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tions of Man's Misery, in his Life, Johnson, * and John Waite, B.D., in
Ephes. v. 16,"°1658. “Looking unto
by Richard Baxter, dated at London,
29th November, 1661, and the other made him appear at that time meaner than ordinary, his Lordship was pleased sih October, 1661. + He hath also a
by William Cole, dated at Preston, to single out, no question, to triumph over his ignorance, and thereby expose
sermon extant, preached at the funeall the rest. Can you read, Sirrah?' says
of Lady Houghton. he. "Yes, my Lord,' answers Mr. Verner.
He died suddenly of an apoplexy, t
No. 230. RICHARD BYFIELD, half-
“ Master Thomas Johnson," are named “ The issue of the matter was this: with “ Master Ambrose," and six others, That the young men, though never tried, as assistants to the Commissioners “ for were sent to jail, where they lay above a the county of Lancaster." See the Ordi. year, (i. e. from the assizes in 1684 till nance, 1654. February, 1685,) when they were admitted t Calamy says “ he was turned out of to bail.
And at the next assizes after Preston, but afterwards conformed, and (viz. 1686) were called upon and set at was lecturer of Dedham, in Essex." liberty."-Memorial of the Reformation, Account, p. 410. ed. 2, (1721, pp. 362, 363.
“ In 1664, aged 72. He lived in the * “ Rector,” says Wood, “ of one of the latter part of his life at Preston, and richest churches in England, which is at when his end drew near, was very senWinwick, iu Lancashire-elected one of sible of it. Having taken his leave of the Assembly of Divines in 1643, being many of his friends abroad, with unusual then a frequent preacher before the Long solemnity, as if he foresaw that he should Parliament," by whom,“ in 1646, he see them no more, he came home to was voted Prolocutor, after the death of Preston from Bolton, and set all things Twisse, In 1647, he, with Stephen Mar- in order. In a little time some of his shall, went with certain Commissioners hearers came from Garstang to visit him. appointed by the Parliament into Scot- He discoursed freely with them, gave land, to give them a right understanding them good counsel, told them he was of the affairs of England.—After the King now ready whenever his Lord should call, was beheaded, he returned to his rectory and that he had finished all he designed of Winwick," where “ he died and was to write ; having the night before sent buried in 1659."-Athen. Oxon. II. 151, away his discourse concerning Angels to 152.
the press. He accompanied his friends + “Born at Dedham, in Essex," and to their horses, and when he came back, « educated in Cambridge." He was shut himself in his parlour, the place of ejected from Denton in 1662, but by the his soliloquy, meditation and prayer ;
brother to Nicholas Byfield, was sacrament, unless they would take it born in Worcestershire, and at 16 in any way, except kneeling, &c. years of age, in 1615, became either a He was one of the Assembly of Di. servitor or batler † of Queen's Col- vines, a great covenanter, an eager lege. Taking the Degrees of Arts, he preacher against bishops, ceremonies, left the University, and through some and being a frequent and constant petite employments, (of which the cu- holder forth, was followed by those of racy or lectureship of Islesworth was the vicinity, especially such who were one, became rector of Long Ditton, of his persuasion. În 1654 he was in Surry, a leading man for carrying appointed an assistant to the commison the blessed cause, a reformer of his sioners of Surry, and was not wanting church, of superstition, (as he called in any thing whereby he might exit,) by plucking up the steps leading press his zeal for the aforesaid cause. to the altar, and levelling it lower than His works are these : the rest of the chancel; by denying “The Light of Faith and Way of his parishioners (particularly his pa- Holiness, shewing how and what to tron | that gave him Long Ditton) the believe in all Estates and Conditions,"
1630. they thought he stayed long, and so cated: or a Confutation of a Treatise
“Doctrine of the Sabbath vindiopened the door, and found him just ex- of the Sabbath. Written by Mr. Edpiring.
“ It was his usual custom, once in a ward Brerewoo * dagainst Mr. Nichoyear, for the space of a month, to retire las Byfield,” 1632. into a little hut in a wood, and avoiding all human converse, to devote himself to contemplation.-His works were printed with reflecting upon him in his sermons. altogether, in folio, in 1689."-Calamy's Whereupon Oliver told Mr. Byfield it 4ccount, p. 410.
was very ill done ; for that Sir John was “Of Exeter College. He left the a man of honour in his country; and it University to go into Ireland; but at he had done any thing amiss, he ought Chester he was, upon the delivery of a to have told him of it privately, and with noted Sermon, invited to be pastor of St. respect. Mr. Byfield took God to wit. Peter's Church there.—At length he had ness, that he had never designed any the benefice of Islesworth conferred on reflection upon him in his sermons, and him, where he died in 1622, aged 44. he did it with that solemnity and seriHis writings shew him to have been a ousness that Oliver believed him. And person of great parts, industry and rea- thereupon turning to Sir John Evelyn, diness.
"Sir,' said he, 'I doubt there is something “ He left behind him a son named indeed amiss : the word of God is peneAdoniram Byfield, who became first trating, and finds you out. Search your known for the love he bore to the righ- ways.' This he spake so pathetically, and teous cause, by being chaplain to Col. with such plenty of tears, that both Sir Cholmondeley's regiment in the army of John and Mr. Byfield, and the rest that Robert Earl of Essex in 1642, and soon were present fell to weeping also. He after for his being one of the scribes to made them good friends before parting : the Assembly of Divines, and a most He saw them shake hands, and embrace zealous covenanter. He was afterwards each other before he dismissed them. minister of Collingborn in Wilts, and To bind the friendship the faster, Oliver assistant to the Commissioners of that asked Sir John what it would cost to recounty, 1654. He died about the time pair the church ? He told him the workof his Majesty's restoration."-Wood, I. men reckoned it would cost 2001. He 402, II. 230.
called for his secretary Malin, and gave + See supra, p. 224.
him orders to pay Sir John Evelyu 1001. Sir John Evelyn. On occasion of towards the repair of the church. And “ a great difference between them, now, Sir,' said he, 'I hope you'll pay or “ about repairing the Church," Calamy raise the other hundred;" which he thankgives the following particulars :
fully undertook to do. And they lived “ Mr. Byfield went to Oliver Cromwell very amicably afterwards.”—Account, pp. (who was at that time Protector) and 664, 665. complained of his patron. He contrived • Now principally known by his “Enquihow to get them both with him together, ries touching the Diversity of Languages and at length having compassed it, found and Religion through the chief Parts of their account agreed exactly, except in one the World,” first published in 1614, the thing. . For Sir Joho charged Mr. Byfield year after the author's decease, at Gree
“The Power of the Christ of God; among the godly, and such that freor a Treatise of the Power, as it is quented his conventicles, that he was originally in God the Father, and by a pious, good and harmless man.” him given to Christ his Son,” &c., (Athen. Oxon.) 1641.
LIGNARIUS. Several Sermons, as, J. “Zion's Answer to the Nation's Embassadors,"
Liverpool, &c.: Fast Sermon before the House Sır,
April 6, 1822. of Commons, 25th June, 1645, on TOUR correspondent Senior (p. Isaiah xiv. 32. 2. “Sermon on 1 Cor. 167) endeavoured to point out üï. 17,” 1653.
the advantages of Presbyterianism in “: The Gospel's Glory, without Pre- Ireland. Circumstances may, perhaps, judice to the Law, shining forth in the exist in that country, which render Glory of God the Father, Son, and useful or even necessary some kind of Holy Ghost, for the Salvation of Sin- church government, which elsewhere ners, who through Grace do believe, would be deemed decidedly hostile to according to the Draught of the Apos- that liberty“ wherewith Christ has tle Paul in Rom. iii. 34,” 1659. made us free;" but I have been mis
Whether any other matters were by informed if the Irish Synods are him published, I know not, nor any merely “ tribunals for the preservathing else of him, only that after he tion of temporal funds and property.”' had been ejected from Long Ditton “No creed,” says Senior, is for Nonconformity, he retired to Mort- imposed; no authority is assumed over lake in Surry, where, dying in 1664, conscience; no absolute power of dehe was buried in the church there, cision, but simply the Christian right leaving this character behind him, and duty of exhorting, of admonishing,
of warning”. In opposition to these
assertions, I have been led to believe, sham College, where he was Professor of from good authority, that these eccleAstronomy. See Ward's Lives, pp. 74– siastical bodies have the power of put76. It is remarkable that this learned ting down religious discussion whenperson has no place in the Biog. Brit. Edward Brcrewood was a native of I am not mistaken, no book or tract
ever they please, for by their laws, if Chester, and sometimes an auditor of N. Byfield, against whose sabbatical no- involving theological opinion can be tions he wrote “ "A Treatise of the Sab- published, unless the MS. first underbath, which coming in MS. into the goes the inspection of the Presbytery, hands of N. Byfield, and by him answered, who can withold certain pecuniary was replied upou by Brerewood, in ' A benefits from those who are hardy Second Treatise of the Sabbath.-John enough to resist their mandates. Here Ley wrote partly against him in his Sun- is "authority over conscience” with day a Sabbath. An old and zealous Puritan, named Theophilus Brabourne, an damper it has been to all reform be.
a vengeance, and a pretty effectual obscure schoolmaster, or, as some say, a yond a certain defined limit, prescribed Sabbath, in his books published 1628 by the warrant of individuals. In short, and 1631. Thomas Broad, who was religious information and inquiry is at esteemed an Anti-Sabbatarian, did write as low an ebb in Ireland as can well almost to the same effect that Brerewood be conceived; nor will it be otherwise did."
till the unhallowed shackles of eccleBrerewood“ verer published any siastical domination be totally broken, thing while he enjoyed this earthly taber- and consigned to the darkness whence nacle, yet, to avoid the fruitless curiosity they sprung. of that which some take upon them, to Were our brethren in the Sister know only that they may know, he was Kingdom to resolve on thus emanciever most ready in private, either by pating themselves, I believe the energy conference or writing, to instruct others, of truth and right reason would do repairing unto them, if they were desirous of his resolution, in any doubtful more for them, than calling in the unpoints of learning within the ample cir- scriptural aid of constituted authoricuit of his deep apprehension."—Wood, ties to propagate Presbyterianism ; I. 332, 333.
nor would the assistance of the * The day of “the Monthly Fast.” “ Church of Scotland,” which is inWhitelocke, p. 147. (Lignarius.) voked in one of their recent reports,
be thought at all essential for the pre- clusion of the speech was that in Barlservation of a system “ whose builder lett's Buildings, composed, excluand maker is God.” JUNIOR. sively, of members of the Church of
England. These had very lately conSir,
April 4, 1822. vened a special meeting for the pur. THE references in your last Num- pose of resolving, that their church in England, have reminded me of a lature be prevailed upon to grant the design to offer you a MS., never print- solicited repeal. ed, which has been long in my pos
SEXAGENARIUS. session. It is a copy and, I believe, a Speech, in 1792, on a proposed Address very correct one, of a speech delivered
to Dr Priestley. 30 years ago, at a general meeting in London, consisting of Delegates from
MR. CHAIRMAN, the Dissenters in the country, united
I believe I cannot serve the Dissenwith a committee from the deputies,
who sent me to this to concert measures for renewing their committee, more acceptably than by application to Parliament for a repeal supporting this motion; because, of the Corporation and Test Acts.
though they hold, in general, religiThe speaker was a delegate from a ous opinions very opposite to those of large county, abounding with Dissen. Dr. Priestley, yet they understand the ters, who were, almost exclusively, Cala difference between polemical distincvinistic. The question discussed was,
tions and those principles upon which the propriety of addressing Dr. Priest- Dissenters are, or should be united. ley and the Dissenters at Birmingham, It is, Sir, a master-piece of craft on occasion of the Riots. The result with our enemies, after uniting us all of the discussion was “An Address by penalties and civil disabilities, to of the Deputies and Delegates of the endeavour to divide us upon theologiDissenters in England to the Sufferers cal questions; and I think one princiin the Riot at Birmingham.” This pal good effect of the addresses proaddress, dated Feb. 1, 1792, which is posed, and especially of that to Dr. to be found in the Appendix to Dr. Priestley, will be to counteract such Priestley's Appeal, contains the fol designs. For when the representalowing paragraph :
tives of the Dissenters of England, “ While, however, as sustaining one
persons holding such various opinions, common character, we are anxious to pay has suffered for his adherence to their
agree to shew respect to a man who this sincere tribute of affectionate and fraternal sympathy to all our injured bre general rights, they declare to the thren, we are persuaded that we shall gra- world, that though there are questions tify alike your feelings and our own,
on which men who think for themwhen, waving our various speculative, and selves must continue to disagree, there especially our theological differences, we are also principles upon which they desire to express our peculiar concern on will be united, while the legislature the account of that distinguished indivi- shall join them together by oppressive dual whom the rancour of this cruel per- statutes and unjust restrictions; and, secution selected as the first victim of its at the same time, such a measuré may rage. Deeply convinced of the import- tend to encourage soine of our wellance of truth, we unite in admiring the ardour which he has ever discovered in meaning but more prejudiced brethe pursuit of it ; as freemeu, we applaud thren, to study the principles of civil his unremitted exertions in the great and religious liberty, even in the writcause of civil and religious liberty; as ings of Dr. Priestley. friends to literature, we are proud of our 'I esteem that gentleman as exemalliance with a name so justly celebrated plary in his character as a Christian as that of Dr. Priestley; and we pray as he is distinguished in the walks of the Almighty Disposer of events long to science, and I hope I shall never be continue to us and to the world, a life ashamed to profess such an opinion of which science and virtue have contributed such a man; but were Dr. Priestley to render illustrious.” (See Priestley's a deist in principle and a libertine in Works, XIX. 568.]
practice, we might with the greatest The society mentioned at the con- propriety send him an address, if he
had suffered for his attachment to our Sir, it has long been esteemed the eivil interests, and especially for his honour and happiness of our country, exertions respecting the Test Laws; that while a man thinks what he and that this has been the case I be pleases, he may say what he thinks, lieve no person can easily deny, who and I cannot allow inyself to apologize reads with any attention the history of for that manly freedom with which our modern Vandals, the savages of Dr. Priestley declares and discusses Birmingham.
all his opinions; and, indeed, this is Sir, I always understood that Dr. not a country fit for a freeman to live Priestley had clearly defined and ably in, if he cannot deliver his opinion upon defended the principles of our dissent, any question, political or religious, if but it has been said that his later he cannot say what he thinks about writings have prejudiced the cause of the doctrine, the discipline, or the the Dissenters in Parliament, and the establishment of any church in the objection to an address upon this world. And on this subject it ought to ground was stated with all possible be remembered how we have been acforce on a former occasion, by a gen- customed to admire the bold spirit of tleman (Mr. Fuller) to whose years the Reformers who, in no very gentle and experience I would pay every language, iinpeached the opinions and respect consistent with my own free- practices which had been established dom of sentiments; but I think, upon for ages through all the nations of Eure-consideration, justice and candour rope; and at this day, that respectable will incline that gentleman to admit, body of men, the Quakers, are esteemed that the offence taken by the House of the most peaceable of citizens, though Commons to the writings of Dr. they profess to discover the features Priestley appeared but in two in- of the harlot of Babylon, even within stances : in one it arose from a misun- the pale of the Church of England. derstanding, about which it is difficult And pray, Sir, who are the persons to be serious; and in the other, from that shall object to our addressing Dr. one of the most flagrant violations of Priestley? Will the Dissenters blame honour and decorum which can dis- us for shewing respect to one of their grace the intercourse between man ablest advocates, or shall our enemies and man. Every gentleman will sup- accuse us of inconsistency, and say pose that I refer to the alarms of that we go out of our province; they an hon. Baronet upon finding a few who called together a society formed grains of metaphorical gunpowder in a expressly for the propagation of the pamphlet of Dr. Priestley's, and to Gospel, to decide upon a question of the fraud committed by a person or civil right? persons unknown, on one of his pre- I beg pardon, Sir, for having taken faces, which was dissected in the most up any
of your time, but without sayinjurious manner, and so gave occa- ing a few words on this subject I could sion to a splendid philippic against not satisfy my own feelings, or do justhose three monstrous evils-Innova- tice to my friends the Dissenters of tion, Dr. Priestley and the Dissenters. -, who have the warmest attachBut if instead of consulting the com- ment to the cause of civil and religiments of prejudiced men, or the par- ous liberty, and, though they differ tial selections of his enemies, we exa- from him in almost every thing else, mine the spirit and tendency of Dr. esteem Dr. Priestley as one of its Priestley's writings, I believe we shall ablest defenders. find that he has no idea of supporting his most favourite opinions by any force but the force of argument; and
Sir, to his Sermon on the Test Laws, his ter (XVI. pp. 646, 647) to Mr. Letters to the Inhabitants of Birming- Belsham, that the latter gentleman ham and he Tracts published with has, in a discourse delivered at Warthem, and, indeed, to any of his works rington, maintained “ that the efforts which shall be read in their connexion, of learned men to reconcile the Moand not selected for the purpose of a saical cosinogony to philosophical party.
truth, have been preposterous in the