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of Hadramaut, where his posterity greatly | desarts of Aden, and called it Irem, after multiplyed. Their first king was Shedâd, | the name of his great-grandfather: when it the son of Ad, of whom the eastern writers was finished, he set out with a great attendeliver many fabulous things, particularly dance to take a view of it; but when they that he finished the magnificent city his were come within a day's journey of the father had begun, wherein he built a fine place, they were all destroyed by a terrible palace, adorned with delicious gardens, to noise from heaven. embellish which he spared neither cost nor “They say Pharaoh used to tie those be labour, proposing thereby to create in his had a mind to punish, by the hands and subjects a superstitious veneration of him- feet to four stakes fixed in the ground, and self as a god. This garden or paradise was so tormented them." called the garden of Irem, and is mentioned A fine poem might be made upon this in the Koran, and often alluded to by the story. A female Arabian, blameless and oriental writers. The city, they tell us, is miserable, finds herself in this city; she still standing in the desarts of Aden, being meets one inhabitant, who had been so much preserved by Providence as a monument of better than his countrymen, that when they divine justice, though it be invisible, unless were destroyed and thrown into hell, he very rarely, when God permits it to be was left alone, a wretched man. And every seen, a favour one Colabah pretended to full moon Azrael appeared to him to know have received in the reign of the Khalif | if he were willing to die, and the wretched Moâwiyah, who sending for him to know man, though death was his hourly wish, the truth of the matter, Colabah related his yet durst not die. The angel comes again, whole adventure; that as he was seeking a —she falls prostrate before him, and as a camel he had lost, he found himself on a reward he drops the drops of bitterness sudden at the gates of this city, and enter- from his sword, but the drops of death are ing it, saw not one inbabitant, at which be- sweet to her, and she expires with a smile. ing terrified, he stayed no longer than to The Adite then takes courage, and blesses take with him 'some fine stones which he God, and dies. shewed the Khalif."-SALE.

The descendants of Ad in process of The note says, “ Ad left two sons, Shed. time falling from the worship of the true dâd and Sheddid, who reigned jointly after

God into idolatry, God sent the prophet his decease, and extended their power over

Hûd (who is generally agreed to be Hethe greater part of the world. But Sheddid ber) to preach to and reclaim them. But dying, his brother became sole monarch ; | they refusing to acknowledge his mission, who having heard of the celestial paradise,

or to obey him, God sent a hot and suffomade a garden in imitation thereof in the

cating wind, which blew seven nights and eight days together, and entering at their

nostrils, past through their bodies, and deHappy Al Ahkâf then, For many and brave were his sons,

stroyed them all, a very few only excepted, · His daughters were many and fair.”_i. 19. who had believed in Hûd, and retired with

J. W. W. him to another place. Schedad is also called I “ Hast thou not considered how thy Lord Iram Ben Omad. dealt with Ad, the people of Irem, adorned with lofty buildings, the like whereof hath not been erected in the land ? and with Thamud, who hewed the rocks in the valley into houses ? and

Le rrophete Houd. with Pharaoh, the contriver of the stakes, who | had behaved insolently in the earth, and multi

“Dieu le destina pour précher à ce peu. plied corruptions therein ?"- Koran, ch.89. The ple l'unité de son essence, et pour le deday break.

| tourner du culte des Idoles. Ces Idoles etoient Sakiah, qu'ils invoquoient pour avoir de la pluye. Morthad qui etoit le plus sage de la pluie: Hafedhah, à qui ils recouroient de cette troupe, et qui avoit été persuadé pour etre preservés de mauvaises rencontres par les predications du P. Houd, remontroit pendant leurs voyages: Razecah, qu'ils croy souvent à ses compagnons, qu'il etoit inuoient leur fournir les choses necessaires à la tile d'aller faire des prieres en ce lieu-la, vie; et Salemah qu'ils imploroient pour le si auparavant on n'adheroit aux verites recouvrement de la santé, quand ils étoient que le P. Houd leur préchoit, et si l'on ne malades. Ces Adites habitoient dans l'Ara- | faisoit une serieuse penitence de leur peche bie Heureuse en une contrée nommée d'incredulité. Car comment voulez-vous, Aheaf, mot qui signifie en Arabe des col- leur disoit-il, que Dieu repande sur nous lines de sable. Houd précha inutilement à la pluie abondante de sa misericorde, si ce peuple pendant plusieurs années, jusqu'à nous refusons d'ecouter la voix de celui ce que Dieu enfin se lassa de les attendre qu'il a envoye pour nous instruire ? à penitence.

“Kil, qui etoit des plus obstinés dans son “ La premiere punition que Dieu leur erreur, et par consequent des plus contraires envoya, fut une famine de trois ans conse au Prophete, entendant les discours de son cutifs, pendant lesquels le ciel fut fermé collegue, pria aussi-tot le Roi Moavie de repour eux. Cette famine jointe à beaucoup tenir prisonnier Mortadh, pendant que lui d'autres maux qu'elle causa, emporta une et les siens iroient faire leurs prieres sur la grande partie de ce peuple, qui etoit le plus colline. Moavie se rendit à ses instances, fort, le plus riche, et le plus puissant de et retenant celui ci prisonnier, permit aux toute l'Arabie.

autres poursuivre leur voyage, et d'accom“ Les Adites se voyant reduits à une plir leur veu. telle extremité, et ne recevant aucun secours “Kil demeuré seul chef de ces fourvoyés, de leurs fausses Divinités, resolurent de faire etant arrivé avec les siens sur le lieu, fit ainsi un pelerinage en un lieu de la Province de sa priere: Seigneur, donnez au peuple d'Ad Hegiaz,ou est située presentement la Mecque. de la pluye telle qu'il vous plaira; et il ne Il s'elevoit pour lors en ce lieu une colline l'eut pas plutot achevée, qu'il parut trois de sable rouge, autour de laquelle on voy- | nuées au ciel, l'une blanche, l'autre rouge, oit toujours un grand concours de divers et la troisieme noire; en meme temps on peuples ; et toutes ces nations, tant fideles entendit retentir du ciel ces paroles, Choisis qu'infidelles, croyoient obtenir de Dieu, en laquelle tu veux de ces trois. Kil choisit la le visitant avec devotion, tout ce qu'elles noire, qu'il croyoit la plus chargée et la plus lui demandoient concernant les besoins et abondante en eau dont ils avoient une exles necessités de la vie.

treme besoin ; et apres avoir fait ce choix, “Les Adites ayant donc resolu d'entre- | il quitta aussi-tot cet endroit, pour prendre prendre ce voyage religieux, choisirent 70 la route de son pays, se flattant du succès hommes, à la tete desquels ils mirent Mor- heureux qu'avoit eu son voyage. tadh et Kil, les deux plus considerables per- “Aussi-tot que Kil fut arrivé dans la valsonnages du pays, pour s'acquitter au nom lée de Magaith, une des contrées du pays de tout le peuple de ce devoir, et obtenir des Adites, il donna part à ses compatriotes du ciel par ce moyen, la pluie sans laquelle de la reponse favorable qu'il avoit reçue, tout etoit perdu chez eux. Ces gens etant et de la ruée qui devoit arroser bientot toutes partis, arriverent aupres de Moavie, qui leurs terres: ces peuples insenses sortirent regnoit pour lors dans la Province de He- tous de leurs habitations pour la recevoir ; giaz, et en furent tres-bien reçus. Ils lui mais cette nuée, qui n'etoit grosse que de la exposerent le sujet de leur voyage, et lui | vengeance divine, ne produisit qu'un vent demanderent la permission d'aller faire leurs tresfroid et tres violent que les Arabes appeldevotions à la colline rouge, pour obtenir | lent Sarsar, lequel soufflant pendant 7 nuits et 7 jours entiers, extermina tous les Infi- | deles du pays, et ne laissa en vie que le P. | The Wise Man's Remarks on the Palace. Houd avec ceux qui l'avoient écouté, et "LAMAI, dans ses opuscules, rapporte embrassé la foi.”—D'HERBELOT.

qu'un grand prince qu'il ne nomme point, ayant fait batir un superbe palais, voulut le faire voir à tous les gens d'esprit et de bon

goût de la ville ; il les convia pour cet effet Huc respicit Atthar in Pendnameh “Qui mandatum potentiæ suæ dedit vento.

à un grand festin qu'il leur avoit fait preUt supplicium meritum populo Adi daret.”

parer, et leur demanda apres le repas s'ils Pæseos Asiat. Com.

avoient connoissance de quelque bâtiment plus magnifique, et plus parfait dans l'architecture, dans les ornements ou dans les meu

bles. Un chacun des conviés se contenta Mahommedan Purgatory.'

de lui temoigner son admiration, et de lui “ ARAF, un lieu qui est entre le paradis donner des louanges, à la reserve d'un seul, et l'enfer des Mahometans.”

| lequel menant une vie plus retirée et plus Some deem it merely a veil of separation, austere, etoit du nombre de ceux que les some a strong wall; others hold it to be “un | Arabes appellent en leur langue Zahed. purgatoire, dans lequel demeurent ceux d'. “Cet homme parla fort librement au prince, entre les Fideles, dont les bonnes et les me et lui dit ; Je trouve un grand defaut dans chantes actions sont dans une telle egalité, ce batiment, qui consiste en ce que les fonqu'ils n'ont pas assez merité pour entrer en dements n'en sont pas bons, ni les murs asParadis, ni assez demerité pour etre con sez forts; de sorte qu'Azrael y pourra pedamnes au feu de l'Enfer, ils voyent de ce netrer de tous cotés, et le Sarsar? y passera lieu la gloire des bien heureux, ils les felici aisement. Et comme on lui montroit des tent de leur bonheur; mais le desir ardent lambris azurés et dorés du meme palais, dont qu'ils ont de se joindre à eux, leur tient lieu | l'ouvrage merveilleux surpassoit encore la d'une grande peine.

richesse de la matiere, il dit, il y a ici en “Mais enfin au jour du Jugement uni core une fort grande incommodité; c'est versel, lorsque tous les hommes, avant que qu'on ne peut point bien juger de ces ouvd'etre jugés, seront cités pour rendre hom rages, à moins que l'on ne soit couché à la mage à leur Createur, ceux qui sont enfer renverse; voulant signifier par cette maniere mes dans ce lieu, se prosterneront devant de parler, que l'on ne connoissoit jamais bien la face du Seigneur en l'adorant; et par cet ces choses qu'au lit de la mort, d'ou l'on en acte de religion qui leur tiendra lieu de me decouvroit seulement alors la vanité. rite, le nombre de leurs bonnes œuvres ve “Le discours du Zahed donna le courage vant à surpasser celui des mauvaises, ils en- à un philosophe, de dire au meme prince ; treront dans la gloire.

vous avez employé beaucoup de temps à ba“Saadi dit, touchant ce lieu nommé Araf, tir ce palais de boue et de corruption, que qu'il paroit un enfer aux bienheureux, et un | vous voyez cependant avoir si peu de soliparadis aux damnés." —D'HERBELOT. dité; quand vous l'auriez élevé jusqu'au

ciel, ne savez-vous pas qu'il sera reduit un 1 - " Hath not Allah made

jour en poussiere? Le temps qui vous donne Al Araf in his wisdom ? where the sight

ici deux jours de repos que vous employez Of heaven may kindle in the penitent

The strong and purifying fire of hope, 9 “ The walls are weak, the building ill secure. Till, at the Bay of Judgment, he shall see

Azrael can enter in !
The Mercy-Gates unfold." - Thulaba, xii. 34.

The Sarsar can pierce through,
J. W. W.

The Icy Wind of Death."

Thalaba, i. 36.-J. W. W.

si mal, s'envolera bientot comme une fleche emportée par le vent des vicissitudes ordi

Pelican. naires du monde, sans que vous puissiez ja “The pelican makes choice of dry and demais le recouvrer."-Ibid.

sert places to lay her eggs. When her young are hatched, she is obliged to bring

water to them from great distances. To enAccount of a Suicide.

able her to perform this necessary office,

nature has provided her with a large sac, JOSEPH had once a fellow-servant who which extends from the top of the under destroyed himself. The night previous to mandible of her bill to the throat, and holds his suicide he alarmed the family, and when

as much water as will supply her brood for they were up, said there were robbers in the

several days. This water she pours into the house. The spayed bitch howled at him

nest to cool her young, to allay their thirst, strangely, and ran round him; in the morn

and to teach them to swim. Lions, tigers, ing he was found hanging. He was coach

and other rapacious animals resort to these man, and it was remarkable that one horse,

nests, drink the water, and are said not to though perfectly docile to every other per

injure the young." - SMELLIE's Philosophy son, would never permit him to touch it,

of Natural History. but Aung and reared, and even wept at his approach. His wife said he often alarmed her at night

Harût and Marût. by saying, “The robin was come! he heard the robin, and must go !" then he would go

"The angels expressing their surprize at to the hayloft and lie there. Was this in

the wickedness of the sons of Adam, after sanity, or the delirium of guilt ?—June 27,

prophets had been sent to them with divine 1798. Martin Hall, Westbury.

commissions, God bid them chuse two out of their own number to be sent down to be judges on earth. Whereupon they pitched

upon Harût and Marût, who exercised their Oriental Maxims.

office with integrity for some time, till Zo“Je crains Dieu, et apres Dieu, je ne hara, or the planet Venus, descended and crains que celui qui ne le craint pas."

appeared before them in the shape of a beau“Il n'y a point d'asyle d'une sûreté plus | tiful woman, bringing a complaint against grande que la crainte de Dieu.”

her husband. As soon as they saw her, they “L'orphelin n'est pas celui qui a perdu fell in love with her, and endeavoured to son père, mais celui qui n'a ni science, ni

prevail on her to satisfy their desires, but bonne éducation."

she flew up again to heaven, whither the "Lorsque l'âme est prête à partir, qu'im

two angels also returned, but were not adporte de mourir sur le trone, ou de mou

mitted. However, on the intercession of a rir sur la poussiere?"

certain pious man, they were allowed to chuse “Qui a perdu la pudeur, a le cour mort."

whether they would be punished in this life, “ Lisez les poésies, c'est une marque de

or in the other; whereupon they chose the bonnes inclinations."

former, and now suffer punishment accord“Le meilleur remède dans les afflictions ingly in Babel, where they are to remain est de se remettre à la volonté de Dieu.” till the day of judgment. They add, that if “ Si vous entendez dire à quelqu'un qu'

a man has a fancy to learn magic, he may une montagne a changé de place, vous pouvez le croire; mais si l'on vous dit qu'un homme

I“A desert pelican had built her nest a changé de meurs, n'en croyez rien, car il

In that deep solitude," &c.Thalaba, v.i. retournera toujours à son naturel.”

J. W.W.

go to them and hear their voice, but cannot | miliar to me. An Arab, whom I saw apsee them."-SALE.

| proaching at a distance, upon a camel, apI have somewhere seen this story in a peared to move through the air, with the better form, as that the woman was only a gigantic bulk of a tower ; although he was woman, and demanded as the price of her travelling along the sand like ourselves. acquiescence to be taught the cabalistical Several travellers mention this error of viname of God, on pronouncing which she as- sion, which is owing to a peculiar refraction cended into heaven.

produced in these torrid climates, by vaThe concluding part of the story is a noble pours differing greatly in their nature from ground-work.

those which fill the air in temperate regions."—NIEBUHR.

The translator remarks “ we have all Jewish Ideas of Messiah.

observed how greatly objects are magnified “E por que tendo o Messias ja vindo, se

when seen through mist." gundo esta opiniao ha mais de 1632 annos,

“ We passed two of those vallies so ainda em tantos annos nenhum Judeo vio a o

common in Arabia which when heavy rains seu Messias : dizem huns que anda desconhe

fall, are filled with water, and are then cido perigrinando pelolmundo. Outros que

called wadi, or rivers, although perfectly esta as portas de Roma na companhia de

dry at other times of the year."--Ibid. muytos pobres pedindo esmola. Outros, que esta escondido nos montes Caspios, & com

“The only vegetables by which the sandy tal cautela, que se algum Judeo o quizer ir la

and barren country is enlivened are a few buscar, o rio Sabatino lho impede, por que

date trees. Houses scattered among groves chegando algum Judeo as suas margens, con

of date trees, and inhabited only in the seaverte as suas aguas em pedras, lancando hum

son when the dates are gathered. tal chuveyro de pedradas sobre os pobres

“ We came to a large village called El Judeos, que ou haõ de ficar alli mortos ; ou

Mahad, standing in a beautiful valley which se hao de retirar deixando a o seų Messias

receives the waters that fall from Mount la dentro no seu encanto. Outros conside

Kema. In the rainy season these waters rando que os montes Caspios estao muyto

form a river, which spreads into several pertos, & esta fabula do rio Sabbatino se conyencia de ridicula, appelaram

branches, and fertilizes the adjacent lands, para o

like the Nile. Paraiso, dizendo que la esta o Messias entre

4 The coffee trees were all in flower at tido na companhia de Moyses & Elias, para

Bulgosa, and exhaled an exquisitely agreeque quando for tempo, Deos o mande libertar

able perfume. a os Judeos.”—Sermam do Auto da Fe,

"We observed a running stream; its 1705. Pelo, Arcebisp. de Cranganor.

channel is very broad, but as no rain had for a long time fallen, the stream covered

the breadth of twenty or twenty-four feet Arabian Scenery.

In this place it runs with a considerable cur" I now, for the first time, observed an rent, but in Tamama it spreads into a shalappearance with which I was singularly low lake, and is lost among the sands. We struck, but which became afterwards fa now drew nearer to the river, of which a

branch was dry, and having its channel filled Southey adopted this form in Thalaba.

with reeds growing to the height of twenty « At the length

feet, served as a line of road, which was aA woman came before them; beautiful Zohara was, as yonder evening star.”_iv. 9. | greeably shaded by the reeds." -Ibid.

J. W.W.

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