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Ibid. vol. 7, p. 543, tuburculated skin.- of singing, to the admiration of all about vol. 10, p. 562.
her, several fine tunes, which her sister had
learnt in her presence some time before, but CASSINI saw a Russian at Florence who
of which she had not then seemed to take during two different years in his life had in
any particular notice.--Ibid. vol. 9, p. 370. his body an electrical virtue similar to that of the torpedo.-Monthly Review, vol. 66,
A man who had lost the use of his speech
for about four years, recovered it, by being Sir John FLOYER in his Pharmacobasa- extremely frightened in a dream. The nos, or Touchstone of Medicines, attempted dream was that he had fallen into a furnace to account for their virtues by their taste of boiling wort, and be called for help.and smell.-Phil. Trans. Abr. vol. 4, p. 458.
Ibid. p. 465. M. DE CHERAC, who was first physician Ibid. pp. 495-8. Medicines said to be into Louis XV. maintained that it is as much sinuated into the body by electricity.-vol. the duty of a physician to enforce discipline 10, p. 13. to the sick, as of a general to enforce it in an army.—Ibid. p. 497.
Nicolas REEKS born with both feet turnLINIMENTS for the itch “may be made
ed inwards, and pronounced incurable. Ap
prenticed at eleven years of age to a taylor, agreeable enough, and of a good smell, as
in six years sitting cross legged had proparticularly is that compounded of the oint
duced a manifest alteration ; in less than ment of orange flowers, or roses, and a small quantity of red precipitate." —Dr. like those of other men : he ran away and
two years more, his feet and legs became MEAD. Ibid. vol. 5, p. 4.
entered as a marine.-Ibid. p. 685. When the small pox is epidemical in the main land over against Skie Isle as in the
THERE were two kinds of Usnea Humana, isle itself, the natives bathe their children
-the crustacea et villosa; the former was in the infusion of juniper wood, and they most esteemed, and any of the crustacean generally escape; when this is neglected lichens, but more properly the common they often die.—Ibid.
grey-blue pitted lichenoides of Dillenius. 379. P:
The villosa was a species of the genus hypPEARLS prescribed, to all those that are num; any moss that happened to grow on able to pay for them.-Ibid. p. 366. Gold a human skull was thought efficacious.and silver also.-p. 368.
Ibid. vol. 40, p. 252.
MANY swallowed the stones of sloes and Tue cup moss was long accounted a specherries, thinking they would prevent any
cific for hooping-cough. Willis had great danger of surfeit, or indigestion from the faith in it.-Ibid. p. 255. fruit.-Ibid. vol. 6, p. 253.
Strict laws, vigilantly enforced, preDODDRidge relates that a clergyman's served New England from the small pox lady, whose husband was of some eminence generally, Boston excepted, where it struck in the literary world, in a frenzy after a root, 1649, and was often epidemical.-Ibid. lying in (which was quickly removed) found vol. 12, p. 229. during the time of it such an alteration in the state and tone of her nerves, that though FAMILY at Maryport (the Harrises) who she never had before nor since any ear for could not distinguish colours.-Ibid. vol. 14, music, nor any voice, she was then capable / p. 143.
DR. WHITE (of York, 1778) says “ dis- Suidas and Cedrenus report that Soloeases which usually in private practice of an mon wrote of the remedies of all diseases, easy cure, are often very tedious in hospia and graved the same on the sides of the tals, and apt to assume anomalous symp- porch of the temple, which they say Hezetoms. Healthy persons, admitted for the kiah pulled down, because the
ople neg cure of recent wounds and other accidents, lecting help from God by prayer, repaired soon become pale, lose their appetite, and thither for their recovery.—RALEIGH, b. 2, are generally discharged weak and emaci- p. 429. ated, but soon recover by the benefit of fresh air. In some hospitals the cure of a On ne doit pas craindre d'avancer compound fracture is rarely seen; in pri- que la medecine est de toutes les sciences vate practice and a pure air, such cases physiques celle qui a donné lieu au plus seldom fail.”—Ibid. p. 326.
grand nombre de speculations."— Trans.
Preface to Sprengel. “ The Philosopher says that the phancy is seated in the middle region of the brain A GOOD severe jest of Henri IV. to the above the eyes, which upon great and sud- Parisians. If they instead of accepting his den wrath calls up the spirits hastily into gracious offers should be by famine conitself, and with that swift motion they are strained “ de se rendre la corde au col, heated, and seem to flame in the eyes.”— au lieu," said he, “de la miséricorde que Bp. HACKET, p. 423.
je leur offre, j'en ôterai la misère, et ils au
ront la corde." - Coll. des Mem. vol. 51, “ Women, in certain circumstances to us unknown, are every now and then capable of very far exceeding the usual number of RHazes cured stomach complaints with children at a birth."- Phil. Trans. Abr. vol. cold water and butter milk, and recomp. 301.
mended chess for melancholy persons.
SPRENGEL, vol. 2, p. 292. Horns on women.-Ibid. vol. 17, p. 28.
A VICENNA prescribes gold, silver, and preJulian calls Jupiter to witness that he had often been cured by remedies which (les punaiscs, aljesajes) for the quartain
cious stones to purify the blood. And bugs Æsculapius directed him to use. · But
fever and for hysterics. — Ibid. vol. 2, p. this,” says Dr. Jenkins, “supposing the
319. truth of the fact, doth not prove that false God to have had more skill than a physician
With him the practice began of gilding might have had, but only shows that devils
pills.-Ibid. p. 320. may have such knowledge of the nature of things, as to give prescriptions in physic.”Reasonableness of the Christian Religion,
GILBERTUS ANGLICUS. His treatment of vol. 1, p. 349.
lethargy was to fasten a sow in the patient's
bed. And in cases of apoplexy he admiIl faut que nous fassions comme ces nistered ant's eggs, scorpion's oil, and lion's bons Medecins, qui ayans bien préparé les flesh, in order to induce fever ; but Sprenhumeurs par quelques legers remèdes, les gel asks how lion's flesh was to be got in chassent après tout-à-fait par de plus fortes England ?-SPRENGEL, vol. 2, p. 406. medecines."—Astrée, pt. 2, tom. 3, p. 394.
FICINUS advises old men to drink the MR. NEWTON's wife took tincture of soot. blood of healthy young persons, as a means 1776.
of prolonging life.-Ibid. vol. 2, p. 464.
When the German physicians (in the The old system, that the animal spirits fifteenth century) wished to bring on a fe- were secreted by the brain.— Ibid. vol. 4, brile action, they placed the patient between P. 64. All our knowledge comes to the same two fires.-Ibid. vol. 2, p. 478.
thing under different terms, pretty much. AVICENNA held that a certain fifth quality formed the temperament.—Ibid. vol. 3, chants and physicians aiding each other.
Tea brought into use by the Dutch mer.
Ibid. vol. 5, p. 106-8-11. LUIS MERCADO, physician to Philip II. doubted whether the temperament ought to
Nicholas Robinson insisted that no other be so regarded, or whether it were not ra
science had such incontestible pretensions ther the harmony and reunion of the four to certitude as that of medicine.-Ibid. vol. primary qualities.— Ibid. p. 21.
5, p. 171. SPRENGEL calls him the Thomas Aquinas The apothecary's praise of a physician in of medicine, the first of all scholastic phy. Molière, “ C'est un homme qui sait la mesicians; and says it is impossible to ima- dicine à fond, et qui, quand on devroit gine “jusqu'à quel point cet écrivain pousse créver, ne démordroit pas, d'un iota, des les réyeries méthodiques."
régles des anciens. Oui, il suit toujours le BARBAROSSA communicated to Fruncis I. grand chemin, le grand chemin ; et pour
tout l'or du monde, il ne voudroit pas avoir a receipt for mercurial pills.—Ibid. vol. 3,
gúeri une personne avec d'autres remèdes que ceux que la Faculté permet."-M. DE
POURCEAUGNAC, vol. 5, p. 387. In the fifteenth century, at the court of the German prince, it was part of the chief
« On est bien aise au moins d'être mort physician every morning to examine the
méthodiquement : sovereign's urine.-Ibid. vol. 3, p. 164.
και προς ιατρε σοφά THOMAS FYENS called it “ excrementum θροείν επωδας προς τομώντι πήματι." secundæ coctionis; et tire même certains sig
SOPH. Ajar. v. 582. nes du son qu'elle produit en tombant de la vessie dans le vase destiné à la recevoir." In the atheistic work called, Man a Ma-Ibid. vol. 3, p. 168.
chine, by St. M. d'Argens (or Mr. de la
Mettrie!), the author says that philosoBoth Severin, and Du Chesne who was phical physicians are the only persons who physician to Henri IV. held that diseases have explored and unravelled the labyrinth proceeded from seed, like vegetables.- Ibid. of man; the only ones who, in a philoso
phical contemplation of the soul, have sur
prised it in its misery and grandeur, with“Roast cat, with goose-grease and spice, out despising or idolizing it; and the only was Benedetto Veltori's remedy for con- ones who have a right to speak on it.vulsions.”—Ibid. vol. 3, 181.
Monthly Review, vol. 1, p. 125.
Descartes, he says, said that physic could The Milanese physician, Settali, (16th change the mind and manners together with century) discovered that the general prac- the body.—Ibid. p. 126, tice of applying the actual cautery to the skull, for old catarrhs, was injurious. – WILLIAM CLARKE, the ossified man, in the Ibid. p. 194.
county of Cork.-Ibid. vol. 5, p. 280.
6 when a pa
WOOD-LICE, how to be taken.— Ibid. p. THEODORE ZUINGER of Basil, never took 381 :
a fee except from the rich, who forced it “ The best way is the swallowing them upon him. He used to say, alive, which is very easily and conveniently tient cried ah! ah! for a physician to say done, for they naturally roll themselves up da! da! was worthy only of a hangman or on being touched, and thus form a sort of other executioner.”—ZUINGER, p. 2452. smooth pill, which slips down the throat without being tasted. This is the securest White leprosy or elephantiasis ; “A peway of having all their virtues. The next culiar malady is this, and natural to the to this is the bruising them with wine, and Egyptians; but look, when any of their taking the expression. If the patient can- kings fell into it, woe worth the subjects not be prevailed with to take them any other and poor people! for there were the tubs way than in powder, the best method ever and bathing vessels, wherein they sate in invented for preparing them in that form, the baine, filled with men's blood for their is that ordered in the new London Dispen- cure.”—Pliny, lib. 26, c. 1. Ph. Holland, satory, which is the tying them up in a thin vol. 2, p. 242. canvass cloth, and suspending them within a covered vessel, over the steam of hot spi- THE Galenists use to cure contraria conrit of wine; they are soon killed by it, and trariis with medicaments of a contrary temrendered friable."
per ; but the Paracelsists, similia similibus, “Often of service in asthmas, and great making one dolour to expel another.-PUTgood has been sometimes done by a long TENHAM, p. 39. course of them, in disorders of the eyes." This is from Sir John Hill.
“ Your highness
Shall from this practice but make hard your “Vides à medicis, quanquam in adversa heart.”—Cymbeline, act i. sc. vi. valetudine nihil servi ac liberi differant, mollius tamen liberos clementiusque trac- KAEMPFER, vol. 1, p. 235. Taking the pretari.”—Pliny, 1. 8, Ep. 24.
scription itself in pills. MUMMIES are known to be most sovereign
ARISTOTLE is cited by Olympiodorus to and magistral in medicine.—John Gregory, have known a man who never slept in all
his life. And the strangeness hath been A FEVER cured by music. The cure is quitted by an experience of later days.
John GREGORY, p. 63. curious.—M. Review, vol. 9, p. 367-8. It is said of Archbishop Sheldon, that he
The principal ingredient of the weaponoffered £1000 to any person who would salve is the moss of a dead man's skull, as “ help him to the gout, looking upon it as the recipe delivered by Paracelsus to Maxthe only remedy for the distemper in his imilian the Emperor.—Ibid. p. 63. head, which he feared might in time prove an apoplexy; as in fine it did, and killed Mr. Venn the elder, in the last six months him.”—Dr. Pope's Life of Seth WARD, of his life " was often upon the brink of the Restit. vol. 1, p. 52.
grave, and then unexpectedly restored. A
medical friend, the late John Pearson, who DR. LISTER thought that the Small and frequently visited him at this time, observed great Pox were both first occasioned either that the near prospect of dissolution so by the bite, or by eating of some venomous elated his mind with joy, that it proved a creature.-M. Review, January 1754, p. 38. / stimulus to life. Upon one occasion, Mr.
Venn himself remarked some fatal appear- serves, and such like Arabian medicinal ances, exclaiming, 'Surely these are good compositions. It is at present become of symptoms !' Mr. Pearson replied, 'Sir, in universal and most noxious use. It fouls this state of joyous excitement, you cannot our animal juices, and produces scrophulas, live.'”—Memoir of Mr. Venn, p. 59. scurvies, and other putrid disorders, by re
laxing the solids : it occasions watery swelAr Butterley Lees, near New Mills, on lings, and catarrhal ails: it induces hysthe 5th instant, as the wife of E. Fearnley teries and other nervous disorders; therefore was sealing up the cows, a favourite, which should be sparingly used, especially by the always appeared very quiet, turned her weaker sex ; they are naturally of a fibra head, and dreadfully lacerated the left eye laxa.”—M. Review, vol. 13, p. 272. of the unfortunate woman. The sight of this eye Mrs. Fearnley had lost by the small MAISTRE DOUBLET, surgeon to the Duc pox in her childhood; but the obstruction de Nemours :-he cured wounds with nobeing partly removed by the cow, and the thing but clean rags and clean water, with other part by Mr. Burkinshaw, of York, she the help of charms.-See BRANTOME, vol. 9, has actually recovered the sight of her eye p. 22-3. which has so long been closed. She is in her forty-second year.–Tyne Mercury. “Tue Machaon of those times (A.D. 1754),
Dr. Richard Rock, dispensed from his oneSHEBBEARE published, A.D. 1755, a “Prac- horse chaise his cathartic anti-venereal electice of physic founded on principles in phy- tuary, his itch powder, and his quintessence siology and pathology bitherto unapplied in of vipers. Being superior to regularity, and physical enquiries.” The principle was fire, despising the formality of academical deof which he held the real elementary and grees, he styled himself M. L. He is," says material existence, and the presence of which the Connoisseur (No. 17),“ a London physihe considered to be the cause of animal heat; cian, or as Molière would express it, “C'est and its excess or defect the principal cause un medicin de Londres.'" of all diseases. His directions are to heighten or abate the fire, which amounts to nothing “ When we see a snuff-coloured suit of more than the hot or cold regimen.-M. ditto, with bolus buttons, a metal-headed Review, 12, p. 401, which speaks ill of the cane, and an enormous bushy grizzle, we as author,
readily know the bearer to be a dispenser
of life and death, as if we had seen him M. Review, vol. 13, p. 242. Case of con- pounding a mortar, or brandishing a clyssumption cured by cucumbers.
ter pipe."—Connoisseur, vol. 2, p. 161. A. D. Dr. Gregory's case by lemons.
1755. Mr. Fletcher's own case by cherries.
The two latter were indicated by a crav- Hope that a physician affords :ing for these remedies. The former, the Dr. Δόξαν γαρ τόδ' υγιείας έχει. happened to think of.
Κρείσσον δε το δοκείν, κάν αληθείας απή.
EURIP. Orestes, 238. "As spirits (spiritus ardentes)," says Dr. Douglass's Circular, A. D. 1750, “ not above “ The subtil medium proved: or that a century ago, were used only as officinal wonderful power of nature, so long ago concordials, but now are become an endemical jectured by the most ancient and remarkplague every where, being a pernicious in- able philosophers, which they called somegredient, in most of our beverages ; so for- times æther, but oftener elementary fire, merly sugar was only used in syrups, con- verified. Shewing that all the distinguish