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I

101st CONGRESS

1st SESSION

H. R. 2273

To establish a clear and comprehensive prohibition of discrimination on the basis

of disability.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

MAY 9, 1989
Mr. COELHO (for himself, Mr. Fish, Mr. HAWKINS, Mr. CONTE, Mr. Owens of

New York, Mr. ACKERMAN, Mr. ATKINS, Mr. BEILENSON, Mr. BENNETT,
Mr. BORSKI, Mr. Bosco, Mrs. BOXER, Mr. CAMPBELL of California, Mr.
CARDIN, Mr. Clay, Mr. CROCKETT, Mr. DE LUGO, Mr. DONNELLY, Mr.
DWYER of New Jersey, Mr. DYMALLY, Mr. EDWARDS of California, Mr.
Fazio, Mr. FEIGHAN, Mr. FRANK, Mr. Frost, Mr. FUSTER, Mr. GEJDEN-
son, Mr. GORDON, Mr. Hayes of Illinois, Mr. HOYER, Mr. Hutto, Mr.
JACOBS, Mr. Jontz, Mr. KASTENMEIER, Mr. KLECZKA, Mr. LEVIN of
Michigan, Mr. LEWIS of Georgia, Mr. MANTON, Mr. Matsui, Mr. McClos-
KEY, Mr. McDERMOTT, Mr. McHugh, Mr. MFUME, Mr. MILLER of Califor-
nia, Mr. MINETA, Mrs. MORELLA, Mr. OBERSTAR, Mr. PALLONE, Ms.
PELOSI, Mr. RICHARDSON, Mr. ROWLAND of Connecticut, Ms. SCHNEIDER,
Mr. SHAYS, Mr. Smith of Vermont, Mr. SOLARZ, Mr. STUDDS, Mr. TRAX-
LER, Mr. UDALL, Mr. VENTO, Mr. WAXMAN, Mr. WEISS, Mr. Wise, Mr.
WOLPE, Mr. FLORIO, Mr. WILLIAMS, Mr. ROYBAL, Mr. MORRISON of Con-
necticut, Mr. BROWN of California, Mr. DELLUMS, Mr. SABO, Mr. Espe,
Mr. Dixon, Mr. MILLER of Washington, Mr. Young of Alaska, Mr. FOGLI-
ETTA, Mr. RANGEL, Mr. GARCIA, Mrs. Saiki, Mr. MARTINEZ, Mr. Mav-
ROULES, Mr. CONYERS, Mr. MARKEY, Mr. VISCLOSKY, Mr. KILDEE, and
Mrs. COLLINS) introduced the following bill; which was referred jointly to
the Committees on Education and Labor, Energy and Commerce, Public
Works and Transportation, and the Judiciary

AUGUST 29, 1989
Additional sponsors: Mr. Towns, Mrs. KENNELLY, Mr. GRAY, Mr. WHEAT, Mr.

GEPHARDT, Mr. LEVINE of California, Mr. FORD of Tennessee, Mr.
RAHALL, Mr. AKAKA, Mr. MOAKLEY, Mr. LANTOS, Mr. ROBINSON, Mr.
SAWYER, Mr. McNULTY, Mr. BRENNAN, Mr. DOWNEY, Mr. GUARINI, Mr.
YATES, Mr. GILMAN, Mr. LEHMAN of Florida, Mr. FRENZEL, Mrs. Un-
SOELD, Mr. BRYANT, Mr. BOEHLERT, Mr. OWENS of Utah, Mr. Dicks, Mr.
MACHTLEY, Mrs. SCHROEDER, Mr. BONIOR, Mr. CARPER, Mr. KENNEDY,
Mr. LEHMAN-of California, Mr. DURBIN, Mr. COYNE, Mr. WALGREN, Mr.
HORTON, Mr. KOLTER, Mr. BERMAN, Mr. BILBRAY, Mr. BOUCHER, Mr.

(XIII)

GONZALEZ, Mr. ENGEL, Mr. AUCOIN, Mr. FAUNTROY, Mr. MRAZEK, Mr. FORD of Michigan, Mr. STOKES, Mrs. BogGS, Mr. LIPINSKI, Mr. BUSTAMANTE, Mr. Hall of Ohio, Mr. Dorgan of North Dakota, Mr. VOLKMER, Mr. Walsh, Ms. KAPTUR, Mr. POSHARD, Mr. NEAL of Massachusetts, Mr. RoE, Mr. DERRICK, Mr. JONES of Georgia, Mr. SAVAGE, Mr. Bates, Mr. HERTEL, Mr. TORRICELLI, Mr. JONES of North Carolina, Mr. PANETTA, Mr. RAVENEL, Mr. TRAFICANT, Ms. OAKAR, Mr. DeFazio, Mr. WATKINS, Mr. FASCELL, Mr. PAYNE of New Jersey, Mr. RIDGE, Mr. SIKORSKI, Mr. STARK, Mr. TORRES, Mr. HUGHES, Mrs. BYRON, Mr. Smith of Florida, Mr. HOCHBRUECKNER, Mr. Wilson, Mr. LELAND, Ms. SLAUGHTER of New York, Mr. COSTELLO, Mr. Evans, Mr. DARDEN, Mr. SKAGGS, Mr. YATRON, Mr. SANGMEISTER, Mr. JENKINS, Mr. Johnson of South Dakota, Mr. GREEN, Mr. Dyson, Mr. CLEMENT, Mr. SLATTERY, Mr. KosTMAYER, Mr. NOWAK, Mr. SCHEUER, Mr. CARR, Mr. HAMILTON, Mr. McMILLEN of Maryland, Mr. SWIFT, Mr. FLAKE, Mr. HUBBARD, Mr. COLEMAN of Texas, Mr. CHAPMAN, Mr. ECKART, Mr. REGULA, Ms. LONG, Mr. EARLY, Mr. Rose, Mr. Tallon, Mr. BEVILL, Mrs. LOWEY of New York, Mr. GIBBONS, Mr. WYDEN, Mr. NEAL of North Carolina, Mr. SHARP, Mr. CAMPBELL of Colorado, Mr. HOAGLAND, Mr. ANDREWS, Mr. ANNUNZIO, Mr. ASPIN, Mr. MURPHY, Mr. GLICKMAN, Mr. PERKINS, Mr. SKELTON, Mr. WEBER, Mrs. JOHNSON of Connecticut, Mr. ROWLAND of Georgia, Mr. PRICE, Mr. GUNDERSON, Mr. STAGGERS, and Mr. PORTER

OCTOBER 3, 1989 Additional sponsors: Mr. LEACH of Iowa, Mr. LEATH of Texas, Mr. ANDERSON,

Mr. NAGLE, Mr. MOLLOHAN, Mr. PICKLE, Mr. Davis, Mr. Nelson of Florida, Mr. SPRATT, Mr. BRUCE, and Mr. HYDE

A BILL
To establish a clear and comprehensive prohibition of

discrimination on the basis of disability.

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Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa

2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

3 SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

(ORY

4 (a) SHORT TITLE.—This Act may be cited as the 5 “Americans with Disabilities Act of 1989”. 6 (b) TABLE OF CONTENTS.—The table of contents is as 7 follows:

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Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Findings and purposes.
Sec. 3. Definitions.

TITLE I-GENERAL PROHIBITION AGAINST DISCRIMINATION

Sec. 101. Forms of discrimination prohibited.

TITLE II-EMPLOYMENT

Sec. 201. Definitions.
Sec. 202. Discrimination.
Sec. 203. Posting notices.
Sec. 204. Regulations.
Sec. 205. Enforcement.

TITLE III—PUBLIC SERVICES

Sec. 301. Definition of qualified individual with a disability.
Sec. 302. Discrimination.
Sec. 303. Actions applicable to public transportation considered discriminatory.
Sec. 304. Regulations.
Sec. 305. Enforcement.

TITLE IV–PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS AND SERVICES OPERATEI)

BY PRIVATE ENTITIES

Sec. 401. Definitions.
Sec. 402. Prohibition of discrimination by public accommodations.
Sec. 403. Prohibition of discrimination in public transportation services provided by

private entities.
Sec. 404. Regulations.
Sec. 405. Enforcement.

TITLE V-TELECOMMUNICATIONS RELAY SERVICES

Sec. 501. Definitions.
Sec. 502. Telecommunications relay services.
Sec. 503. Regulations.
Sec. 504. Enforcement.

TITLE VI_MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Sec. 601. Construction.
Sec. 602. Prohibition against retaliation.
Sec. 603. State immunity.
Sec. 604. Regulations by the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compisa

Board.
Sec. 605. Attorney's fees.
Sec. 606. Effective date.

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(1) some 43,000,000 Americans have one or more

physical or mental disabilities, and this number is increasing as the population as a whole is growing older;

(2) historically, society has tended to isolate and segregate individuals with disabilities, and, despite some improvements, such forms of discrimination against individuals with disabilities continue to be a se

rious and pervasive social problem;

(3) discrimination against individuals with disabilities persists in such critical areas as employment, housing, public accommodations, education, transporta

tion, communication, recreation, institutionalization,

health services, voting, and access to public services;

(4) unlike individuals who have experienced discrimination on the basis of race, sex, national origin, religion, or age, individuals who have experienced dis

crimination on the basis of disability have often had no

legal recourse to redress such discrimination;

(5) individuals with disabilities continually encounter various forms of discrimination, including outright intentional exclusion, the discriminatory effects of architectural, transportation, and communication barriers, overprotective rules and policies, failure to make modifications to existing facilities and practices, exclusionary qualification standards and criteria, segregation,

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