first of said, was the origin of the music and dancing with which they celebrated the festivals | massy gold. He had bracelets of gold upon of their gods. They ascribed the daily both his arms, an emerald in the navel, and sacrifice which they made of quails to the in his left hand a golden fan, set round with sun, to that which the heroes made of those beautiful feathers, and polished like a mirbirds; and the barbarous sacrifices of human ror, in which they imagined he saw every victims, so common afterwards in these thing that happened in the world. At other countries, they ascribed to the example of times, to denote his justice, they represented Xolotl with his brethren.

him sitting on a bench covered with a red They told a similar fable of the origin cloth, upon which were drawn the figures of the moon. Tezcociztecal, another of those of skulls and other bones of the dead : upon who assembled in Teotihuacan, following his left arm a shield with four arrows, and the example of Nanahuatzin, threw himself his right lifted in the attitude of throwing into the fire; but the flames being some- a spear; his body dyed black, and his head what less fierce, he turned out less bright, crowned with quail feathers.” and was transformed into the moon."

“ HuitziLOPOCHTLI, or Mexitli, was the “ TezcaTLIPOCA.—This was the greatest God of War; the deity the most honoured god adored in these countries, after the in- by the Mexicans, and their chief protector. visible God, or Supreme Being. His name Of this god some said he was a pure spirit, means Shining Mirror, from one that was others that he was born of a woman, but affixed to his image. He was the God of without the assistance of a man, and deProvidence, the soul of the world, the cre- scribed his birth in the following manner. ator of heaven and earth, and master of all There lived, said they, in Coatepec, a place things. They represented him always young, near to the ancient city of Tula, a woman to denote that no length of years ever dimi- called Coatlicue, mother of the Ceutzonnished his power. They believed that he huiznahuis, who was extremely devoted to rewarded with various benefits the just, the worship of the gods. One day as she and punished the wicked with diseases and was employed, according to her usual cusother afflictions. They placed stone seats tom, in walking in the temple, she beheld, in the corners of the streets, for that god to descending in the air, a ball made of various rest upon when he chose it, and upon which feathers. She seized it, and kept it in her no person was ever allowed to sit down. bosom, intending afterwards to employ the Some said that he had descended from hea- feathers in decoration of the altar; but ven by a rope made of spiders' webs, and when she wanted it after her walk was at had persecuted and driven from these coun- an end, she could not find it, at which she tries the grand priest of Tula Quetzalcoatl. was extremely surprised, and her wonder His principal image was of teotl, divine was very greatly increased when she began stone, which is a black shining stone, like to perceive from that moment that she was black marble, and was richly dressed. It pregnant. Her pregnancy advanced till it had golden ear-rings, and from the under was discovered by her children, who, allip hung a crystal tube, within which was a though they could not themselves suspect green feather, or a turquoise stone, which their mother's virtue, yet fearing the disat first sight appeared to be a gem. His grace she would suffer upon her delivery, hair was tied with a golden string, from determined to prevent it by putting her to the end of which hung an ear of the same death. They could not take their resolumetal, with the appearance of ascending tion so secretly as to conceal it from their smoke painted on it, by which they in- mother, who, while she was in deep afflictended to represent the prayers of the dis- tion at the thoughts of dying by her own tressed. The whole breast was covered with children, heard an unexpected voice issue

from her womb, saying, “Be not afraid, mo- animals, made of gold and precious stones, ther, for I shall save you, with the greatest which ornaments and insignia had each honour to yourself and glory to me.' Her their peculiar meaning. They never delihard-hearted sons, guided and encouraged berated upon making war without imploring by their sister Cojolxauhqui, who had been the protection of this god with prayers and the most keenly bent upon the deed, were sacrifices, and offered up a greater number now just upon the point of executing their of human victims to him than to any other purpose, when Huitzilopochtli was born with of the gods." a shield in his left hand, a spear in his right, and a crest of green feathers on his head; his left leg adorned with feathers, and his The Thirteen Rarities of Britain. face, arms, and thighs streaked with blue “ DYRnwyn, i. e. white handle, the sword lines. As soon as he came into the world, of Ryzerc the generous, which, when drawn he displayed a twisted pine, and commanded out of the sheath, would become a flame one of his soldiers called Tochancalqui, to from the handle to its point. fell with it Cojolxauhqui, as the one who “ Len Arthur, Arthur's veil, in Cornwall, had been the most guilty, and he himself whoever wore it would see every body, and attacked the rest with so much fury, that, nobody see him. in spite of their efforts, their arms or their “ The coat of Padarn, which would fit a intreaties, he killed them all, plundered noble, but one of mean birth it would not. their houses, and presented the spoils to his “ The mantle of Tegau would not fit an mother. Mankind were so terrified by this unchaste woman, nor cover her; but it event, that from that time they called him would cover a chaste one to the ground. Tetzahuitl, terror, and Tetzauhteotl, terri- “ The knife of Lawvrodez, which would ble god."

serve twenty-four persons round the diffe“ His statue was of gigantic size, in the rent tables. posture of a man seated on a blue coloured

“ The dish of Ryzerc the scholar, whatbench, from the four corners of which issued ever might be desired upon it would be four huge snakes. His forehead was blue, found ready dressed. but his face was covered with a golden mask, “ The chessboard of Gwenzolan, the tables while another of the same kind covered the of silver, and the men of gold, and they back of his head. Upon his head he carried would play of themselves when the dice a beautiful crest, shaped like the beak of a were thrown. bird ; upon his neck a collar, consisting of “ The whetstone of Tudeno, which would ten figures of the human heart; in his right sharpen the weapon of the brave, and blunt hand a large blue twisted club; in his left the coward's. a shield, on which appeared five balls of “ The horn of Brân, the liquor desired feathers, disposed in the form of a cross, would be found in it. and from the upper part of the shield rose “ The halter of Cludno, the horse that a golden flag with four arrows, which the should be desired would be found in it. Mexicans pretended to have been sent to “ The cauldron of Dyrnoc, in which the them from heaven to perform those glorious meat of a coward would never be done actions which we have seen in their history. enough, but that of the hero would be ready His body was girt with a large golden snake, instantly. and adorned with various lesser figures of The car of Morgan Mwynvawr, whoever

went in it would be instantly in whatever ?“ Mexitli, woman-born, who from the womb, Child of no mortal sire, leapt terrible,

place he desired. The armed avenger of his mother's fame."

“ The Barged (what is that?) of Gwyzno. Madoc in Aztlan, ix. p. 378.-J. W. W. If the provision of one person was put in it,


the provision of an hundred men would be most profound wisdom, which he displayed found therein when opened.

in the laws which he left to mankind; and Given me by William Owen.

above all, to have had the most rigid and

exemplary manners. Whenever he intend. The Deaf Serpent.

ed to promulgate a law in his kingdom, he

ordered a crier to the top of the mountain “A SERPENT, whiche that aspidis

Izatzitepec (the hill of shouting), near the Is cleped, of his kinde hath this,

city of Tula, whose voice was heard at the That he the stone noblest of all

distance of three hundred miles. In his The whiche that men carbuncle call, time, the corn grew so strong that a single Bereth in his heed above on high,

ear was a load for a man; gourds were as For whiche whan that a man by slight, long as a man's body: it was unnecessary The stone to wynne, and him to dante,

to die cotton, for it grew naturally of all ? With his carecte him wolde enchante.

colours, and all other fruits and seeds were Anone as he perceiveth that,

in the same abundance, and of extraordiHe leyth downe his one ear all plat nary size. Then, too, there was an increUnto the ground, and halt it fast;

dible number of beautiful and sweet-singing And eke that other eare als faste

birds. All his subjects were rich, and to He 'shoppeth with his taille so sore, sum up all in one word, the Mexicans imaThat he the wordes, lasse or more, gined as much happiness under the priestOf his enchantement ne hereth.

hood of Quetzalcoatl, as the Greeks did And in this wise himselfe he skiereth,

under the reign of Saturn, whom this MexiSo that he hath the wordes wayved, can god likewise resembled in the exile And thus his eare is nought deceived." which he suffered. Amidst all this prospe


rity, Tezcatlipoca, I know not for what reaDoes not "the deaf adder, that heareth

son, wishing to drive him from that counnot the voice of the charmer, charm he never

try, appeared to him in the form of an old so wisely," allude to some snake that cannot man, and told him that it was the will of be enticed by music, as they catch them in

the gods that he should be taken to the Egypt? and hence this ingenious mode of kingdom of Tlapalla. At the same time, he stopping his ears.-R. S.

offered him a beverage, which Quetzalcoatl readily accepted, in hopes of obtaining that

immortality after which he aspired. He had “ QUETZALCOATL. This was among the no sooner drank it, than he felt himself so Mexicans, and all the other nations of Ana- strongly inclined to go to Tlapalla, that he huac, the god of the air. He was said to set out immediately, accompanied by many have been once high priest of Tula. They of his subjects, who on the way entertained figured him tall, big, and of a fair com- him with music. Near the city of Quauhplexion, with an open forehead, large eyes, tillan, he felled a tree with stones, which long black hair, and a thick beard. From remained fixed in the trunk; and near Tlal. a love of decency, he wore always a long nepantla, he laid his hand upon a stone, and robe ; he was so rich that he had palaces left an impression, which the Mexicans shewof silver and precious stones; he was thought ed the Spaniards after the conquest. Upon to possess the greatest industry, and to have his arrival at Cholula, the citizens detained invented the art of melting metals and cut- him, and made him take upon him the goting gems. He was supposed to have had the vernment of their city. Besides the decency


Qy. stoppeth? (Quoted to Thalaba, ixth Book, p. 286.-J. W. W.]

Claudian in Ruf. p. 29. (This reference is to lib. i. v. 209, &c.-J. W. W.]

and sweetness of his manners, the aversion luca, whither they often went to implore his he shewed to all kinds of cruelty, insomuch protection. The ancients also believed that that he could not bear to hear the very in all the high mountains there resided other mention of war, added much to the affec- gods, subaltern to Tlaloc. They all went tion entertained for him by the inhabitants under the same name, and were revered not of Cholula. To him they said they owed only as gods of water, but also as the gods their knowledge of melting metals, their of mountains. The image of Tlaloc was laws by which they were ever afterwards painted blue and green, to express the difgoverned, the rites and ceremonies of their ferent colours that are observed in water. religion, and even, as some affirmed, the ar- He held in his hand a rod of gold, of an rangement of their seasons and calendar. undulated and pointed form, by which they

"After being twenty years in Cholula, he intended to denote the lightning. resolved to pursue his journey to the ima- “In the inner part of the greater temple ginary kingdom of Tlapalla, carrying along of Mexico, there was a particular place where with him four noble and virtuous youths. they supposed that on a certain day of the In the maritime province of Coatzacoalco, year all the children which had been sacrihe dismissed them, and desired them to as- ficed to Tlaloc, came, and invisibly assisted sure the Cholulans that he would return to at the ceremony." comfort and direct them. The Cholulans, out of respect to their beloved Quetzalcoatl, put the reins of government into the hands

Aiauh. of those young men. Some people said that he suddenly disappeared, others that he died “ Ajauh is one of the names of the water upon that coast; but however it might be, goddess, the companion of Tlaloc. The TlasQuetzalcoatl was consecrated as a god. Bar- calans called her Matlalcueje, that is, clothed ren women offered

their prayers

to him, in a green robe; and they gave the same in order to become fruitful.-Quetzalcoatl, name to the highest mountain of Tlascala, they said, cleared the way for the god of

on whose summit are formed those stormy water, because in these countries rain is ge- clouds which generally burst over the city nerally preceded by wind.”

of Angelopoli. To that summit the TlascaWhen Cortes came “ the shippes they lans ascended to perform their sacrifices, held opinion was the god of the ayre called and offer up


prayers." Quezalcoualt, whiche came with the temples on his backe, for they dayly looked for him.” -Conq. of the Weast India.

St. John. “ If it were worth while to unravel the

fable of the caldron of oil, perhaps it Tlaloc.1

might appear to be an African tale that “ TLALOC, otherwise Tlalocateuctli, mas- rose out of a confusion of the names of ter of paradise, was the god of water. They the island. The Phænicians, Syrians, and called him fertilizer of the earth, and pro- Jews used to call the island Batmos, which tector of their temporal goods. They be- signified turpentine, gum exuding from pines licved he resided upon the highest moun- and other trees, for which this and the other tains, where the clouds are generally formed, islands of the Cyclades were famous. The such as those of Tlaloc, Tlascala, and To- resinous juices called turpentines are ob

tained from some trees by incision, and reI For Tlaloc and Aiguh, see the xiith sec.

ceived into bats or vats, in trenches, and tion of Madoc in Aztlan, p. 385.-J. W.W. afterwards freed from their impurities by

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