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mitted for philatelic or other purposes (11) Each envelope should contain a must bear complete addresses, and post uniform enclosure of the approximate age at the applicable rate, to be post weight of a postal card to assure a good marked. (See $ 146.5(a) of this chapter impression. for postage on mail to be canceled with a (iv) A space should be provided on the special cancellation.) After they are address side, at least 4 inches to the left postmarked they may be either dis of the right end of the envelope and 1172 patched or handed back to the person inches to the left of the innermost stamp presenting them. This paragraph (d) to permit a clear impression of the postdoes not apply to any arrangements made mark. by the Department under $$ 145.3 and (v) A clear space 21/2 by 21/2 inches 145.5.
must appear to the left of the postmark (e) Holding the mail. Postmasters and address area for application of the will not hold mail to comply with pa cachet. If this clear space is not protron's requests that the mall be post vided, the cachet will not be applied. marked on a particular date, except as (vi) Aerogrammes and postal cards provided for under $ $ 145.3 and 145.5. will not be accepted for inaugural inter§ 145.5 Inaugural covers.
(4) Submission of covers. (i) Send (a) First flights-(1) Cachets author the items for inaugural cachets under ized. (1) The Post Office Department cover to the postmaster or superintenrecognizes events such as new air service dent, airport mail facility, at the point by applying cachets on inaugural covers. where service is to be inaugurated. EnOfficial cachets of distinctive commem velope enclosing items for cachet should orative design are authorized, by publi bear endorsement “First Flight Covers or cation of a notice in the Postal Bulletin, Philatelic Mail." if notification is received from the carrier (11) Include a letter requesting the at least 20 days before the scheduled date holding of the covers for the inaugural of the new service.
service and stating the cachet desired. (ii) Cachets are authorized for:
(iii) Indicate directional service de(a) All stop points on a new airmail sired, if applicable. (See subparagraph route.
(5) (i) of this paragraph.) (6) New stop points on an existing
(5) Compliance with collectors' reroute or on an additional segment.
quests—(i) Directional covers. Requests (c) Events of national aviation inter of collectors for dispatch in a particular est.
direction will be complied with to the (2) Where cachets may be used. (1) greatest extent practicable. No direcOfficial cachets are authorized for use at tional service will be accorded for events post offices and airport mail facilities on of national aviation interest. covers actually dispatched on the in (ii) Point-to-point covers. Requests of augural flights.
collectors for point-to-point covers will (ii) One or more of the following not be observed. Request that a dispoints may be authorized to use oficial patching office send one each of several cachets:
covers to each stop point will not be (a) Terminal points. Cachets will be honored. applied to covers dispatched on the ac (iii) Direction not specified. In the tual inaugural flight.
absence of specific requests, covers will (6) Intermediate points. Cachet will be dispatched on the actual first flight, be applied to covers dispatched to the ac regardless of direction. tual inaugural flights in each direction. (iv) Incomplete instructions. If the Directional service is not applicable to collector's request is not clear, covers will events of national aviation interest. If be dispatched in accordance with the service is inaugurated in only one direc jud hent of the dispatching ofice. tion, cachet will not be used when serv (v) Color of ink. Requests for the use ice is established in the other direction at of a color of ink other than that authora later date.
ized by the Post Ofice Department can (3) Preparation of covers. (i) Covers not be complied with. The authorized must be individually addressed to a post color of ink will be used in applying the office.
cachet to all covers. (1) Covers must bear postage at the (vi) Position of cachet. Cachets will airmail letter rate.
be applied legibly and neatly to left por
tion of address side of cover. Cachets will not be applied to:
(a) Covers for immediate return to sender; covers must receive dispatch on first flight.
(6) Covers bearing a previous official or unofficial cachet.
(c) Covers lacking sufficient clear space for application of cachet without obscuring the address.
(d) Double postal or post cards intended for return reply purposes.
(e) Covers received after first flight.
(f) Covers on which postage is not fully prepaid.
(g) Anything other than an inaugural cover.
(vii) Backstamping. All inaugural covers will be backstamped at a designated post office and forwarded to address destination. Requests for additional or special backstamping will not be honored.
(b) First highway post office trips(1) Announcement of service. The Post Office Department recognizes events such as new HPO service by applying special postmarks to inaugural covers. A notice that new service will be established is published in the Postal Bulletin when the decision to establish service is made, far enough in advance of the beginning date so that the notice will reach most subscribers in time to permit them to send covers for dispatch on first trips.
(2) Special postmark. No official cachets are applied to first-trip covers, but when time permits procuring distinctive first-trip postmarking stamps for each trip, impressions of them are used to postmark all covers carried on the first trips.
(3) Preparing covers. Prepare covers as described in paragraph (a) (3) of this section except postage will be at the firstclass rate.
(4) Submitting covers. Patrons should send first-trip covers to the postmaster at the initial terminal of the trip on which the covers are to be carried, with a letter or note instructing the postmaster to dispatch covers on the desired trip.
(5) Complying with collectors' requests. (1) All covers received at the initial post office or by the crew en route will be carried to the end of the run and dispatched to addressees from that point. Requests for different dispatch will not be honored. No backstamps will be applied to first-trip HPO covers.
(11) The first-trip stamp is evidence that the cover was carried on the trip indicated. (31 F.R. 13857, Oct. 28, 1966, as amended at 33 F.R. 11598, Aug. 15, 1968. Redesignated at 31 F.R. 15350, Dec. 8, 1966) § 145.6 Stamp exhibits.
(a) Loan exhibits. The Post Ofice Department has a set of valuable stamp exhibit frames which are available for display at stamp exhibitions and conventions. These are sent upon request to national and international exhibits as well as to the conventions of the larger stamp societies. Requests should be addressed to the Director, Division of Philately, Post Office Department, Washington, D.C. 20260.
(b) Philatelic exhibit. The Office of the Special Assistant to the Postmaster General maintains a comprehensive exhibit of U.S. postage stamps, containing die proofs of all domestic stamps since 1847. There are also approximately 40,000 stamps of other countries in this exhibit, from every postal administration in the world. Equipment used in the production of postage stamps, such as a plate and transfer roll, is shown to illustrate methods of manufacture. Philatelic publications are on file for the benefit of students and collectors. § 145.7 Stamp publication.
The Department issues a publication (POD-9 Rev.) entitled “United States Postage Stamps, 1817-1967," containing reproductions and information of interest to collectors on all U.S. stamps issued from 1847 through the Franklin D. Roosevelt stamp in coil and booklet form, issued December 28, 1967. (33 F.R. 11598, Aug. 15, 1968)
PART 146_SPECIAL CANCELLATIONS Sec. 146.1 Description of machine cancellations. 146.2 How sponsors obtain special cancel
lations. 146.3 Disposition. 146.4 Revocation. 146.5 Mail submitted for special cancella
tions. AUTHORITY: The provisions of this Part 146 issued under R.S. 161, as amended; 5 U.S.C. 301, 39 U.S.C. 501, 2508, 2509. $ 146.1 Description of machine cancella
tions. The canceling of postage stamps and the printing of the postmark circle on
letter mail is accomplished simultane (4) Cost. The sponsor must pay the ously by the inked die hubs of high speed cost of manufacturing the special cancanceling machines. The cancellation cellation die hub and any costs incurred portion of the impression appears to the in adapting canceling machines for its right of the postmark circle and consists use or for installing the hub. The cost of lines, or messages, to sufficiently de of a die hub is usually $55 to $65. The face stamps in the area indicated in the organization or persons assuming the following diagram:
cost of manufacturing the die hub are billed by the manufacturer.
(b) Wording. The space available for MARI
the wording is shown in the illustration AM
below. The wording must be limited to 1965
3 lines of not more than 20 letters, numN. Y.
bers, or spaces each, so that the wording
may be in type large enough to be legible, Special canceling machine die hubs may be authorized for use in place of the
The wording must relate direct to the
event. Illustrations or designs should regular die hubs at designated post offices. When authorized, the special die
U. S. CUSTOMS hubs are placed on canceling machines through which a large volume of letter
175th ANNIVERSARY mail is canceled.
1789 · 1964 [26 F.R. 11569, Dec. 6, 1961, as amended at 30 F.R. 6436, May 8, 1965. Redesignated at
not be used because of the limited space 31 F.R. 15350, Dec. 8, 1966)
available on the die hub. § 146.2 How sponsors obtain special can
(c) Application(1) Where to apply.
If the event to be advertised meets the cellations.
conditions in paragraph (a) (1) of this (a) Requirements for use (1) When.
section, submit the application in writ(i) Permission for use of special can
ing to the postmaster at the post office cellations is granted for advertising pur where the cancellation die hub is to be poses in the following cases only:
used, so that the postmaster can furnish (a) Where the event to be advertised
the Department certain necessary inis for some national purpose for which formation. Congress has made an appropriation; or (2) When to apply. The application (b) Where the event to be advertised
should be submitted to the postmaster at is of general public interest and impor least 2 months before the date the cantance, to endure for a definite period of cellation die hub is to be placed in opertime, and is not to be conducted for
ation. private gain or profit.
(3) Information needed. The appli(ii) Special cancellations are not au
cation must provide the following inthorized for:
formation: (a) Events of interest primarily to a
(1) Complete description and schedule particular local group.
of the event to be advertised, including (b) Fraternal, political, religious,
evidence that it is not being conducted commercial, or trade organizations.
for private profit. (c) Campaigns or events promoting the sale or use of private products or
(i) Wording of the proposed cancel
lation. services. (d) Idea or slogan promotion not di
(iii) Name of the post office where rectly connected with an event of general
the cancellation is to be used. public interest and importance.
(iv) Period of use desired. (e) Events which occur during a pe
(V) Number of die hubs desired. riod when all canceling machines in the (vi) Name and address of the sponsor post office have already been scheduled who will be billed for the cost. for the use of other special cancellation (d) Referral by postmaster. The die hubs.
postmaster will forward the application (2) Where. The cancellation may be to the Classification and Special Services used only in a first- or second-class post Division, Bureau of Operations, Post office.
Office Department, Washington, D.C., (3) Period of time. The special can 20260. The postmaster must furnish cellation may not be used longer than 6 with the application a sample impresmonths, plus the duration of the event. sion of the canceling die presently on the
machine that is to use the special can make application for a replacement cellation die and the name of the manu through the local postmaster. facturer and model of the canceling ma [26 F.R. 11570, Dec. 6, 1961, as amended at chine on which the special die hub will 30 F.R. 6436, May 8, 1965; 31 F.R. 11102, Aug. be used, and must specify whether the 20, 1966. Redesignated at 31 F.R. 15350, Dec. machine is new or old (square or round
8, 1966) type ring die). If the canceling machine
§ 146.4 Revocation. is a Model Flier, M, or G, the postmaster must state the correct die hub part num
Authorization to use any special canber from the Operating Instruction Book
cellation die hub may be curtailed or (1207 or 1207-G for Flier and M Ma
revoked when necessary to use special chines, and 218 or 218-A for G Ma
postmarking dies for Government purchines). No die hub part number is re
poses. quired for Models D, K, H.D.2, and Mark
(26 F.R. 11570, Dec. 6, 1961. Redesignated at II. The postmaster must also state the
31 F.R. 15350, Dec. 8, 1966) effect the approval would have on the use & 146.5 Mail submitted for special canof special cancellations already ap
cellations. proved for his office.
(a) Postage. Mailers requesting that (e) Authorization. The sponsor will
their mail be canceled with a special canbe informed through the postmaster of
cellation must afix first-class postage to the approval or denial of the applica
the mall. The mail must bear a comtion. If the application is approved, the
plete address. Stamps issued by foreign Department will arrange for the manu
countries must not be placed on the mail. facture of the die hub, and instruct the
(b) Holding the mail. Postmasters postmaster as to its use.
will not hold mail to comply with re(26 F.R. 11569, Dec. 6, 1961, as amended at
quests of patrons that the mail be post30 F.R. 6436, May 8, 1965; 31 F.R. 11101, Aug.
marked with the special cancellation on 20, 1966. Redesignated at 31 F.R. 15350, Dec.
a particular date. 8, 1966)
126 F.R. 11570, Dec. 6, 1961, as amended at § 146.3 Disposition.
27 F.R. 2687, Mar. 22, 1962. Redesignated at
31 F.R. 15350, Dec. 8, 1966) (a) After use. Sponsors may not obtain from postmasters die hubs that have PART 147-PREPAYMENT AND been used. A die hub may not be trans
REFUNDS ferred to another post office. Hubs not
Sec. retained by the postmaster for future 147.1 Postage payment. use shall be sent by him to the Procure 147.2 Refunds. ment Parts Unit, Mail Equipment Shops,
AUTHORITY: The provisions of this Part 147 2135 Fifth Street NE., Washington, D.C. issued under R.S. 161, as amended; 5 U.S.O. 20260 as soon as the period of use is com 301, 39 U.S.C. 501, 4051, 4052, 4055, 4101 4105, pleted.
4106, 4109, 4110, 6006. (b) Unserviceable die hubs. (1) Re.
§ 147.1 Postage payment. placement parts for a die hub retained
(a) Prepayment required. Postage on for use during an event which recurs
all mail must be fully prepaid at the each year may be requisitioned from the
time of mailing, with the following exProcurement Parts Unit, Mail Equip
ceptions: ment Shops, if the die hub can be re (1) Business reply mail, see $ 131.2(c) paired by the postmaster. Die hubs that of this chapter. cannot be repaired by the postmaster (2) Federal Government and free should be sent to the Procurement Parts mail, see Part 137 of this chapter. Unit, Mail Equipment Shops, 2135 Fifth
(3) Certain mail for the blind, see Street NE., Washington, D.C., 20260, to
Part 138 of this chapter. gether with a memorandum requesting
(4) Mail sent by members of the their disposal. No facilities are avail
Armed Forces, see $ 131.5 of this chapter. able at the Shops for the repair of these
(5) Letters and printed matter carried
or delivered by vessels not regularly emdie hubs.
ployed in carrying mall, see § 131.6 of (2) When the special cancellation die this chapter. hub must be replaced, the postmaster (6) Keys and identification devices rewill immediately notify the local sponsor turned to owners, see § 134.1 of this so that the sponsor may, if he desires, chapter.
(b) Insufficient prepayment. (1) Mall of any class, including that for which special services is indicated (except registered mail-see § 161.3(a) of this chapter) received at either the office of mailing or the office of address without any postage or without suficient postage will be:
(1) Marked to show the total deficiency of postage and fees.
(ii) Dispatched promptly to the addressee by means of the regular or special service indicated.
(iii) Delivered to addressee on payment of the charges marked on the mail. As an exception, when quantity mailings of 10 or more pieces are received at the office of mailing without any postage or without sufficient postage, the mailer will be notified, without charge, preferably by telephone, in order that the postage charges may be adjusted before the mail is dispatched.
(2) When the addressee refuses to pay the deficient postage, and when the mail is undeliverable for any other reason, it shall be handled as follows:
(i) First-class mail, including airmail, bearing a return address shall be returned to the sender and delivered on payment by him of the deficient postage.
(11) Mail other than first class bearing a return address will be returned to the sender and delivered on payment by him of the total of the deficient postage, the forwarding postage, if any and the return postage.
(iii) All mail that does not bear a return address will be disposed of in accordance with § 158.5 of this chapter.
(c) Postage on mail insufficiently prepaid. Postage stamps stuck to mail are canceled when the mail is first received in the post office. Postage stamps or meter stamps originally affixed to insuficiently prepaid mail will, when it is again presented for mailing, be accepted in payment of postage to the amount of their face value. (26 F.R. 11570, Dec. 6, 1961, as amended at 27 F.R. 2687, Mar. 22, 1962; 30 F.R. 1436, May 8, 1965; 81 F.R. 11102, Aug. 20, 1966. Redesignated at 31 F.R. 15350, Dec. 8, 1966) 8 147.2 Refunds.
(a) Conditions that justify refund. (1) When postage or special service fees have been paid on mail for which no
service is rendered, or collected in excess of the lawful rate, a refund may be made.
(2) The Postal Service is considered to be at fault and "no service is rendered" in cases involving returned articles improperly accepted in both domestic and international services because of excess size or weight.
(3) Mailers who customarily weigh and rate their mail are expected to be familiar with basic requirements and the Postal Service is not considered to be at fault when these mailers are required to withdraw articles from the mail prior to dispatch.
(4) See paragraphs (c) (2) and (1) of this section for special provisions for refunding the postage value of unused meter stamps.
(b) Application. Submit an application on Form 3533 (Application and Voucher for Refund of Postage and Fees), in duplicate, to the postmaster together with the envelope or wrapper, or the portion thereof having names and addresses of sender and addressee, canceled postage and postal markings, or other evidence of payment of the amount of postage and fees for which refund is desired.
(c) Amount of refund allowable. (1) Refund of 100 percent will be made:
(1) When the Postal Service is at fault.
(ii) For the excess when postage or fees have been overpaid the lawful rate.
(iii) When service to the country of destination has been suspended.
(iv) When postage is fire-scarred while in the custody of the Postal Seryice, including fire in letter box, and the mail is returned to sender without service.
(V) When special-delivery stamps are erroneously used in payment of postage, and the mail is returned to the sender without service.
(vi) When fees are paid for special delivery, special handling and certified mail, and the article fails to receive the special service for which the fee has been paid.
(vii) When surcharges are erroneously collected on domestic registered mail or collected in excess of the proper amount, or represented by stamps affixed to matter not actually accepted for registration.