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“And here the early lawyer mends his pace, ,

294. Political feeling. For whom the earlier client waited long." 329-332. He would have the good labour

Gondibert, p. 104. to acquire wealth and power, as the means “Care, that in cloysters only seals her eyes,

of beneficence. See, too, his preface, p. 19,

20. 51. Which youth thinks folly, age as wisdom

A just remark in his preface (p. 2), that owns, Fools, by not knowing her, outlive the wise ;

“story, wherever it seems most likely, grows She visits cities, but she dwells in thrones."

most pleasant."

6. As if Du Bartas ranked at that time Ib. p. 119.

above Ariosto in public opinion. “ Hither a loud bell's toll rather commands 13. A fine passage, contrasting the phiThan seems to invite the persecuted ear." | lanthropy of the Christian religion with the

Ib. p. 183. Jewish and Gentile religions.

26. A remarkable passage concerning wit, “ That lucky thief,

not however taking it in Barrow's sense, but (In Heaven's dark lottery prosperous more in its earlier and wider acceptation. than wise)

40. Conscientious writers become for that Who groped at last, by chance, for Heaven's

reason voluminous. A very just observarelief,

tion. And throngs undoes with hope, by one

Hobbes's answer to this preface is full of drawn prize."

excellent remarks upon poetry and language.

“ His private opinion was that religion at Assurance.

last (e. g. a hundred years hence) would " Yet these, whom Heaven's mysterious

come to settlement, and that in a kind of choice fetched in,

ingenious Quakerism." — AUBREY's Notes. Quickly attain devotion's utmost scope ; Boswell's Malone's Shakespeare, vol. 3, p. For, having softly mourned away their sin, 284. They grow so certain as to need no hope.”

Ib. p. 185.

“ He was buried in a coffin of walaut

tree. Sir J. Denham said it was the finest 187. Here too, as in G. Herbert, a pre-coffin he ever saw.”—Ibid. p. 283. cliction that religion will take its way to America.

SEE SPENCE's Anecdotes. 82. 198.“ Common faith-which is no more Than long opinion to religion grown." “Though Sir William Davenant wanted

that poetical invention which can alone con210. “ For love and grief are nourished best with thought."

tinue to interest, he was a very subtle

thinker, had great command of polished and 224-5. In favour of a universal monarchy. harmonious language, and could express

ideas, difficultly conceived by others, with 250.“ If you approve what numbers lawful think,

an extraordinary union of conciseness and

clearness. This is not the primary purpose Be bold, for number cancels bashfulness.

of poetry; but still it is very valuable and Extremes from which a king would blush

very instructive."-Sır EGERTON. Preface ing shrink,

to Phillips, p. xviii. Unblushing senates act as no excess.”

With how much feeling might he write Theatrum Poetarum, Part 2, p. 20, No. this!

46

DAVENANT was encouraged to bring out his musical entertainment, when all plays

“ It so happened, some how or other, that were prohibited, “ by no less a person than Mason never took a predominant possession Sir John Maynard.”—Hawkins, History of sidered too flowery; though that is not an

of the public mind. Perhaps he was conMusic, vol. 4, p. 322.

objection commonly made by the popular voice. He often wrote with great harmony

and polish, and there is a great show of Masox.

imagination in his Elfrida and Caractacus ;

but there is some indefinable failure of the IIORACE WALPOLE, Letters, vol. 2, p. 101.

true tone."-SIR EGERTON BRYDGES, Auto“ Mr. Mason has published another drama, biography, vol. 1, p. 132. called Caractacus; there are some incantations poetical enough, and odes so Greek

Cole says of him, that he was esteemed as to have very little meaning."

at college to be one of the chief ornaments

of the University. Cole was sorry that he Ibid. vol. 4, p. 271. “The version of had shown himself “ so much of a party man Fresnoy I think the finest translation I ever in the Heroic Epistle, as I had a great saw. It is a most beautiful poem extracted veneration for his character," he says.from as dry and prosaic a parcel of verses Restituta, vol. 3, p. 75. as could be put together. Mr. Mason has gilded lead, and burnished it highly." Hanxau MORE. “I was much affected at

the death of poor Mason. The Bishop of Ibid. p. 343. “ I am very sorry Mr. Ma- London was just reading us a sonnet he son concurs in trying to revive the associ- had sent him on his seventy-second birth ations. Methinks our state is so deplora- day, rejoicing in his unimpaired strength ble, that every healing measure ought to and faculties: it ended with saying that he be attempted, instead of innovation.”—See had still a muse able to praise his Saviour also p. 354-5.

and his God, when the account of his death

It was pleasing to find his last poPERCIVAL STOCKDALE (Memoirs, vol. 2, p. etical sentiments had been so devout. I 88,) says of the Heroick Epistle, “ a piece of would that more of his writings had exfiner and more poignant poetical irony never pressed the same strain of devotion, though was written. It was, I will venture to say, I have no doubt of his having been piously foolishly given, by many people to Mason : disposed; but the Warburtonian school was it was totally different from his manner; not favourable to a devotional spirit. I its force, its acuteness, its delicacy, and used to be pleased with his turn of converurbanity of genius prove that he was inca- sation, which was rather of a peculiar cast." pable to write it; yet he was absurdly and — Memoirs, vol. 3, p. 16. conceitedly offended with those who supposed him to be the author of it: that poet

,

“ ELFRIDA overcame all our common prewho was certainly very little above medi- judices against the ancient form of tragedy, ocrity, fancied that his abilities and his fame especially against the chorus. Mr. Colman were grossly injured by the mistaken sup- therefore deserves praise for introducing on position."

the stage, under his direction, so elegant a

performance ; and as a proof of the skill and WALPOLE, vol. 4, p. 236, bears witness to judgment with which he has endeavoured the truth of Mr. Mainwaring's assertion, to render it a pleasing exhibition to every that authorship created no jealousy or va- class of the spectator, we must add, for the inriance in Mason towards Gray.

formation of our distant readers, that it hath

came.

been received with a much warmer, more

There is a manliness in his moral poems general, and more lasting approbation than -as in the Elegy to a young Nobleman, perhaps even the most sanguine admirer of for example. 93. The movement of his the

poem could have expected from a work continuous quatrains is always pleasing. which the author never intended for the- 97. An amusing example of what popuatrical representation.”—Monthly Review, larity is—Mason felt that Garrick was preNo. 47, December, 1772, p. 486.

ferred to him as a poet! which yet he never

was, nor could have been. His connection with Lord Holderness,

103. A pleasing acknowledgment that he 1754.—II. WALPOLE's Letters, vol. 1, p. 329.

was too much elated with applause. His litigious conduct to Murray the book- 105. Epistle to Hurd. Here he relates seller.-CROKER's Boswell, vol. 4, p. 152. his deliberate choice of an artificial and gorHis Musæus to an unnatural strain of all hope of excellence in any other form of

geous style-because Shakespeare precluded poetry, which is that of Lycidas, adds a

drama. more unnatural pathos, and has yet the

112.

“ hills sublime greater fault of making Spenser, Milton, and Chaucer address Pope as one who had

Of mountain lineage.” excelled them.

Ilis own birthday Sonnets in old age are A FAVOURITE lyric measure of his consists

in a very pleasing and natural strain. in couplets of four or five, alternately, but

243.

" and all that browse, written continuously. Sometimes he begins Or skim or dive, the plain, the air, the flood." with the longer, sometimes with the shorter

This is the latest example I remember of an lines. The Ode to a Water Nymph is in a

old construction, more artificial than pleasvery agreeable metre.

The rhymes are

ing quatrain, but the arrangement of the lines

248. A fashion of white palisades tipped is two of four and two of five feet, then two

with gold and red. of five and two of four, and so alternately through the poem; the versification being continuous. That to an Æolian harp is in

And now Chinese, now neither, and yet both.” a sweet quatrain of two fours and two fives. This had passed away before my memory. He had a good ear for versification, which, 248. A curious example of a receipt in however, is not so apparent in blank verse ; verse,

,-how to mix colours for painting a but certainly he had not a good ear for fence green. rhyme, unless a broad provincial pronunci- 244. His opinion expressed of the manner ation had corrupted it. I am far from ob- | in which such subjects, in themselves essenjecting to imperfect rhymes when they are tially unpoetical, and antipoetical, should be properly disposed; but they offend the ear poetically treated. greatly when it is made to rest upon them,

252. “ Alas! ere we can note it in our as, for example (Ode x. for Music), employ

song, and sky, in a couplet which closes a stanza

Comes manhood's feverish summer, chill'd wherein there is no rhyme to either of these words.

By cold autumnal care, till wintry age P. 40. “The larks' meridian ecstasy." Sinks in the frore severity of death." “ See our tears in sober shower

262. Gray's admiration of Keswick, exO'er this shrine of glory pour.”—P. 54. pressed in verse by Mason. Ode xii. Cp. 63, must be to the Duchess 264." That force of ancient phrase, which of Devonshire.

speaking, paints ;

“ Gothic now,

full soon

to

tuneful song,

And is the thing it sings."

Under the diuretic woodbine grows 275. His contempt of fountains,

The splenetic columbine, scorbutic rose.” " that toss

As scurvy epithets as were ever applied by In rainbow dews their crystal to the sun."

fair lady to fine flowers.

24. Pretty lines to a rivulet : 280. A pleasing passage :

“ Yet, gentle stream, thou’rt still the " Yes, let me own,

same, To these, or classic deities like these,

Always going, never gone : From

very childhood was I prone pay Yet dost all constancy disclaim, Harmless idolatry.”

Wildly dancing to thine own murmuring The last book of the Garden is in every respect miserably bad. Bad in taste, as re- Old as Time, as Love and Beauty young." commending sham castles and modern ruins;

31. Her skill in medicine. bad in morals, as endeavouring to serve a political cause by a fictitious story, wbich,

39. “For I can only shake, but not cast if it had been true, could have nothing to

off my chain." do with the right or wrong of the American

Fashion of portraits in her youth: war,—and bad in poetry, because the story

" Even when I was a child, is in itself absurd. Not the least absurd part is the sudden death of the lady at seeing

When in my picture's hand her betrothed husband, whom she was nei

My mother did command

There should be drawn a laurel-bough; ther glad nor sorry to see; and the description of the facies Hippocratica is applied to

Lo then my Muse sate by and smiled

To hear how some the sentence did oppose, a person thus dying in health, youth, and beauty.

Saying an apple, bird, or rose See in Book 1. for his love of painting as

Were objects which did more befit well as poetry

My childish years and no less childish wit." 392. An excellent description of the Eng- 41. “ their modish wit to me doth shew lish Boulingrin from the Encyclopedia. But as an engyscope to view yours through."

101. Some odd anatomical verses.

She seems to have studied physic with a view to

practise it. Poctical Recreations, 8c. Part I. by Mrs.

Her most delightful and excellent roJane BARKER. Part II. by several Gen

mance of Seepina was in the press. tlemen of the Universities, and others. 1688.

Part 2. P. 12. A very pretty expression villainously applied :

P. 161. By this dialogue concerning the “ From married men wit's current never prohibition of French wines, it appears that flows,

barrels were broached in the streets, or But grave and dullas standing pond he grows; rather staved. Whilst the other, like a gentle stream does play 212. Bonny Moll and Black Bess, in a With this world's pebbles which obstruct his serious imitation of Virgil's Eclogues.

way." 21.“ Here plants for health and for de

! There is no difficulty in this word, but I light are met,

have no authority to quote for it at hand. The cephalic cowslip, cordial violet ; J. W. W.

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250. “ Alas! how vain and useless all The ding-dong peal of thy twain bells remote things prove

To hear."
When enter'd in damn'd Cupid's school
To learn his precepts and his rules.”

20.“ What time the preying owl with

sleepy wing 275. James II.

Swims o'er the corn-field studious." “ Who, Noah's lawful heir,

23. “It shall not grieve me if the gust be Succeeded in the boundless empire of the

free, Flood."

And, to withstand its overbearing gale,

I lean 277. Apotheosis of Charles II.

the tide of air unseen. upon

For pleasant then across the vale below Safely he cuts the thundering skies, Fleet the thin shadows of the severed Adorn'd with new imperious joys;

cloud." Young angels kiss each tender limb, And fondly call him cherubim,

26. Bathing His Saviour and his Sire embrace him as he

“ suspended thus flies!"

Upon the bosom of a cooler world."

27. This personification of Ocean as a

wolfish monster, though it arises naturally, HURDIS.

is carried to an absurd extravagance. The Favourite Village.

34. The shepherdP.5. “ Youth and age

Accustomed in the rear of his slow flock And sexes mingled in the populous soil, To creep inert." Till it o'erlooks with swoln and ridgy brow The smoother croft below."

35. A very pleasing trait of himself. He

used to let the wheatears out of their traps, 5.“ Say, ancient edifice, thyself with and leave their price for their ransom. years

40. Grown gray, bow long upon the hill has

-“ or grazing ox stood

His dewy supper from the savoury herb Thy weather-braving tower, and silent

Audibly gathering." mark'd

53. “ Far off resounds the shore-assailing The human leaf inconstant bud and fall?

deep, The generations of deciduous man, How often hast thou seen them pass away?" Seeping wit' rude concusso he loose

beach, 11. _“the slow-marching sabbath, by the Harshly sequacious of his refluent surge.”

gay Devoted ill to frivolous excess,

57. "Raking with harsh recoil the pebbly Or dedicated fondly by the grave

steep." To endless exercise of pious toil, Has here no hurried, and no loitering foot.

73. “And the scorch'd eyelid intervention

asks Abridged of levity and indisposed To make salvation slavery, to yawn

Of handkerchief uplifted, doubled news, Till latest midnight o'er the long discourse,

Hand ill at ease, or tipsey-footed screen." It interdicts not recreation sweet."

81.

“ a vast expanse, 16. “ dear village, sometimes let Save where the frowning wood without a leaf me stand

Rears its dark branches on the distant hill,

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