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clerk, mail orderly, postal clerk, or assist (4) Articles not adequately prepared ant postal clerk or postal finance clerk, in to withstand normal handling in the accordance with $ 154.9 (c) of this mail. See Part 121 of this chapter for chapter.

packaging standards. (h) Bad condition. If the addressee (26 F.R. 11590, Dec. 6, 1961, as amended at accepts a registered article that has been 31 F.R. 11146, Aug. 23, 1966. Redesignated at repaired with sealing stamps or reen

31 F.R. 15350, Dec. 8, 1966) closed in a new envelope or wrapper, it

$ 162.2 Fees. must be opened in the presence of the delivering employee. If anything is (a) Fees (in addition to postage). missing, the envelope or wrapper must

Liability:

Fee be given to the employee after it has

$0.01 to $15.

$0.20 been endorsed to show what was missing. $15.01 to $50..

30 (26 F.R. 11587, Dec. 6, 1961, as amended at

$50.01 to $100..

.40 27 F.R. 11767, Nov. 29, 1962; 28 F.R. 1509,

$100.01 to $150. Feb. 16, 1963; 31 F.R. 8236, June 11, 1966; $150.01 to $200. 32 F.R. 7630, May 25, 1967; 33 F.R. 15416,

Liability for insured mail is limited to $200.
Oct. 17, 1968. Redesignated at 31 F.R. 15350,
Dec. 8, 1966)

(b) Restricted delivery.
(Not available for mail insured for $15
or less) --

$0.50 PART 162-INSURANCE Sec.

(c) Return receipts. 162.1 Description.

(Not available for mail insured for $15 162.2 Fees.

or less) 162.3 Mailing.

(1) Requested at time of mailing: 162.4 Special services.

Showing to whom and when de162.5 Delivery.

livered

. 25 162.6 Receipts.

Showing to whom, when, and adAUTHORITY: The provisions of this Part 162

dress where delivered..

.36 Issued under R.S. 161, as amended; 5 U.S.C. (2) Requested after mailing: 301, 39 U.S.C. 501, 507, 5000, 5011, 5012.

Showing to whom and when de

livered $ 162.1 Description.

(31 F.R. 3120, Feb. 25, 1966; 31 F.R. 3286, (a) Purpose. The sender may obtain

Mar. 2, 1966. Redesignated at 31 F.R. 15350,

Dec. 8, 1966) payment for loss of, rifling of, or damage to domestic mail by having it insured. $ 162.3 Mailing.

(b) Classes of mail to which applicable. (1) Third- and fourth-class mail.

(a) Payment of fees and postage. In(2) Airmail which contains third- or

surance fees must be paid in addition fourth-class matter (may contain inci

to the postage. The mailer guarantees dental first-class enclosures). Sealed

to pay return and forwarding postage envelopes should be endorsed “Contains

unless he writes instructions on the Third-Class Mail” or “Contains Fourth

wrapper or envelope not to forward or Class Mail."

return the mail. (3) Official Government mall bearing

(b) Where to mail. Mailers must "Postage and Fees Paid” endorsement.

mail parcels that they insure at a (4) Articles mailed under $ $ 138.3 and

post office, branch, or station, or give 138.4 of this chapter.

them to a rural carrier. They must not

be deposited in mail drops at post offices, The mail must bear the complete names nor in or on street mail boxes. They and addresses of sender and addressee. must not be left on, but may be placed

(c) Not acceptable for insurance. (1) in, rural mail boxes. Parcels containing matter offered for (c) Inquiry as to contents and prep

addressed to prospective purchasers aration. The postal employee at the who have not ordered or authorized their window is required to ask whether the sending. If such matter is received in package presented for insurance conthe mail, payment will not be made for tains fragile, perishable, or flammable loss, rifling, or damage.

matter. If the package does not contain (2) Nonmailable matter.

such matter and to all outward appear(3) Articles that are so fragile as to ances is adequately prepared, no further prevent their safe carriage in the mall inquiry as to contents will be made. If regardless of packaging.

the package contains such matter, de

tailed inquiry will be made to determine of parcels accepted may be issued when whether contents are admissible in the a large number of articles are mailed. mail and are adequately packed.

The permanent receipt will be issued as (d) Individual receipts for mailing. soon as possible. Mailers are issued a receipt for each in (h) Mailing on rural routes and at sured parcel mailed on one of the fol nonpersonnel rural stations

and lowing forms:

branches. Mailers may give the mail to (1) Form 3813, “Receipt For Domestic the rural carriers; or they may leave the Insured Parcel”, when the package is mail in rural mail boxes, provided stamps insured for $15 or less. A duplicate copy are affixed for postage and fee, or money is not made.

for postage and fee is left in the box. (2) Form 3813-P, “Receipt For In Mailers must leave a note stating the sured Parcel”, when the package is in amount of insurance desired. The carsured for more than $15. A duplicate rier will issue a receipt at the time the copy is not made. The post office keeps mail is received. The Postal Service asno record of the mailing of insured pack sumes no responsibility for articles or ages. Mailers must enter the name and money left in rural mail boxes until the address of the addressee on the receipt articles are receipted for by the carrier. and retain it. Mailers must exhibit the Patrons at nonpersonnel rural stations receipt if claim for loss is made. The and branches must meet the rural carrier receipt should be shown if an inquiry is at the station or branch for insurance filed. A telephone request for inquiry service. is acceptable if the mailer can furnish (i) Endorsements and postmarking. particulars of mailing from his receipt. (1) Each package insured for $15 or less

(e) Firm mailing books. Mailing will be stamped on the address side with books, Form 3877-A, are furnished with the elliptical stamp. Each package inout charge to patrons who mail an aver sured for more than $15 will be stamped age of three or more parcels at one time. close to the address with the Insured No. Spaces are provided for entering the de stamp, unless the address label on the scription of parcels to be insured. Any package bears an effective reproduction alterations must be initiated by the of the official stamp. mailer and accepting employee. The

INSURED

INSURED sheets of these books become the senders'

Elliptical Stamp NO. receipts. The books must be presented

Insured No. Stamp with the parcels to be mailed. Following are instructions for their use:

(2) When a clear insurance endorse(1) Parcels to be insured for $15 or ment cannot be stamped directly on the less are not to be numbered and should package, the postal employee will attach be listed on separate sheets or grouped

a white blank gummed label, item 0-27together. Prepare one copy only.

G, to the package and stamp the impres(2) For parcels to be insured for more

sion on it. Each package will be postthan $15, the postmaster will assign a

marked unless a postage meter stamp is series of numbers. The mailer must used to pay charges. number the articles and the items in the

(3) Private insurance endorsements or book to correspond.

markings may not appear on the address (3) The parcels must be conspicuously

side of mail matter but may appear elseendorsed with the stamped or printed

where provided they do not resemble ofofficial insurance endorsement.

ficial postal endorsements and are not (f) Special firm mailing bills or multi

confused with postal endorsements. ple forms. Mailers may use special firm

[31 F.R. 11146, Aug. 23, 1966. Redesignated

at 31 F.R. 15350, Dec. 8, 1966] mailing bills or multiple forms which incorporate mailing receipts containing all

$ 162.4 Special services. necessary postal information. Such forms must be submitted to the post

(a) Restricted delivery service. Mailmaster for prior approval before use. For ers may at the time of mailing direct parcels to be insured for more than $15, that a parcel insured for over $15 be dethe postmaster will assign a series of livered only to the addressee or to somenumbers. Any alterations must be in one named by him in writing. The mail itialed by the mailer and accepting em

will be endorsed: "Deliver to Addressee ployee.

Only or Deliver to Addressee or Order." (g) Temporary receipts. A temporary (b) Return receipt. Mailers may rereceipt showing only the total number quest a return receipt for a parcel in

ured for more than $15. Request at the for delivery. The notice is placed in the ime of mailing may be made either to general delivery or in a post office box. the postal employee or by endorsement A second notice is issued if the article is on the mail reading “Return Receipt Re undelivered after 5 days. quested," or "Return Receipt Requested (3) Rural delivery. Rural carriers Showing Address Where Delivered.” will deliver insured mail to the residence Request after mailing must be made at if it is not more than one-half mile the post office where the insured parcel from the route and if there is a passwas mailed. The insurance receipt must able road leading to it. Otherwise, the be shown and the prescribed additional carrier will leave a notice in the box fee for this service paid. When the re so that the addressee may either meet quest is made after mailing, the return him at the box on his next trip or call receipt will not show the address where at the post office for the mail. For dedelivery was made.

livery by rural carriers or at personnel 126 F.R. 11590, Dec. 6, 1961, as amended at and nonpersonnel rural stations and 31 F.R. 5197, Mar. 31, 1966. Redesignated branches, see Part 156 of this chapter. at 31 F.R. 15350, Dec. 8, 1966)

(4) On star routes affording delivery $ 162.5 Delivery.

service. Star route carriers will deliver

Insured parcels if required by the con(a) Delivery is made in accordance tract, but delivery will be made only at with the following provisions and those the patron's box or along the route. in part 154 of this chapter: Parcels in (5) Damaged packages. Damaged sured for over $15 are delivered in ac packages will be delivered if possible. cordance with the regulations for the When a damaged package is refused by delivery of registered mail (see § 161.9 of the addressee, the sender will be inthis chapter), except that when delivery formed of the damage and of the adhas not been restricted, mail addressed dressee's refusal. If sender does not to a person at a hotel, apartment house, reply, a partially damaged package will or the like, may be delivered to any per be returned to him at the end of the son in a supervisory or clerical capacity

retention period. Packages damaged to whom the mail is customarily de beyond repair will be held a reasonable livered. The responsibility of the Postal time awaiting Instructions or a request Service ends at this time.

for payment of postal insurance. If not (1) At letter carrier offices. (1) In received, the mailing postmaster will be sured mail is held for the period spe requested to ascertain what disposition cified in the sender's return address, will be made of the package. but not in excess of 15 consecutive days. (6) Spoiled contents. When the conIf no return period is specified, the mall tents of a package are spoiled, the postal is held for 15 days. The retention pe employee will write on the receipt form riod of 15 days applies also to offices to the date and hour the package was rewhich the mail may be forwarded.

ceived, the date and hour it was delly(ii) Insured parcels will be delivered ered to the addressee, whether the packto the addressee's home, or if he re age was endorsed Perishable, and any ceives his mail in a post office box or known cause of delay or improper hanthrough general delivery, he will be fur dling. nished a notice of the arrival of the (7) Examination of mail. The adparcel. If the parcel is undelivered dressee or his representative may read after 5 days, a second notice will be sent. and copy the name and address of the If addressee does not accept the parcel mailer from insured mail while it is in when it is offered, it will be returned the possession of the postal employee. to the post office and held for the length Examination of the contents may be of time directed by the sender, but made only after delivery has been made. never more than 15 days. The ad

[31 F.R. 11146, Aug. 23, 1966. Redesignated dressee may go to the post office and ob at 31 F.R. 15350, Dec. 8, 1966) tain the parcel or he may request that

$ 162.6 Receipts. It be delivered to his home again. The mailer may also request that it be de (a) Unnumbered packages. Unnumlivered again.

bered packages will be delivered as ordi(2) At offices not having carrier delivery service, The addressee is noti (b) Numbered packages. Postal emfied when an insured parcel is on hand ployees will take receipts for the delivery

nary mail.

of numbered packages on the following forms:

(1) Form 3849, when delivery is made by carrier, and window delivery at firstand second-class offices.

(2) Form 3850, for window deliveries made at third- and fourth-class offices.

(3) Form 3883, when addressees regularly receive an average of three or more packages at one time.

(4) Also, Form 3811, "Return Receipt”, when this service is requested by the sender. (31 F.R. 11147, Aug. 23, 1966. Redesignated on 31 F.R. 15350, Dec. 8, 1966)

PART 163_COD Sec. 163.1 Fees (in addition to postage). 163.2 Description. 163.3 Mailing. 163.4 Special services. 163.5 Delivery. 163.6 Registered COD mail.

AUTHORITY: The provisions of this Part 163 issued under R.S. 161, as amended; 5 U.S.C. 301, 39 U.S.C. 501, 507,5007–5012. § 163.1 Fees (in addition to postage). AMOUNT TO BE COLLECTED OR INSURANCE COVERAGE DESIRED

C.O.D.

fees $0.01 to $10

$0.60 $10.01 to $25

. 70 $25.01 to $50.

80 $50.01 to $100

.90 $100.01 to $200.

1.00 Restricted delivery-

.50 Notice of nondelivery

.05 Alteration of C.O.D. charges, or designation of new address--

. 35 [33 F.R. 9258, June 22, 1968] § 163.2 Description.

(a) Purpose. Patrons may mail an article for which they have not been paid and have the price and the cost of the postage collected from the addressee when the article is delivered. This is collect-on-delivery service, which is usually called COD service. The amount collected is returned to the mailer by a postal money order. The fees for COD service include insurance against loss, rifling, or damage to the article and failure to receive the amount collected from the addressee.

(b) Mail which may be sent COD. First-, third-, and fourth-class matter may be sent as COD mail. See § 161.4 of this chapter for registered COD fees.

(c) Conditions. (1) The mail must bear the complete names and addresses of sender and addressee.

(2) The largest amount that will be collected from the addressee is $200.

(3) The amount to be collected or the amount of insurance coverage desired, whichever is higher, de rmines the COD fee.

(4) The sender guarantees to pay any return and forwarding postage unless otherwise specified on the mail.

(5) The goods shipped must have been ordered.

(d) Prohibitions. The COD service cannot be used for:

(1) Sending articles to addressees who have not ordered them or agreed to accept them.

(2) Collection agency purposes.

(3) Return of merchandise about which some dissatisfaction has arisen, unless the new addressee has consented in advance to such return.

(4) Sending only bills or statements of indebtedness even though the sender may establish that the addressee has agreed to the collection in this manner. However, when a legitimate COD shipment consisting of merchandise, bill of lading, etc., is being mailed, the balance due on a past or anticipated transaction may be included in the charges on a COD article, provided the addressee has consented in advance to such action.

(5) Parcels containing moving-picture films mailed by exhibitors to moving picture manufacturers, distributors, or exchanges. Such parcels may be sent as insured mail, or, if sealed, by first-class registered mail.

(e) Restrictions on COD service to military installations. COD service is not available for articles having an APO or FPO designation as part of the address. This restriction applies also to official shipments and shipments to Armed Forces agencies.

(f) Service with U.S. Possessions and Territories. There is no COD service with the Canal Zone, Canton Island, Caroline Islands, Mariana Islands, or Marshall Islands or to Samoa. However, COD articles may be mailed from Pago Pago, Samoa. [26 F.R. 11591, Dec. 6, 1961, as amended at 27 F.R. 6979, July 24, 1962. Redesignated at 31 F.R. 15350, Dec. 8, 1966) § 163.3 Mailing.

(a) Payment of fees and postage. Fees and postage must be prepaid. If

the mailer includes in the charges to be person to whom the money is to be sent remitted the postage and fee prepaid, the must appear in the proper spaces on the COD fee will be based on the total COD address side of the COD tag. The name charges, which include the postage and and address of the actual mailer must fee.

be placed on the back of the delivery (b) Where to mail. COD parcels must office portion of the tag. The name and be mailed at a post office, branch, or sta address of the person to whom the tion through a rural carrier or at a per money is to be paid must be shown as sonnel or nonpersonnel rural station or sender on the COD parcel itself, tobranch. They may not be placed in mail gether with directions as to return, if drops at post offices, nor in or on street undeliverable. mail boxes. They may not be left on, (5) The package must bear the combut may be placed in, rural mail boxes. plete names and addresses of the sender

(c) Individual receipts for mailing. A and addressee, and the COD endorsereceipt is issued for each COD parcel ment showing the amount due the mailed.

sender and the money order fee neces(d) Firm mailing books, COD tags, sary to make the remittance. and address labels. Firm mailing books, (6) When COD parcels are addressed Form 3877-A, are furnished without to distant points or to overseas domestic charge to patrons who mail an average of destinations, the mailer may, if he dethree or more parcels at one time. sires to expedite remittance, attach an Spaces are provided for entering the de addressed, prepaid airmail reply envescription of parcels to be sent COD. lope to the back of the COD tag at time The sheets of these books become the of mailing. senders' receipts and the post office rec (e) Nursery stock shipments. Firms ords. The books must be presented mailing nursery stock may print special with the parcels to be mailed. Following COD tags bearing instructions as to are instructions for their use:

disposition of shipments that are not im(1) The postmaster will assign a series mediately delivered. These tags must of numbers. The mailer must number

contain a cou on that will be returned the articles and the items to correspond. with the money order. The following Entries must be made in duplicate with

rules apply: carbon paper.

(1) If the sender does not desire to (2) A COD tag must be securely fixed have the parcel, if undeliverable, disby the sender to each COD article, show

posed of to the highest bidder, the ing article number, names and addresses

sender's instructions on the back of the of sender and addressee, amount due delivery-office portion of the COD tag sender, and amount of money order

(1), and the sender's coupon (2), should fee necessary to make remittance. The

read:

(i) If addressee refuses to pay charges necessary particulars must be filled in by sender. Stock tags are furnished by the

for any reason, deliver at once without post office without charge. There are

collecting the charges. Notify sender at three types of tags eyeletted for tying

once if parcel is not delivered, and if no to parcels, and one uneyeletted type for

reply is received in 30 days, destroy parattaching by gummed tape. Specially

cel. See sender's coupon for further printed COD tags approved by the

instructions. Postal Service are also used. The eye

(ii) Return this coupon with money letted tag, form 3816, composed of

order. If parcel is delivered without delivery office portion, delivering em

collection of charges, or is destroyed afployee's coupon, mailing office record and

ter 30 days, check disposition and send the sender's receipt, is intended for use

coupon to sender in penalty envelope. by patrons mailing less than three ar O Delivered to addressee without collectticles at one time.

ing charges.

o Destroyed after 30 days. (3) The particulars required on the tag must be filled in by the sender with (2) If sender desires to have the parink, indelible pencil (not ordinary lead cel, if undeliverable, disposed of to the pencil), or typewriter. The Postal Sery highest bidder, the sender's instrucice is not responsible for errors by send tions on the back of the delivery office ers in stating charges to be collected. portion of the COD tag (1), and on the

(4) When COD remittance is to be sender's coupon (2), should read: sent to someone other than the actual (i) If addressee refuses to pay charges mailer, the name and address of the for any reason, deliver at once without

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