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less the envelope or wrapper bears a notation forbidding its being forwarded.

(2) Second-class publications from Canada are treated in accordance with § 158.2(b) (1) through (3) of this chapter. A periodical publication from any other country whose delivery requires that it be forwarded to another local address or to another post office shall be forwarded and the addressee shall be requested to notify the publisher of his new address. If the publication is still being received 3 months after change of address occurs, the post office of original address shall dispose of it, and any subsequent copies received, as waste, except that publications bearing request of sender for return shall be endorsed "Moved, not forwardable" and returned to origin.

(b) To another country. (1) Articles can be forwarded on condition that the country of destination accepts mail of the classification involved. Articles received by either surface or air, which do not bear instructions forbidding their being forwarded, are forwarded “by surface" without an additional postage charge or fee. U.S. postage at the airmail rate to the country concerned must be paid on any article that is forwarded by air. Cross out the Par Avion label or endorsement on an airmail article that is forwarded by surface. See $ $ 223.4(b), 223.4(c), and 231.7(b) of this chapter concerning forwarding of domestic mail.

(2) The provisions of $ 224.3(a) (2) apply in the case of periodical publications addressed to persons who have filed change of address to another country.

(c) Backstamping. A legible postmark is applied to the back of letters and to the front of postcards when received missent and to all forwarder articles.

(d) Postage-due matter. If an article being forwarded to another post office in the United States or to another country bears postage-due stamps, the procedure prescribed in 335.35 and 335.36 of the Postal Manual is followed. [32 F.R. 12262, Aug. 24, 1967] $ 224.4 Undeliverable articles.

(a) Retention period. Post Offices will hold ordinary and registered articles at disposal of addressees for 30 days, except in the following cases:

(1) Articles bearing senders' requests for return within a specified time not exceeding 2 months.

(2) Articles bearing no time limit for their return, when there is good reason to believe they can be delivered to the addressee if held for a period not exceeding 2 months. These articles shall be marked "Specially held for delivery". Hold article subject to storage charges (see § 224.1(d)) beyond the initial 30day retention period only if the addressee, or someone acting in his behalf, pays the storage charges due at the end of the first 30-day period. Thereafter, collect accumulated storage charges every 10 days.

(3) Articles positively known to be undeliverable, such as refused, or addressee moved and left no address. These shall be treated as undeliverable unless they bear the sender's request specified in subparagraph (1) of this paragraph.

(b) Directory service. See 355.171 of the Postal Manual concerning directory service to be accorded mail of foreign origin.

(c) Endorsing. Endorse undeliverable mail as prescribed in 355.11 of the Postal Manual. Apply a legible postmark to the back of letters and to the front of postcards that are returned to origin.

(d) Disposal. Undeliverable mail will be sent by surface means (including airmail articles, after crossing out Par Avion label or endorsement) to the exchange office for return to origin, except as follows:

(1) Ordinary (unregistered) prints, other than books, which do not bear the sender's request for return. These are disposed of in accordance with $ 158.51 (b) of this chapter. Books and registered prints must always be returned to origin.

(2) Postcards which do not bear the address of the sender. These are disposed of in accordance with § 158.5(a) of this chapter.

(3) Canadian second-class publications. These will be treated as prescribed in $ 158.2(b) (1) through (3) of this chapter.

(4) Canadian articles of all classifications not covered by a and b of this section and not bearing sender's name and address. These will be sent to the deadletter office for disposal pursuant to 356.63 of the Postal Manual.

(e) Postage-due matter. Articles bearing postage-due stamps are treated as prescribed in 335.35 and 335.36 of the Postal Manual.

(f) Storage charges. Storage charges due on postal union articles are canceled if the articles are returned to origin or forwarded to another country. See § 232. 5(b) (4) concerning parcel post. [32 F.R. 12262, Aug. 24, 1967, as amended at 33 F.R. 12907, Sept. 12, 1968]

mailing will be given by the Department to the sender and to the appropriate U.S. receiving exchange offices which will permit the articles in the mailing to go forward to the addressees without delay when they reach the United States. (32 F.R. 12263, Aug. 24, 1967, as amended at 33 F.R. 12907, Sept. 12, 1968] 8 225.3 Mailing with U.S. postage not

paid. A mailing subject to § 225.1 received without payment of U.S. domestic postage having been made in advance will be held at the exchange office of receipt, and the U.S. sender will be requested to pay the postage. After payment of the required amount, the mailing will be allowed to go forward; if not paid, it will be returned to the country of origin. (32 F.R. 12263, Aug. 24, 1967] § 225.4 Report of incoming mailings.

Only U.S. receiving exchange offices will report to the Department mailings from other countries that appear to have been made by or on behalf of senders in the United States. [32 F.R. 12263, Aug. 24, 1967]

PART 225 — ARTICLES MAILED

ABROAD BY OR ON BEHALF OF

SENDERS IN THE UNITED STATES Sec. 225.1 U.S. postage rates required. 225.2 Mailing with U.S. postage paid. 225.3 Mailing with U.S. postage not paid. 225.4 Report of incomirg mailings.

AUTHORITY: The provisions of this Part 225 issued under 5 U.S.C. 301, 39 U.S.C. 501, 505. $ 225.1 U.S. postage rates required.

Pursuant to provisions of the Universal Postal Convention, U.S. postage must be paid to secure delivery of articles in excess of 200 pieces mailed in other countries by or on behalf of persons or firms whose residence or place of busi ss is in the United States when the foreign postage on the articles is lower than comparable U.S. domestic postage. If the comparable rate is the domestic thirdclass rate, use the single-piece rate to compute postage on the mailing. The articles will be returned to origin unless applicable U.S. postage is paid for the total number of pieces. Even if the foreign postage is not lower, the same conditions apply when more than 5,000 pieces are mailed. These limitations apply to mailings made in such quantities within a 30-day period. [33 F.R. 12907, Sept. 12, 1968] § 225.2 Mailing with U.S. postage paid.

Senders affected by $ 225.1 must submit a sample of the proposed mailing (envelope and contents) to the Classification and Special Services Division, Bureau of Operations, Post Office Department, Washington, D.C. 20260, with a statement as to the number of pieces to be mailed, when and where the mailing will take place, and a check to cover the amount of the applicable, U.S. postage. Checks will be made payable to the Post Office Department. Notification of postage acceptance and approval of

PART 231-OUTGOING PARCELS Sec. 231.1 Availability of service. 231.2 Prohibitions and restrictions. 231.3 Preparation, packing, and mailing. 231.4 Documentation, 231.5 Postmarking. 231.6 Shortpaid. 231.7 Forwarding.

AUTHORITY: The provisions of this part 231 issued under 5 U.S.C. 301, 39 U.S.C. 501, 505.

SOURCE: The provisions of this Part 231 appear at 32 F.R. 12263, Aug. 24, 1967, unless otherwise noted. § 231.1 Availability of service.

Parcel post service is available to most countries, and the general conditions shown in this part apply. The individual country items in the Directory of International Mail show whether or not parcel post service is available to a particular country, as well as the special services and conditions applying to that country. § 231.2 Prohibitions and restrictions.

(a) General list of prohibited articles. The following are prohibited by parcel post to all countries:

(1) Articles excluded from the domestic mall of the United States. (See part 124 of this chapter.) Although safety matches are admitted in the domestic mail, they are prohibited in the international mail.

(2) Written communications of the nature of personal correspondence, or recorded correspondence. (See § 231.3 (d).)

(3) Enclosures bearing an address different from that appearing on the parcel itself.

(4) Pistols, revolvers, and other firearms capable of being concealed on the person, with certain exceptions. (See $ $ 125.5 and 253.1 of this chapter.)

(5) Live or dead creatures, except live bees, leeches, and silkworms and dead insects or reptiles when thoroughly dried.

(6) Fruits, vegetables, fresh meats, and other articles which easily decompose or which cannot reasonably be expected to reach destination without spoiling; substances which give off a bad odor.

(7) Gold coin, gold bullion, or gold dust exceeding $100 in value. (See § 254.4 of this chapter.)

(8) Articles that may in any way da or de roy the mail or injure the persons handling them. This includes liquids that may cause injury by contact with the skin or give off irritating vapors; also explosives and flammable liquids having a flash point by the Tagliabue open tester of 80° F. or lower, and flammable solids which are likely, under conditions incident to transportation, to cause fires through friction, through absorption of moisture, or through spontaneous chemical changes.

(9) Articles containing gas or liquid under pressure, except that products incorporating compressed gas are acceptable if the mist produced is nonfiammable, the quantity of contents not more than a pint, and not more than one container per package. These restrictions as to quantity do not apply to aerosol containers holding mailable liquid and gas under pressure less than 40 pounds per square inch absolute (25 pounds gauge pressure) at 70° F. Liquids with flash point below 150° F. are restricted as stated in § 231.2(b) (1).

(10) Oxidizing materials such as chlorates, permanganates, peroxides, or nitrates, which yield oxygen readily to

stimulate the combustion of organic matter.

NOTE: For general Postal Union mall prohibitions, see 221.3.

(b) Restricted articles-(1) Combustible liquids. Combustible liquids having a filash point of 150° F. or lower but above 80° F. (Tag, open tester) may be sent to foreign countries generally in quantities not exceeding 1 quart in any one parcel, except that paints, varnishes, turpentine, and similar substances may be sent in quantities of less than 1 gallon in any one parcel. The container must be completely surrounded with sawdust, bran, or other absorbent material sufficient to take up all the liquid content. Each parcel containing a combustible liquid must be marked by the sender to indicate that the flash point is above 80° F.

(2) Gold and gold certificates. (See § 254.1 of this chapter.)

(3) Jewelry. Some countries prohibit the importation of jewelry or other precious articles by parcel post, and others admit them only in registered or insured parcels. (See country items in the appendix to this subchapter.) The term “jewelry” in this part denotes articles of more than nominal value. Low priced jewelry, such as tie clasps, costume jewelry, and other items containing little or no precious metal, is not considered to be jewelry within the meaning of this section and is accepted under the same conditions as other mailable merchandise to any country. However, its acceptance to countries to which jewelry is prohibited is at the risk of the sender.

(4) Tobacco seed and plants. (See. § 255.2 of this chapter.)

(5) Plant material generally. Plants, seeds, and plant material are subject to the quarantine regulations of the country of destination. Patrons can obtain information from the Plant Quarantine Branch, Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250, or from one of their offices located at principal ports of entry.

(6) Radioactive materials. Radioactive materials are restricted. (See $ $ 221.-. 31(b) (6) and 125.2(e) of this chapter.)

(c) Individual country prohibitions and restrictions—(1) Information available. Information as to articles prohibited or restricted to individual countries is published under the country

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headings in the Directory of International Mail. These prohibitions and restrictions are based on information furnished by the countries concerned. Patrons may inquire at the post office for information about them, or purchase the Directory (POD Publication 42) as shown in § 114.2(b) of this chapter.

(2) Mailing of prohibited or restricted articles. Packages known to contain articles prohibited to a country are not accepted for mailing. If a package contains articles whose importation into a country is restricted, the sender's attention is to be called to the restrictions and the articles accepted with the understanding that the addressee will be responsible for complying with the import formalities of the country concerned.

(3) Mailing liable to return or seizure. In addition to the published prohibitions and restrictions mentioned in § 231.2(c) (1), any country may return or confiscate articles which are prohibited from circulation within that country, whether or not notice of such prohibition or restriction has been published.

(d) Foreign customs information. The assessment of customs duty in other countries is outside the control of the postal service. Postal employees must not attempt to inform patrons whether any articles, either gifts or commercial shipments, will be subject to customs duty. It may be suggested to patrons that they inform the addressees in advance of the items they intend to mail so the latter may inquire of their local customs authorities whether or not there will be a duty charge.

$ 231.3 Preparation, packing, and mail

ing. (a) Dimensions and weight limits(1) General dimensions. Greatest length, 312 feet; greatest length and girth combined, 6 feet. "Length and girth combined" means the measurement of once the length, plus twice the width, plus twice the depth. See § 135.3(b) of this chapter for illustration of method of measuring parcels.

(2) Exceptional dimensions. To some countries, dimensions other than the general dimensions indicated are applicable. A parcel must not exceed the maximum dimensions allowed to the country to which it is addressed. See Directory of International Mail for individual country limits.

(3) Dimensions of special articles. The usual method of measuring parcels, as described in § 135.3(b) of this chapter is not adaptable in the case of tires of all kinds, coils of rope, hose, wire, etc., forming a parcel circular in shape. To determine whether a tire or other object circular in shape (regardless of whether there is an open space in the center) can be accommodated inside the mail sacks used for parcel post to overseas foreign countries, the object as prepared for mailing shall be measured around its entire girth, in the direction of the diameter, as shown in the illustration. This measurement must not exceed 64 inches in order for the tire or other parcel circular in shape to be acceptable for mailing to overseas foreign countries. Measurement shall be taken as shown in the following illustration:

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(4) Weight limits. For weight limits to be filled with sufficient cushioning maapplicable to each country of destina terial to protect the articles. tion, see individual country items in the (ii) "All mailable liquids and subappendix to this subchapter. Except to stances which easily liquefy" must be Canada, there is no minimum weight packed in two receptacles. Between the limit for international parcel post. Par first (bottle, fiask, etc.) and the second cel post to Canada must weigh over 8 (box of metal, strong wood, strong corounces.

rugated cardboard, strong fiberboard, or (b) Packing—(1) In general. (i) The receptacle of equal strength) there shall responsibility of

of properly enclosing, be left a space to be filled with sawdust, packaging, and sealing parcels in the in bran, or other absorbent material in ternational mail rests with the sender, sufficient quantity to absorb all the liqand the Postal Service will not assume uid contents in the case of breakage. liability for loss, rifling, or damage aris

Excelsior does not possess the necessary ing from defects which may not be ob

absorbent quality to meet this requireserved at the time of mailing.

ment. In the case of Ireland, Leeward Is(ii) Every parcel shall be securely

lands, Malaysia, and Windward Islands, and substantially packed, having regard

the outer receptacle shall be of strong

wood or metal. Metal containers closed to the nature of the contents and cli

with a screw-top cover must have suffimatic conditions, the length of the jour

cient screw threads to require at least one ney, and the numerous handlings and

and one-half complete turns before the risks of concussion to which parcels for

cover will come off and be provided with foreign destinations are unavoidably a washer so as to prevent possible leaksubjected en route.

age of the contents. Compression or fric(iii) Packages must be packed in can tion top metal containers must be solvas or similar material, double-faced dered in four different places, equally corrugated cardboard boxes, solid fiber spaced. boxes or cases, thick cardboard boxes, or (iii) "Dry noncoloring powders" must strong wooden boxes made of lumber at be enclosed in boxes of metal, wood, or least a half-inch thick or plywood of at strong corrugated cardboard, placed in least three plies. Ordinary pasteboard turn in a closely woven cloth bag or containers are wholly inadequate. Al heavy kraft paper sack. “Powder dyes” though it is permissible to use heavy must be enclosed in strong metal boxes, wrapping paper or waterproof paper as securely closed, and placed in turn in anthe outside covering of a carton, such other box of wood or strong corrugated paper shall not be used as the only cov cardboard, with sawdust or other absorbering of the contents. Boxes with lids ent or protective material between the screwed or nailed on and bags closed inner and outer containers. by sewing may be used provided they (iv) “Eggs” addressed for delivery in conform to other conditions prescribed. all countries other than Canada must be Heavy objects such as cans of food must placed in a metal egg container, and be surrounded with other contents or each egg in the square pockets must be packing material so that they cannot surrounded with paper, excelsior, cotton, shift within the parcel.

straw, or other similar material, while (iv) For illustrations regarding recom the metal egg container in turn must be mended packaging and closures, see part enclosed in an outer container of wood 121, of this chapter.

with sufficient excelsior, straw, or similar (2) Specific articles. (i) "Fragile ar material provided in the space between ticles” for overseas destinations shall the inner and outer containers. be packaged in a strong (preferably (v) "Eggs destined for delivery in wooden) box. Strong solid fiberboard or Canada” may be packed either in the double-faced corrugated fiberboard manner prescribed in (iv) or in wooden, boxes of not less than 200-pound test if papier-mache, or other box of a rigid enclosed in strong wooden crates, or 275 material with a well-fitting tightly adpound test if used without crates, are ac justed lid. Each egg must be wrapped in ceptable. A space of at least 2 inches newspaper or other protecting material must be left between the articles and and placed on end, the vacant space in the top, bottom, and sides of the box, the box to be filled with newspaper or

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