Imágenes de páginas

[Insula Viventium.]

possit celebrare, nisi testes siccos pulveri

zatos gerat in burso." Gloss. to the ParGIRALDUS says, “ there is an isle in a lake tidas. in North Munster called Insula Viventium, What an ingredient for a philtre ! because no one can die in it. When the inhabitants are mortally sick, and would rather die than linger on in misery, they [Poisonous Tree of the Celebes.] are put into a boat and wafted over to the

" THERE is a tree in the isle of Celebes larger isle, where, as soon as they land, which poisons whomsoever lies under its they expire.” “ This is the same," says LEDWICH," as the Icelandic Udainsaker, or Land

western shade, unless he gets into the shade of the Immortals, of which Bartholine tells

of its eastern side, which is the antidote."

- DIOGO DE COUTO, 4. 7. 8. us, that it is situated in North Iceland, that the natives believe no one can die there, although labouring under a deadly sickness, until he is carried out of its precincts; and

Elden Hole. that therefore the inhabitants have deserted “ It is reported that several attempts it, fearing all the terrors of death, without have been made to fence the hole round with enjoying the prospect of release.”

a stone wall, as the manner of the fences are all over the country; but it has been all in

vain ; what they built up in the day would Δήμος Ονείρων.

be pulled down in the night, so it is vain “ ACCORDING to Pythagoras the Añuos

to try the securing it. This the people tell 'Oveipwv, the People of Dreams, are souls

us,"—Mrs. FIENNES's MSS. which are collected in the milky way. This, says Thomas Taylor, admirably elucidates these lines in Odyss. xxiv. 11. [Manichæan.

[Cold-blooded Enchanter.] v. Beausobre. T. 1. 144.]

One might make an enchanter coldΠαρ δίσαν Ώμεαν τε ροας και Λευκάδα

blooded - because the son of an incubusπέτρων,

ex frigiditate seminis. Unfeeling accordΉδε παρ' ήελίοιο πύλας, και δήμον ονείρων | ingly and long-lived. A good personage Hϊσαν αίψα δίκoντo κατ' ασφοδελόν λει

for a tale of Gothic superstition. μωνα, , "Ένθά τε ναίεσι ψυχαι, είδωλα καμόντων. For it is evident from hence that the souls

[Power of Music. of the suitors passed through the galaxy, or " TIENE tanta fuerça la musica que, como the seats of the blessed, according to the muchos auctores gravissimos y aprovados most ancient theology; and I doubt not escriven, una fuente de Alexina al tañer de but Homer describes in these lines the com- la vihuela se mueve y salta como cosa biva." plicated progression of an impure soul till -FERNAN NUNEZ. Glos. a las Trecientas de it regains its original habitation in the stars, J. d. M. and again begins to gravitate to this terrene abode," Restoration of the Platonic The

[Origin of Mandrakes.] ology

MANDRAKES were supposed to spring un[Virtue of Pulverized Testicles.]

der a gibbet from the blood of the male

factor. “ Neque est verum quod dicunt rustici, quod ubi per violentiam quis sectus est, non "See suprà, p. 236.-J. W. W.

their mistresses by carrying bachelors' but(Headless Men.]

tons (the flower of the Lychnis kind so HERRERA (1. 2. 12) tells a story of two called) in their pockets. They judged of of Columbus's companions, when they were their good or bad success by their growing in want of food at Isabella. Going through or not growing there."--Note to Shakespeare. one of the streets, they saw a party of men Boswell's, vol. 8, p. 114. whom they supposed to be newly come from Castile, with swords by their side, y reboçados con tocas de camino, muffled as was then the mode. Upon saluting and asking them

Savage Superstitions. whence they came, the strangers pulled off [Earthquakes at Tongataboo.] their hats, and their heads in them, and dis

Ar Tongataboo they account for their appeared.

frequent earthquakes, by supposing the

island rests upon the shoulders of a very [Babe crying in the Womb.]

powerful deity called Mowee, who has supA woman in the isle of Orleans, 1661, in ported it for such a length of time as ex

ceeds their conceptions. This heavy burden a time of signs and tokens heard the babe cry in her womb. — Charlevoix. St. France, endeavours, but in vain, to shake it off;

often exhausts his patience, and then he tom. 2, p. 102.

which, however, never fails to excite a horrid outcry over the whole country, that

lasts for some time after the shock is over, [Monk and Fish Mortality.]

and we have sometimes seen them endea“ On the borders of Burgundy a small vour to quell his discontent and reduce him lake belonging to a convent, which con- to good behaviour, by beating the ground tains no more fish than there are monks in with large sticks.—Tongaloer, the god of that convent, and these so sympathize, that the sky, and Fenoulonga, of the rain, they whenever a monk sickens and dies, a fish suppose to be males. Besides these, they sickens and dies also, and floats on the wa- have a great many others of both sexes, ter."--FR. MARCO DE GAUDALAJARE. Exp. over earth, sea, and sky, each acting in de los Moriscos, p. 68.

their proper sphere, and sometimes counteracting one another, according as interest

or inclination leads them. They also ac[Sepulchre Knocking.]

knowledge the existence of a great number A Knocking is heard in the sepulchre of of strange gods, calling them by the general S. Victorian in Aragon whenever the abbot

name of Fyga, among whom they rank ours or one of the monks is to die.-Ibid.

as the greatest; and when they think it will answer their purpose, they will readily acknowledge him as far wiser, and in every

respect better than theirs, having taught us [Bachelors' Buttons.')

to make so much better ships, tools, cloth, “It was an old custom among countrymen &c. than they have ever been able to do. to try whether they should succeed with Besides these, they imagine every indivi

dual to be under the power and control of 'I suppose this to be a note on the words,

a spirit peculiar to himself, which they call “ 'Tis in his buttons he will carry it,”

Odooa, who interests himself in all their in the Merry Wives of Windsor, Act iii. Scene ii. Within my own recollection, both in Shrop

concerns, but is little regarded till angry, shire and Staffordshire, this old custom was

when they think he inflicts upon them all common enough.-J. W. W.

the deadly disorders to which they are sub


ject; and then, to appease him, the rela- are held supreme. Tāne, the Father; Orotions and other connections of the afflicted mattow, the Son; Taroa, the Bird, the Spiperson, especially if he be a chief, run into rit. This stinks of the Methodist. Their all the inhuman practices of cutting off other greater gods they call Fwhanow-po, their little fingers, beating their faces, and born of night. Among these are the names tabooing themselves from certain kinds of Orohho, Oehawhow, Tamma, Toaheite, Vafood."

veah. Each family has its Tee, or guar

dian spirit; he is supposed to be one of A young woman gave us an affecting

their departed relatives, who for his supeaccount of the fate of one of Moomöoe's rior excellencies has been exalted to an

The youth, it seems, lived at some Eatooa. They suppose this spirit can indistance from Noogollifva, where the father

flict sickness or remove it; and preserve lies sick, and by order of whom he was sent them from a malignant deity also called for, under pretence of having his little fin- Tee, who has no power but upon earth, gers cut off, a custom common here, and and is always employed in mischief. done with a view to appease the anger of

When the spirit departs from the body, the Odooa, that the sick person may re

they have a notion it is swallowed by the cover, but in fact that he might be strangled. Eatõoa bird, who frequents their morais, Upon the arrival of Colelallo, he was sa

and passes through him, in order to be puluted in a cordial manner by his elder bro- rified, and be united to the Deity.-Ibid. ther, Tõogahowe, and soon after went to see his father, whose attendants seized upon him with a view to strangle him instantly ; “In the beginning, Tāne took Tarõa and when he, guessing their intention, said, if begat Avye freshwater, Atye the sea, Awa they would use gentler means he would the water-spout, Matāi the wind, Arye the submit to his father's will; but they con- sky, and Po the night, then Mahanna the tinuing their violence, he by a great exer- sun, in the shape of a man called Oerða tion beat them off. Three feejee men were Tabõoa. He had by Townoo the thirteen then called, and these being joined by a months. Then she returned to earth, and sister of the unfortunate Colelallo, they ac- Oerõa embraced a rock called Poppoharra complished his death."— Missionary Voyage. Harreha, which conceived a son named Te

The Egyptians had this custom also. Are tooboo-amata-hatoo, after which the rock not all sacrifices vicarious ?

returned to its original state, and the father of the months himself died, and went to

dust. The son he left embraced the sand “ They believe the immortality of the of the sea, which conceived the brother and soul, which at death, they say, is immedi- sister Tee and Opeera; then he also reately conveyed in a very large fast sailing turned to earth. Tee and Opeera married; canoe to a distant country called Doob- she fell sick at last, and requested her husludha, which they describe as resembling band to heal her; she would in his illness the Mahometan Paradise. They call the do the same for him; and thus they should god of this region of pleasure Higgolayo, both live for ever. But Tee let her die, and esteem him as the greatest and most and married her and his daughter, Oheerapowerful of all others, the rest being no Reene-Moonoa, Their children peopled better than servants to him."-Ibid.

the earth."-Ibid.

OTAHEITE. The general name for Deity in all its ramifications is Eatooa. Three

" They believe the stars are the children of the sun and moon. When the sun and

moon are eclipsed, they suppose them in the act of copulation. When a star shoots,

[Self-performing Instrument.] it is the Eatood. They put great confidence “A MANUSCRIPT," says Mr. Marsden,“is in dreams, and suppose in sleep the soul now lying before me, containing the adleaves the body under the care of the guar- ventures of two princes who were sent by dian angel, and moves at large through the the king their father to obtain for him the region of spirits. Thus they say, my soul possession of an extraordinary self-performwas such a night in such a place, and saw ing instrument of music, whose enchanting such a spirit. When a person dies, they air he had heard in a dream."-Asiatic Resay his soul is harre Po, gone to the night." searches. -Ibid.

[Processional Music of the Idol of

Juggernaut.] “They entertain a high idea of the power of spirits. In the beautiful and romantic he rides abroad in his procession, sit the

“ UNDER the idol of Juggernaut, when view of Taloo harbour, the remarkable peaked mountain is said to be but a part of king's wives, which, after their manner, the original one. Some spirits from Ulietēa play on all instruments, making a most had broken off the other half, and were

sweet melody.' "-LINSCHOTEN. transporting it down the bay in order to carry it away with them, but being overtaken by the break of day, they were obliged

[Offspring of Menu.] to drop it near the mouth of the harbour, " The sons of Marichi, and of all the where it now stands conspicuous as a rock, other Richis, who were the offspring of --for these spirits walk and work by night.” | Menu, are called the companies of Pitris or -Ibid.


They are elsewhere called the proge

nitors of mankind, and the patriarchs in[Notions in the Kingdom of Benin.)

habiting the moon.”Inst. of Menu. “ Les habitans du Royaume de Benin, en Afrique, reconnoissent un Dieu qui recompense ou punit, selon le bien ou le mal From the Hindoo Mythology. Sonnerat. qu'on a fait. Ils croyent que l'ombre du

" THE Andon is the visible world : it is corps est un être réel, qui nous accompagne composed of one sun, one earth, planets, and sans cesse, qui se rend à son gré visible ou

stars. The whole is surrounded with a invisible, et par qui Dieu est instruit, à notre mort, de nos bonnes et de nos mauvaises

round and very thick shell. The Andons actions."-SAINTFOIX.

are innumerable, and ranged one upon another, very much in the manner of piling


[Maldive Ingenuity.]

6 SATIALOGAM is the Paradise of BrahThe inhabitants of the Maldives—" de ma, the Vaicondon of Vichenou, the Cailal'estoupe du Cocos ils font des chemises en- son of Eswara." tieres avec les manches et les quartiers, d'un mesmetissu, aussi-bien que des demi-vestes." -A ienne lations.

“The virtues are divided into two classes, which must not be confounded. The one is called Pravarty, and the other Nivarty.


The first contains two articles, called Ische- and Eswara, that he at last destroyed the tam and Bourtam. Ischetam comprehends giants, and remained peaceable possessor of all actions done in religious ceremonies; but the Sorgon. the building of temples, choultrie, digging “Aguini, god of fire, second of the Devertanks, planting rows of trees, &c. all such kels. He supports the south-east part of good works are called Bourtam. Those the universe, and is represented with four who practise them will die at the time that arms, holding in two a crit; his head surthe sun advances towards the south, and rounded with flames, and mounted on a the night of a day when the moon is in her second quarter.

After their death they “ Yamen,' god of death, and king of hell, will find themselves in the world of the governs the south, a terrible figure holding moon, where they will be happy according a staff and mounted on a buffalo. to their deserts.

“ Niroudi, king of the demons, and bad “ The soul in the state of Nivarty burns genii, supports the south-west. He is carwith the fire of wisdom. Its power anni- ried on a giant's shoulders, and holds a hilates the action of the senses, and this sabre soul enters into the immensity of the uni- “ Varounin, god of the sea, supports the versal being. All men in the state of Ni- west, he rides a crocodile with a whip. varty will die at the time that the sun takes “ Vayou, god of the wind, supports the his course towards the north, and the morn- north-west. His weapon a sabre, his beast ing of the day when the moon is in the first an antelope. quarter. Raised by the sunbeams, the soul Couberen, god of wealth, the north, on will go to the paradise of Brahma, called a white horse with plumes. Satialogam, where it will enjoy those inex- Isanien, equipped like Eswara, and pressible delights possessed by the gods. also on an ox, supports the north-east." The matter of which it is composed becomes subtile, and is changed into an universal “ CHOURIEN, Sandrien, Anguaraguen, body, and the faculty of this casual body is Bouda, Barasouadi, Soura, and Sani, are destroyed by the wisdom of the soul. From the Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, this delightful place it goes to the Sorgon; Venus, and Saturn, demigods as well as from whence the followers of Vichenou pass planets; each presiding over one day of the into the Vaicondon, and the followers of week. Sani is the god who punishes men Eswara into the Cailason."

during their life-time, he approaches only

to hurt them. The Hindoos fear him much, " DEVENDREN is king of the Deverkels and address prayers to him. He is blue, or demigods. The Sorgon is his paradise. quadrimane, and rides a raven.

Two serHe supports the east part of the universe. pents form a circle about him." He is represented covered with eyes, with four arms, holding a hook, a coulichou, and “ THIRTY-THREE courous of Deverkels, mounted on a white elephant. Devendren all pure spirits, all sons of Cassiber and had many wars to sustain against the giants, Adidi inhabit the Sorgon. A courou is enemies of the gods. Alternately conque- 100 lacks; a lack, 100,000. They are diror and conquered, he has at several times vided into tribes, called been driven out of the Sorgon; and it was “ 1. Vassoukels. These are only eight in only by the protection of Brahma, Vichenou,

? “* Two forms inseparable in unity 'The Choultry or Madan, is a repository of Hath Yamen; even as with hope and fear stone, covered with a vault, adorned on all sides The soul regardeth him doth he appear,” &c. with sculpture, and built in temples to shew the The Curse of Kehama,-Padalon, xxiji. 13. divinity.

Poems, p. 621.-J. W. W.

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