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Respecting Commercial Intercourse with In- | proceed to prefer charges against said parties for surrectionary States, April 29, 1865. their alleged offences, and bring them to trial be
EXECUTIVE CHAMBER, fore said military commission; that said trial or WASHINGTON, April 29, 1865.
trials be conducted by the said Judge Advocate Being desirous to relieve all loyal citizens and General, and as recorder thereof, in person, aided well-disposed persons, residing in insurrectionary by such assistant and special judge advocates States, from unnecessary commercial restrictions, as he may designate; and that said trials be and to encourage them to return to peaceful pur- ends of justice: the said commission to sit with
conducted with all diligence consistent with the Buits, It is hereby ordered :
I. That all restrictions upon internal, domes out regard to hours. tic, and coastwise commercial intercourse be dis 2d. That Brevet Major General Hartranft be continued in such parts of the States of Tennes- assigned to duty as special provost marshal zee, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, general, for the purpose of said trial, and atGeorgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, and so tendance upon said commission, and the execumuch of Louisiana as lies east of the Mississipri tion of its mandates. river, as shall be embraced within the lines of
3d. That the said commission establish such national military occupation, excepting only such order or rules of proceedings as may avoid unrestrictions as are imposed by acts of Congress necessary delay, and conduce to the ends of puband regulations in pursuance thereof, prescribed
lic justice. by the Secretary of the Treasury, and approved
ANDREW JOHNSON. by the President; and excepting also frozn the effect of this order the following articles contra
ORDER FOR THE EXECUTION OF THE SENTENCE OF band of war, to wit: arms, ammunition, all articles from which ammunition is manufactured,
EXECUTIVE MANSION, July 5, 1865. gray uniforms and cloth, locomotives, cars, rail The foregoing sentences in the cases of David road iron, and machinery for operating railroads, E. Herold, G. A. Atzerodt, Lewis Payne, Michael telegraph wires, insulators, and instruments for O’Laughlin, Edward Spangler, Samuel Arnold, operating telegraphic lines.
Mary E. Surratt and Samuel A. Mudd, are hereII. All existing military and naval orders in by approved, and it is ordered that the sentences any manner restricting internal, domestic, and of said David E. Herold, G. A. Atzerodt, Lewis coastwise commercial intercourse and trade with Payne, Mary E. Surratt and Samuel A. Mudd, or in the localities above named be, and the same be carried into execution by the proper military are hereby revoked; and that no military or authority, under the direction of the Secretary of naval officer, in any manner, interrupt or inter- War, on the 7th day of July, 1865, between the fere with the same, or with any boats or other hours of 10 o'clock, a. m., and 2 o'clock, p. m., of vessels engaged therein, under proper authority, that day. It is further ordered, that the pris: pursuant to the regulations of the Secretary of oners, Samuel Arnold, Samuel A. Mudd, Edward the Treasury.
Spangler, and Michael O’Laughlin be confined at ANDREW Johnson. hård labor in the Penitentiary at Albany, New
York, during the period designated in their resExecutive Order for the Trial of the Alleged pective sentences. Assassins of President Lincoln, May 1, 1865.
ANDREW JOHNSON, President, EXECUTIVE CHAMBER, [By an order dated July 15, the place of con
WASHINGTON CITY, May 1, 1865. finement, as to the four last mentioned, was Whereas, the Attorney General of the United States hath given his opinion:
changed the "military prison at Dry TortuThat the persons implicated in the murder of gas, Florida.”] the late President, Abraham Lincoln, and the attempted assassination of the Honorable Wil- For the Arrest of Jefferson Davis, Clement C. liam H. Seward, Secretary of State, and in an
Clay, and others, May 2, 1865. alleged conspiracy to assassinate other officers of Whereas it appears from evidence in the Buthe Federal Government at Washington city, reau of Military Justice that the atrocious murs and their aiders and abettors, are subject to the der of the late President, Abraham Lincoln, and jurisdiction of, and lawfully triable before, a mili- the attempted assassination of the Honorable tary commission :
William H. Seward, Secretary of State, were inIt is Ordered : 1st, That the Assistant Adju. cited, concerted, and procured by and between tant General detail pine competent military offi- Jefferson Davis, late of Richmond, Virginia, and cers to serve as a commission for the trial of said Jacob Thompson, Clement C. Clay, Beverly parties, and that the Judge Advocate General (Tucker, George N, Saunders, William C. Cleary,
and other rebels and traitors against the Gov- city of Richmond, and his confederates, or under ernment of the United States, harbored in John Letcher or William Smith and their conCanada :
federates, or under any pretended political, miliNow, therefore, to the end that justice may tary, or civil commission or authority issued by be done, I, Andrew Johnson, President of the them, or either of them, since the 17th day of United States, do offer and promise for the arrest April, 1861, shall be deemed and taken as in of said persons, or either of them, within the rebellion against the United States, and shall be limits of the United States, so that they can be dealt with accordingly. brought to trial, the following rewards:
Second. That the Secretary of State proceei One hundred thousand dollars for the arrest to put in force all laws of the United States, the of Jefferson Davis.
administration whereof belongs to the Depart Twenty-five thousand dollars for the arrest of ment of State, applicable to the geographical Clement C. Clay.*
limits aforesaid. Twenty-five thousand dollars for the arrest of Third. That the Secretary of the Treasury Jacob Thompson, late of Mississippi.
proceed, without delay, to nominate for appoint. Twenty-five thousand dollars for the arrest of ment, assessors of taxes and collectors of custom George N. Sanders.
and internal revenue, and such other officers of th: Twenty-five thousand dollars for the arrest of Treasury Department as are authorized by law, Beverly Tucker.
and shall put into execution the revenue laws oi Ten thousand dollars for the arrest of William the United States within the geographical limits C. Cleary, late clerk of Clement C. Clay. aforesaid. In making appointments, the pref
The Provost Marshal General of the United erence shall be given to qualified loyal persons States is directed to cause a description of said residing within the districts where their respecpersons, with notice of the above rewards, to be tive duties are to be performed. But if suitable published.
persons shall not be found residents of the disIn testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my tricts, then persons residing in other States or hand and caused the seal of the United States to districts shall be appointed. be affixed.
Fourth. That the Postmaster General shall Done at the city of Washington this second proceed to establish post offices and post routes,
day of May, in the year of our Lord one and put into execution the postal laws of the
thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, United States within the said States, giving to [L. 9.] and of the Independence of the Únited loyal residents the preference of appointment; States of America the eighty-ninth. but if suitable persons are not found, then to apANDREW JOHNSON.
point agents, &c., from other States. By the President:
Fifth. That the district judge of said district W. HUNTER, Acting Secretary of State. proceed to hold courts within said State, in
accordance with the provisions of the acts oil Executive Order to Re-establish the Authority Congress. The Attorney General will instruct
of the United States, and Execute the Laws the proper officers to libel and bring to judgment, within the Geographical Limits known as the confiscation, and sale, property subject to confis. State of Virginia.
cation, and enforce the administration of justice EXECUTIVE CHAMBER, within said State, in all matters civil and criminal!
WASHINGTON City, May 9, 1865. within the cognizance and jurisdiction of the ORDERED—First. That all acts and proceed- Federal courts. ings of the political, military, and civil organiza Sixth. That the Secretary of War assign such tions which have been in a state of insurrection assistant provost marshal general, and such and rebellion, within the State of Virginia, provost marshals in each district of said State against the authority and laws of the United as he may deem necessary. States, and of which Jefferson Davis, Jolin
Seventh. The Secretary of the Navy will take Letcher, and William Smith were late the respec- possession of all public property, belonging to tive chiefs, are declared null and void. All the Navy Department within said geographical persons who shall exercise, claim, pretend, or at- limits, and put in operation all acts of Congress tempt to exercise any political, military, or civil. in relation to naval affairs having application power, authority, jurisdiction, or right, by, to the said State. through, or under Jefferson Davis, late of the
Eighth. The Secretary of the Interior will * Mr. CLAY was released under this order:
also put in force the laws relating to the DepartWAR DEPARTMENT, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
ment of the Interior, WASHINGTON, April 17, 1866.
Ninth. That to carry into effect the guarantee Maj. Gen. N. A. Miles, Commanding, &c., Fortress Monroe, of the Federal Constitution of a republican form
Virginia: Ordered, That Clement C. Clay, Jr., is hereby released of State government, and afford the advantage from confinemeut, and permitted to return to and rem:in and security of domestic laws, as well as to comin the State of Alabama, and to visit such other places in plete the re-establishment of the authority of the the United States as his personal business may render abso- laws of the United States, and the full and comlutely necessary, upon the following conditions, viz: that be takes the oath of allegiance to the United States, and plete restoration of peace within the lirnits aforegives his parole of honor to conduct himself as a loyal citi
: said, Francis H. Pierpoint, Governor of the State zen of tlie sanie, and to report himself in person at any time of Virginia, will be aided by the Federal Govern, and place to answer any charges that may hereafter be pared against him by the United States.
ment, so far as may be necessary, in the lawful Please report receipt and execution of this order. measures which he may take for the extension By order of the President of the United States:
and administration of the State Government E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant General. throughout the geographical limits of said State.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my | events and circumstances have since occurred [BEAL.]
hand and caused the seal of the United which, in my judgment, render it expedient to
remove that restriction, except as to the ports of
ANDREW JOHNSON. Galveston, La Salle, Brazos de Santiago (Point By the President:
Isabel,) and Brownsville, in the State of Texas : W. HUNTER, Acting Secretary of State. Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew
Johnson, President of the United States, do hereEquality of Rights with all Maritime Nations, by declare that the ports aforesaid, not excepted May 10, 1865.
as above, shall be open to foreign commerce Whereas the President of the United States, from and after the first day of July, next; that by his proclamation of the nineteenth day of commercial intercourse with the said ports may, April, one thousand eight hundred and sixty- from that time, be carried on, subject to the laws nne, did declare certain States therein mentioned of the United States, and in pursuance of such in insurrection against the Government of the regulations as may be prescribed by the SecreUnited States;
tary of the Treasury. If, however, any vessel And whereas armed resistance to the authority from a foreign port shall enter any of the beforeof this Government in the said insurrectionary named excepted ports in the State of Texas, she States may be regarded as virtually at an end, will continue to be held liable to the penalties and the persons hy whom that resistance, as well prescribed by the act of Congress approved on as the operations of insurgent cruisers, were di- the thirteenth day of July, eighteen hundred rected, are fugitives or captives ;
and sixty-one, and the persons on board of her And whereas it is understood that some of to such penalties as may be incurred, pursuant those cruisers are still infesting the high seas, to the laws of war, for trading, or attempting to and others are preparing to capture, burn, and trade, with an enemy. destroy vessels of the United States :
And I, Andrew Johnson, President of the Now, therefore, be it known, that I, Andrew United States, do hereby declare and make known Johnson, President of the United States, hereby that the United States of America do, henceforth, enjoin all naval, military, and civil officers of disallow to all persons trading, or attempting to the United States, diligently to endeavor, by all trade, in any ports of the United States in violawful means, to arrest the said cruisers, and to lation of the laws thereof, all pretence of belbring them into a port of the United States, in ligerent rights and privileges, and I give notice order that they may be prevented from com- that, from the date of this proclamation, all mitting further depredations on commerce, and such offenders will be held and dealt with as that the persons on board of them may no pirates. longer enjoy impunity for their crimes.
It is also ordered that all restrictions upon And I further proclaim and declare, that if, trade heretofore imposed in the territory of the after a reasonable time shall have elapsed for United States east of the Mississippi river, save this proclamation to become known in the ports those relating to contraband of war, to the of nations claiming to have been neutrals, the reservation of the rights of the United States to said insurgent cruisers and the persons on board property purchased in the territory of an enemy, of them shall continue to receive hospitality in and to the twenty-five per cent. upon purchases
the said ports, this Government will deem itself of cotton, are removed. All provisions of the I justified in refusing hospitality to the public internal revenue law will be carried into effect
vessels of such nations in ports of the United under the proper officers.
second day of May, in the year of our be affixed.
Lord one thousand eight hundred and Done at the city of Washington, this tenth day [SEAL.] sixty-five, and of the Independence of of May, in the year of our Lord one
the United States of America the eighty
ANDREW JOHNSON. W. HUNTER, Acting Secretary of State.
Of Amnesty, May 29, 1865.
WHEREAŞ the President of the United States, Commercial Intercourse and the Blockade, May on the 8th day of December, A. D. eighteen 22, 1865.
hundred and sixty-three, and on the 26th day Whereas, by the proclamation of the President of March, A. D. eighteen hundred and sixtyof the eleventh day of April last, certain ports four, did, with the object to suppress the existof the United States therein specified, which had ing rebellion, to induce all persons to return to previously been subject to blockade, were, for their loyalty, and to restore the authority of the objects of public safety, declared, in conformity United States, issue proclamations offering am, with previous special legislation of Congress, to nesty and pardon to certain persons who had be closed against foreign commerce during the directly, or by implication, participated in the national will, to be thereafter expressed and said rebellion; and whereas many persons who made known by the President; and whereas had so engaged in said rebellion, have, since the
issuance of said proclamations, failed or neg; 1 of governors of States in insurrection against lected to take the benefits offered thereby; and the United States. whereas many persons who have been justly de 10th. All persons who left their homes within prived of all claim to amnesty and pardon there the jurisdiction and protection of the United under by reason of their participation, directly States, and passed beyond the Federal military or by implication, in said rebellion, and con- lines into the pretended confederate States for tinued hostility to the Government of the United the purpose of aiding the rebellion. States since the date of said proclamations, now 11th. All persons who have been engaged in - desire to apply for and obtain amnesty and the destruction of the commerce of the United pardon:
States upon the high seas, and all persons who To the end, therefore, that the authority of have made raids into the United States from the Government of the United States may be Canada, or been engaged in destroying the comrestored, and that peace, order, and freedom may merce of the United States upon the lakes and be established, I, Andrew Johnson, President of rivers that separate the British Provinces from the United States, do proclaim and declare that the United States. I hereby grant to all persons who have, directly 12th. All persons who, at the time when they or indirectly, participated in the existing rebel- seek to obtain the benefits hereof by taking the lion, except as hereinafter excepted, amnesty and oath herein prescribed, are in military, naval, or pardon, with restoration of all rights of property, civil confinement, or custody, or under bonds of except as to slaves, and except in cases where the civil, military, or naval authorities, or agents legal proceedings, under the laws of the United of the United States, as prisoners of war, or perStates providing for the confiscation of property sons detained for offences of any kind, either of persons engaged in rebellion, have been insti- before or after conviction. tuted; but upon the condition, nevertheless, 13th. All persons who have voluntarily parthat every
such person shall take and subscribe ticipated in said rebellion, and the estimated the following oath (or affirmation), and thence- value of whose taxable property is over twenty forward keep and maintain said oath inviolate; thousand dollars. and which oath shall be registered for permanent 14th. All persons who have taken the oath preservation, and shall be of the tenor and effect of amnesty as prescribed in the President's profollowing, to wit:
clamation of December 8, A. D. 1863, or an “I, - do solemnly swear (or affirm), United States since the date of said proclama
oath of allegiance to the Government of the in presence of Almighty God, that I will hence forth faithfully support , protect, and defend the tion, and who thenceforward kept and main
tained the same in violate. Constitution of the United States, and the union of the States thereunder; and that I will, in made to the President for pardon by any person
Provided, That special application may be like manner, abide by and faithfully support all laws and proclamations which have been made belonging to the excepted classes; and such during the existing rebellion, with reference to clemency will be liberally extended as may be
consistent with the facts of the case and the the emancipation of slaves : So help me God.”
peace and dignity of the United States. The following classes of persons are excepted
The Secretary of State will establish rules and from the benefits of this proclamation : regulations for administering and recording said
1st. All who are or shall have been pretended amnesty cath, so as to insure its benefit to the civil or diplomatic officers or otherwise domestic people, and guard the Government against or foreign agents of the pretended government fraud.
2d. All who left judicial stations under the In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my United States to aid the rebellion.
hand, and caused the seal of the United States 3d. All who shall have been military or naval to be affixed. officers of said pretended confederate govern
Done at the City of Washington, the twenty. ment above the rank of colonel in the army, or
ninth day of May, in the year of our lieutenant in the navy. 4th. All who left seats in the Congress of the
Lord one thousand eight hundred and [SEAL.]
sixty-five, andof the Independence of United States to aid the rebellion.
the United States the eighty-ninth. 5th. All who resigned or tendered resignations
ANDREW JOHNSON. of their commissions in the army or navy of the By the President: United States, to evade duty in resisting the
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. rebellion.
6th. All who have engaged in any way in treating otherwise than lawfully as prisoners of
DEPARTMENT OF STATE, war, persons found in the United States service
WASHINGTON, May 29, 1865. as officers, soldiers, seamen, or in other capaci SIR: A copy of the President's amnesty procties.
lamation of this date is herewith appended. By 7th. All
persons who have been or are absen- a clause in the instrument, the Secretary of tees from the United States for the purpose of State is directed to establish rules and regulaaiding the rebellion.
tions for administering and recording the am8th. All military and naval officers, in the nesty oath, so as to insure its benefit to the peorebel service, who were educated by the Govern-ple and guard the Government against fraud. ment in the Military Academy at West Point or Pursuant to this injunction, you are informed the United States Naval Academy.
that the oath prescribed in the proclamation 9th. All persons who held the pretended offices may be taken and subscribed before any com
I missioned officer, civil, military, or naval, in the restore said State to its constitutional relations service of the United States, or any civil or mili- to the Federal Government, and to present such tary officer of a loyal State or Territory, who, a republican form of State government as will by the laws thereof, may be qualified for admin- entitle the State to the guarantee of the United istering oaths. All oficers who receive such States therefor, and its people to protection by oaths are hereby authorized to give certified the United States against invasion, insurrection, copies thereof to the persons respectively by and domestic violence; Provided, that in any whom they were made. And such officers are election that may be hereafter held for choosing hereby required to transmit the originals of such delegates to any State convention, as aforesaid, oaths, at as early a day as may be convenient; no person shall be qualified as an elector, or to this Department, where they will be depos- shall be eligible as a member of such convention,
ited, and remain in the archives of the Govern- unless he shall have previously taken the oath I ment. A register thereof will be kept in the of amnesty, as set forth in the
President's proc· Department, and on application, in proper cases, lamation of May 29, A. D. 1865, and is a voter certificates will be issued of such records in the qualified as prescribed by the Constitution and customary form of official certificates.
laws of the State of North Carolina, in force I am, sir, your obedient servant,
immediately before the 20th day of May, 1861, WILLIAM H. SEWARD. the date of the so-called ordinance of secession;
and the said convention when convened, or the Appointing William W. Holden Provisional Gov- Legislature that may be thereafter assembled,
ernor of North Carolina, May 29, 1865. will prescribe the qualification of electors, and Whereas the fourth section of the fourth article the eligibility of persons to hold office under the of the Constitution of the United States declares Constitution and laws of the State, a power the that the United States shall guarantee to every people of the several States composing the FedState in the Union a republican form of gov- eral Union have rightfully exercised from the ernment, and shall protect each of them against origin of the Government to the present time. invasion and domestic violence; and whereas
And I do hereby direct: the President of the United States is, by the Con First. That the military commander of the stitution, made commander-in-chief of the army Department, and all officers and persons in the and navy, as well as chief civil executive officer military and naval service aid and assist the
of the United States, and is bound by solemn said Provisional Governor in carrying into effect * oath faithfully to execute the office of President this proclamation, and they are enjoined to ab
of the United States, and to take care that the stain from, in any way, hindering, impeding, or
laws be faithfully executed; and whereas the discouraging the loyal people from the organizae rebellion, which has been waged by a portion of tion of a State Government, as herein authorized.
the people of the United States against the Second. That the Secretary of State proceed to
properly constituted authorities of the Govern- put in force all laws of the United States, the *ment thereof, in the most violent and revolting administration whereof belongs to the State De
form, but whose organized and armed forces partment, applicable to the geographical limits have now been almost entirely overcome, has, aforesaid. in its revolutionary progress, deprived the people Third. That the Secretary of the Treasury
of the State of North Carolina of all civil gov- proceed to nominate for appointment assessors of i ernment;
and whereas it becomes necessary and taxes and collectors of customs and internal revproper to carry out and enforce the obligations enue, and such other officers of the Treasury of the United States to the people of North Department as are authorized by law, and put Carolina, in securing them in the enjoyment of in execution the revenue laws of the United a republican form of government:
States within the geographical limits aforesaid. Now, therefore, in obedience to the high and in making appointments, the preference shall be 1. solemn duties imposed upon me by the Consti- given to qualified loyal persons residing within
tution of the United States, and for the purpose of the districts where their respective duties are to d enabling the loyal people of said State to organ- be performed. But, if suitable residents of the
ize a State government, whereby justice may be districts shall not be found, then persons residing established, domestic tranquillity insured, and in other States or districts shall be appointed. loyal citizens protected in all their rights of life, Fourth. That the Postmaster General proceed liberty, and property, I, Andrew Johnson, to establish post offices and post routes, and put President of the United States, and Commander- into execution the postal laws of the United in-Chief of the army and navy of the United States within the said State, giving to loyal resiStates, do hereby appoint William W. Holden dents the preference of appointment; but if suitProvisional Governor of the State of North able residents are not found, then to appoint Carolina, whose duty it shall be, at the earliest agents, &c., from other States. practicable period, to prescribe such rules and Fifth. That the district judge for the judicial regulations as may be necessary and proper for district in which North Carolina is included proconvening a convention, composed of delegates ceed to hold courts within said State, in accordto be chosen by that portion of the people of ance with the provisions of the act of Congress. said State who are loyal to the United States, The Attorney General will instruct the proper and no others, for the purpose of altering or officers to libel
, and bring to judgment, confiscaamending the constitution thereof; and with au- tion and sale, property subject to confiscation, thority to exercise, within the limits of said State, and enforce the administration of justice within all the powers necessary and proper to enable said State in all matters' within the cognizance such loyal people of the State of North Carolina to and jurisdiction of the Federal courts.