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CONCLUSION

In outlining our contingency plan to curtail service to rural America, I said that as prudent business people we have no choice but to get ready. Clearly, we don't want to do that. We would much rather run our business so that it grows, and extends its service to more and more locations.

In the same way, we face another unpleasant choice. If the Senate bill is enacted, it will be disastrous for our company. Half the communities we serve today will lose public transportation, and several thousand employees will lose their jobs. We will be fighting for survival the next six years, and that means whatever it takes, year after year, in behalf of legislative relief.

Again, that is not our choice. We believe it would be in our interest, and in the public interest, to use our time and resources in a constructive search for ways to increase mobility for the disabled, and all other Americans. We believe the five-point program I have outlined here today will serve that objective.

Accordingly, we commit to the full implementation of this program if Congress enacts a final ADA provision that requires us to provide accessible service nationwide, but gives us the flexibility to provide that service in a reasonable and costeffective manner. Such legislation would require that our service be fully accessible, but would not hold us to a higher standard than the airlines and would not require that every vehicle be equipped with a wheelchair lift. Greyhound respectfully urges the Subcommittee to adopt such a provision for private sector bus companies so that we can start together on a public-private partnership that will truly improve and insure mobility and intercity bus service accessibility for the disabled.

ATTACHMENT

Exculpatory provisions in the Bill based upon standards of Reasonable Accommodation/Undue Hardship.

Title I · Employment

Section 102(b)(1)(E) (the term, "discriminations includes) "not making reasonable accommodations to the known physical or mental limitations of a qualified individual who is an applicant or employee,

unless such covered entity can demonstrate that the
accommodation would impose an undue hardship (emphasis
added) on the operation of the business of such covered
entity."

Section 101(9): "(A) In general • The term 'undue hardship' means an action requiring significant difficulty or expense."

Section 103. Defenses:

"(a) In General - It may be a defense to a charge of
discrimination under this Act that an alleged
application of qualification standards, tests, or
selection criteria that screen out or tend to screen out
or otherwise deny a job or benefit to an individual with
a disability has been shown to be job-related and
consistent with business necessity, and such performance
cannot be accomplished by reasonable accommodation"
(enphasis added)

Title II - Public Services

Section 203(b)(2) efforts. . ."

"USED VEHICLES. . . shall make demonstrated good faith

Section 203(b)(3) "REMANUFACTURED VEHICLES. ..to the maximum extent feasible..."

Section 203(c)(1) "PARATRANSIT AS A SUPPLEMENT TO FIXED ROUTE PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM. . . unless the public transit entity can demonstrate that the provision of paratransit or other special transportation services would impose an undue financial burden on the public transit entity."

Section 203(c)(2) UNDUE FINANCIAL BURDEN

"If provision of comparable paratransit and other special transportation services would impose an undue financial burden on the public transit entity, such entity must provide paratransit and other special transportation services to the extent that providing such services would not impose an undue financial burden on such entity." (emphasis added)

Section 203(d) "COMMUNITY OPERATING DEMAND RESPONSIVE SYSTEMS FOR THE GENERAL PUBLIC. . . it shall be considered discrimination. ..to purchase or lease a new vehicle. . .that is not readily accessible unless the entity can demonstrate that such system, when viewed in its entirety, provides a level of service to individuals with disabilities equivalent to that provided to the general public."

Section 203(e) "TEMPORARY RELIEF WHERE LIFTS ARE UNAVAILABLE . With respect to the purchase of new buses, a public entity may apply for, and the Secretary of Transportation may temporarily relieve such public entity from the obligation to purchase new buses of any size that are readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities if such public entity demonstrates-

1. that the initial solicitation for new buses made by the

public entity specified that all new buses were to be lift-
equipped and were to be otherwise accessible to and usable
by individuals with disabilities;

the unavailability from any qualified manufacturer of
hydraulic, electro-mechanical, or other lifts for such new
buses;

that the public entity seeking temporary relief had made
good faith efforts to locate a qualified manufacturer to
supply the lifts to the manufacturer of such buses in
sufficient time to comply with such solicitation; and .

that any further delay in purchasing new buses necessary
to obtain such lifts would significantly impair
transportation services in the community served by the
public entity."

Section 203(h) "ALTERATIONS OF EXISTING FACILITIES. . . it shall be discrimination...to fail to make the alterations in such a manner that, to the maximum extent feasible (emphasis added), the altered portions of the facility are readily accessible. ..

Section 203(i)(3)(c) "INTERCITY RAIL SYSTEMS

All stations in intercity rail systems shall be made readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities, including individuals who use wheelchair, as soon as practicable, but in no event later than 20 years (emphasis added) after the date of enactment."

Section 203(i)(3)(B) "RAPID RAIL, COMMUTER RAIL, AND LIGHT RAIL SYSTEMS

Key stations in rapid rail, commuter rail, and light rail systems shall be made readily accessible. . . as soon as practicable but in no event later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, except that the time limit may be extended by the Secretary of Transportation up to 20 years for extraordinarily expensive structural changes to, or replacement of existing facilities necessary to achieve accessibility (emphasis added)."

ATTACHMENT

Exculpatory provisions in the Bill based upon standards of
Accommodation/Undue Hardship.

Title I · Employment

Section 102(b)(1)(E) (the tern,"discrimination" includes] "not licek reasonable accommodations to the known physical or mental lini. a qualified individual who is an applicant or employee,

unless such covered entity can demonstrate that
accommodation would impose an undue hardship (emphasis
added) on the operation of the business of such coverea
entity."

Section 101(9): "(A) In general - The term 'undue hardsm action requiring significant difficulty or expense."

Section 103. Defenses:

"(a) In General - It may be a defense to a charge
discrimination under this Act that an allion
application of qualification standards, tests, ie
selection criteria that screen out or tend to screen
or otherwise deny a job or benefit to an individuei,
a disability has been shown to be job-relatei -
consistent with business necessity, and such perfca
cannot be accomplished by reasonable accommoda i
(emphasis added)

Title II - Public Services

Section 203(b)(2) efforts. . ."

"USED VEHICLES. . . shall make demonst.

Section 203(b)(3) "REMANUFACTURED VEHICLES. ..to the feasible.

Section 203(c)(1) "PARATRANSIT AS A SUPPLEMENT TO FIAL. TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM. .. unless the public transit entit that the provision of paratransit or other special transr would impose an undue financial burden on the public tr.

[blocks in formation]

"If provision of comparable paratransit a
transportation services would impose an unduet
on the public transit entity, such entity must.
paratransit and other special transportation :
extent that providing such services would ra*
financial burden on such entity." (emphasis c

Section 203(d) "COMMUNITY OPERATING DEMAND RESPONSIVE SYSTEMS FOR THE GENERAL PUBLIC. .. it shall be considered discrimination. ..to purchase or lease a new vehicle...that is not readily accessible unless the entity can demonstrate that such system, when viewed in its entirety, provides a level of service to individuals with disabilities equivalent to that provided to the general public."

Section 203(e) "TEMPORARY RELIEF WHERE LIFTS ARE UNAVAILABLE With respect to the purchase of new buses, a public entity may apply for, and the Secretary of Transportation may temporarily relieve such public entity from the obligation to purchase new buses of any size that are readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities if such public entity demonstrates..

1.

that the initial solicitation for new buses made by the
public entity specified that all new buses were to be lift-
equipped and were to be otherwise accessible to and usable
by individuals with disabilities;

2.

the unavailability from any qualified manufacturer of
hydraulic, electro-mechanical, or other lifts for such new
buses;

3.

that the public entity seeking temporary relief had made
good faith efforts to locate a qualified manufacturer to
supply the lifts to the manufacturer of such buses in
sufficient time to comply with such solicitation; and

4.

to

that any further delay in purchasing new buses necessary
obtain such

lifts would significantly impair
transportation services in the community served by the
public entity."

Section 203(h) "ALTERATIONS OF EXISTING FACILITIES. it shall be discrimination. . to fail to make the alterations in such a manner that, to the maximum extent feasible (emphasis added), the altered portions of the facility are readily accessible. ..

Section 203(i)(3)(c) "INTERCITY RAIL SYSTEMS

All stations in intercity rail systems shall be made readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities, including individuals who use wheelchair,

as practicable, but in no event later than 20 years (emphasis added) after the date of enactment.

as

soon

Section 203(i)(3)(B) "RAPID RAIL, COMMUTER RAIL, AND LIGHT RAIL SYSTEMS

as

Key stations in rapid rail, commuter rail, and light rail systems shall be made readily accessible.

soon as practicable but in no event later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, except that the time limit may be extended by the Secretary of Transportation up to 20

years for extraordinarily expensive structural changes replacement of existing facilities necessary to achieve accessibility (emphasis added)."

to.

or

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