Imágenes de páginas

moderation of Abu Taleb eluded the vio spected the piety of the heroic youth ; but lence of religious faction; the most helpless some verses of Ali which are still extant, exor timid of the disciples retired to Æthiopia, hibit an interesting picture of his anxiety, and the prophet withdrew himself to various his tenderness, and his religious confidence. places of strength in the town and country. Three days Mahomet and his companion were As he was still supported by bis family, the concealed in the cave of Thor, at the disrest of the tribe of Koreish engaged them- | tance of a league from Mecca; and in the selves to renounce all intercourse with the | close of each evening, they received from the children of Hashem, neither to buy nor sell, son and daughter of Abubeker a secret supneither to marry nor to give in marriage, ply of intelligence and food. The diligence but to pursue them with implacable enmity, of the Koreish explored every haunt in the till they should deliver the person of Ma- neighbourhood of the city; they arrived at homet to the justice of the gods. The de- the entrance of the cavern, but the provicree was suspended in the Caaba before the dential deceit of a spider's web and a pieyes of the nation ; the messengers of the geon's nest is supposed to convince them Koreish pursued the Musulman exiles in the that the place was solitary and inviolate. heart of Africa : they besieged the prophet | We are only two,' said the trembling Abuand his most faithful followers, intercepted | beker.' There is a third,' replied the protheir water, and inflamed their mutual ani- phet, “it is God himself.' mosity by the retaliation of injuries and in- “ No sooner was the pursuit abated, than sults. A doubtful truce restored the appear- | the two fugitives issued from the rock, and ances of concord; till the death of Abu Ta mounted their camels ; on the road to Meleb abandoned Mahomet to the power of his dina they were overtaken by the emissaries enemies, at the moment when he was de- of the Koreish; they redeemed themselves prived of his domestic comforts by the loss with prayers and promises from their hands; of his faithful and generous Cadijah. in this eventful moment, the lance of an

“Abu Sophian, the chief of the branch | Arab might have changed the history of the of Ommiyah, succeeded to the principality world.”—GIBBON. of the republic of Mecca. A zealous votary of the idols, a mortal foe of the line of Hashem, he convened an assembly of the Koreishites and their allies, to decide the fate

Arrival at Medina. of the apostle. His imprisonment might pro “ MEDINA, or the city known under the voke the despair of his enthusiasm ; and the name of Yathreb, before it was sanctified exile of an eloquent and popular fanatic by the throne of the Prophet, was divided would diffuse the mischief through the pro- between the tribes of the Charegites and vinces of Arabia. His death was resolved; the Awsites, whose hereditary feud was reand they agreed that a sword from each tribe kindled by the slightest provocations : two should be buried in his heart, to divide the colonies of Jews, who boasted a sacerdotal guilt of his blood and baffle the vengeance race, were their humble allies, and without of the Hashemites. An angel or a spy re- converting the Arabs, they introduced the vealed their conspiracy, and flight was the taste of science and religion, which distinonly resource of Mahomet. At the dead of guished Medina as the City of the Book. night, accompanied by his friend Abubeker, Some of her noblest citizens, in a pilgrimage he silently escaped from his house: the as, to the Caaba, were converted by the preachsassins watched at the door, but they were ing of Mahomet; on their return they difdeceived by the figure of Ali, who reposed fused the belief of God and his Prophet, and on the bed, and was covered with the green the new alliance was ratified by their depuvestment of the apostle. The Koreish re- / ties in two secret and nocturnal interviews on a hill in the suburbs of Mecca. In the equal, though various merit of the Moslems first, ten Charegites and two Awsites united was distinguished by the names of Mohain faith and love, protested in the name of gerians and Ansars, the fugitives of Mecca their wives, their children, and their absent and the auxiliaries of Medina. To eradibrethren, that they would for ever profess cate the seeds of jealousy Mahomet judi. the creed and observe the precepts of the ciously coupled his principal followers with Koran. The second was a political associa- the rights and obligations of brethren, and tion, the first vital spark of the empire of when Ali found himself without a peer, the the Saracens. Seventy-three men and two prophet tenderly declared that he would be women of Medina held a solemn conference the companion and brother of the noble with Mahomet, his kinsmen, and his disci- youth. The expedient was crowned with ples; and pledged themselves to each other success; the holy fraternity was respected by a mutual oath of fidelity. They pro- | in peace and war; and the two parties vied mised in the name of the city, that if he with each other in a generous emulation of should be banished, they would receive him courage and fidelity. Once only the conas a confederate, obey him as a leader, and cord was slightly ruffled by an accidental defend him to the last extremity, like their quarrel ; a patriot of Medina arraigned the wives and children. “But if you are re- | insolence of the strangers, but the hint of called by your country,' they asked with their expulsion was heard with abhorrence, a flattering anxiety, will you not abandon and his own son most eagerly offered to lay your new allies ?' 'All things,' replied Ma- at the Apostle's feet the head of his father." homet with a smile, . are now common be -GIBBON. tween us; your blood is as my blood, your ruin as my ruin. We are bound to each

Nile. other by the ties of honour and interest. I am your friend, and the enemy of your foes.'

" Le Nil-tantot fleuve tranquille, il suit • But if we are killed in your service, what,' lentement le cours que la nature et l'art exclaimed the deputies of Medina, will be lui ont tracé ; tantot torrent impétueux, our reward ?' 'PARADISE,' replied the Pro- rougi des sables de l'Ethiopie, il se gonfle, phet. "Stretch forth thy hand.' He stretched | franchit ses bords, domine sur les campagnes, it forth, and they reiterated the oath of alle- | et couvre de ses flots un espace de deux giance and fidelity. Their treaty was rati-cents lieues."—Savary. fied by the people, who unanimously embraced the profession of Islam; they rejoiced in the exile of the Apostle, but they trembled for his safety, and impatiently ex

Lotus. pected his arrival. After a perilous and “LE Lotus est une nymphée particulière rapid journey along the sea-coast, he halted à l'Egypte, qui croît dans les ruisseaux et at Koba, two miles from the city, and made au bord des lacs. Il y en a de deux espèhis public entry into Medina, sixteen days ces, l'une à fleur blanche, et l'autre à fleur after his flight from Mecca. Five hundred bleuâtre. Le calice du lotus s'épanouit of the citizens advanced to meet him : he comme celui d'une large tulippe, et répand was hailed with acclamations of loyalty and une odeur suave, approchante de celle du devotion. Mahomet was mounted on a she lis. La première espèce produit une racamel, an umbrella shaded his head, and a cine ronde, semblable à une pomme de terre. turban was unfurled before him to supply the deficiency of a standard. His bravest

i The reader is referred to R. DUPPA's Illusdisciples, who had been scattered by the trations of the Lotus of the Ancients, and Tamara storm, assembled round his person; and the of India.–J. W. W.

Les habitans des bords du lac Menzale s'en et salutaire ; des cassiers, dont les branches nourrissent. Les ruisseaux des environs flexibles se parent de fleurs jaunes, et porde Damiette sont couverts de cette fleur tent une silique connue dans la médecine; majestueuse, qui s'élève d'environ deux des orangers, des citronniers que le ciseau pieds au-dessus des eaux. Le lotus ne se n'a point mutilés, et qui étendant leurs ratrouve point sur les grands canaux du Nil, meaux parfumés forment des voûtes impémais dans les ruisseaux qui traversent l'in nétrable aux rayons du soleil : voilà les térieur des terres.”—Ibid.

principaux arbres que l'on rencontre dans le Delta. L'hiver ne les dépouille point de leurs feuilles. Ils sont parés toute l'année

comme aux jours du printemps."—Ibid. Palm. “ Le superbe dattier dont la tête flexible se penche mollement comme celle d'une

Women Swimming belle qui s'endort, est couronné de ses grappes pendantes."— Dafard el Hadad. SA

"Les filles descendent du village pour

laver leur linge et puiser de l'eau. Toutes VARY,

font leur toilette. Leurs cruches et leurs

vêtemens sont sur le rivage. Elles se frotSycamore Fig-tree of Egypt.? tent le corps avec le limon du Nil, s'y pré" Le sycomore d'Egypte produit une fi- cipitent et se jouent parmi les ondes. Plugue qui croit sur le tronc de l'arbre, et non sieurs sont venues à la nage autour de notre à l'extrémité des rameaux. On la mange, bateau en nous criant ia sidi at maïdi. mais elle est un peu sèche. Cet arbre de Seigneur, donne-moi un medin. Elles navient fort gros et très touffu. Rarement il gent avec beaucoup de grace. Leurs ches'élève droit. Ordinairement il se courbe veux tressés flottent sur leurs épaules. et devient tortueux. Ses branches s'étend Elles ont la peau fort brune, le teint hâlé, ant horizontalement et fort loin donnent un mais la plupart sont très-bien faites. La bel ombrage. Sa feuille est découpée, et facilité avec laquelle elles se soutiennent son bois imprégné d'un suc amer n'est point contre la rapidité du courant, fait voir comsujet à la piqûre des insectes. Le syco

bien l'exercice donne de force et de soumore vit plusieurs siècles."-SAVARY. plesse aux personnes les plus délicates."-S.

He speaks of it as growing with palm trees on the sides of the Nile.


“Le bamier est une plante qui produit Delta Scenery.

une gousse pyramidale, à plusieurs loges, “UNE surface immense, sans montagne,

couleur de citron, et remplie de grains sans colline, coupée de canaux innombrables

musqués. Cuite avec de la viande, cette

gousse offre une nourriture saine et d'un et couverte de moissons; des sycomores touffus dont le bois indestructible protège

goût très-agréables. Les Egyptiens en font la cabane de terre où le laboureur se retire

grand usage dans leurs ragoûts." l'hiver, car l'été il dort sous l'ombrage ; des dattiers rassemblés en forêt, ou épars dans

Indian Millet. la plaine, couronnés au sommet de grappes énormes dont le fruit offre un aliment sucré

“ Le dourra ou millet d'Inde, est une

plante élevée à feuille de roseau. Il porte See Kitto's Cyclopædia of Biblical Litera une panicule qui renferme beaucoup de ture, in v. Shikmoth.-J. W. W.

| grains dont les laboureurs font du pain."

| mia sur le bord de la fosse où ses neveux Islets of the Nile.

| avoient été jettés après la défaite de Beder. “Nous voguons entre des iles dont l' “ N'ai-je pas assez pleuré sur les nobles herbe est très-haute, et où l'on mène paître fils des Princes de la Mecque ! les buffles. Un berger assis sur le cou “A la vue de leurs os brisés, semblable du premier de la troupe, descend dans le à la tourterelle cachée dans la forêt profleuve, fait claquer son fouet, et dirige la fonde, j'ai rempli l'air de mes gémissemens. marche, tout le troupeau suit à la file, et “ Mères infortunées, le front prosterné nage en meuglant vers le lieu du pâturage. contre terre mélez vos soupirs à mes pleurs. Ils vomissent l'onde de leurs larges na Et vous, femmes qui suivez les convois, seaux. Ces animaux vivent dans le Nil chantez des hymnes funèbres entrecoupés de pendant les chaleurs. Ils s'y plongent longs sanglots. Que sont devenus à Beder, jusqu'aux épaules, et paissent l'herbe tendre les princes du peuple, les chefs des tribus ? le long de ses bords. Les femelles donnent | “Le vieux et le jeune guerrier y sont en abondance un lait gras, avec lequel on couchés nuds et sans vie. fait d'excellent beurre."

“ Combien la Mecque aura changé de face!

“ Ces plaines désolées, ces déserts sauEgyptian Groves.

vages, semblent eux-mêmes partager ma “Les environs de Hellé offrent de spa

douleur."-SAVARY. cieux enclos, où les orangers, les citronniers, les grenadiers plantés sans ordre, croissent fort hauts et fort touffus. Leurs branches

The Custom of Florida. entrelacées forment de riants berceaux, au The first-born male is sacrificed there. dessus desquels les sycomores et les pal

An European is settled and married miers élèvent leur feuillage d'un verd foncé. among the Floridans; his child is to be saDes ruisseaux y coulent parmi des touffes crificed. There may be a struggle between de basilic et de rosiers. Je ne puis vous superstition and maternal love in his wife. exprimer combien il est doux. Lorsque le They escape together. Will this make a ciel est embrâsé des feux de la canicule, de play ? respirer un air frais sous ces ombrages enchantés. C'est une volupté qui se sent mieux qu'on ne peut la décrire. L'odeur

Edwy. de la fleur d'orange mêlée aux suaves éma-| Elgiva's sufferings. Dunstan and Priest nations des plantes balsamiques, réveille villainy. Here also the after-story is the doucement les sens engourdis par la cha- | best. leur, et fait couler dans l'âme les plus agréables sensations.

Tue Conquest of Lisbon.

The Battle of Aljubarrota. woman

Edmund Ironside. Dirge of Ommia. " Les Moals sont des chants élégiaques, où l'on pleure la mort d'un héros, ou les

The Destruction of the Dom Danael." malheurs de l'amour. Abulfeda nous a

Thamama, the child whose mother peconservé la fin d'un Moal chanté par Om- rishes with the Adite in the garden of Irem, is destined to destroy this nursery of evil thus.—He is told to ask his reward, and exmagicians under the roots of the sea. The presses resignation to the will of God, whose scene he there witnessed is well calculated | will is right. Then the Sansar, the icy to produce a complete self devotement to wind of Death pervades him, and he is the service of God.

1" Le basilic en Egypte croit trois fois aussi ! This is the original sketch of the poem. haut qu'en France, et forme des touffes agré. For particulars the reader is referred to the ables odoriférantes."

| Preface of the collected Edition, Dom, or Don. let him reach the sea, and the vessel carry daniel, is mentioned in the continuation of the Arabian Tales as a seminary for evil magicians,

welcomed in Paradise by Oneiza's houri Cannot the Dom Danael be made to form. allegorize those systems that make the The seal of Solomon and the buckler of misery of mankind ?

Ben Giaour would be useful, but they have Previous to the great work, Thamama been made so trite. There will be much to goes to the Simorg to learn his wisdom, and avoid in this poem. Magnitude has been to Babel, where Hârut and Mârut suffer often mistaken for sublimity; and it will unseen.

not be easy to find a new way of destroying It would be well to make Thamama's an enchanter's den. Perhaps the knowmost painful obstacles arise from those do- ledge of the ineffable name will be the best mestic feelings which in another would be talisinan. virtue.

Here the incident may be introduced of He may destroy the palace of Aloadin. | one about to commit a midnight murder,

Cannot the Province of Darkness be in- when a sudden light falls upon him. Will troduced here ? and the situation of the ten it not be best to make this happen to Thatribes ?

mama, when about to assassinate one of The simplicity of Arabian manners will those whom it is his mission to destroy ? contrast well with the magnificent ma- | Let it be Aloadin. chinery. We may also go to Persia, for The perpetual wind which rushing out of the voluptuousness of nature.

a cavern renders it unenterable, may guard Wealth, Power, and Priestcraft form the the entrance to the Domdanyel. Trinity of Evil. Old Simorg-Anka gives The account of Port des Français in Pehim the philosophy of history.

| rouse's Voyage is a sublime picture, vol. 3, Perhaps the death of Thamama should p. 254. Thamama may either find the deconclude the poem, as the only adequate scent from such a place; or it will be better reward. Besides, he must sacrifice so much to bring him there after he has lost Oneiza, as to make it the only desirable one. and let him thence depart with some strange

Now I can see a little way. Book 1. boatman, or without a boatman. Almost, I The garden of Irem, and preparing his young think, Cadman's ship might come for him. mind. 2. An old Arab finds the lonely He shall go without a talisman, and Hâboy. His life, and growing love. He is rut and Marut may tell him that the just summoned to his destination, first to the man needs none. From them he falls in mountains of Kâf, where the Simorg exists, with Aloadin, book 5. There let him find then to Hârut and Mârut.

Oneiza, and dwell with her in the delightAloadin must be connected with the evil ful realm of Cashmeer, forgetful of his call. magicians : one who by voluptuous indul- | The Sultan hears of her beauty, and sends gences trains up devoted slaves. This is for her; this will partake of the evils to be plain enough.

destroyed. He resists the messengers. Oneiza, after he has left her on his mis- | Oneiza, in endeavouring to save him, is morsion, is thrown in his way by the Magicians. tally wounded, and he led away prisoner. She must die. Then will the conclusion be A horde of Tartars may deliver him, and

from them he reaches the bay: or better,

him to that desolate haven. This should under the roots of the sea.-J. W.W. | end the 8th book.

« AnteriorContinuar »