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Attack on Fort Mifflin •. ■ .

Abandoning the Vessels at Gloucester

Chairing Colonel Wood as Proxy for Washington . , .

Washington and Lee at Monmouth 335

Washington Dragging the Poacher Ashore . .

Moll Pitcher at Monmouth . . 361

Scene at Stockbridge, on receiving News of the Battle of Lexington
Tearing Down the Statue of George III. .......

Washington Taking Leave of the Army .....

Buche's Prayer in Congress ... . _

Washington at the Death-bed of young Custis .....

Washington Taking Leave of his Mother . . . . . . .

Washington as a Farmer ■....♦....

[table]

TABLE OF' CONTENTS*

CHAPTER I.

Birth and Death of Great Men—Ancestry of George—Loss of Iris Father -

Sent to District School-—Early History—Appointed. Survey or-—Forest Life -

Goes to Barbadoes with a Sick Brother—Appointed Major over the Militia --

Sent a Commissioner to the French—Account of his Perilous Journey0

.CHAPTER II.

Washington sent against the French—Hostilities of the latter—Fort Buquesne—

Difficulties of the March—Dangerous Explorations-—Message from the Half-

King—Night March—Attack on Jumonville—Feelings of Washington in his

First Battle—Final Results vof it—Fort Necessity—Battle of the Great Mea-

dows—Washington Capitulates—Resigns in Disgust his Commission—Tart

Refusal to Join the Army under Governor Sharpe—Accepts Braddoek's

Request to act as Volunteer Aid—Is taken Sick—Joins the Army—Battle of

Monongahela—Bravery of Washington—The Retreat—Death of Braddock—

Washington Reads the Funeral Service—Burial "by Torch-light—-Scenes

around Fort Du Quesne—Demoniacal Jubilee of the Indians—Washington at

Mount, Vernon—Disgust with the Government—-Apppointed Oommander-in-

Chief of the Virginia Forces—Head-quarters at Winchester—Inroads of the

Indians—Terror of the Settlers—Sternness of Washington—False Rumors-

Difficulty with Captain Dagworthy—Goes to Boston to refer it to Governor

Shirley—Reception on the way—Falls in love with Miss Phillips of New

York—His Return. -

CHAPTER in.

Fresh Hostilities of the Indians—Attempts to Supersede Washington—Anony-

mous Libels—Washington wishes to Resign—Prevented by his Friends—-

. Establishes a Line of Forts—Harassing Nature of his Duties—Attends a

Convention at Philadelphia—His Sickness and Retirement to Mount Vernon-—

Progress of the War—Frederick the Great—Washington's first Acquaint-

ance with Mrs. Oustis—Advance of the Army to Fort Du Quesne—-Wash-

ington required to cut a New Road—His Forebodings likely to prove true-

Capture of the Fort—Election of Washington to the House of Burgesses—

His Marriage—Life at Mount Vernon—Collision with a Poacher—Settles the

Soldiers' Claims—Exp edition to the Western Wilderness to examine the

Wild Lands—Admirable Preparation for his Future Career. -

Character of the Colonists—First Attempt to Tax the Provinces—Its Recep-

tion by the People—Taxation Discussed in the British Parliament—Speech

of Colonel Barre—Attitude of Virginia—Speech of Patrick Henry—South

Carolina and Gadsden—Attacks on Stamp-Master J. Ingersoll—First Con-

gress at New York—The Stamp Act Repealed— Excitement and Joy of the

Colonists—Washington's Views of it—Duties on Tea, Paper, etc.—rTea

thrown overboard in Boston Harbor—Port Bill—Virginia Assembly and

Conduct of Washington—Fast Day—Fairfax Resolutions—Washington's

Letter to Mr. Bryan Fairfax—He is Elected a Delegate to the First General

Congress—Action of Congress—Prayer by Duche—Washington's standing

in Congress—Lexington and Concord—Excitement of the People—Stock-

bridge—The Second Congress—Washington Chairman of every Committee—

Appointed Commander-in-Chief—Battle of Bunker Hill—Journey of Wash-

ington to Cambridge—Takes Command of the Army—Its Character—Ap-

pearance of the Encampment—Washington's first order—Organization of

the Army—Difficulties that beset him—Forced to act contrary to his

wishes. -----------

CHAPTER V.

Washington Remonstrates against the Treatment of American Prisoners—

Sends Arnold to Quebec—Want of Powder in the Army—A new Army

raised—The National Flag first hoisted—Washington prevented from As-

saulting the Enemy's Works—His feelings under the delay—Thinks of the

Poor at Home-p-" Boston Blockaded," a farce—Washington takes Possession

of Dorchester Heights—Howe resolves to storm them—Attempt abandoned,

and the Evacuation of Boston commenced—Sufferings of the Tories—Wash-

ington orders the Army to New York—Lee sent South—His Letter—Wash-

ington Visits Congress—His Views of a Declaration of Independence—Defeat

of the Northern Army—Attempt to spread Disaffection in Washington's

Guard—Congress discusses the Declaration of Independence—Excitement

in Philadelphia at the final vote—Its reception by the Army and People—

Operations around New York—Howe's Letter to George Washington, Esq.

The assembling of the British force—State of the two Armies.

CHAPTER VI.

The British land on Long Island—Sickness of Greene—The Battle—Defeat of

Sullivan and Stirling—Masterly Retreat to New York—Causes of Failure—

New York abandoned—Retreat of Washington to Harlsem Heights—Land-

ing of the British at Kip's Bay—Poltroonery of the Americans and rage of

Washington—His severe Order of the Day—Remarks on this Conduct of

Washington—Narrow Escape of Putnam with his Division—Skirmish be-

tween two Detachments and Death of Knowlton—Manoeuvre of Howe and

Battle of Chatterton's Hill—Retreat of Washington—Fall of Fort Washing-

ton. ---■-----.

CHAPTER XI.

Lafayette at Barren Hill—The Oath of Allegiance taken by the Officers-

Strange conduct of Lee—Evacuation of Philadelphia—Determination of

Washington—Battle of Monmouth and conduct of Lee—Arrival of the

French Fleet—Attack on New York planned—Failure of the Attempt against

Newport, and Displeasure of the French Commander—Massacre of Baylor's

Dragoons and American Troops at Egg Harbor—Destitute condition of the

Army, and Opinions of Washington as to the result of it—The Army in

Winter Quarters—Miserable condition of Congress—Sickness of Lafayette-

Washington consults with Congress on the Plan of the Summer Campaign—

Resolves to act solely against the Indians—Sullivan's Expedition—Taking

of Stony and Verplanck's Points—Governor Tryon's Foray—Successful At-

tack of Wayne on Stony Point—Lossing's Accusations refuted—Wretched

state of the Currency—Washington's Indignation against Speculators—

Count Yergennes' views of Washington—Suffering of the Troops in Winter

Quarters at Morristown—The Life Guard—Death of the Spanish Agent—

Washington partakes of the Communion in a Presbyterian Church—National

Bankruptcy threatened—Arrival of Lafayette with the news of a large

French Force having sailed-nNoble Conduct of the Ladies of Philadelphia,
and of Robert Morris, in Supplying the Soldiers with Clothing.

CHAPTER XII.

Fall of Charleston—Arrival of the French Fleet—Defeat of Gates—Washington

visits Rdchambeau—Treason of Arnold—Arrest of Andr6—His Execution—

Cornwallis in the South—Proj ect of an Attack on New York—Suffering of the

Troops—Mutiny mTWayne's Command—Mutiny of the New Jersey Troops,

and prompt action of Washington—Inefficiency of Congress, and jealousies-

of the States--Arnold's Expedition into Virginia—Action between the Eng-

lish and French fleet—Lafayette sent South to cooperate with Steuben—

Operations in Virginia—Washington's Letter to the Manager of his Estate—

State of the Army—Letter to Paul Jones—Patriotism of Robert Morris—

Washington prepares to attack New York—Cornwallis retreats before La-

fayette to Yorktown—The allied Army marches rapidly South—Washing-

ton visits Mount Vernon—Arrival of the French Fleet in the Chesapeake—

Anxiety of Washington—Yorktown invested—Progress and Incidents of

the Siege—Capitulation of the Army—Excitement and joy of the Ameri-

can People—Effect of the News on the British Ministry. -

CHAPTER XIH.

Sickness and Death of young Custis—Departure of the French Fleet—Desti-

nation of the Troops—Circular Letter to the States—Lincoln Secretary of

War—Green around Charleston—Head-quarters at Newburgh—The Temple

—Case of Captain Huddy and Captain Asgill—Defeat of the English Minis-

try—Proposal to make Washington king—Settlement of the case of young

Asgill—Meeting of French and American Troops at King's Ferry—Desti-

tution of the Officers—Washington's views on the subject—" Newburgh

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