Imágenes de páginas

“ ENTREPRENDRE un projet sans peser les of the enemy beyond the Meander, which hazards,

slew all those who appeared before them, D'un vulgaire génie annonce l'imprudence ; his ardour abated, and he sought a place Craindre des maux prévus est manquer de where he might pass the stream with less constance."

Ibid. danger. Finding none fordable, he placed

himself in his buckler, as in a boat, making “ SOUDAIN les cheveux blancs du vieillard use of his sword for a rudder, and holding qu'elle suit,

the bridle of his horse, who swam behind, Brillent, comme un phosphore au milieu de gained the other side of the river.”—Unila nuit."

Ibid. versal History

pour cinier

“ Tes montagnards fougeux, leur casque où

[Night in Egypt.] Des Vautours enchainés rendent un cri ter

“ La nuit avoit abaisse ses ombres sur rible, Troublent de l'Espagnol le

la terre; mais ici elles ne sont point épaisses, courage invin

impénétrables. C'est un voile transparent cible."


qui ne couvre les objets qu'à moitié. On

apperçoit à travers, l'azur d'un ciel serein "O! QUID solutis est beatius curis

et un nombre infini d'étoiles qui brillent au Cum mens onus reponit, ac peregrino

firmament. Elles ont une lumière plus éclaLabore fessi, venimus larem ad nostrum tante, et paroissent plus grandes que dans Desideratoq; acquiescimus lecto!”

les climats tempérés. La nuit en Egypte a CATUL. mille charmes que nous éprouvo

vons rarement This motto might serve for another Hymn

en Europe. Jamais d'épaisses ténébres ne to the Penates.

couvrent son front. Le souffle des tempêtes n'en trouble point la tranquillité. Des déluges d'eau ne la rendent point l'image

du chaos. Le vent tombe ordinairement " El fulminante acero resplandece,

avec le soleil. La nature demeure dans un Que trino el fuerte braço al pecho aplica, calme parfait

. C'est alors que l'homme qui Qual lengua de serpiente, que parece, Que el movimiento en tres la multiplica." trouble a l'étude de son être ; c'est alors

aime la contemplation, peut se livrer sans EL MACABEO.

que l'astronome qui lit dans les cieux, jouissant de la vue d'un firmament sans nuages,

peut suivre le cours des astres à travers [Novel way of crossing a River.] l'immensité de l'espace.”—SAVARY. “ The Turks having been attacked in a place where they were much exposed, Atapakus charged the Romans at the head of

[Sherbet.] his bravest soldiers, to give the others time

“ SORBET vient du mot Arabe chorbé, qui to cross the river. He gave eminent proofs signifie breuvage. C'est le nectar des Orienfor a while of his courage and conduct: but

taux. Il est composé de jus de citron, de when he saw that there was another army

sucre et d'eau, dans laquelle on a fait dis

soudre des pâtes parfumées, composées avec | The portion of Ideas and Studies furnished les excellens fruits de Damas. On y mêle me by Mrs. Southey ends with this extract. The date of the volume is August 10, 1798, but

ordinairement quelques gouttes d'eau rose. many extracts of more recent date are inter.

Cette boisson est tres agréable." spersed.-J. W.W.

could appear on horseback in the field. In [Produce of the Desert.]

the fertile and famous vale of Beder, three “ Cette étendue ne présente aux regards stations from Medina, he was informed by qu'un sable sterile. On rencontre seulement his scouts of the caravan that approached dans les enfoncements des rochers, et sur le on one side, of the Koreish, 100 horse 850 bord des torrens d'hiver, un peu de verdure, foot, who advanced on the other. After a des acacias qui produisent la gomme ara

short debate, he sacrificed the prospect of bique, le sémé, du bois de scorpion, dont la wealth to the pursuit of glory and revenge ; racine tortueuse est renommée contre la and a slight intrenchment was formed to piqûure de cet insecte, et quelques autres cover his troops and a stream of fresh water plantes. Les autruches, les chamois, les that glided through the valley. “O God,' gazelles et les tigres, qui leur font une he exclaimed, as the numbers of the Koreish guerre continuelle, habitent les antres des descended from the hills, “ O God, if these rochers et bondissent à travers ces sables, are destroyed, by whom wilt thou be wor. où ils trouvent à peine quelques brins shipped on the earth ?—Courage, my chil. d'herbe. On y rencontre des cailloux de dren, close your ranks ; discharge your diverses couleurs, rouges, gris, noirs, bleus, arrows, and the day is your own.' At these et tous d'un grain extrêmement fin ; leur words he placed himself, with Abubeker, surface exposée a l'air est ondée et rabo- on a throne or pulpit, and instantly deteuse : celle qui repose sur le sable est polie manded the succour of Gabriel and 3000 et brillante."

angels. His eye was fixed on the field of battle ; the Mussulmans fainted and were pressed : in that decisive moment the Pro

phet started from his throne, mounted his [The Flight of Mahomet.]

horse, and cast a handful of sand into the “ PERHAPS the Koreish would have been air ; 'Let their faces be covered with concontent with the flight of Mahomet, had fusion. Both armies heard the thunder of they not been provoked and alarmed by the his voice; their fancy beheld the angelic vengeance of an enemy, who could intercept warriors; the Koreish trembled and fled; their Syrian trade as it passed and repassed seventy of the bravest were slain, and seventy through the territory of Medina. Abu So- captives adorned the first victory of the phian himself, with only thirty or forty fol- faithful. The dead bodies of the Koreish lowers, conducted a wealthy caravan of were despoiled and insulted ; two of the 1000 camels: the fortune or dexterity of most obnoxious prisoners were punished his march escaped the vigilance of Maho- with death, and the ransom of the others, met; but the chief of the Koreish was in- 4000 drams of silver, compensated in some formed that the holy robbers were placed in degree the escape of the caravan. But it ambush to wait his return. He dispatched was in vain that the camels of Abu Sophian a messenger to his brethren of Mecca, and explored a new road through the desert they were roused by the fear of losing their and along the Euphrates ; they were overmerchandize and their provisions, unless taken by the diligence of the Mussulmans, they hastened to his relief with the military and wealthy must have been the prize, if force of the city. The sacred band of Ma- 20,000 drams could be set apart for the homet was formed of 313 Moslems, of whoin fifth of the Apostle.”—GIBBON. seventy-seven were fugitives

, and the rest In the stony province the camels were auxiliaries : they mounted by turns a train numerous, but the horse appears to have of seventy camels (the camels of Yathreb been less common than in the Happy or the were formidable in war): but such was the Desert Arabia. poverty of his first disciples that only two

[Second Fight of the Koreish.]

Marathon. “ The resentment of the public and pri- “ In these plains the neighings of horses vate loss stimulated Abu Sophian to collect are heard every night, and men are seen a body of 3000 men, 700 of whom were fighting; and those who purposely come as armed with cuirasses and 200 were mounted hearers or spectators into these plains suffer on horseback : 3000 camels attended his for their curiosity ; but such as are accimarch, and his wife Ilenda, with fifteen dentally witnesses of these prodigies are not matrons of Mecca, incessantly sounded their injured by the anger of the dæmons.” timbrels to animate the troops, and to mag- PAUSANIAS. nify the greatness of Hobal, the most popular deity of the Caaba. The standard of God and Mahomet was upheld by 950 be

[Ebony.'] lievers; the disproportion of numbers was “ I have heard from a certain Cyprian not more alarming than in the field of Be- | botanist, that the ebony does not produce der, and their presumption of victory pre- either leaves or fruit, and that it is never vailed against the divine and human sense seen exposed to the sun; that its roots are of the apostle. The second battle was

indeed under the earth, which the Æthiofought on Mount Ohud, six miles to the pians diy out, and that there are men among north of Medina ; the Koreish advanced in them skilled in finding the place of its conthe form of a crescent, and the right wing cealment.”—Ibid. of cavalry was led by Caled, the fiercest and most successful of the Arabian warriors. The troops of Mahomet were skilfully posted [Perversion of Etymology by the Meccans.] on the declivity of the hill ; and their rear

" Tue idolatrous Meccans deduced the was guarded by a ment of fifty arch

The weight of their charge impelled names of their idols from those of the true and broke the centre of the idolaters, but God; deriving, for example, Allât from in the pursuit they lost the advantage of Alla ; al Uzza from al Aziz, the mighty ; their ground, the archers deserted their and Manat from al Mannan, the bountiful.' station, the Mussulmans were tempted by -SALE. the spoil, disobeyed their general and disordered their ranks. The intrepid Caled

[Dew Water of Ferrea.] wheeling his cavalry on their flank and rear, exclaimed with a loud voice, that Ma- “Of these Islands (the Canaries) the last homet was slain. He was indeed wounded is called Ferrea, in which there is no other in the face with a javelin, two of his teeth water that may be drunke, but onely that were shattered with a stone; yet in the is gathered of the deawe, which continually midst of tumult and dismay, he reproached distilleth from one onely tree, growing on the infidels with the murder of a prophet, the highest banke of the iland, and falling and blessed the friendly hand that staunched into a rounde trench made with man's his blood and conveyed him to a place of hand.”—Peter Martyr. safety. Seventy martyrs died for the sins of the people : 'they fell,' said the apostle, " This is used up on the lines in Thalaba : • in pairs, each brother embracing his life- “ The Ethiop, keen of scent, less companion. Their bodies were man

Detects the ebony, gled by the inhuman females of Mecca, and

That deep inearth'd and hating light,

A leafless tree and barren of all fruit, the wife of Abu Sophian tasted the entrails With darkness feeds its boughs of ravin grain." of Hemza, the uncle of Mahomet.”—Ibid. First Book, 22. Poems, p. 217.-J. W. W.



by the winds, came at length to Temessa [Human Faggots.]

with his ships. Here one of his associates “ In Guadaloupe. — Entering into their having ravished a virgin, in consequence of inner lodgings, they found faggottes of the being heated with wine, he was stoned to bones of mens armes and le ryes, which they death by the inhabitants for the action. reserve to make heades for their arrowes, But Ulysses, who considered his death as because they lack iron.”—P. Martyr. of no consequence, immediately set sail and

left the place. The dæmon, however, of

the murdered man did not at any time [Death of Timanthes.]

cease from cutting off the inhabitants of “Tue statue of the Cleonæan Timanthes, ordered them to propitiate the slain hero,

Temessa of every age, till the Pythian deity who contended with men in the Pancratium, to consecrate a temple to him, and devote and was victorious, was made by the Athe

to him every year the most beautiful virgin nian Myron. They report that Timanthes

in Temessa, When all this was performed died in the following manner: after he had agreeable to the mandate of the god, they withdrawn himself from athletic exercises,

were no longer afflicted through the wrath on account of his age, he used every day to

of the dæmon. But Euthymus, who hapbend a large bow, for the purpose of making

pened to arrive at Temessa at the time in trial of his strength. Happening, however, which they sacrificed after the usual manner to take a journey, he omitted this exercise

to the dæmon, having learned the particuduring his absence from home, and on his

lars of this affair, requested that he might return attempted to bend his bow as usual,

be admitted within the temple and behold but finding that his strength failed him, he

the virgin. His request being granted, as raised a funeral pile and threw himself into

soon as he saw her he was at first moved the fire.”—PAUSANIAS.

with pity for her condition, but afterwards fell in love with her. In consequence of

this, the virgin swore that she would cohabit [Story of Euthymus.]

with him if he could rescue her from the “The country of Enthymus was Locris | impending death: and Euthymus, arming in Italy, near the promontory Zephyrium, himself, fought with the dæmon, conquered and his father was called Astycles; though him, and drove him out of the country; and the natives of this place affirm that he was afterwards the hero vanished and merged born of the river Cæcinas, which bounding bimself in the sea. They farther report, Locris and Rhegium, affords a wonderful that in consequence of the city being freed circumstance with respect to grasshoppers, through Euthymus from this grievous calafor the grasshoppers within Locris, as far mity, his nuptials were celebrated in a very as to the river Cæcinas, sing like other splendid manner. I have likewise heard grasshoppers, but in the parts beyond this still farther concerning this Euthymus, that river they do not sing at all.

he lived to extreme old age, and that having “ Euthymus was crowned in boxing. His avoided death, he departed after some other statue was the work of Pythagoras, and is manner from an association with mankind. worthy of inspection in the most eminent | Indeed, I have even heard it asserted, by a degree. Euthymus, after this, passing over seafaring merchant, that Euthymus is alive into Italy, fought with a hero, of whom the at present at Temessa, and such are the following particulars are related. They say reports which I have heard: but I also rethat Ulysses, during his wanderings after member to have seen a picture, which was the destruction of Troy, among other cities painted very accurately after an ancient of Italy and Sicily, which he was driven to | original. In this picture there were the



youth Sybaris, the river Calabrus, the foun- So also “ the inhabitants of Helicon say tain Calyca, and the cities Hera and Te- that none of the herbs or roots which are

The dæmon too was represented in produced in this mountain are destructive this picture, who was vanquished by Euthy- to mankind. They add, that the pastures

His colour was vehemently black, here even debilitate the venom of serpents; and his whole form was terrible in the ex- so that those who are frequently bit by treme. He was clothed with the skin of a serpents in this part escape the danger with wolf, and the name Lybas was given to him greater ease than if they were of the nation in the inscription on the picture.”—Ibid. of the Psylli,' or had discovered an antidote

against poison.”—Ibid.

“The nature of the pastures contributes [Descent of Amphiaraus.]

in no small degree to the strength of the “As you go from Potniæ to Thebes, you

venom in serpents. For I once heard a will see on the right hand of the road an



that in the mountainous inclosure, not very large, and in it certain parts of Phænicia the roots that grow there

The same pillars. They are of opinion that the earth render the vipers more fierce. opened in this place to Amphiaraus; and person, too, farther added, that he saw a they say that birds will not sit on these viper pursue a man, who fled to a tree for pillars, nor grass grow, nor any tame or

shelter, and that the viper blew its venom savage animal feed in this place.”—Ibid.

against the tree to which the man had escaped, and by this means caused his death."

-Ibid. [Vipers and the Balsam Tree.]

[Nightingales of Orpheus' Tomb.] “ The balsam tree is nearly of the same size as a sprig of myrtle, and its leaves are

“ The Thracians say that the nightingales like those of the herb, sweet-marjoram. of Orpheus sing sweeter and louder than

which build their nests about the sepulchre Vipers take up their residence about these plants, and are in some places more nume

other nightingales."-Ibid. rous than in others ; for the juice of the balsam tree is their sweetest food, and they are delighted with the shade produced by

[Eurynomus.] its leaves. When the time therefore arrives

“ EURYNOMUS, according to the Delphic for gathering the juice of this tree, the Ara- interpreters of sacred concerns, is one of bians come into the sacred grove, each of the dæmons belonging to Hades, and who them holding two twigs. By shaking these eats the flesh of dead bodies, so as to leave they put to flight the vipers; for they are the bones quite bare. His colour, as he unwilling to kill them, because they con

appears in the picture at Delphos, is besider them as the sacred inhabitants of the

tween azure and black, and like that of balsam; and if it happens that any one is wounded by a viper, the wound resembles that which is made by iron, but is not at

1 An African people, serpent charmers, like

their descendants. HEROD. iv. 173. PLINY tended with any dangerous consequences ; speaks to the fact, lib. vii.c. 2, xxviii. c. 3, and for these animals being fed with the juice Lucan's lines are well known :of the balsam tree, which is the most odo

« Gens unica terras riferous of all trees, their poison becomes Incolit à sævo serpintum innoxia morsu changed from a deadly quality into one

Marmaridae Psylli."— Phurs, ix. 891. which produces a milder effect."---Ibid.

J. W. W.

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