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the chief magistrate, and second man in the Victim to Apollo.

kingdom of North Wales, next to the King. " Ar Terracina, in Italy, it was an im- | Her virtuous parents desired above all things pious and barbarous custom, on certain very to breed her up in the fear of God, and to solemn occasions, for a young man to make preserve her soul untainted amidst the corhimself a voluntary sacrifice to Apollo, the

rupt air of the world. About that time St. tutelar deity of the city. After having been | Beuno, a holy priest and monk, who is said long caressed and pampered by the citizens, to have been uncle to our saint by the moapparelled in rich gaudy ornaments, he of- ther, having founded certain religious houses fered sacrifice to Apollo, and running full | in other places, came and settled in that speed from this ceremony, threw himself neighbourhood. Thevith rejoiced at his arheadlong from a precipice into the sea, and rival, gave him a spot of ground free from was swallowed up by the waves. Cæsarius, all burden or tribute, to build a church on, a holy deacon from Africa, happened once and recommended his daughter to be into be present at this tragical scene, and not | structed by him in Christian piety. When being able to contain his zeal, spoke openly the holy priest preached to the people, against so abominable a superstition. The Wenefride was placed at his feet, and her priest of the idol caused him to be appre tender soul eagerly imbibed his heavenly hended, and accused him before the gover doctrine, and was wonderfully affected with nor, by whose sentence the holy deacon, the great truths which he delivered, or ratogether with a Christian priest named Lu- | ther which God addressed to her by his cian, was put into a sack and cast into the mouth. The love of the sovereign and insea, the persecution of Dioclesian then rag finite good growing daily in her heart, her ing, in 300."Lives of the Fathers, &c. by affections were quite weaned from all the ALBAN BUTLER. Dub. 1780.

things of this world ; and it was her earnest

desire to consecrate her virginity by vow to Ejaculation.

God, and instead of an earthly bridegroom,

to choose Jesus Christ for her spouse. Her “St. Malachy used in his walks to send

parents readily gave their consent, shedding up short inflamed ejaculations from the bow

tears of joy and thanking God for her holy of his heart," says S. BERNARD," which was

resolution. She first made a private vow always bent."- Ibid.

of virginity in the hands of S. Beuno, and some time after received the religious veil

from him, with certain other pious virgins, St. Wenefride

in whose company she served God in a small “This name, in the Anglo-Saxon tongue, nunnery which her father had built for her, signifies winner or procurer of peace; but under the direction of S. Beuno, near Holy in the British, fair countenance. Thus St. Well. After this, S. Beuno returned to Wintrid called himself Boniface in foreign the first monastery which he had built at countries. Her father, whose name was Clynog Vaur, about forty miles distant, and Thevith, was very rich, and one of the prime there soon after slept in our Lord. After nobility in the country, being son to Eluith,

the death of S. Beuno, S. Wenefrede left I “ Winfrid, an obiainer of concord, or a win

Holy Well, and after putting herself for a peace. Winifriid an Englishman was by means short time under the direction St. Daifer, of Charles the Great unto Pope Gregory the entered the nunnery of Gutherin in DenSecond, made Archbishop of Mayence, and of bighshire, under the direction of a very holy the said Pope named Boniface. “ Winnefrede; the name of a woman allone |

abbot, called Elerius, who governed there a in signification.” VERSTEGAN.

double monastery. After the death of the J. W'. w. Abbess Theonia, S. Wenefrede was chosen to succeed her. Caradoc, son of Alain, droits de la ville, que chacun et particuli. prince of that country, being violently fallen erement S. Euvertre, admira son humilite, in love with her, gave so far way to his sa patience, son austerite, et pardessus tout brutish passion for her, that finding it im- son incroyable charite, de sorte que n'en possible to extort her consent to marry him, | pouvant rencontre un plus digne, il le nomma or gratify his desires, in his rage he one son successeur. Les Grands de la ville ne day pursued her, and cut off her head, as s'y accordans pas, en porterent deux des she was flying from him to take refuge in meilleures familles contre luy. S. Euvertre the church which St. Beuno bad built at procura une assemblee generale, pour monHoly Well. Robert of Shrewsbury and trer que son election venoit du Ciel, que some others add, that Caradoc was swal Dieu des son Eternite l'avoit ainsi arreste, lowed up by the earth upon the spot; that et que la seule vertu du venerable A, l'y in the place where the head fell, the won avoit induit; et pour plus les en assurer, il derful well which is seen there sprang up, fit une proposition qui fut trouvee bonne de with pebble stones and large parts of the toute l'assemblee ; c'est que l'on mist sur un rock in the bottom stained with red streaks, autel les noms de ceux qu'ils desiroient, and with moss growing on the sides under avec celuy de S. A: et apres avoir employe the water, which renders a sweet, fragrant | la nuict en prieres, et celebre le saincte smell; and that the martyr was raised to Messe,' nous envoyerons (dit il) un enfant life by the prayers of St. Beuno, and bore prendre les billets, celuy qu'il tirera le preever after the mark of her martyrdom by a mier, sera instale en mon lieu. Si cela ne red circle on the skin of her neck."-Ibid. vous suffit, nous prendrons le Psaultier, et p. 112.

le livre des Evangiles, pour voir si tout ne

se rapporte pas.' Cet advis estant geneSaint Aignan.

ralement receu, l'on passa le nuict en orai“ Sainct Aignan nasquit a Vienne en

son, et apres la Messe, que celebre S. E.

l'on prend un petit enfant qui ne pouvoit Dauphinc, de parens riches, nobles, et

encore parler, pour aller a l'autel. Le preChretiens, et fut frere de S. Leonian, pere

mier billet qu'il tira, fut celuy S. A. au d'un grand nombre de Moynes. La chair,

grand estonnement de toute l'assistance, disle monde, et le diable luy livrerent en la

tinctement par trois fois le proclama Evesfleur de son age de furieux assauts, pour

que. On ouvre le Psaultier, on l'on trouva lesquels repousser, il delibera de quitter le monde, et s'enrooler sous les enseignes de la

de prime abord ce verset, ‘Bien heureux est

celuy que vous avez eleu et etably, il deCroix, bastissant luy-mesme un petit Hermitage hors la ville ; ou il vescut quelque

meurera en vostre maison.' Et au livre des temps, chery et caressé de Dieu, mais mes

Evangiles, on y rencontra ces paroles. “Tu prise et mocque de ses concitoyens, qui ne

es Pierre, et sur cette Pierre je bastiray

mon Eglise!' Et pour fermer entierement pouvoient gouter une maniere de vie si

l'election, afin que chacun n'en doutast austere : car il prioit sans cesse, jeusnoit

plus, S. E. fit ouvrir l'Apocalypse, ou l'on estroittement, portoit sur son corps une

trouva : Personne ne peut mettre un autre tres-rude cilice. “ Ayant ainsi passe quelques annees, il

fondement que celuy deja pose.' A ces mifut inspire de Dieu d'aller a Orleans. Ses

racles si manifestes personne n'osa resister, rares et singulieres vertus donnerent incon

voyant palpablement la volonté divine, teltinent une odeur si souefue en tous les en

lement que S. E. la sacra aussi tost.

“ Apres la mort donc de S. E. S. A, prit "I find “souef, suavis,” in MENAGE.- It is evidently the same in signification.

| The verse occurs in 1 Cor. iii, 11. J. W. W.

J. W. W.

la charge de l'Eglise d'Orleans, en laquelle fait amas de beaucoup de chariots. Comme il se comporta si dignement, que comme unles citoyens effrayez eurent recours a leur vigilant Jardinier, il arrache de tout son prelat, luy, sans se soucier, pour le salut diocese les herbes dommageables, et y en des siens, sortit de la ville et parla a Attila. planta de bonnes ; prechant d'un zele nom- Mais ne l'ayant pu flechir, il se mit en pripareil, visitant les malades, assistant les eres, fit faire des Processions, et porter par vefues, defendant les orphelins, secourant les rues les reliques des saints. Un Prestre les pauvres et particulierement les prison- s'en estant mocque, disant, que cela n'avoit niers, desquels il avoit grand soin. Le de rien profite aux autres villes, tomba Colonel Agrapin n'ayant point voulu a sa roide mort sur la place, portant par ce moyen requeste relacher ceux qu'il tenoit, allant a la peine de son insolente temerite. Apres l'Eglise une pierre tomba sur sa tete, qui toutes ces choses, il commanda aux habitans le blesse si fort que l'on n'en pouvoit etan- de voir si le secours n'arrivoit point; ayant cher le sang, et n'en attendoit on que la ete respondu que non, il se remet en prieres, mort. Cette affliction desilla ses yeux, et et puis leur fait mesme commandement : le faisant souvenir de son injuste refus, pro- mais n'appercevant point encore de secours, testa d'accorder la requeste du Sainct, le- pour le troisieme fois il se prosterna a terre, quel par le signe de la Croix luy restitua sales yeux et l'esprit vers le Ciel. Se senpremiere sante : et de la est provenu le pri- tant exauce, il fait monter a la guerite et vilege qu'ont ses successeurs Eveques, de luy rapporte-t-on que l'on ne voyoit rien si delivrer les prisonniers le jour de leur en- non une grosse nuee de poussiere; il asseure tree. Faisant agrandir une Eglise que que c'etoit le secours d'Etius et de Teudo S. E. avoit batie, le Maitre Masson tombe Roy des Goths, lesquels tardans a se montrer du faiste en bas, et se froisse tellement les a l'armee d'Attilla, S. A. fut divinement membres, qu'il en tiroit a la fin S. A. y ac- transporte en leur camp, et les advertit que courut, fit le signe de la Croix sur luy, et tout estoit perdu, s'ils attendoient au lendele rendit sain.

main. Ils parurent aussi-tost, et forcerent “ En ce temps le cruel Attila sortit des Attila de lever si hâtivement le siege, que Mers, resolu de s'emparer des Gaules. Le plusieurs des siens se noyerent dans la Loire, saint prelat prevoyant que cette nuee vien | d'autres s'entretuerent avec regret d'avoir droit fondre a Orleans, s'en va a Arles pour perdu le ville : et non contens de cette vics'aboucher avec Etius, Lieutenant General toire, le poursuiverent si vivement avec le de l'Empereur Justinian (!) a luy demander R. Meronec, que se vint joindre a eux, qu'ils secours, et comme une grande fontaine ar- le defirent en bataille rangee pres de Chârouse les terres par lesquelles elle passe,lons, jonchant la campagne de 180,000 ainsi en son chemin il laissa des marques de cadavres. On ne peut rapporter la joye son heureux voyage, guerissant en beau- qu'eurent lors ceux d'Orleans, ny l'estime coup de lieux grand nombre de malades. qu'ils firent de leur sainct prelat, l'appellant Entr'autres estant loge une nuict en la mai- | Mur de France, Protecteur de leur ville, et son de S. Mammert qui avoit perdu la vray Pere de tous les Citoyens ; lesquels parole, et alloit rendre l'esprit, et ayant prie furent tous conservez, exceptez quelques le long de cette nuict, il le guerit sur le incredules, qui tombans entres les mains de matin, tant du corps de de l'ame : car S. M. l'ennemy, furent traittez avec cruaute. En se voue depuis a Dieu, se separa de sa femme par son consentement et fut Archivesque de

From here is quoted in the notes to Joun of Vienne. A son retour la ville fut inconti

Arc, fifth book, p. 37, on the lines,

“ St. Aignan's shrine nent assiegee, Attila fermant toutes les

Was throng'd with suppliants, the general voice issues, et battant jour et nuict la muraille Callid on si. Air

to save et avoit il deja partage le butin de la ville, et | His people, as of yore," &c. J. W.W.

S name

mame again to sever

cette mesmo annee Dieu le combla encore is borne up into the air, and must be caught d'une nouvelle faveur ; car comme pour les in a mantle before it reaches the earth. ravages des armees la famine fut extreme, The person who catches it must escape on par ses prieres la terre devint si fertile en | horseback, for the snakes will pursue him bleds, vins, et autres provisions, que par till they are stopped by a river. The proof tout son Diocese l'on ne ressentoit plus les of it is, if it floats against the stream even pertes de la guerre."

when set in gold. It must be caught in a Two years after, on November 17, “ il certain period of the moon. passa de cette vie laborieuse en une pleine “On a little hill near Holyhead is a round de repos." He has a Church dedicated to chapel of St. Fraid, of which the people can him at Orleans; and on June 14, the day give no account, except that human bodies he delivered the city, a festival.

and stone coffins have been dug up in it From Le nouveau parterre des fleurs des within memory, and it is still walled round ries des Saints. Par Pere RIBADENEIRA de for burial. About one quarter of a mile la Compagnie de Jesus ; M. ANDRE DU VAL north of it on the hill overlooking Holyhead Docteur et Professeur du Roy en Theologie, are the remains of a double Cromlech in the et par Jean Baudoin Historiographe du same direction as the rest, and seeming to Roy. Lyons, 1666.

have been considerable. It is called Trechen Tre rechthre. Tradition says that a very profligate debauchè, owner of the ad

joining farms of Trergow and Pentros, comAberfraw.

mitted great excesses at these stones with “ ABERFRAW Palace is succeeded by a his mistresses, and at last in a fit of rage barn, in which are stones of better work- | murdered them there. Under the mountain manship than usual in such buildings. Here that overhange the town (Holyhead), and was kept a copy of the ancient code of laws. is properly called the Head, is a large caNear it are frequently found the Glain vern in the rock, supported by natural pilNaidr, or Druid glass rings. Of these the lars, called the Parliament Houses, accessivulgar opinion in Cornwall and most parts ble by boats, and the tide flows into it. On of Wales is, that they are produced by its top is Caer Twr, a circular stone wall snakes joining their heads together and his without mortar, surrounding its summit ten sing, which forms a kind of bubble like a feet with a wall, probably a pharos. Severing about the head of one of them, which

ral other like fortifications appear on the the rest by continual hissing blow on till it

tops of the hills on the coast in this island. comes off at the tail, when it immediately In the Church of Llanedan a reliquary of hardens and resembles a glass ring. Who- very ordinary grit stone with a roof-like ever found it was to prosper in all his un- cover, the celebrated Maen Mordhwyd, or dertakings. These rings are called Glain stone of the thigh, is now chained to the Nadroedh or Gemmæ Anguinæ.

church walls, having defied the orders of Pliny says, " a great number of snakes in

Hugh Lupus to cast it into the sea, whence summer rolling together form themselves

it returned to its usual place. into a kind of mass with the saliva of their

“Llandyfrydog is remarkable for an acmouths and froth of their bodies, and pro cident that befel Hugh Earl of Shrewsbury, duce what is called the anguinum or snake's in one of his inyasions here; his dogs put egg. The Druids say, this by their hissing | in the Church one night run mad, and the

Earl himself died miserably in less than a - “Like the lights

month after."-Gougu's Camden. Which there upon Aberfraw's royal walls Are waving with the wind.” Madoc, I. i.

J. W. W.

French, in spoiling the country, rifeling the Winifred's Well.

houses, and carrying away children with “At the bottom of St. Winifred's well their baggage, upon their cowes backs."— are several round stones with red spots, a | SPEED, p. 638. kind of Jungermania moss, odoriferous, which they pretend stained with her blood, and others on which grows a long odoriferous

Arrows. Bissus Iolithus, called her hair.”—Gouge's “The tempests of arrowes still whisling Camden.

in the aire sparkled fire in their fals from

the helinets of the French, and with their Love of God.

steeled heads, rang manie thousands their “ The soul of one who serves God," said

knels that doleful day.”—SPEED. At AzinSt. Joun of the Cross, " always swims in

cour. joy, always keeps holyday, is always in her palace of jubilation, ever singing with fresh

Pomp of an Army. ardour and fresh pleasure a new song of “And surely the beauty and honourable joy and love.

horrour of both the armies, no heart can “ Perfect love of God (said he) makes | judge of, unless the eye had seene it, the death welcome and most sweet to a soul. banners, ensigns, and pennons streaming in They who love thus, die with burning ar- the ayre, the glistering of armours, the vadours and iinpetuous flights, through the rietie of colours, the motion of plumes, the vehemence of their desires of mounting up forrests of lances, and the thickets of shorter to their beloved. The rivers of love in the weapons, made so great and goodlie a show." heart, now swell almost beyond all bounds, -SPEED, p. 632. being just going to enter the ocean of love. So vast and so serene are they that they scem even now calm seas, and the soul over

Paul the Hermit. flows with torrents of joy, upon the point A. c. 350. “Dans la Basse-Thebaide, il of entering into the full possession of God. / y avoit un jeune homme, nomme Paul, que She seems already to behold that glory, and son père et sa mère avoient laissé, à l'age all things in her seem already turned into de 15 ans, héritier d'un grand patrimoine ; love, seeing there remains no other prepa il avoit une sæur mariée, et demeuroit avec ration than a thin web, the prison of the elle. Son caractère étoit doux et sensible, body being already broken."?

son esprit cultivé et reflechi ; il étoit savant dans les lettres Grecques et Egyptiennes,

aimoit l'étude et la retraite ; et pénétré des Irish at Rouen.

grandes vérités de la religion, il trouvoit le “With the English (at the siege of Roan) bonheur dans la pratique des vertus qu'elle 1600 Irish Kernes were enrolled, from the prescrit. La persécution l'obligea à chercher Prior of Kilmainham, able men, but almost un asyle dans des montagnes désertes; il naked; their arms were targets, darts, and avoit alors 23 ans. Paul, attendant la fin de swords, their horses little and bare, no sad- la persécution, s'affectionna au genre de vie dle, yet never the less nimble, on which solitaire qu'il avoit embrassé par nécessité: la upon every advantage they plaied with the crainte le conduisit dans un desert, l'inclina

tion l'y fixa. Il s'avançoit chaque jour dans les | This is from his “ Flamma Vivi Amoris.

montagnes, et ne s'arretoit que lorsque la fatiAs both paragraphs occur in Butler's Lives of

gue l'obligeoit à prendre quelque repos. Si the Saints, no doubt the extracts are to be re. ferred to that work. See under November 24. , la contemplation de la nature a des charmes

J. W. W. 1 pour un philosophe, quelle impression vive

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