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to be performed were blackened, to prevent bishop of Milan in persuading her to so their being perceived."Universal History. unequal a match. She declared she never

had resented the Duke's abstaining from

her bed, and she mentioned the great forPhilip Duke of Milan.

tune and acquisitions she had brought Phi

lip, concluding that she the less regretted “ PHILIP succeeded to the dukedom of her death, because she had preserved her Milan .... upon the murder of his brother innocence. Having finished the pathetic John Maria. He married Beatrix, widow declaration, Orombelli was put to death beof Facino. Philip, at this time, was scarcely fore her eyes, and she followed him with twenty years of age, and she was about the most heroic constancy. By the acthirty-eight, but possessed of all the re- counts of all historians she was a woman of mains of her husband's authority, as well as a very exalted character, and no reproach wealth. The disproportion there was be- remains upon her memory, but the inequatween their ages had disgusted Philip so lity of her match with Philip. The young much, that he had abstained from her bed. man was so perfectly conscious of his own It does not appear that the lady resented innocence, that he might have escaped when this provocation in any indecent, or indeed she was made prisoner, but instead of that passionate manner; and she had even sub- he came as usual to court, and declared he mitted to serve him in the most menial knew nothing of the matter, though his offices. Unfortunately for her, she enter- friends told him of his danger. Soon after tained as

an attendant one Orombelli, a the execution of the Duchess, the Duke young man accomplished in the arts of mu- brought to his court a young Milanese lady, sic, dancing, and the other embellishments whom he had ravished some time before." that are most acceptable at a court. Philip -Ibid. considering her life as an obstacle to his pleasure, accused her of criminal conversa

Murderers of Malcolm. tion with this youth ; and though nothing could be worse founded than the charge, the hands of robbers. In the churchyard

A. D. 94.“ Malcolm king of Scots died by certain enchanted utensils were pretended

of Glamis stands a carved stone, referring to be found under her bed. Upon this vil

to the circumstances of this assassination. lainous pretext the duchess was seized and

A centaur and a wolf denote the barbarity confined prisoner in the Castle of Binasco.

of the conspirators, while two fishes express The youth was imprisoned at the same

the fate of these murtherers. While they time; and, according to common report, both of them were put to the torture. What tried to escape, the snow misled them ; they ever might be in this, it is certain that he wandered to the lake of Forfar, the ice was tortured ; and unable to withstand the broke, and they all perished miserably. force of the pain, he confessed the crimi

Many antique weapons lately found in

draining that lake confirm this account, nality, for which both of them were condemned to death, after being confronted and near these there were found brass pots with each other. On this occasion the and pans, probably part of the plunder of Duchess shewed an invincible constancy.

Malcolm's palace.”—PENNANT. Andrews. She reproached Orombelli with his weakness, in yielding to tortures to confess a falsehood; and in the most solemn and af

The Form used at the Funeral of the Greek fecting manner she called God to witness

Emperors. for her innocency, only she implored his “ AFTER the body had lain in state, and pardon for having yielded to the Arch- | had received the salutes of the patricians,

the senators, and the great officers, the camp of King Henry III. in these parts Master of the Ceremonies cried aloud, ‘Be (Carnarvonshire), wrote home to his friends gone, O Emperor, the King of kings, the about the end of September, 1245, the naked Lord of lords demands you.' On which truth indeed, as followeth ; “We lie in our the attendants raised the body and carried tents watching, fasting, praying and freezit to the church of the Apostles, where the ing. We watch for fear of the Welshmen, High Chamberlain with his own hands put who are wont to invade us in the night; on its shroud, and lowered it into the im- we fast for want of meat, for the half-peny perial tomb."-CODINUs. Andrews.

loaf is worth five pence; we pray to God to send us home speedily; we freeze for

want of winter garments, having nothing St. Romuald.

but thin linen betwixt us and the wind." — “ 1006. St. Romuald founded the Ca

Ibid. maldules in Italy. He fled from Spain, because the Spaniards, to make sure of his

Temple of Quetzalcoatl. relics, were going to murder him."— St. Foix. Andrews.

“ The temple of Quetzalcoatl differed from the rest in form, it being round, the

others all quadrangular. The door of this Bloody Soil near Battle.

sanctuary was the mouth of an enormous “ Expect not here I should insert what serpent of stone, armed with fangs. Some William of Newbury writeth, that not far Spaniards, tempted by curiosity to go into from Battail Abby, in the place where so

that diabolical temple, afterwards confessed

the horror which they felt upon entering it.” great a slaughter of the Englishmen was made, after any shower, presently sweateth forth very fresh blood out of the earth, as if the evidence thereof did plainly declare

Mexican Funerals. the voice of blood there shed, and crieth

As soon as any person died, certain still from the earth unto the Lord."-Ful

masters of funeral ceremonies were called, who were generally men advanced in years.

They cut a number of pieces of paper, with St. Keyne's Well.?

which they dressed the dead body, and took “I know not whether it be worth the re- a glass of water with which they sprinkled porting, that there is in Cornwall, near the the head. They then drest it in a habit parish of St. Neots, a well arched over with suitable to the rank, the wealth, and the the robes of four kinds of trees, withy, oak, circumstances attending the death of the elm, and ash, dedicated to St. Keyne. The party. If the deceased had been a warrior, reported vertue of the water is this, that they clothed him in the habit of Huitzilowhether husband or wife come first to drink pochtli. thereof, they get the mastery thereby."- “ With the habit they gave the dead a Ibid.

jug of water, which was to serve on the

journey to the other world, and also at sucWars in Wales.

cessive different times, different pieces of “ I am much affected with the ingenuity paper, mentioning the use of each. On of an English nobleman, who following the consigning the first piece to the dead, they

said, “By means of this you

withSee the Ballad, p. 436.-J. W.W.


out danger, between the two mountains ? Ibid. p. 446.-J. W. W.

which fight against each other.' With the


second they said, 'By means of this you will walk without obstruction along the road

St. Michael's Chair.1 which is defended by the great serpent.' "A CONVENT of Gilbertine Cistertian nuns With the third, ‘ By this you will go se- stood on St. Michael's Mount. On one corcurely through the place where there is the

ner of the battlements of the tower above is crocodile Xochitonal. The fourth was a

a stone niche, called St. Michael's Chair, safe passport through the eight deserts ; | which gives all women that venture to sit the fifth through the eight hills; and the in it the superiority over their husbands." sixth was given in order to pass without -CAMDEN. hurt through the sharp wind; for they pretended that it was necessary to pass a place called Itzehecajan, where a wind blew so

Con, the son of the Sun. violently as to tear up rocks, and so sharp,

“Among the inhabitants of the New World that it cut like a knife; on which account

a common and generall received opinion was they burned all the habits which the de

embraced with them, that, at the beginning ceased had worn during life, their arms and of the world, from the Septentrionall, or some household goods, in order that the Northern parts, there came a man called heat of this fire might defend them from

Con or Conon, who had no bones in his the cold of that terrible wind. One of the whole body, and therefore went verie quicke chief and most ridiculous ceremonies at

and lightly, much shortening the wayes, funerals was the killing a techichi, a do- abasing the hills and mountaines, and raismestic quadruped, resembling a little dog, ing the lowe-layd vallies onelie with his to accompany the deceased in their journey word and will, and named himselfe to be the to the other world. They fixed a string

sonne of the sunne. about its neck, believing that necessary to “ This man filled the earth with men and

women, which he produced, giving unto huapan, or New Waters. They buried the

them divers fruites, and other things necestechichi, or burned it along with the body sary for humane life. But by a displeaof its master, according to the kind of

sure he received from them, hee converted death of which he died. While the masters

the earth, which hee before had freely given of the ceremonies were lighting up the fire them, into a drie and barren sand, and tooke in which the body was to be burned, the

away the raine also, that it should never other priests kept singing in a melancholy more showre downe, nor moisture any place. strain. After burning the body, they ga- Yet as pittying their misery, he left them thered the ashes in an earthen pot, amongst rivers only, to the end that they might conwhich, according to the circumstances of the

serve themselves, in watering the grounds deceased, they put a gem of more or less by theyr owne paine and labour. value, which they said would serve him in 10%. At length came one Pachamo, who was place of a heart in the other world. They likewise sonne both to the sunne and moone, buried this earthen pot in a deep ditch, and and, having expelled or banished Conon, fourscore days after made oblations of bread

converted those men into cattes, and afterand wine over it.

ward created other men. The people tooke “ They were firmly persuaded, that with

this man to be a god, and so he was geneout such a guide as the techichi, it would be rally reputed, untill the Christians came impossible to get through some dangerous into those countries, having erected a very ways which led to the other world."

good temple unto him, neare to Lima, it beeing the most renowned in all those lands :

" See the Ballad, p. 431.-J. W. W.

because of extraordinary devotion there | the testimony of the Koran.”—Eton's Surused, in regard of oracles and answeres vey of the Turkish Empire. which divells gave to priests and sacrificers there dwelling in divers places."— Trea

A Succubus. surie, &c.

“In Germanie,” said LUTHER,“ was hereHenry Holland.

tofore a noble familie, which were born of

a Succubus, and fell out thus : “Henry, Duke of Exeter, though he had

“A gentleman had a fair young wife married the sister of Edward IV. was re

which died, and was also buried. Not long duced to such want as to be seen begging after the gentleman and his servant lying his bread in rags and barefoot in Flanders. together in one chamber, his dead wite in After the battle of Barnet, where he fought the night time approached into the chamber, bravely against Edward IV. he was not to

and leaned herself upon the gentleman's be found till his body was cast upon the

bed, like as if shee had been desirous to coast of Kent, as if he had been shipwreckt." speak with him. The servant, seeing the -CAMDEN.

same two or three nights one after another,

asked his master whether he knew that Hankford's Oak.

every night a woman in white apparel came “ In Monkley Church, Devonshire, is a

unto his bed. The gentleman said, “ No:

I sleep soundly,' said he, . and see nothing.' monument for Sir William Hankford, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, of whom the

When night approached, the gentleman conDevonshire historians pretend that he was

sidering the same, laie waking in bed. Then the person who imprisoned Prince Henry, hard to his bed side. The gentleman de

the woman appeared unto him and came son of Henry IV. and that fearing his dis

manded who she was ? Shee answered, 'I pleasure when King, he retired to his seat here, and charging the keeper of his park and buried.' Shee said, " True; by reason

am your wife.” Hee said, “My wife is dead to kill any man in his night walk that would not tell hin who he was, he went into the

of your swearing and sins I died; but if you

would take mee again, and would also abpark under those circumstances, and was killed.

stain from swearing one particular oath, A tree near which this accident is said to have happened is still called Hank

which commonly you use, then would I bee ford's oak.”—Gough.

your wife again.' Hee said, I am content to perform what you desire.' Whereupon his dead wife remained with him, ruled his

hous, laie with him, ate and drank with him, Turkish Astronomy.

and had children together. Now it fell out, “ From the mufti to the peasant it is ge- that on a time the gentleman had guests, nerally believed that there are seven hea- and his wife after supper was to fetch out of vens, from which the earth is immoveably his chest som banquetting stuff : shee stay. suspended by a large chain; that the sun is ing somewhat long, her husband, forgetting an immense ball of fire, at least as big as a himself, was moved thereby to swear his whole Ottoman province, formed for the accustomed oath ; whereupon the woman sole purpose of giving light and heat to the vanished that instant. Now seeing shee reearth; that eclipses of the moon are occa- turned not again, they went up into the sioned by a great dragon attempting to de- chamber to see what was becom of her. vour that luminary; that the fixed stars There they found the gown which shee wore, hang by chains from the highest heaven. | half lying within the chest and half without. These absurdities are, in part, supported by But shee was never seen afterwards.

“ The Prince Elector of Saxon, John so would I venture homicidium thereon, Frederick, having received advertisement of and would throw it into the river Moldaw. this strange accident, sent thereupon pre- I admonished the people dwelling in that sently unto me," said Luther, “ to have my place devoutly to pray to God to take away opinion what I held of that woman and of the divel; the same was don accordingly, the children which were begotten and born and the second year after the changeling of these two persons : whereupon I wrote died."-Ibid. to his highness, that in my opinion neither that woman, nor those children were not “ IN Saxonia, near unto Halberstad, was right human creatures, but divels." - DR. a man that also had a Killcrop, who sucked Martin Luther's Divine Discourses at his the mother and five other women drie, and Table, fc. translated by Captain Henrie besides devoured very much. This man Bell. 1652.

was advised that hee should in his pilgrimage at Halberstad make a promise of the

Killcrop to the Virgin Marie, and should The Nix.

cause him there to be rockd. This advice “ The Divel casteth before the eies a the man followed, and carried the changeblaze or a mist, and so deceiveth people, ling thither in a basket; but going over a insomuch that one thinketh hee lieth by a river, being upon the bridge, another divel right woman, and yet is no such matter. that was below in the river called, and said But inasmuch as children or divels are con- Killcrop! Killcrop!' Then the childe in ceived in such sort, the same are very hor- the basket, which never before spake one rible and fearful examples in that Satan can word, answered 'Ho! ho!' The divel in plague and so torinent people as to beget the water asked further, “Whither art thou children. Like unto this is it also with that going !' the child in the basket said, 'I am which they call the Nix in the water, who going towards Halberstad to our loving modraweth people unto him, as maids and vir- | ther, to be rocked.' The man being niuch gins, of whom hee begetteth divels children." affrighted thereat, threw the childe with the -Ibid.

basket over the bridge into the water; whereupon the two divels flew away together, and

cried · Ho! ho! ha!' tumbling themselves Killcrops.

one over another, and so vanished. “The Divel can also steal children away, “Such changelings and Killcrops," said as sometimes children within the space of Luther, “supponit Satan in locum vero. six weeks after their birth are lost, and other rum filiorum ;' for the divel hath this power, children or changelings laid in their places. that hee changeth children, and in stead Of the Saxons they were called Killcrops. thereof laieth divels in the cradles, which

Eight years since,” said Luther, “ at prosper not, only they feed and suck : but Dessaw, I did see and touch such a changed such changelings live not above eighteen or child, which was twelve years of age, hee nineteen years. One of these more fowleth had his eies and all members like another itself in the excrements than ten other chilchilde. Hee did nothing but feed, and dren do, so that the parents are much therewould eat as much as two clowns or thresh- with disquieted, and the mothers in such sort ers were able to eat. When one touched are sucked out, that afterwards they are able it, then it cried out; when anie evil hap- to give suck no more. Such changelings," pened in the hous then it laughed and was said Luther, "are also baptized, in regard joiful; but when all went well, then it cried that they cannot bee known the first year, and was very sad. I told the Prince of but are known onely by sucking the mothers Anhalt, if I were Prince of that countrie, | drie.”

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