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Sixth. That the Secretary of the Navy take otherwise for the benefit of refugees or freedmen, possession of all-ublic property, belonging to or accruing from abandoned lands or property the Navy Department, within said geographical set apart for their use, and will transfer to the limits, and put in operation all acts of Congress all official records connected with the adminisin relation to naval affairs having application to tration of affairs which pertain to said Bureau the said State.
ANDREW JOHNSON, Seventh. That the Secretary of the Interior By order of the Secretary of War: put in force the laws relating to the Interior E. D. TOWNSEND, Ass't Adj't General. Department, applicable to the geographical limits aforesaid.
CIRCULAR No. 15. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my
WAR DEPARTMENT, hand and caused the great seal of the United
BUREAU REFUGEES, FREEDMEN, States to be affixed.
AND ABANDONED LANDS, Done at the city of Washington, this twenty WASHINGTON, D. C., September 12, 1865.
ninth day of May, in the year of our I. Circular No. 13, of July 28, 1865, from thi [L. s.]
Lord one thousand eight hundred and bureau, and all portions of circulars from thi sixty-five, and of the Independence of the bureau conflicting with the provisions of this United States the eighty-ninth,
circular, are hereby rescinded. ANDREW JOHNSON.
II. This bureau has charge of such “tracts of By the President:
land within the insurrectionary States as shall WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. have been abandoned, or to which the United 1865, June 13-A like proclamation was issued, States shall have acquired title by confiscation:
appointing WILLIAM L. SHARKEY, Pro- or sale, or otherwise," and no such lands now in
visional Governor of Mississippi. its possession shall be surrendered to any claim. 1865, June 17—JAMES JOHNsOn appointed Pro- ant except as hereinafter provided. visional Governor of Georgia.
III. Abandoned lands are defined in section 1865, June 17-ANDREW J. HAMILTON appointed | 2 of the act of Congress approved July 2, 1864, Provisional Governor of Texas.
as lands, “the lawful owner whereof shall be 1865, June 21-LEWIS E. Parsons appointed voluntarily absent therefrom, and engaged either
Provisional Governor of Alabama. in arms or otherwise in aiding or encouraging' 1865, June 30—BENJAMIN F. PERRY appointed the rebellion."
Provisional Governor of South Caro IV. Land will not be regarded as confiscated lina
until it has been condemned and sold by decree 1865, July 13—WILLIAM MARVIN appointed of the United States court for the district in Provisional Governor of Florida. which the property may be found, and the title
thereto thus vested in the United States. Orders Respecting Freedmen.
V. Upon its appearing satisfactorily to any EXECUTIVE MANSION, assistant commissioner that any property under WASHINGTON, D. C., June 2, 1865. his control is not abandoned as above defined, Whereas, By an act of Congress, approved and that the United States has acquired no title March 3, 1865, there was established in the War to it by confiscation, sale or otherwise, he will Department a Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, formally surrender it to the authorized claimant and Abandoned Lands, and to which, in accord or claimants, promptly reporting his action to ance with the said act of Congress, is committed the Cornmissioner. the supervision and management of all aban VI. Assistant commissioners will prepare accu. doned lands, and the control of all subjects relat-rate descriptions of all confiscated and abandoned ing to refugees and freedmen from rebel States, lands under their control, keeping a record thereor from any district of country within the terri- of themselves, and forwarding monthly to the tory embraced in the operations of the army, Commissioner copies of these descriptions in the under such rules and regulations as may be pre- manner prescribed in circular No. 10, of July scribed by the head of the bureau, and approved 11, 1865, from this bureau. by the President; and whereas, it appears that They will set apart so much of said lands as is the management of abandoned lands, and sub- necessary for the immediate use of loyal refu. jects relating to refugees and freedmen, as afore- gees and freedmen, being careful to select for this said, have been, and still are, by orders based purpose those lands which most clearly fall on military exigencies, or legislation based on under the control of this bureau, which selection previous statutes, partly in the hands of military must be submitted to the Commissioner for his officers disconnected with said bureau, and part- approval. ly in charge of officers of the Treasury Depart The specific division of lands so set apart into ment; it is therefore Ordered, That all officers lots, and the rental or sale thereof, according to of the Treasury Department, all military officers section 4 of the law establishing the bureau, will and others in the service of the United States, be completed as soon as practicable, and reported turn over to the authorized officers of said bu- to the Commissioner. reau all abandoned lands and property contem VII. Abandoned lands held by this bureau plated in said act of Congress, approved March may be restored to owners pardoned by the Presthird, eighteen hundred and sixty-five, estab- ident, by the assistant commissioners, to whom lishing the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and applications for such restoration should be for, Abandoned Lands, that may now be under or warded, so far as practicable, through the super within their control. They will also turn over intendents of the districts in which the lands are to such officers all funds collected by tax or situated.
Each application must be accompanied by- domestic, and commercial intercourse, with cer
1st. Evidence of special pardon by the Presi- tain exceptions therein specified and set forth, dent, or a copy of the oath of amnesty pre were removed “in such parts of the States of
tcribed in the President's proclamation of Alay Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina, South 29, 1865, when the applicant is not included in Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, iny of the classes therein excepted from the and so much of Louisiana as lies east of the benefits of said oath.
Mississippi river, as shall be embraced within 2d. Proof of title.
the lines of national military occupation; * *" Officers of the bureau through whom the ap And whereas by my proclamation of the plication passes will indorse thereon such facts twenty-second of May, one thousand eight as may assist the assistant commissioner in his hundred and sixty-five, for reasons therein given, decision, stating especially the use made by the it was declared that certain ports of the United bureau of the land.
States which had been previously closed against VIII. No land under cultivation by loyal foreign commerce, should, with certain specified refugees or freedmen will be restored under this exceptions be reopened to such commerce, on circular, until the crops now growing shall be and after the first day of July next, subject to secured for the benefit of the cultivators, unless the laws of the United States, and in pursuance full and just compensation be made for their of such regulations as might be prescribed by labor and its products, and for their expendi- the Secretary of the Treasury; 0. O. HOWARD,
And whereas I am satisfactorily informed, Major General, Commissioner. that dangerous combinations against the laws of Approved
ANDREW JOHNSON, the United States no longer exist within the President of the United States. State of Tennessee; that the insurrection here
tofore existing within said State has been supFor the Return to Persons Pardoned, of their pressed; that within the boundaries thereof the Property.
authority of the United States is undisputed; EXECUTIVE OFFICE, August 16, 1865. and that such officers of the United States as Respectfully returned to the Commissioner have been duly commissioned are in the undis:of Bureau Refugees, Freedmen, &c. The records turbed exercise of their offcial functions: of this office show that B. B. Leake was spe Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew cially pardoned by the President on the 27th Johnson, President of the United States, do ultimo, and was thereby restored to all his rights hereby declare that all restrictions upon inof property, except as to slaves. Notwithstand- ternal, domestic, and coastwise intercourse and ing this, it is understood that the possession of trade, and upon the removal of products of his property is withheld from him. I have, States heretofore declared in insurrection, retherefore, to direct that General Fisk, assistant serving and excepting only those relating to commissioner at Nashville, Tennessee, be in contraband of war, as hereinafter recited, and structed by the Chief Commissioner of Bureau also those wich relate to the reservation of the of Freedmen, &c., to relinquish possession of the rights of the United States to property purchased
property of Mr. Leake, held by him as assistant in the territory of an enemy, heretofore im- commissioner, &c., and that the same be imme-posed in the territory of the United States east
diately restored to the said Leake. The same of the Mississippi river, are annulled, and I do action will be had in all similar cases. *
hereby direct that they be forth with removed ; ANDREW JONSON,
and that on and after the first day of July next President United States. all restriction upon foreign commerce with said To 0. O. HOWARD,
ports, with the exception and reservation aforeMaj. General, Com'r Freedmen's Affairs. said, be likewise removed; and that the com
merce of such States shall be conducted under Respecting Commercial Intercourso, and the the supervision of the regularly appointed Suppression of the Rebellion in the State of officers of the customs provided by law; and Tennessee, June 13, 1865.
such officers of the customs shall receive any Whereas by iny proclamation of the twenty- captured and abandoned property that may be ninth of April
, one thousand eight hundred turned over to them, under the law, by the and sixty-five, all restrictions upon internal, military or naval forces of the United States,
and dispose of such property as shall be directed * Extract from letter of General lIoward, April 23, 1866, by the Secretary of the Treasury. in reply to resolution of the llouse of Representatives of March 5, 1866:
The following articles contraband of war are " In complying with these definite instructions, the bu- excepted from the effect of this proclamation : the property once under its control. Except in the very ammunition is made, and gray uniforms and
au has been cornp:lled to part with tho greater portion of arms, ammunition, all articles from which act of July 17, 1802, ani in that portion of South Carolina cloth. and Georgia embraced in tho provisions of Goneral Sherman's Ficla Order No. 15, its tenure of property has been too the insurrection, so far as it relates to, and
And I hereby also proclaim and declare that tincertuin to justi.y allotments to frevdmen.
Acres. within the State of Tennessee, and the inhabiProperty seized under act of July, 1862, and re
tants of the said State of Tennessee as re-organstorod by this bureau..
15,452 ized and constituted under their recently adopted Abandoned property iillotted to freedmen ind restored by this burean.
14,652 constitution and re organization, and accepted Abandoned property not allotted to freedmen re
by them, is suppressed, and therefore, also, that stored by this bureau...
all the disabilities and disqualifications attachTotal.....
430,204" ing to said State and the inhabitants thereof
consequent upon any proclamations, issued by hand and caused the seal of the United States to virtue of the fifth section of the act entitled “An be affixed. act further to provide for the collection of duties Done at the city of Washington this twenty. on imports and for other purposes," approved third day of June, in the year of our
Lord hundred and sixty-one, are removed.
But nothing herein contained shall be consid the United States the eighty-ninth. ered or construed as in any wise changing or
ANDREW JOHNSON. impairing any of the penalties and forfeitures By the President: for treason heretofore incurred under the laws W. HUNTER, Acting Secretary of State. of the United States, or any of the provisions, restrictions, or disabilities set forth in my proc- Further Removal of Restrictions, August 29, lamation, bearing date the twenty-ninth day of
1865. May, one thousand eight hundred and sixty Whereas by my proclamations of the thir. five, or as impairing existing regulations for the teenth and twenty-fourth of June, one thousand suspension of the habeas corpus, and the exercise eight hundred and sixty-five, removing restricof military law in cases where it shall be neces- tions, in part, upon internal, domestic, and coastsary for the general public safety and welfare wise intercourse and trade with those States during the existing insurrection; nor shall this recently declared in insurrection, certain articles proclamation affect, or in any way impair, any were excepted from the effect of said proclamafaws heretofore passed by Congress, and duly tions as contraband of war; and whereas the approved by the President, or any proclamations necessity for restricting trade in said articles has or orders, issued by him, during the aforesaid in- now, in a great ineasure, ceased : It is hereby surrection, abolishing slavery, or in any way ordered, that on and after the 1st day of Sepaffecting the relations of slavery, whether of per- tember, 1865, all restrictions aforesaid be resons or of property ; but on the contrary, all moved, so that the articles declared by the said such laws and proclamations heretofore made or proclamations to be contraband of war may be issued are expressly saved, and declared to be in imported into and sold in said States, subject full force and virtue.
only to such regulations as the Secretary of the In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my Treasury may prescribe. hand, and caused the seal of the United States to
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my be affixed.
hand and caused the seal of the United States to Done at the city of Washington, this thir- be affixed.
teenth day of June, in the year of our Done at the city of Washington this twenty
Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninth day of August, in the year of our (SEAL.] sixty-five, and of the independence of the United States of America the eighty
Lord one thousand eight hundred and
sixty-five, and of the Independence of the ninth. ANDREW JOHNSON.
United States of America the ninetieth. By the President:
ANDREW JOHNSON. WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. By the President:
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. Blockade Rescinded, June 23, 1865. Whereas by the proclamation of the Presi Passports for Paroled Prisoners. dent of the fifteenth and twenty-seventh of
DEPARTMENT OF STATE, April, eighteen hundred and sixty-one, a block
WASHINGTON, August 25, 1865. ade of certain ports of the United States was set Paroled prisoners asking passports as citizens on foot; but whereas the reasons for that measure of the United States, and against whom no spehave ceased to exist :
cial charges may be pending, will be furnished Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew with passports upon application therefor to the Johnson, President of the United States, do hereby Department of State in the usual form. Such declare and proclaim the blockade aforesaid to passports will, however, be issued upon the conbe rescinded as to all the ports aforesaid, includ- dition that the applicants do not return to the ing that of Galveston and other ports west of United States without leave of the President. the Mississippi river, which ports will be open Other persons implicated in the rebellion, who to foreign commerce on the first of July, next, may wish to go abroad, will apply to the De.
terms and conditions set forth in my partment of State for passports, and the appliproclamation of the twenty-second of May last. cations will be disposed of according to the
It is to be understood, however, that the block- merits of the several cases.
WILLIAM H. SEWARD. of the United States. The greater or less subversion of civil authority in the region to which Paroling certain State Prisoners. it applied, and the impracticability of at once
EXECUTIVE OFFICE, restoring that in due efficiency, may, for a season,
WASHINGTON, October 11, 1865. make it advisable to employ the army
Whereas the following named persons, to wit: of the United States towards carrying the laws John A. Campbell, of Alabama ; John H. Reainto effect, wherever such employment may be gan, of Texas; Alexander H. Stephens, of necessary:
Georgia; George A. Trenholm, of South CaroIn testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my lina; and Charles Clark, of Mississippi, lately
engaged in rebellion against the United States And whereas the reasons for that suspension Government, who are now in close custody, have may be regarded as having ceased in some of the made their submission to the authority of the States and Territories : United States and applied to the President for Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew pardon under his proclamation ; and whereas, Johnson, President of the United States, do herethe authority of the Federal Government is suf- by proclaim and declare that the suspension ficiently restored in the aforesaid States to admit aforesaid, and all other proclamations and orders of the enlargement of said persons from close suspending the privilege of the writ of habeas custody, it is ordered that they be released on corpus in the States and Territories of the United giving their respective paroles to appear at such States, are revoked and annulled excepting as to time and place as the President may designate, the States of Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, to answer any charge that he may direct to be North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, preferred against them; and also that they will Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, and respectively abide until further orders in the Texas, the District of Columbia, and the Territoplaces herein designated, and not depart there- ries of New Mexico and Arizona. from: John A. Campbell, in the State of Ala In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my bama; John H. Reagan, in the State of Texas; hand and caused the seal of the United States to Alexander H. Stephens, in the State of Georgia; be affixed. George A. Trenholm, in the State of South Caro- Done at the city of Washington this first day lina; and Charles Clark, in the State of Missis of December, in the year of our Lord ono sippi. And if the President should grant his [L. s.) and of the Independence of the United
thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, pardon to any of said persons, such person's parole will be thereby discharged.
States of America the ninetieth.
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. ber 12, 1865. Whereas by a proclamation of the fifth day of Announcing that the Rebellion has ended, April July, one thousand eight hundred and sixty
2, 1866. four, the President of the United States, when Whereas, by proclamations of the fifteenth and E the civil war was flagrant, and when combina- nineteenth of April, one thousand eight hundred
tions were in progress in Kentucky for the pur- and sixty-one, the President of the United States, pose of inciting insurgent raids into that State, in virtue of the power vested in him by the Condirected that the proclamation suspending the stitution and the laws, declared that the laws of writ of habeas corpus should be made effectual the United States were opposed, and the execuin Kentucky, and that martial law should be es- tion thereof obstructed in the States of South tablished there and continue until said procla- Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, mation should be revoked or modified;
Louisiana, and Texas, by combinations too powerAnd whereas since then the danger of insurgent ful to be suppressed by the ordinary course of raids into Kentucky has substantially passed judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested in away:
the marshals by law; Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew And whereas, by another proclamation made Johnson, President of the United States, by vir- on the sixteenth day of August, in the same tue of the authority vested in me by the Consti- year, in pursuance of an act of Congress approved tution, do hereby declare that the said procla- July thirteenth, one thousand eight hundred and mation of the fifth day of July, one thousand sixty-one, the inhabitants of the States of Georgia, eight hundred and sixty-four, shall be, and is South Carolina, Virginia, North Carolina, Tenhereby, modified in so far that martial law shall nessee, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas,
be no longer in force in Kentucky from and after Mississippi, and Florida (except the inhabitants E the date hereof.
of that part of the State of Virginia lying west of In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my the Alleghany mountains, and to such other parts hand and caused the seal of the United States to of that State and the other States before named, as be affixed.
might maintain a loyal adhesion to the Union Done at the city of Washington this twelfth and the Constitution, or might be from time to
day of October, in the year of our Lord time occupied and controlled by forces of the one thousand eight hundred and sixty- United States engaged in the dispersion of insurfive, and of the Independence of the gents) were declared to be in a state of insurrecUnited States of America the ninetieth. tion against the United States;
ANDREW JOINSON. And whereas, by another proclamation of the By the President:
first day of July, one thousand eight hundred and W. HUNTER, Acting Secretary of State. sixty-two, issued in pursuance of an act of Con
gress approved June 7, in the same year, the inAnnulling the Suspension of the Habeas Corpus, surrection was declared to be still existing in the December 1, 1865.
States aforesaid, with the exception of certain Whereas by the proclamation of the President specified counties in the State of Virginia ; of the United States of the fifteenth day of Sep And whereas, by another proclamation made tember, one thousand eight hundred and sixty- on the second day of April, one thousand eight three, the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus hundred and sixty-three, in pursuance of the act
was, in certain cases therein set forth, suspended of Congress of July 13, one thousand eight hun- throughout the United States;
dred and sixty-one, the exceptions named in the
States shall not be construed to extend to any "A resolution submitting to the Legislature buit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted of the several States a proposition to amend the against one of the United States by Citizens of Constitution of the United States. another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any “ Resolved by the Senate and House of Repro Foreign State.
sentatives of the United States of America ART. 12. The Electors shall meet in their Congress assembled, (two-thirds of both House respective states, and vote by ballot for Presi- concurring) That the following article be pro dent and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, posed to the Legislatures of the several States a shall not be an inhabitant of the same state an amendment to the Constitution of the United with themselves; they shall_name in their States, which, when ratified by three fourth ballots the person voted for as President, and in of said Legislatures, shall be valid, to all intents distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice- and purposes, as a part of the said Constitution President, and they shall make distinct lists of namely: all persons' voted for as President, and of all
ARTICLE XIII. persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the
“Sec. 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary number of votes for each, which lists they shall servitude, except as a punishment for crime sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat whereof the party shall have been duly con of the government of the United States, directed victed, shall exist within the United States, on to the President of the Senate;—The President any place subject to their jurisdiction. of the Senate shall, in presence of the Senate “SEC. 2. Congress shall have
power to enfor and House of Representatives, open all the cer- this article by appropriate legislation." tificates and the votes shall then be counted ; And whereas it appears from official docuThe person having the greatest number of votes ments on file in this Department that the for President, shall be the President, if such amendment to the Constitution of the United number be a majority of the whole number of States
, proposed as aforesaid, has been ratified Electors appointed; and if no person have such by the Legislatures of the States of Illinois majority, then from the persons having the Rhode Island, Michigan, Maryland, New York, highest numbers not exceeding three on the list West Virginia, Maine, Kansas, Massachusetts, of those voted for as President, the House of Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Missouri, Nevada, Representatives shall choose immediately, by Indiana, Louisiana, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Ver. ballot, the President. But in choosing the mont, Tennessee, Arkansas, Connecticut, New President, the votes shall be taken by states, Hampshire, South Carolina, Alabama, North the representation from each state having one Carolina, and Georgia-in all, twenty-seven vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of States ; a member or members from two thirds of the And whereas the whole number of States in states, and a majority of all the states shall be the United States is thirty-six, and whereas the necessary to a choice. And if the House of Rep. before specially-named States, whose Legislatures resentatives shall not choose a President when- have ratified the said proposed amendment, con: ever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, stitute three-fourths of the whole number of before the fourth day of March next following, States in the United States : then the Vice-President shall act as President,
Now, therefore, be it known that I, William as in the case of the death or other constitutional H. Seward; Secretary of State of the United disability of the President. The person having States, by virtue and in pursuance of the second the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, section of the act of Congress approved the shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a twentieth of April, eighteen hundred and majority of the whole number of Electors ap- eighteen, entitled "An act to provide for the pointed, and if no person have a majority, then publication of the laws of the United States and from the two highest numbers on the list, the for other purposes," do hereby certify that the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quo- amendment aforesaid has become valid, to all rum for the purpose shall consist of two thirds intents and purposes, as a part of the Constitution of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the United States. of the whole number shall be necessary to a In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my choice. But no person constitutionally ineligi- hand and caused the seal of the Department of ble to the office of President shall be eligible to State to be affixed. that of Vice-President of the United States.
Done at the city of Washington this eighteenth
day of December, in the year of our Lord Mr. Seward's Certificate of the Anti-Slavery [SEAL] one thousand eight hundred and sixty. Amendment, known as the 13th Amendment. five, and of the Independence of the
United States of America the ninetieth. WILLIAM H. SEWARD, SECRETARY OF STATE OF
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, THE UNITED STATES,
Secretary of State. To all to whom these presents may come, greeting: Know ye, that whereas the Congress of the ratified subsequently to the date of this certifi
[New Jersey, Oregon, California and Iowa United States on the 1st of February last passed a resolution which is in the words following, cate, as did Florida in the same form as South namely:
Carolina and Alabama.]