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The Chev. Ramsay in his Pbil. Princip. This would be so on the scheme of deof Nat. and Rev. Religion (Glasgow, 2 vols. struction, but how inaccurately does it re4to. 1751), held universal restitution. present the writer's own opinions.

BERTOLACCI, vol. 2, p. 139. At the day of judgment the whole sun is to be unsheathed (for part only is now seen) and to consume the wicked.

See also vol. 2, p. 128, 134-41.

Surgery. MITHRIDATES tried poisons and antidotes upon criminals.-SPRENGEL FOL 1,

p. 488-9.

PUNISHMENT of neutral angels, and souls neither fit for heaven nor deserving hell.

The Arabian surgeons in the time of DANTE, canto 3.

Rbazes thought that when a bone was out o

joint, the injury was not in the articulation, Monthly Review, vol. 9, Sept. 1753, p. 200.

but in the middle of the bone.-Ibid. vol. 2, A curious scheme to prove that all souls p. 298. will finally be saved, but the bodies of the

RealD COLUMBUS, a Professor at Padur, righteous only.

was the first who for the uses of live ans“Non è alcuna cosi grave miseria in tomy substituted dogs for swine.—Ibid. vol questo mondo, laquale si possa pareggiare 4, p. 11. al non essere venuto in questa vita. In

In those days when the anatomists wanted tanto che Santo Agostino hebbe a dire, che

a subject, they begged a criminal of the somolto meglio è l'essere condannato alle pene vereign, whom they put to death in their dell' Inferno, che non esser mai nato.

way, that is, says SPRENGEL, by opium, and S. F. “Io no so conoscere, che dolore o

then dissected him.-Ibid. p. 12. qual pena possa provare chi non ha essere :

The lacteals had been discovered in aniet certo buoni argomenti ci havrebbono mistiero a farmi credere questo."—Novella

mals by Aselli but never in the human subdelle Donne, ff. 128, Lodovico DOMENICHI." ject, till Peiresc to whom Gassendi had Yet he proceeds to say

“Nondimeno di communicated Aselli's work, begged of the tanta auttorità sono le parole di quel San- magistrate at Aix that a malefactor might

be delivered over to the surgeons a little tissimo huomo, ch'io stringo le spalle, et m'arrendo."

before his execution. They made him take

a hearty meal, and one hour and a half after It is beneath the majesty of the Emperor his excustion executed him, and saw the of Japan to inflict for any the least disre

lacteals to Peiresc's great satisfaction.gard shown to his imperial commands a less

Ibid. vol. 4, p. 203. punishment than death, by the offender's own hands, or perpetual banishment, or im

It was thought that La Noue of the Iron prisonment, with the utter ruin of his fa- Arms, one of the best of his countrymen, mily.—KÆMPFER, vol. 1, p. 267.

might bave been saved, if the surgeon in

whom he confided would have trepanned God forgive those who believe in eternal | him.-Coll. des Mem. vol. 47, p. 63. torments, for to believe in them, is almost to deserve them.

In that age, Sylvaticus, the Professor at

Pavia, said that trepanning ought to be left “ The execution of damnation begins in to the itinerant surgeons. The Circulatores death, and is finished in the last judgment." they were called.--SPRENGEL, t. 7, p. 11. -Perkins, vol. 1, p. 107.

p. 159.

The ancients believed that goats ope- / still be wanting.–STEEVENs. Note to Macrated upon themselves for a cataract, by beth,“ like a rat without a tail." pressing a thorn into the eye, and that men learnt it from them.-Ibid. vol. 7, p. 38. Among Evelyn's charges against solitude,

It may have been learnt from such an after saying that it produces ignorance, accident, as Standert observed, when a man renders us barbarous, feeds revenge, and by a fall from his horse fractured his skull, disposes to envy, he says it creates witches. and dislodged a cataract. His life was saved, Censura Literaria, vol. 1, p. 9. and his sight recovered.

It is “ their black business to kill chil. THERE were itinerant rupture-surgeons dren; seeing that the principal preparations also; often most ignorant and brutal. One whereby they exercise, are made either of is mentioned who used to feed his dog with the skin or flesh of a child. Of the skin testicles. Dionis knew the fact.—Ibid. t. 7, they make their virgin parchment, a thing

of great importance as to them, and in which

all their spells and charms are to be written. The Chev. Saint Thoan found a silver Of the flesh decocted to a jelly they make nose so inconvenient that he submitted to their unguents, with which they do things be Taliacotified, and succeeded in obtaining of so rare and unreasonable consequence. “un charme et très bien conforme.”—Ibid. This practice of theirs, confesseth the set. 8, p. 177.

cret strength of innocency, and sanctity of

children."-John GREGOIRE, p. 98 The nose cannot be made from another person's flesh, because two persons cannot SOME admiring reader of Hutchinson has be kept without moving for the length of written in the margin of my copy, (vol. 8, time required.-Ibid. p. 179.

p. 263), “ all charms have come from the

ancients, and have had a mystical significaZacchias raised the legal question, whe- tion.” ther it were lawful to make a new nose for one who had been deprived of his own by “All I can say is, that Satan and he are the sentence of the law.-Ibid.

p.
185.

better acquainted than the devil and a good

Christian ought to be."-VANBRUGH. MisThe Apollo Belvidere is the best model take, p. 41. when one is to be made.-Ibid. p.

199.

See Statute, 33 Hen. VIII. c. 8, p. 837. ABUL KASEM the first who made false

persons who for the execution of teeth.—Ibid. p. 247.

their false devices made divers images and pictures of men, women, children, angels, o

devils, beasts, or fowls, and also crowns, Witchcraft.

sceptres, swords, rings, glasses, and other

things, and giving faith to such fantastical Innocent VIII.'s Bull against it, was

practices, have digged up and pulled down really designed against the Hussites. In an infinite number of crosses within this the Electorate of Treves alone, 6500 men realm,-for despite of Christ, or for lucre put to death as sorcerers.-SPRENGEL, t. 3, of money,—felony without clergy."

PERKINS, vol. 1, p. 40. Though a witch could assume the form of any animal she pleased, the tail would

p. 232.

- Can sit en play so nicely with tbeir

Dames?
They said, in Scotland that Rowland and be rejoins-
Hill ronde upon the backs of order and de-
* So I called one of my borses

No; misery Lakes sport to mock itselt."

Act ü. sc. i. Order," said be, and the other Decorun, shat they might tell the truth one way, if

CATHABINE DE MEDICI, changing the they did not in another."Life, p. 191.

names of her three sons, in bope of mending RUMPELSTILZCHES in the German Taks, their fortune.—BBASTONE, vol. 9, p. 465. might hare kept bis own secret in spite of his song, if he had had as many names as

Br the Laws of the Twelve Tables, if a King Ferdinand and his brother.

man died intestate who bad no near rela

tion, a man of his own name was to be his Ajax's Lamentation.-SOPHOCLES.

beir, and one who became mad or prodigal.

was, if he had no relation, to be put under Dr. HARSNET (afterwards archbishop of the care of a namesake.—Hook, vol. 2, pp. York) has a chapter on the strange Dames 313-4. of these devils, - lest," he says, “ meeting them otherwise by chance, you mistake

A.D. 1750. " I found an old newspaper them for the names of tapsters or jugglers." t'other day, with a list of outlawed smug. -Note to King Lear, p. 195.

glers. There were John Price, alias Miss

Marjoram; Bob Plunder; Bricklayer Tom; Lady Macbeth's name was Gruach, or and Robin Cursemotber, all of Hawkhurst, Grwok.–Ritson & Wintos.

in Hants.”—H. WALPOLE, vol. 1, p. 223. Evax, King of Arabia, dedicated his book THEODORE D'Agrippa D'Arbitxe, haon precious stones to Nero, because there ving had an illegitimate son, born in the was an e in his name as well as in the Em- fourth year of her widowhood, speaks thus peror's :

of him in her will :"Je le fis nommer “ Evax rex Arabum fertur dixisse

Nathan, et lui donnai pour surnom EngiNeroni, &c. (?)

band. Premièrement par le nom qui reMonthly Review, vol. 7, p. 133. tourné se trouve de même à retourner, le

surnom aussi trouve celui du père. En seThe elephant which the King of Persia cond lieu, j'ai voulu que ce nom me fut un sent by Isaac the Jew to Charlemagne was Nathan, qui signifie donné, et que le nom called Abulabaz.-ZUINGER, p. 2444.

du censeur de David representât mon ord

péché aux yeux et aux oreilles incessanAn ancestor of J. Wilkes, Edward Wilkes, ment." — Mem. de M. Maintenon, vol. 6, who resided in James L.'s reign at Leighton p. 47. Beausert (now Buzzard), had three sons and one daughter. The sons he christened Namesake feeling in the two Ajaces.Matthew, Mark, and Luke, and to come as CowPER, b. 17, v. 869. near John as he could, he called the daughter Joan.-Almon's M. vol. 1, p. 2.

The Lord Keeper North thought of inIn different branches of the family there troducing Nec-nons as well as Ac-etiams. have been Matthew and Mark to this time. – Vol. 1, p. 207.

When John of Gaunt harps mournfully upon his name, Richard II. replies to him,

ODYSSEY.–COWPER, b. 8, v. 677-80.
Yet some savages have no names.

p. 10.

sit upon the point of a needle." - John Hell.

GREGOIRE, p. 55, Rusca de Inferno, referred “ VERISIMILE nimirum est manes collo- to. quiis assuetos esse, nihil est enim aliud quod apud inferos agunt, ubi igni perpetuò assi- “St. Austin might have returned another dent, nisi ut confabulentur. Atque hinc est answer to him that asked him, “What God fæminas plerumque veneficas esse, et cum employed himself about before the world dæmone consortium inire, quod hæ ipsum was made ?' • He was making hell. No magis promptè ac liberè alloquantur."- such matter. The doctors in the Talmud Decl. ascribed to South, Opera Posthuma, say, “ He was creating repentance, or con

triving all the ways how he might be mer

ciful enough to the Man he is so mindful of, Rabbi Simeon Ben Lakisch said, “Non and to the Son of Man so much regarded erit infernus tempore venturo. Sed Deus by him.'"-Joun GREGOIRE, p. 135. Sanct. Benedict. educet Solem e thecâ suâ, facietque ut penetret radiis suis homines; et

Master HENRY GREENWOOD's Tormentimpii quidem judicabuntur per illum, justi ing Tophet (A. D. 1608), or, A terrible devero canabuntur per illum."

scription of hell, able to break the hardest To this they apply Malachi iv. 1.

heart, and cause it to quake and tremble." Avoda Sara, p. 16.

- Monthly Review, vol. 68, p. 343-5. Some

just remarks. ST. JAMES. " You must not mistake St. James's meaning. He does affirm that a sin- “ INFERNUS in futuro seculo non erit, sed gle breach of God's law deserves eternal

Sol æstu suo cruciabit impios, idemque exdeath, as well as ten thousand ; yet he does hilarabit pios."— Avoda Sara, p. 16. not say that small and great offenders will have equal punishment. No: mighty sinners will be mightily tormented. Men's future torment will be suited to the num

Oaths. ber and the greatness of their crimes. Yet moderate offenders can have small consola

M.DE LA TriMOUILLE was called, La vraye tion from hence, because the shortest punish- Corps Dieu, because that was his usual oath. ment is eternal, and the coldest place in hell Bayard used to exclaim, Feste-Dieu Baywill prove a hot one."—BERRIDGE, Christian

ard. M. de Bourbon (the Constable), Saints World Unmasked, p. 27.

Barbe. The Prince of Orange, Saint Nicolas (not the Prince). “ Le Bon Homme,

M. de la Roche du Maine juroit Teste Dieu Monthly Review, vol. 48, p. 68, a striking pleine de Reliques, (où Diable avoit il passage from Henry Brooke's Redemption, trouvé celuy-là ?) et autres que je nominepraying God to preserve in me the princi- rois

, plus saugreneux que ceux-là, mais il ple divine !"

vaut mieux les taire."—BRANTOME, vol. 6, “I HAVE wondered much at the curiosity (how learned soever) of some who under

" Quand la Pasque' Dieu deceda, take to set down the subterraneous geogra

Louis the Eleventh. phy of this place, and describing it so confidently, as if they had been there already ; not the gates and chambers of death only, has, with perfect propriety, put this oath intó

I SIR WALTER Scott, in Quentin Durward, but the very points of the compass in that the mouth of this mean and crafty prince. region and shadow, and how many souls may

J. W. W.

p. 129.

Par le jour Dieu luy succeda :

Charles the Eighth. Le Diable m'emporte s'en tint près ;

Louis the Twelfth. Foy de Gentil-Homme vint apris."

Francois the First.

Ibid. p. 277.

delight; springing up, he placed one par on each of her shoulders, but the next po ment he fell backward, and instantly expired.

“ M. de Candolle, Lecturer on Natura) History of Geneva, related this story." — O Brien's Round Towers of Ireland, p. 468.

Κακά δεννάζων ρήμαθ', ά δαίμων,
Κυδείς ανδρών, εδίδαξεν.-SoPH. Ajar.

[The Owl.]
v. 243-4.

“ All other birds except those of the owl kind, worship the light."—HUTCHINSOX,

vol. 8, p. 92. [Animals in Paradise.]

See his vituperation of the owl, which Hutchinson (vol. 3, p. 105) maintains immediately follows. that there were voracious and noxious creatures in Paradise before the fall, because " the parts of every creature shew how it

[Birds in the Bermulas.] was to live, and much the greater part of the species in the creation could not have

Birds in the Bermudas that burrow.-P. lived without eating others.” This is just

408. They lighted on the men's shoulders. begging the question.

-P. 412. See the passage. — BoswELL'S
Shakspere, vol. 15.

p. 126.

[Beasts examples to Men.]

JAMES GRANGER, vicar, preached a ser

mon October 18th, 1779, in the parish church Beasts examples to men, and designed of Shiplake, Oxfordshire, and published it for such.-Hutchinson, vol. 5, p. 69-70.

under the title of An Apology for the Brute “ They are still in the perfection of their creation; or Abuse of Animals considered. nature; " a good passage, shewing what this will it be believed that this very sensible consideration ought to effect in man.— Ibid. discourse gave disgust to two considerable

congregations, and that the mention of dogs

and horses was considered as a prostitution Jewisu niceties concerning guilt in mis

of the dignity of the pulpit. This made chievous animals. — Cur. of Literature, vol.

him publish it. He dedicated it to T. B. 1, p. 170-1.

Drayman, and addressing him as Neighbour
Tom, reminded him that he had seen him

exercise the lash with greater rage, and [A Tame Wolf.]

heard him at the same time swear more “A LADY near Geneva had a tame wolf, roundly and forcibly, than he had ever seen which seemed to have as much attachment or heard any of his brethren of the whip in to its mistress as a spaniel. She had occa- London. Should be find any hard words sion to leave home for some weeks; the wolf in the discourse, he told him that if he could evinced the greatest distress after her de- come to the vicarage, he would endeavour parture, and at first refused to take food. to explain them. And he warned him that During the whole time she was absent, he if he did not alter his conduct, he would remained much dejected. On her return, take care to have him punished by a justice as soon as the animal heard her footsteps, of peace.Monthly Review, vol. 47, p. 491-2. he bounded into the room in an ecstasy of

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