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those contained in the “ Apology": fective. The heavens are not clean in and in the passage from the “Reply” his sight, and he chargeth even his angels quoted in your last Number, (p. 183,) with folly.' Even the Man Christ Jesus and I should be glad to learn, Sir, shall for ever fall short of the perfection what stronger evidence can be given of of the Divine Nature to which he is reverence for living or departed genius united, and, in this sense, will be imperand moral excellence? 1 yield not to
fect for ever."-Watts's:Death and Heaven,
1722. Homo, or to any man, in admiration
“ Even the human nature of Christ or affectionate remembrance of the cannot comprehend God; for Christ's splendid character and exalted virtues human nature, being but a creature, thereof Dr. Priestley, and no difference in fore his human understanding, though our religious creeds can lessen my enlarged beyond that of any mere creareverence for the transcendant abili. ture, yet, absolutely considered, is but of ties, fervent piety and exemplary and a finite capacity,
and so bears no proporuseful life of Mr. Hall.
tion to the infinite majesty of God. T. M.
Though his human nature, being straitly united to the Divine Nature in his person,
doth behold the essence of God, yet it Sir,
March 21, 1822. cannot comprehend it: Vidit Deum, explicit letter of Dr.I.P. Smith, whole God, but he doth not see him lately inserted in your Repository, [p. wholly and fully.”—Wisheart's Theologia,
1716. 37,] we may draw this important con
"Some have fancied that Christ was clusion, viz., That the modern reason- pleased to take something from every ing orthodox are to be considered as
condition of man; taking immunity from utterly renouncing and disclaiming that sin, from Adam's state of innocence ; strange and unintelligible phraseology punishment and misery from the state of adopted by some pious writers and di- Adam fallen ; the fulness of grace from vines in their representations of the the state of renoration; and perfect conAthanasian ductrine, in terms, accord- templation of the Divinity and beatific ing to the worthy Doctor, “ of delibe- joys, from the state of comprehension rate and studied confusion; laboured and the blessedness of heaven; meaning antithesis and extravagant hyperbole:” that the humanity
of our Lord did, in the that is, in plainer terins, in language the face of God, and communicate in both absurd and mischievous : for every thing that is extravagant in reli
. glory, But I consider, that, although the
two natures of Christ were knit by a gion, and urged with a grave face, mysterious union into one person ; yet, must be of mischievous tendency. It the natures still retain their incommunicais in this view, as I conceive, that Mr. ble properties. And, therefore, though Belsham has considered the subject; the human nature was united to the Diand, indeed, it is only on the supposi- vine, it does not infer, that it must in tion, that these writers thought no all instances partake of the Divine felicireader of common sense would take ties, which in God are essential; to man them literally, that we can possibly communicated without necessity, and by vindicate their integrity.
an arbitrary dispensation. Add to this, But, without entering into the main in the soul of Christ, which could not
that many excellencies and virtues were question, which is continually before consist with the state of glorified and you; my chief design at present is to beatified persons : such as poverty of request your insertion of a few pas- spirit, hope, &c., which suppose a state sages from some eminent orthodox of pilgrimage ; that is, a condition imperdivines, respecting the human nature fect, and in order to something better. of our Lord, which, in addition to the Thus, his present life was a state of mequotation by Dr. Smith, will serve to rit and work, and, as a reward of it, he shew, that, in their serious moments was crowned with glory and immortality; and when not disposed to play the he was made Lord of all creatures, the orator, they could speak very ration- first-fruits of the resurrection, and the ully upon this important subject.
priuce and head of the universal church ;
and because this was his recompence, and “ Nothing is absolutely perfect but the fruits of his humility and obedience, God; in comparison of whom, the high- it is certain it was not a necessary conseest and most exalted of all creatures is quence, and a natural efflux of the perand will be eternally imperfect and de- sonal union, This, I have said, ibat we
may not in our esteem lessen the suffer- and decisive terms in the room of those ing of our Lord, by thinking he had the which are obscure and equivocal ? supports of actual glory in the midst of The “ Trinity,” and the “ divinity of his sufferings. For there is no one mi. Christ,” are of this latter class. When nute or ray of this, but its fruition must it is said a man rejects the doctrine outweigh the greatest calamities and the spirit of pain from all the infelicities in of the Trinity, an ignorant, but wellthe world : and it was not possible that meaning Churchman, immediately conthe soul of Jesus should at once be ra- cludes, that he rejects the Christian vished with glory, and abated with pains religion altogether ; but when you grievous and afflictive.
explain, that he only does not hold On the other hand, some say that the the Athanasian doctrine, the other soul of Jesus on the cross suffered the replies—No more do I, for I never pains of hell, and all the torments of could understand it! It was said in the damned ; and that without such suf- public company, that a worthy Alderferings he could not pay the price which God's wrath should demand of us. lieved in God nor devil :" but all the
man, lately deceased, But the same
argument which reproves the one, doth also reprehend argument produced on the occasion the other. For the hope that was the was, that he attended at a chapel not support of Jesus, as it confesses an im
a hundred miles from Temple Bar ; perfection not consistent with the state and, probably, with such profound of glory, so it excludes the despair of tor- disciples, the whole congregation and nient proper to accursed souls. Our Lord its worthy pastor were included in suffered the whole condition of humanity, the same predicament. sin only excepted, and freed us from hell, The Trinity of Dr. Clarke, Whichwith suffering those sad pains : and me- cote, Salter, "Courayer and others, is rited heaven for his own humanity as the “ that doctrine which was revealed by head, and all faithful people as the members of his mystical body; and, therefore, Jesus Christ, and coafirmed by the
God the Father, preached by his Son his life here was only a state of pilgrimage, not at all trimmed with beatific gifts of the Holy Spirit ; and the diviglories. Much less was he ever in the nity of Christ, as implying his divine state of hell, or upon the cross felt the mission, and all that the New Testatorment and formal misery of damped ment hath clearly and unequivocally spirits; because it is impossible that declared concerning him, is the belief Christ should despair, and without de- of all Christians. Even Archbishop Tilspair it is impossible there should be a lotson, though perhaps more orthodox hell."— Bishop Taylor's Life of Christ. on this point than these great inen,
From these and similar passages heartily wished “a riddance” of the which might be produced, it should Athanasian Creed; and it is eminently seem that “The Man Christ Jesus” disgraceful, in the present state of reof these writers, is the same indivi- ligious knowledge, that the damnatory dual being that is received and ac- clauses, at least, of this Creed, should knowledged by their opponents; even be suffered in a Protestant Church to “ a prophet, mighty in word and deed remain on the rubrick, for “the curse before God and all the people ;” and causeless shall not come.” J, L. they are well calculated to bring serious persons of different sentiments
Chichester, nearer together; and, perhaps, to in- Sir,
February 4, 1822. quire, what they are disputing about. And let none of your eagle-eyed cor- I think, patronize Bible Socierespondents think that I am an advo. ties ; and it may be presumed, from cate for Latitudinarianism in the con- the extract from the Report of the cerns of religion, or an amalgamation Parent Institution, given in your last of opinions utterly discordant : I only Repository, (pp. 30, 31,) that it is at say, with Dr. Whichcote, that “reli- length determined that their co-operagious disputes would much sooner tion in circulating the Scriptures is not come to an end, if none but wise and agreeable to their orthodox brethren : good men had the management of if not, it was surely ill-judged to inthem.”
troduce into that report a tenet By the way, would it not tend much which really, it might be imagined, to the promotion of annicable contro- every reasonable man would scout, as versy, if we were to substitute plain being a foul libel on the benevolent
Creator. Some Unitarians, however, which Porson and his learned assoare members of these societies, and ciates have indelibly affixed there. If they may chance to take the Reposi- this text be not genuine, it is in effect tory, and be able, through its pages, a note and cominent to all intents and to inform me, how they can acquit purposes ; nay, it is infinitely worse, themselves of duplicity, while they because it does not appear with the circulate the common version of the modesty of a note or comment, but as Scriptures, for pretending that they a legitimate member of the sacred vocirculate the Scriptures without note lume. or comment.
But, surely, not to insist on doubtI think no book can be more fit for ful passages, the “heads of chapters" circulation than the Scriptures ; and, act in some cases as notes and comat a meeting of an auxiliary Bible So- ments: they do not belong to the reciety, not long since held in Sussex, vealed word of God: where can be the on hearing one of the orthodox ora- honesty of circulating them as such ? tors expatiate on the necessity of all We are decidedly led by the summary men having the words of eternal life prefixed to the first chapter of the in their hands, that they may not be Gospel by John, to consider Jesus as seduced by false commentaries, but a Divine Being, but whether the chapmay be ever able to see the innate de- ter teaches this doctrine or not, repravity of our nature, in the language mains as yet quite undecided among of the prophet himself, that "the the learned. I cannot say I have seen heart is deceitful above all things, and any observations leading me to think desperately wicked,” I was almost that by the term logos or 'word, the going to 'enrol my name among the personal nature of our Lord was inother members, for I felt anxious to tended. It probably does refer to have some hand in circulating the an- that growing revelation, or gospel, of tidote to this tenet, in the words of which he was the conveyer from the him who was greater than previous bosom of his father to mankind. prophets, who regarded with kindness When the apostle talks of the word Iittle children, because of such (not- or logos of God, not being bound; withstanding, of course, their wicked when he commends the converts to hearts) was the kingdom of heaven. the word or logos of his grace, he Unfortunately for my incipient reso- can hardly be considered as in the lution, the next orator largely expa- least having in his mind the personal tiated on the excellence of the insti- nature of Jesus; nor do I perceive tution, in uniting in its support all that there is any solid ground for imparties, by circulating the Scriptures agining it as being referred to in the without note or comment. I instantly first chapter of the Gospel. Be this felt paralized, as to any exertion in as it may, the summary of contents behalf of the Society, from what ap- takes upon itself to solve this difficulty, peared to me to be duplicity in the and to dispel this doubt. Hence it reverend pleader, and I believe my has all the tendency of a note and comnerves or senses have not recovered ment, the professed object of which from the shock they then received, for is to render more intelligible, than it I still feel a sort of horror at the igno- otherwise is, the text; though it somerance or want of principle of the man times happens, as may, perhaps, be the who would send our received version case with the summary above referred of the Scriptures among the Kams- to, that it darkens counsel with words chatcans, as the genuine, rerealed without knowledge. word of God, without note or comment. Jf, Sir, any of your intelligent cor
To send, under such a title, Scrip- respondents can convince me that my tures containing, as does the commonly feelings as above stated are erroneous, received version, the famous text of I shall be very thankful; and as I see the Heavenly Witnesses, appears to me this week, by the Hampshire Teleto be unpardonable ; for, notwithstand- graph, a Ladies' Bible Society has ing Bishop Burgess has volunteered been established lately at Newport his services in defence of an old friend, in the Isle of Wight, which some Unthere is little reason to believe that he tarians, if I mistake not, patronize, will be able to tear from the front of and where their ears heard from a Mr. that friend the word "impostor," Dudley, from the Parent Society, the
old story of “no note and comment," that, in his Epistle to the Corinthians, I am not without hope that I may re- he not only thought it right to devote ceive this benefit. I must, however, one chapter to the ennmeration of its just lint, that should I be thus en- qualities, but absolutely begun a second lightened, I do not promise to become with this interesting subject. a very ample contributor to the funds It is really, Mr. Editor, hardly posof these institutions, for though I sible to conceive to what pitch of inthink no book so important for circu- tellectual glory and enjoyment the lation as the Bible, I am not quite poor Sonth-Sea Islanders may att satisfied, that the union of Conformists when taught by Missionaries deeply and Nonconformists, for even this glo- read, as was the above minister, with rious object, is desirable. I have our Scriptures, as now circulated withheard, at the meetings which I have out note and comment, in their hands. attended, a great deal said on the glo
NON CON. rious spectacle there exhibited, of zealous Christians forgetting their points Sir,
April 10, 1822. of difference, to cooperate fose this I LA
LATELY observed in Mr. Cobbett's
Register for February 2nd last, particular affection engendered in the that among his reasons which he as. bosom of the High-Church Priest to signs, in his Letter to Mr. Carlile, for ward his Dissenting neighbour, by a dislike to republican government," their annually speechifying in succes- he alleges the following recent instance sion on the subject of the Bible; of persecution : while there is great danger of the de- "In the year 1819, a man was tried scendants of the venerable Puritans in New Jersey, under the act of King becoming insensible to the value of William III., for impugning the Holy those principles for which their ances. Trinity, found guilty, and punished tors braved tribulation and death, if by imprisonment in the common gaol.” through the means of these occa- I quote this passage with the hope sional meetings, they become familiar that one of your transatlantic correwith the smiles and favours of nobility. spondents, if not a correspondent on
I acknowledge myself at times this side the water, may furnish you doubtful of the correctness of my with some particulars respecting this conclusions, relative to the disingenu- modern enforcement of a barbarous ousness of the members of our Bible statute which disgraced a regal, and Societies, from the circumstance that very ill becomes a republican, governiamong the supporters of them, are ment. It is indeed a statute on a súbmembers of the Society of Friends, ject so remote from the fair objects of who we know are so scrupulous of national convention, as to be only worappearing to approach to falsehood, thy of a government in which priests that they will not call the months by are instructed to teach speculative the names usually allotted to them, despotism, and graft on religious affecbut persist in terming them the first, tions, systems of civil tyranny.” Such, second or third month, &c. It is in according to Catharine Maca ulay, was deed true, that the Friends, though an the government of Charles I., before excellent body of people in many re- his royal propensities were effectually spects, are not remarkable for the ex- controlled by the Long Parliument. tent of their religious inquiries, nor
GAMALIEL. for depth of general knowledge, but I presume they must be aware that the suinmary prefixed to the chapters
Sylva Biographica. of our version, nay, even the divi
(Continued from XVI. 667.) sion of chapters itself, were not in
VII. those Scriptures from which ours were
TO. 226. Isaac AMBROSE, a mirendered into English. This know
nister's son, was born in Lan. ledge is not, however, always found cashire, becaine a Batler * of Brazenwhere it might be fairly expected;
for Nose College, in 1621,
aged 17, took I remember hearing a young minister, when discoursing on the excellence of . "Å scholar that battles or scores charity, remark, among other things, for diet in the University." Dict. Anglothat the apostle felt its worth so much, Brit. 1715, in voco.
one degree in Arts, holy orders, had Garstang, * and afterwards at Preston some little cure in his own country in Amounderness, in his own country; conferred on him, and afterwards re- a zealous man for carrying on the lief from William Earl of Bedford, * . beloved cuuse, and active against the who caused him also, if I mistake not, orthodox clergy, when he was apto be put into the list of his Majesty's pointed an assistant to the commispreachers appointed for the county of sioners for the ejecting of such whom Lancaster.
they then (1654, 2 Oliver Protector) Afterwards, upon the change of called scandalous and ignorant ministimes, he sided with the Presbyterians, ters and schoolinasters. He hath then dominant, took the covenant, t written : became a preacher of the gospel at “Prima, mediu et ultima; or the
first, middle and last Things ; wherein
is set forth, 1. The Doctrine of Regene# “ Created Marquis of Tavistock and ration, or the New Birth. 2. The PracDuke of Bedford in 1694.” He was the tice of Sanctification, in the Means, father of William Lord Russel, whom that Duties, Ordinances, both private and royal profligate Charles Il. sacrificed in public, for continuance and increase 1683 to his brother's malignity: To the of a godly Life. † 3. Certain MeditaEarl of Bedford is attributed the following severe but well-merited reproof : when James II. applied to him in 1688 # Whence he was ejected in 1662, for his assistance, the Earl excused him- though it appears he had no insurmounself, wow an old man, but added, that he table objection to the Liturgy. “A little had once a son who might have served after the King's restoration," says Calamy, the King in his extremity.
" there was a meeting of above twenty 7“ The Solemn League and Covenant” ministers at Bolton, to consult what in 1643. See Oldmixon's Stuarts (1740) course to take. Mr. Ambrose and Mr. 238, 239 ; Parl. Hist. XII. 402, 403. Cole, of Preston, declared before them Whitelocke gives the following account: all, that they could read the Common
“ Sept. 25, 1643. Both Houscs, with Prayer, and should do it, the state of the Assembly of Divines and Scots Com- their places requiring it, in which othermissioners, met in St. Margaret's Church, wise their service was necessarily at preWestminster, where Mr. White, one of sent at an end."- Account, (1713, p. 409. the Assembly, prayed an hour to prepare + This is probably the book mentioned them for taking the Covenant, then Mr. in the following interesting narrative by Nye, in the pulpit, made some observa- Mr. Benjamin Bennet : tions touching the Covenant, shewing the “ A number of young men in the town warrant of it from Scripture, the exam- of Newcastle (about thirty) met together ples of it since the creation, and the once a week for mutual assistance and benefit to the Church.
improvement in religion ; for which pur“ Mr. Henderson, one of the Scots pose they spent some time in prayer and Commissioners, concluded in a declara- conference, having subscribed a paper tion of what the Scots had done, and the containing rules for the better ordering good they had received by such covenants, such a society, and the work to be done and then he shewed the prevalency of ill in it; taken out of a book of Mr. Isaac counsels about the King, the resolutions Ambrose's. One of the society, upon of the states of Scotland to assist the what inducement he best knows, turns Parliament of England.
informer; and having a copy of this dan“ Then Mr. Nye, in the pulpit, read gerous paper, with the names of the subthe Covenant, and all present held up scribers, makes a discovery, and the whole their hands, in testimony of their assent to matter was laid before Judge Jefferies at it; and afterwards, in the several houses, the assizes. subscribed their names in a parchment “ The offenders (some of whom are roll, where the Covenant was written : found in Court, and others of them the Divines of the Assembly and the brought in by the sherift) are presented Scots Commissioners likewise subscribed before his Lordship's tribunal : such as the Covenant, and then Dr. Gonge, in know his Lordship's character will easily the pulpit, prayed for a blessing upon it. imagine (and some well remember it)
“ The House ordered the Covenant to with how much indignation and conbe taken the next Lord's-day, hy all per- tempt he would look down upon these sons in their respective parishes, and the young men. One of them, Mr. Thomas ministers to exhort them to it."- Mem. Verner, who had but a mean aspect at (1682) p. 70.
best, (and the work he was taken from VOL. XVII.