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H. R. 2273
To establish a clear and comprehensive prohibition of discrimination on the basis
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
MAY 9, 1989
New York, Mr. ACKERMAN, Mr. ATKINS, Mr. BEILENSON, Mr. BENNETT,
AUGUST 29, 1989
GEPHARDT, Mr. LEVINE of California, Mr. FORD of Tennessee, Mr.
GONZALEZ, Mr. ENGEL, Mr. AUCOIN, Mr. FAUNTROY, Mr. MRAZEK, Mr. FORD of Michigan, Mr. STOKES, Mrs. BogGS, Mr. LIPINSKI, Mr. BUSTAMANTE, Mr. Hall of Ohio, Mr. Dorgan of North Dakota, Mr. VOLKMER, Mr. Walsh, Ms. KAPTUR, Mr. POSHARD, Mr. NEAL of Massachusetts, Mr. RoE, Mr. DERRICK, Mr. JONES of Georgia, Mr. SAVAGE, Mr. Bates, Mr. HERTEL, Mr. TORRICELLI, Mr. JONES of North Carolina, Mr. PANETTA, Mr. RAVENEL, Mr. TRAFICANT, Ms. OAKAR, Mr. DeFazio, Mr. WATKINS, Mr. FASCELL, Mr. PAYNE of New Jersey, Mr. RIDGE, Mr. SIKORSKI, Mr. STARK, Mr. TORRES, Mr. HUGHES, Mrs. BYRON, Mr. Smith of Florida, Mr. HOCHBRUECKNER, Mr. Wilson, Mr. LELAND, Ms. SLAUGHTER of New York, Mr. COSTELLO, Mr. Evans, Mr. DARDEN, Mr. SKAGGS, Mr. YATRON, Mr. SANGMEISTER, Mr. JENKINS, Mr. Johnson of South Dakota, Mr. GREEN, Mr. Dyson, Mr. CLEMENT, Mr. SLATTERY, Mr. KosTMAYER, Mr. NOWAK, Mr. SCHEUER, Mr. CARR, Mr. HAMILTON, Mr. McMILLEN of Maryland, Mr. SWIFT, Mr. FLAKE, Mr. HUBBARD, Mr. COLEMAN of Texas, Mr. CHAPMAN, Mr. ECKART, Mr. REGULA, Ms. LONG, Mr. EARLY, Mr. Rose, Mr. Tallon, Mr. BEVILL, Mrs. LOWEY of New York, Mr. GIBBONS, Mr. WYDEN, Mr. NEAL of North Carolina, Mr. SHARP, Mr. CAMPBELL of Colorado, Mr. HOAGLAND, Mr. ANDREWS, Mr. ANNUNZIO, Mr. ASPIN, Mr. MURPHY, Mr. GLICKMAN, Mr. PERKINS, Mr. SKELTON, Mr. WEBER, Mrs. JOHNSON of Connecticut, Mr. ROWLAND of Georgia, Mr. PRICE, Mr. GUNDERSON, Mr. STAGGERS, and Mr. PORTER
OCTOBER 3, 1989 Additional sponsors: Mr. LEACH of Iowa, Mr. LEATH of Texas, Mr. ANDERSON,
Mr. NAGLE, Mr. MOLLOHAN, Mr. PICKLE, Mr. Davis, Mr. Nelson of Florida, Mr. SPRATT, Mr. BRUCE, and Mr. HYDE
discrimination on the basis of disability.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa
2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
3 SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
4 (a) SHORT TITLE.—This Act may be cited as the 5 “Americans with Disabilities Act of 1989”. 6 (b) TABLE OF CONTENTS.—The table of contents is as 7 follows:
Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
TITLE I-GENERAL PROHIBITION AGAINST DISCRIMINATION
Sec. 101. Forms of discrimination prohibited.
Sec. 201. Definitions.
TITLE III—PUBLIC SERVICES
Sec. 301. Definition of qualified individual with a disability.
TITLE IV–PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS AND SERVICES OPERATEI)
BY PRIVATE ENTITIES
Sec. 401. Definitions.
TITLE V-TELECOMMUNICATIONS RELAY SERVICES
Sec. 501. Definitions.
TITLE VI_MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
Sec. 601. Construction.
(1) some 43,000,000 Americans have one or more
physical or mental disabilities, and this number is increasing as the population as a whole is growing older;
(2) historically, society has tended to isolate and segregate individuals with disabilities, and, despite some improvements, such forms of discrimination against individuals with disabilities continue to be a se
rious and pervasive social problem;
(3) discrimination against individuals with disabilities persists in such critical areas as employment, housing, public accommodations, education, transporta
tion, communication, recreation, institutionalization,
health services, voting, and access to public services;
(4) unlike individuals who have experienced discrimination on the basis of race, sex, national origin, religion, or age, individuals who have experienced dis
crimination on the basis of disability have often had no
legal recourse to redress such discrimination;
(5) individuals with disabilities continually encounter various forms of discrimination, including outright intentional exclusion, the discriminatory effects of architectural, transportation, and communication barriers, overprotective rules and policies, failure to make modifications to existing facilities and practices, exclusionary qualification standards and criteria, segregation,