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would convey the idea that Hermeias insulated form, are constructed of solid committed suicide, instead of the fact materials, and whether their total that he was most perfidiously betrayed amount be sufficient to establish the and cruelly put to death. The former proposition. reading not only gives a more regular
J. P. SMITH. and natural construction, but it also preserves the consistency of the ima
Clapton, gery. To be dear to Apollo and the Sir, February 10, 1822. Muses was a common classical com- ME learned author of “ The
Scripture Testimony" will, I the murdered protector of science and hope, excuse me if I hazard a remark its votaries is described as, by his un- on the representations in his letter timely and disastrous death, causing (p. 37). Benerolus, to whom, so far as " the rays,” the offspring, “of the I know, I am an entire stranger, must, sun,” to mourn as widows for him; I think, have received more satiswhile the Muses, the children of Me- faction, could it have been shewn that mory, do their part to perpetuate his his “ citations” would not merely be honour. Xmpow properly signifies, to“ painful and offensive” to a guarded reduce to the condition of widowhood.] polemic like Dr. Owen, (p. 38,) or
I now submit it to the judgment of to a modern liberal scholar, such as candid and competent scholars, whe- my justly-respected acquaintance, in ther the interpretation of Phil. ii. 6—8, whose hands a Trinity, as Burke proproposed in the Scripture Testimony, Aligately said of courtly vice, may at has been overthrown by the learned, length become almost harmless,“ by ingenious and able, but I humbly losing all its grossness ;” but that think untenable, animadversions of those “ citations” had pained and ofDr. Jones. A single observation more fended the contemporaries and in you will indulge me briefly to make. other respects the admirers of the
(7.) The Doctor, in his conclusion, writers and preachers from whom says, “The above passage is justly Benerolus made his selections. regarded as one of the strongest in A Protestant would not be confavour of this doctrine ;” that is, the tented to represent Transubstantiation doctrine of a divine nature in the per- as described by such a Roman Cathoson of the Christ : and he represents lic as the late Dr. Geddes. Thus my it as “ that fortress which he (Paul) friend Mr. Belsham had, I conceive, is said to have erected in support of a clear right to turn from the qualified the orthodox faith.” Now, I beg leave language of cautious disputants, and to to rejoin that I have by no means re- assume, as “ the orthodox doctrine," presented this passage as supplying the popular representations ; among the strongest, or one of the strongest, which appears prominent " the incararguments in favour of the doctrine ceration of the Creator of the world, which appears to me to be contained in the body of a helpless, puling inin the Scriptures. It appears to me fant.”. Proceeding downwards from to recognize that doctrine in a very the pious father, whose marvellous sufficient and decided manner ; but I faith produced the exclamation, credo should not hold it forth as ranking quia impossibile est, we find "the among the most cogent of detached infant-deity" (which, according to evidences. Indeed the great strength Watts, the reason, but, as I should of the proof in favour of that senti- say, the religion of Locke could not ment lies, to my apprehension, in the bear) adored for ages by the people, variety, frequency and constancy of as a mystery, without such worship the modes by which it is involved, im- appearing to have excited any censure plied and incidentally assumed, as from their more learned instructors, well as directly asserted in the great whether Papal or Protestant, who and only rule of faith. It seems to would, indeed, have hazarded their me to be rather an idle inquiry whe- own reputation for orthodoxy, had ther this argument or that, in a given they ventured to teach the people that case, is separately the strongest. The their mystery was an absurdity, and question for a rational man is whether especially to be rejected as “ painful the arguments, whatever may be their and otfensive to a very high degree.". The author of " the Scripture Tes- “ Jesus, we bless thy Father's name ;" timony" has very justly characterized Thy God and oars are both the same." some of Dr. Watts's Hymns, with In consistency with this method of which, indeed, there is reason to early orthodox institution, when about believe, no one was, at length, less 10 years of age, in a school exercise satisfied than the pious poet himself. for turning English into Latin, which Yet those hymns, connected with their has escaped the accidents of half a repeated republication for general century, I was taught, with my classuse, even down to the present day, fellows, in the manner of Lord Ba. form a host in support of Mr. Bel- con's Christian Paradoxes, to regard shain's representation of "the ortho- these among the “ unparalleled opdox doctrine." Nor should it be posites” in the person of the Saviforgotten that the Psalms, a later our : composition of the pious author, and “ The eternal God once an infant containing, comparatively, few pas- of an hour old ; sages offensive to any Christian, were, “ The immense God, once a child as is well known, slowly admitted to of a span long." a competition with the Hymns, which My schoolmaster was a highly poin some orthodox congregations still pular Calvinistic preacher, who riveted maintain their ascendancy.
the attention of crowded congregaBut the principal, though a very tions, as I have often witnessed. To large use of those pious compositions, his manners were attributed some inhas not been, I apprehend, in public nocent eccentricities, but his orthoworship. With a most laudable de- doxy was never questioned. sign of worthily occupying intervals Such, then, are the authorities of leisure, and forming a devout Chris- which occur to me, and they may be tian temper, the Hymn-book of Watts, easily_multiplied, for believing that always republished in an uncastigated Mr. 'Belsham has been inaccurately form, has been recommended, as a charged “ with misrepresenting and daily manual, to children and servants, stigmatizing the orthodox doctrine.” in the most unqualified terms. At My friend's language is, as he deleast, the exemplary Christians by signed it, highly disgusting. The diswhom I had the unspeakable happi- gust, however, is chargeable on ness of being led into life, and who system, by which, according to the were by no means ultra-orthodox, general understanding of its profesnever directed me to pass over a page sors, whatever may be the guarded or even a line in the whole volume, as representations of its more learned containing “ language” calculated to advocates, that language is authorized, “ wound a thinking and pious mind,” and not on those who, regarding such or in the least opposed to the language a system as a misrepresentation of of the Assembly's Catechism, in which, Christianity, will, if they are conscienlike other infants, I had been taught tious and consistent, seize every fair to dogmatize on the nature of Deity, occasion to develope and to expose it. the supposed complex person of the Such, I am persuaded, will be the Saviour, and the Divine decrees. No; conduct of the learned author of “the I was left, with the thousands of my Scripture Testimony,” should he ever contemporaries, by parents little in- discover that the faith for which he clined to neglect the highest interests ably contends, is not “the faith once of their children, either to hymn an delivered to the saints." “ infant of days” as
I scarcely need to add, that disap“ the mighty God
probation of any system, and even Come to be suckled and ador'd;"
contempt for some representations
which it appears to authorize, are or escaping this Christianized Pagan- both perfectly consistent with a high ism, only worthy to be compared with respect for the virtues and talents of “ the old Heathens' song
those by whom that system is main
tained. Protestants, amidst all their Of great Diana and of Jove,"
differences, have agreed to assail, with to say in the words of truth and so- unsparing ridicule, the breaden deity berness,
of the Romnish Church. Yet they justly
eulogize her Pascals and Fenelons, tages under which they still labour,
of whom the world was not wor- and of which they may justly comthy,” though, by precept and example, plain, as members of the civil comthey instructed the multitude devoutlymunity, constitute a numerous and to " eat their God,” or, in more respectable class of his Majesty's plausible language, to “ receive their loyal subjects, in various parts of the Maker."
British empire. In making this asJ. T. RUTT. sertion, I fear no contradiction from
any who are acquainted with the poSIR,
February, 1822. pulation of the country. I am ready VE Monthly Repository is now to allow, that they, as well as persons able publication; and it owes its re- and may still have, their prejudices putation, in a great degree, to the and errors; but I am happy to find, attention, assiduity and impartiality as far as my observation has extended, that have been exercised on your part, that liberality of sentiment and just as its principal conductor. It is of notions of religious liberty are chelittle or no consequence what my opi- rished and promoted among them, nion may be of the peculiar doctrines however they may differ from one which it inclines to favour. These another, and from others of their felare fit subjects of fair and candid low-subjects, with respect to theology examination; and as long as every or politics, in a greater degree than writer or reader is left at liberty to those who knew them some years form his own judgment of their truth ago had reason to expect. I wish and importance, the inquiry and dis- there were no limitations to this gecussion, which are not only allowed neral remark. The excepted cases, but invited and encouraged, cannot however, are few in number, and, from fail, upon the whole, and in the final mistake or malignity, exaggerated in issue, to be highly advantageous. Al- aggravation. To the former cause, though, after mature reflection and with total exclusion of the latter, i long experience, I have not thought ascribe a paragraph, which I was surthat controversial preaching on sub- prised to find in a letter of the late jects of mere speculation, indirectly Mr. Howe, of Bridport, published in and remotely connected with practice, your last number (pp. 28, 29). Dr. is calculated to do much good, and í Toalmin is reported to have received have had occasion to observe, in the a letter from London, informing him course of many years, that it has irri- that, in order to obstruct and defeat tated the passions more than it has a proposed application of the Cathoenlightened the understanding; yet lics for a repeal of the Test laws, the subjects of this kind, discussed with Dissenters, of several classes, wished judgment and candour, form an use- to waive their petition for redress of ful part of our periodical publications. this grievance, lest the Catholics should With this view I am anxious to pro- succeed in their endeavours to obtain mote the more general diffusion of emancipation. Less enlightened as the the Monthly Repository, as it is at Dissenters then were on the subject present conducted; which, with re- of religious liberty than they are now, gard to the importance and utility of I will venture to affirm, that this reits disquisitions, and the liberal plan port was founded on mistake or misthat is adopted and pursued by those representation. Dr. T., whom I well who have the principal direction of it, knew, was too honest and liberal to seems to me to be daily improving, fabricate such a tale; but he was an and to merit public patronage and industrious collector of anecdotes, and encouragement.
too ready to receive and record as After these preliminary remarks, facts, unauthenticated reports, which the view in which I now wish to his correspondent, depending, perregard the Monthly Repository is that haps, on a newspaper of the day, of a correct and impartial detail of transmitted to him, as the intelligence historical facts, relating to Protestant of the passing moment. It is possible, Dissenters. Persons of this descrip- indeed, that some few unenlightened tion, notwithstanding the disadvan- Dissenters might be hostile to the
liberty of the Catholics, and express merit; and this they considered as an a wish that they might not succeed; ample recompence for their trouble and this circumstance might pass from in the transaction of this business, one to another with aggravation, in But it has been the fate of these men, the gossip of the day, till at length a nor is their case singular, to be most considerable number of Dissenters calumniated by those to whom they were set in array against the Catholics. have been most communicative. The fact itself is very improbable; for I take the liberty of mentioning it must be well known, that the inter- these particulars in order to render ference of the Dissenters for or against the collectors of anecdotes more cauthem would be of little avail. My tious, in their record and detail of much-esteemed friend, Dr. T., was supposed facts, founded on conjecture eredulous, and, with regard to some and presumption, without a tittle of other circumstances, not always very authentic evidence to support them; correct. But he never erred inten- and to prevent their imposing, under tionally and wilfully. Mr. Howe, the sanction of your valuable Reposiindeed, was much less excusable ; for tory, on the credulity of any of your he seems to intimate, that the distri- readers. butors of his Majesty's bounty to the What is the number or what is the Protestant Dissenting Ministers, then rank of Dissenters that are now adcalled the regium donum, but since, verse to Catholie emancipation, I canfrom an alteration in the mode of its not undertake to pronounce; but I communication, denominated the Par, am happy to say, that in my conliamentary Grant, were in the secret ; nexion there are very few, if any, of and that they moved the springs of this description ; and as for others, I government in opposition to the Ca- can only wish that they were more iholics. In this insinuation there is a enlightened and more liberal. degree of illiberality which does no It has been said, without sufficient honour to the memory of a man evidence, that if the Catholics succeed whom I esteemed, and with whom I in their application, they would be was always on terips of intimate ac- hostile to Protestant Dissenters. Howquaintance. He knew where to have ever this may be, it furnishes no reason applied, if he had thought proper, for why we should not wish them success, more correct information. Over this and thus by our greater liberality censurable part of his conduct I wish triumph over their more contracted to throw a veil; and I regret that the and selfish principles. At all events, letter to which I refer found its way I beg leave to suggest my own opiinto the Repository. I am much mis- nion, that the case of Protestant Disinformed if those persons to whom he senters and that of Catholics are perdirected his correspondent for infor- fectly distinct; and whatever may be mation could have gratified his curi- our secret or declared wishes in their osity; and if they were not as totally favour, the repeal of the Test laws, as ignorant of the fact as the two coun- a subject of parliamentary consideratry correspondents. I have sufficient tion, should be separately argued, as reason for believing, that no inter- they respectively affect the Catholics course on political measures, private and the Protestant Dissenters ; nor or public, subsisted between the per- should we blend our case with theirs, sons above caluroniated and any mem- lest we should injure instead of aiding bers of his Majesty's administration, and supporting one another. The for the last fifty years. I have been time cannot be far distant when both assured, on an authority which I have must succeed, and those disgraceful no reason to question, that they have, laws be expunged from the Statuteon other occasions, asserted and main- Book of the British empire. tained their independence, Ministers
AN OLD DISSENTER. of state may easily find more pliant materials on which to exert their in
Rotherham, fluence than the minds of persons who
Feb. 5, 1822. derived no benefit from any money I Niinister, you have inserted in the sides the pleasure of relieving indigent Repository for last Month, (p. 47, )
The Country Minister.” I am particularly obliged to you for leave to add a few words in explanaa the observation, expressing your opi- tion of my object, in the passage wlich nion that the poem does not contain has unfortunately been misunderstood. “the history of any individual,” since In that passage, as in the rest of the I am informed it has given offence to poein, I wished to describe the feelings some who have erroneously considered of a young man of sanguine temperait as a history of myself.
ment and acute sensibility, with little Amongst these a report has reached perseverance or industry, and deeming me, that I have been condemned by it natural for such a youth, when dissome gentlemen connected with the appointed at College in the hopes York College, for a supposed reflec- which his ardent mind had conceived, tion upon the impartiality and justice to imagine that the prizes which his of the able and excellent superinten- ambition prompted him to covet, but dants of that important and valuable which neither his attainments nor exinstitution : and I am not sure whe- ertions enabled him to gain, were ther others, less candid, have not attri- partially and unjustly distributed, I buted to me a design of thus attempt. represented him as entertaining ing to injure it in the estimation of the public. Had such, however, been
“ some mistrust
Of those who dealt the prize," &c. my design, the unworthy attempt could only have injured myself; for withont reference to the sentiments of whilst the York College continues to any particular person, or the characsend forth so respectable and useful a
ter of any particular institution. That succession of ministers as those who I had no intention whatever to throw have already, for many years, proceed- the least blame on the conduct of the ed from it, and who now hold some gentlemen engaged as tutors in the of the most respectable situations, no
York College, (who were always kinder thing that its enemies (if such there to me than I deserved, and who, I am be) may insidiously throw out against persuaded, are guided by the best of its character, can injure it in the opi- motives in their behaviour to the stunion of so enlightened a body of dents under their care,) will be evident Christians as the Unitarian Dissenters to the candid reader from the followof this kingdom. It would, therefore, ing lines, containing Alfred's reflechave argued a want of common sense tions on his departure from college, and prudence in me to have so openly upon the manner in which he had attacked its character, and thus ex
spent his time there, and his inattenposed myself to censure, especially as
tion to the good advice which had I myself was an élève of the institu- been addressed to him by his tutors : tion, lived for five years under its fostering shade, and owe to it, in a great "Now, too, for when from aught belor'd measure, whatever little talent I may A thousand fond regrets will swell the
, possess. When young and fatherless, the York College was to me a nursing Remembrance sigh'd o'er hours tov idly
heart, mother: how then can any one sup
past pose me so destitute of common grati- In trifling studies ; and yet fled too fast : tude as to aim an unnatural blow at O'er wilful faults, and careless, proud the reputation of my Alma Mater ?
neglect It has, however, been supposed, and I, of those whose wisdom most deserv'd retherefore, deem it a duty which I owe spect, to my own character, as well as to The mild preceptors, who, in language that of the institution, thus publicly
kind, to acknowledge my obligations to it, Reprov'd his faults,” &c. and to express my high opinion both Before I conclude this communicaof the talents and virtues of the gentle. tion, permit me, Mr. Editor, to make men connected with it, either as super- one general observation naturally sugintendants or tutors, whilst I, at the gested by it; that it is a very unfair same time, most positively disavow mode of criticism which identifies the the intention so unjustly imputed to author with the hero of his work, and me.
refers every sentiment that may occur In addition to this disavowal, I beg in it to the actual feelings of his own