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against the validitie of the election of “ The question given to Mr. MartinElders at Ouldham.
dale,-An liceat mere privato in ecclesia “ 'The hearinge of the businesse was constituia publice concionare. Neg. defered till the next Classis.
“The question given to Mr. Allei, “ 3. Iu the meanetyme (woe Minis- An gratia salutifera possit amitti. Neg. ters are desired to meete and heare the “ 9. Those of the congregation of differences among the Members of the Ouldham that had petitioned against the congregation, and compose the differences election of Elders at Ouldham, were apamongst them, and give account what pointed to bring in there exceptions, it they doe therein the next Classis. they have any more than are in there
“Mr. Angier and Mr. Harrison are petition, the next Classis. desired to be the Minsters.
“10. There is noe cause shewed by “10. Ordered publicke notice hee anie of the congregation of Prestwich to given in the Parish Church of Prestwich, binder Mr. Furuess his disnrission from that Mr. Furnesse hareinge a call to that place. Bury, desireth dismission from the Classis “11. This day there was a petition from Prestwich, they are to come in to preferred to this Classis from manie of shew cause to the coutrarie, if they have ihe parishioners of Prestwich, takeing
notice of Mr. Furnesse intention to re "The 25th Meetinge at Manchester, move from thence; and desireing no Mithe 7th October, 1648.
nister may be placed there without the con“ 2. There came some of the congre- sent of the major part of the parishioners. gation of Rostourne, and declared that “ It was agreed to give them answeare, they were desireouse to have Mr. Martin- that the Classis hath taken there petition dale to be there Minister at Rostourne into consideration, and will give them aforesaid, and hee with them desired due and meete satisfaction accordinge to Ordination from this Classis ; they ten- there desire. dered a certificate to manifest his call to “ The 26th Meetinge at Manchester, that place under the bands of above 268 the 210 November, 1648. of the said congregation. Hee delivered “ 2. There appeared divers of the in a certificate of his age, that hee was parishoners of Rostorne delirered a write25 years of age ; and hee brought like- inge unto which there names were subwise a certificate that hee had taken the scribed, and by such as were there prenationall covenant. Hee was admitted sent attested, and subscribed by a pubto examination to the end the Classis licke notarie, as they said, who was might receive satisfaction of his fitnes for present and attested it, wherein they obthe Ministrie, and so might certitie the jected against Mr. Martindale's ordi. saine to the Comittee above, to the end nation. his civill right may be cleared to Rostorne “ 3. It was resolved not to proceeed aforesaid ; hee was approved so far as he to ordaine the said Mr. Martindale to was proceeded with in his examination. Rostorne, till the tytle he had to the
“6 Mr. Anthonie Allen came to the place was cleared. Classis, and brought a presentation from
“ 4. Mr. Anthonie Allen, Mr. Josephie the patron at Ouiton, and satisfyed the Kellett, Mr. Thomas Fowler, did all Classis of the vacancie of the place at bringe in there thesis, and disputed, and Oulton; hee is admitted to examination, were approved, and resolved to proceede and approved so farr as hee was proceed- to ordayne them. ed with in examination.
The 27th Meetinge at Manchester, “7. Mr. Joseph Kellett came out of 19th December, 1648. Notinghamshire to desire ordination; hee “ 4. The parishioners of Ouldham were brought certificate of bis call to Hauton, appointed to produce witnesses to prove neare Newarke, affirmed he was Batch: theire exceptions against the election of loure in Arts, bronght testimonie of his Elders at Ouldham the next Classis." good life and conversation and fittnes for the Ministrie, was admitted to examina
N.B. A similar minute is registered nion, and approved soe far as was pro
under the next Meetinge. ceeded with in his examination.
“ The 28th Meetinge at Manchester, “8. Mr. Thomas Fowler came out of 6th Januarie, 1648. the countie of Derbie,” &c. same as last “ 6. Evann Clarke, by generall consent minute, mutatis mutundis.
of the Classis, is appointed, pro tempore, “The question given to Mr. Kellett, for their Register. And Mr. Hollinworth -An sint distincti ordines Presbiteron. entreated to overlooke and to have an Afirm.
eye upon him. “ The question given to Mr. Fowler, “ Mr. Birch, schoolmaster, at Prest-An Presbiteri sint ejusdem ordinis. wich, is by the Elders thereof to be apAffirm.
pointed to appeare at the next Classical
Meetinge at Manchester, for baptiseinge of anie part of the Ministeriall function children, and for makeinge clandestine within these bounds, hath beene heretomarriages.
fore admonished for baptizeiuge of child“The 29th Meetinge at Manchester, ren, and hath contemned theire order ; February 13, 1648.
whose offence herein is further aggra“ None of the Elders of Flixton ap- vated by his baptiseing in private coupeared."
trarie to the directorie, and hath been, This minute is entered in the Regis- inge alsoe beene divers tymnes sumoned to
prored before them by oath; and have. ter of several former Meetings.
appeare before this Classe, has refused to “ 2. There appeared severall other make due appeareance, these are therefore Eldershipps to the number appointed for publicklic to give notice to your congregaa Classe.
tion at Prestwich, that the said Mr. Birch “ 3. The generalitie of the people of is prohibited by this Classe to baptize anie Newton did appeare before this Classe, children either publickly or privately, or and there did declare theire willingnes to to exercise anie other parte of the Minishare Mr. John Walker to bee there teriall function. And these are further Minister.
to give notice to the said Mr. Birch, to “ 4. Mr. John Walker appointed to appeare before this Classe at theire next preach the next Classicall Meetinge, at Mecteinge at Manchester, the 8th day of Manchester, being the 13th of March next. May, or otherwise they must proceede to
“5. Mr. Dury hath beene examined in the further censure of him for his severall Logicke, Phisicks, Ethicks, Metaphisicks, contempts, and makeinge clandestine mar. Greeke and Hebrae.
riages, whereof there are complaints niade “ 8. Mr. Birch, schoolmaster, at Prest- unto us." wich is once more to be advertised by the Elders there, to appeare before this
Your readers will perceive that the Classe for haptiseinge children privately change of the date of the year in the without order, and to appeare upon Register is made in April. Tuesday the 13th of March next.
my selections from the Register, “ 9. It is ordered, that the Elders though many iteins, by no means deelected for Ouldham come in the next void of interest, have been necessarily Classe to bee examined in point of know- omitted, to the best of my judgment ledge, and that the said Elders elected I have given the preference to those have notice of it publickely in the said which appeared most generally intercongregation. ** The 30th Meetinge at Manchester, give too much rather than too little ;
esting. Perhaps I may be thought to March 13th, 1648. “ 2. This Classe hare rendred thanks
or more probably in this, as in almost to Mr. John Walker for his paines in every thing else, different tastes will preacheinge before the said Classe.
decide differently. I shall be guided “4. Agreed thit the exhortation from by any hint which you, Mr. Editor, the Provinciall Assemblie be reade in may deem necessary. everie congregation within this Classis My next communication I intend the next Lord's Day, beinge the 18th of to contain the Resolutions of the March instant.
“Provinciall Synod at Preston," being “ 7. A warrant to bee drawne up to in number forty-three. bringe in the witnesses to testifie what
W. J. they can against Mr. Birch, schoolinaster,
P.S. Allow me in a few words to at Prestwich, for private baptizeinge of children, and makeinge clandestine mar
correct an error, probably of the riages.
press, in Dr. Carpenter's Examination “8. Agreed that there bee a solemne of Magee's Charges. In a note in the day of humiliation to be kept at Manches. 5th page, Dr. C. ascribes what he is ter, upon the grounds and reasons in a pleased to designate “An able Letter petition presented to us by some of the on the Atonement," to G. of Manwell-affected io Manchester.
chester. It ought to be J. of Man“ At the first Classe within the pro- chester, the latter of the initials sub
rince of the Countie of Lancas- scribed above.
- ter, April 10th, 1649. " A copie of a warrant for Mr. Birch, schoolmaster, at Prestwich.
Evesham, “ Forasmuch as Mr. Birch, schoole
January 15, 1822. maister, at Prestwich, beinge not ap
SHE insertion of three harmless proved by this Classe for the exerciseinge letters from the Illinois, in the
Number for October, 1820, Vol. XV. hood, called Quakers--in the comprepp. 606-609, has been made the pre- hensive fraternal embrace" of the text for a very heavy charge against Unitarians. This, he thinks, has of the Monthly Repository. It is pre- late“ been a favourite design with ferred by a Constant Reader and Oc- them. And as those letters from the casional Contributor to the Christian Illinois were written in the style and Observer, in the Number for Novem- language" of the Quakers, he says, ber, 1821, Vol. XX. p. 690, under the “it would seem to the undiscerning signature of T. P. His letter is with- public to corroborate this claim to out date, but says, “were the month association.” to pass away without bringing to my Yet I think the public are not so door its Number of the Christian Ob- blind as this attack of T. P. supposes, server, I should feel as though that for not one word do those letters conmonth had lost a day of sunshine.” tain respecting Unitarians, or any of He adds, “ It happened, not long their distinguishing doctrines. “This since, that my favourite pamphlet error, however,” adds he, “ can only found its way to me in company with operate on minds totally unacquainted a number of the Monthly Repository. with the opinions, feelings and wurI am no reader of the latter produc- ship of the Quakers.” It should, tion; but my bookseller observing in therefore, seem, if his object was to it soine private letters, from a family correct the error into which the style to which I am related, now residing of his relatives had led your readers, in the Illinois State, North America, that he should have addressed you on sent it for my perusal.”
the subject, not the Editor of the T. P. describes himself, moreover, Christian Observer. His next senas “ residing in a small town at a great tence may, however, explain why he distance from the metropolis.” He did not, though he fancies you have is of opinion the said letters should fewer readers among Friends than the not have been published without the latter work, and being otherwise curipermission of the writers. Adding, ous, I shall give it entire. He says, as This liberty, however, if not justifi. “As this people have found their able, loses its fainter hue of enormity, happiness materially guarded, by when compared with the attacks on avoiding, as much as possible, all dispublic opinion, for which the Monthly putes on theological questions, I am Repository is so justly celebrated." not going to drag them into the arena As he is no reader of this work, of controversy. But I cannot apprethough his censure is intended to con- hend any danger, from throwing into vey no slight hue of enormity, it seems the pages of the Christian Observer as if T. P. judged it not from exami- (for no periodical work is so much nation, but from report. He should read, or so well received by them) a have been more careful to avoid even passage I have lately met with, which the appearance of " defamation and I think explains their feelings on cerdetraction," against which the Society tain points of difficulty, in a manner of Friends, of which I suppose he is a that places them at an immense dismember, give salutary cautions, and tance from the hardy Unitarian ," a profess to bear a religious testimony. character as little alarmed at controHe should also have considered, that versy, as any he could have mentioned, an attack“ on public opinion,” may because it is not apt to build on the be sometimes not only innocent, but sand of human invention, but “on useful and commendable. The writers that foundation which cannot be of the New Testament attacked it moved.” boldly and with great effect, as faithful The docunient T. P. quotes for the witnesses and servants of their Lord above purpose, is not from Penn's and Master.
Sandy Foundation Shaken," or any T. P. does not think he is “wholly other approved work of the early ignorant of the channel through which Friends, but from “ Dr. Waterland's those letters found their way to pub- controversy with Dr. Clarke," as cited Jication," or of “one of the motives“ ir a letter from Edward Nares to for printing them ;" viz. “ to catch Francis Stone,” two entire strangers the little, quiet, undisputing brother- to me. This quotation informs us,
“The first Christians easily believed held that the above text has no relation that the Father, Son and Holy Ghost; whatever to water baptism. in whose name they were baptized, and Dr. Waterland, as quoted by T. P., whom they worshiped, were equally adds, “ Probably these plain, honest divine ; without troubling themselves Christians believed every person to be about the manner of it, or the recon- God, and yet but one God.” This is ciling it with the belief in one God." oddly enough called “the artless simIt is much easier to make these asser- plicity of the primitive Christians,” tions than to prove them.
of which, however, the New Testa. If, as Archdeacon Blackburne ob- ment, the only, or at least the most serves, we read the supposed bap- authentic record of their faith, affords tismal form, Matt. xxviii. 19, as fol- not even the slightest evidence." It lows, “Go ye, therefore, and disciple seems they troubled not their heads all nations (baptizing them) into the with any nice speculations about the name of the Father, and of the Son, modus of it, till prying and pretending and of the Holy Ghost;" there is not men came to start difficulties, and a single tittle altered in the text of raise scruples and make disturbances ; the Evangelist, save in the pointing ; and then,” adds the Doctor," it was and yet a very material alteration of necessary to guard,” not the purity the sense of the passage obtained, and simplicity of the apostolic faith, which makes the two Evangelists as expressed in Scripture, but “the (Matthew and Luke] perfectly con- faith of the church, in new notions sistent with each other. For as the which required new terms “ against passage stands above, explained by such cavils and impertinencies as began the parenthesis, the command to bap- to threaten it.” tize refers to no particular form at How did the church act in this diffiall, and leaves us to suppose, what culty, as T. P. confesses it still is, to was certainly the truth of the matter, reconcile the doctrine of the Divine that the apostles being already well Unity, with that which he holds the acyuainted with the form used in the cominon doctrine of the Trinity? His baptism of Jesus, it was quite super- oracle, Dr. Waterland, says, Philofluous to enjoin it here.
sophy and metaphysics were called in St. John tells us expressly, chap. to its assistance, but not till heretics iv. 2, that the disciples of Jesus made had shewn the way, and made it in a and baptized other disciples to their manner necessary for the Catholics to Master, and these not a few. This is encounter them with their own weaa sufficient proof without any other, pons." that the apostles of Christ were well This is, in other words, to say the versed in the form of baptism pre- Catholics adopted heretical language. scribed by our Saviour ; upon which I confess there is too much truth account the repetition of it in this in this, whether they or others first solemn manner, is one of the last set so bad an example.
“ Some things 'one would look for in this par- new terms and particular applications ticular passage.
came in by this means, that such as The Archdeacon, I need hardly add, had a mind to corrupt or destroy the was of opinion that the words in ques- faith” aforesaid, "might be defeated tion contain “no baptismal form at in their purposes ; but after the hereall.” Works, I. xxvi. Appendix B. tics had invidiously represented the Barclay, in his Quakerism confirmed, Catholics as asserting a division," by says, “ That the apostles used the the new terms they had adopted in words Father, Son and Holy Ghost, speaking of the one true God, instead when they baptized, cannot be proved; of those used by the sacred writers, far less used they the word Trinity, and by their Lord and Master, " it which was not invented (till] long after was high time,” says the Doctor, “for the apostles' days.” Works, III. 139. the Catholics to resent the injury, and And, accordingly, he is entirely silent deny," not disprove, “the charge.” on that doctrine in his “ Apology for He adds, “ There was no occasion for the true Christian Divinity,” which mentioning of three hypostases, till he of course thought miglit well do such as Praxeas, Noetus and Sabellius, without it. The Quakers have always had pretended to make one hypostasis an article of faith,” which he calls or three distinct and separate holy very properly " their prime position.” ones.” “The onoesion itself,” he says, "might In pointing out “the absurdities have been spared, at least out of the that unavoidably follow the comparicreeds, had not a fraudulent abuse of son of—the vulgar doctrine of Satisgood words brought matters to that faction, being dependent upon the pass, that the Catholic faith was in second person of the Trinity,” he even danger of being lost, even under Ca- describes “Jesus Christ as a finite and tholic language.”
impotent creature," without reference Such is the substance of T. P's to the unscriptural notion of two naquotation, of which he says, “ The tures, and his God and Father as point I aim at is this—to refer the “the infinite and omnipotent Creator.” reader to the simple view of the full I am aware that some of their ap: and supreme divinity of the Father, proved authors have sometimes used the Son, and the Holy Ghost, ascribed mystical language on the subject, as by Dr. Waterland to the apostles and nearly approaching the present standthe primitive Christians; for precisely ard of reputed orthodoxy, as Sabelthe same view is taken of this high lians have long ago employed, but I doctrine by the Quakers in the present know of only one writer amongst day; a view, which is greatly con. them who has gone so far as T. P., tirmed by their almost exclusive use and that is the author, whom I much of the Sacred Scriptures as the foun- esteem, of a work published in 1813, tain of their doctrines."
by Wm. Phillips, London, and entitled If T. P. has done the Quakers jus- " Remarks suggested by the Perusal tice, I must say that on this point the of a Portraiture of Primitive QuaUnitarians have greatly the advantage kerism, by William Penn ; with a of them, for the Scriptures are not Modern Sketch of Reputed Orthomerely “ almost,” bui the sole foun- doxy,' &c., by Thomas Prichard.” tain of their doctrines. Freely admit- The Portraiture is reviewed in your ting T. P.'s right to profess his own journal for 1812 (VII. 523). The faith in any words he may choose for remarks on it have, I believe, not himself, or adopt from any writer, come under your notice. The greater ancient or modern, I must demur to part of the pamphlet consists of a rehis competency to speak in such posi- publication of another tract of Penn's, tive terms of the faith of the Quakers, which was more to the Editor's taste even“ in the present day;" amongst than the Portraiture, the readers of whom, perhaps, I have had as large which he describes as “introduced an acquaintance as himself, and at to this amiable writer, only through least equal, if not better opportunities the medium of Unitarian quotation." of knowing their sentiments, and how Whereas, it must be confessed, the very generally the most strict amongst other tract is rather strongly tinctured them of every class, even when closely with Sabellianism, but with nothing pressed, refuse to admit in any sense like “ the common doctrine of the whatever, any distinction of persons in Trinity," without which he considered the Deity. I have also read many of the Quakers as consigned “ to the the writings of their best and most invidious condition of the bat in the approved authors, none of whom, so fable, neither bird nor beast, with all far as I know, ever professed to hold its pernicious consequences.”. Yet he that doctrine. William Penn said, tells his readers, that Penn's Sandy very truly, in his Sandy Foundation Foundation Shaken, or the above Pora Shaken, for writing and publishing traiture, “professes to attack all that which, being a notable attack on is of mere human authority and inven“ public opinion,” he was persecuted tion in the tenets that relate to the by his enemies, but applauded by his Trinity, imputed righteousness, and friends the Quakers, with remarkable the satisfaction and atonement made unanimity, that “the Scriptures un- by Christ.” The author considered deniably prove that one is God, and the whole as founded on the sand, God only is that only ONE; there, and tells us he “ endeavoured a total fore he cannot be divided into or sub- enervation of those cardinal points, sist,” says le,“ in an holy THREE, and chief doctrines so firmly believed,