Imágenes de páginas

tion, that it is, in my view, highly ing or preparing. Thus, in this book desirable it should have a firmly-esta- of Moses, Gen. vi. 14, Make thee an blished credence in the minds of all ark of Gopher wood; and ch. xxxv. 3, the adherents to Christianity. If we I will make there an altar unto God, conclude the Mosaic narrative, or the same verb is used, and obviously what is commonly esteemed such, to in the sense of inaking fit or fashionbe incompatible with the system of ing; as the materials already existed nature as elucidated by science, must which were to be fashioned into new not that confidence in the truth of its forms, or prepared for the specified theology be greatly enfeebled, which purposes. The word having this siga belief in its historical accuracy will nification in the Decalogue makes at least tend to strengthen and con. it confirmatory of what has been adfirm? And viewing this account as vanced respecting the six days, and false in its detail, how are we to re- the employment of the Divine wisdom gard the language of the Decalogue and power in these first divisions of given to the Hebrew nation, as pro- time. In six days Jehovah prepared, ceeding from the Supreme Potentate, or adjusted, the heavens and the earth. wherein his resting from his six days' This Hebrew verb appears also in work is assigned as a reason for the Gen. i. 31, and repeatedly in the besanctity of the seventh, which was ginning of the second chapter, and in appointed to be the Sabbath? Exod. the 3d verse both of these words are xx. 11: For in six days. Jehovah used, and so as to shew their distinct made heaven and earth, and the sea, significations: He rested from all the and all that in them is, &c. If the works which he had created and pres representation in the first chapter of pared. They appear likewise in the Genesis, concerning the divine trans. prophecy of Isaiah with the same actions during six days be fictitious, meanings; ch. xlv. 18: Thus suith which it certainly must be, if not cor- Jehovah, who created the heavens, rect in its philosophical statements, God himself, who formed the earth then the declaration here evidently and prepared it. And Jeremiah, using alluding to it, and not merely imply the latter word, says, ch. x. 12, He ing its verity, but positively adopting hath prepared the earth by his power, it as sacred truth, must also be of the he hath established the world by his same spurious character. On the con: wisdom, and stretched out the heaven trary, if, as Moses asserts, Exod. xx. by his discretion. 1, God spake all these words, then the Moses does not, indeed, declare relation given of the six days and that he received the knowledge which their occurrences, must be a descrip- his account conveys immediately from tion of certain facts and realities, God, nor to whom it was originally which cannot be disbelieved without imparted; but this silence cannot be the authenticity of the whole Levitical justly considered as sufficient to invaeconomy being rendered disputable, lidate its divine authenticity. If the and the credibility of the gospel re- narrative contain what may be fairly velation being seriously affected and deemed internal evidence of divine impaired. But it may be alleged, as inspiration, this is equivalent to any a supposed refutation of the theory assertion to that effect, if not of which I am attempting to support, greater validity, especially when corthat in this passage of the Decalogue, roborated by other sacred documents. as it stands recorded in Exodus, Jebo- With such testimony, which is not vah is said to have made the heavens wanting if the foregoing observations and the earth in six days. It is to be well-founded, it is perceived as the be again remarked, that though made pole-star of revelation, not only eleis the word used in the English Ver. vating the intellectual views with re. sion, yet the Hebrew verb, so trans- gard to the wisdom, goodness and lated in this and various other in- power of the one eternal Deity, as stances, is not, as in Gen. i. I, Ana, employed in the creation of the uni. which means to create in the strictest versal system with its countless worlds, sense, or to bring from nothing ; but and in the excellent adjustment and

Wp, as in the 16th verse, which sig- preparation of our own for the uses nifies to make in the sense of fashion- intended; but it further prepares the

attentive mind for rightly receiving renewed and ample testimony to their those irrefragable proofs of the Divine being the well-adapted means of his benevolence to his human offspring, superintending and bountiful proviwhich not only nature proclaims, but dence, which upholdeth nature in pris. the Scriptures largely describe ; and tine vigour, and giveth life and breath, for regarding their allusions to it as and all things conducive to the general just sanctions to its holy verity and welfare and happiness of his creatures. worth. Besides the several instances

RICHARD FRY. in the Psalms of evident reference to this introduction of the sacred writ SIR, ings, the prophets allude to its de- I HAVE been much gratified by a scriptions; and their sublime celebra- 1 perusal of the Sketch of Eichhorn's tions of the attributes of God, as dis- "Introduction to the Study of the played in his works, tend to attest that Old Testament,” given in the last vothe Mosaic account was the source of lume of the Monthly Repository, and their information, and to certify that cannot help thinking that it would it was believed by them to contain an contribute to gratify the curiosity of unquestionably true statement of the many of your readers, if the same origin of nature. The same valid gentleman to whom we are indebted sanction is given to the truth of this for that sketch, or any other person primitive record by the various indi- who possesses a competent knowledge rect allusions to its contents by our of the German language, would furSaviour and his apostles, for it is not nish a translation of the 426th Seccredible that they would have referred tion, which contains an outline of the to it in a manner that would be liable author's theory respecting the origin to be understood as implying their of the Book of Genesis, and a state. persuasion of the reality of its repre- ment of the reasons by which he has sentations, if they had viewed the nar- been guided in assigning the different rative as being in any respect fabu- portions of that Book to the doculous. Thus, then, unless I am much ments from which he supposes them mistaken, the first chapter of Genesis to have been respectively taken. briefly, but truly and faithfully, por If my own acquaintance with the trays the institution of those princi- German had been more intimate than ples and laws which originated in it is, so as to have given me confiunerring wisdom and unbounded bene- dence in making such a translation, I volence, and are invested with never- should have been glad to have supfailing efficacy to perform the good- plied what I am now under the neceswill of God; and every season of the sity of asking as a favour. year, yea every revolving day, bears a

R. W.

A List of Students educated at the ACADEMY at DAVENTRY under the Pa

tronage of Mr. COWARD's Trustees, and under the successive superintendence of the Rev. CALEB ASHWORTH, D.D., the Rev. Thomas ROBINS, and the Rev. THOMAS Bersham. Communicated by Mr. BELSHAM.

. (Concluded from p. 164.) Year of

Remarks. Admission.

Name. 1779, d. Thomas Hawkes,

a manufacturer at Birmingham. Penn Benjamin.

Shattock, m. 1780, Nicholas Thos. Heinekin, m. Ware-Brentford-Gainsborough—Bradford

in Yorkshire. - Noon, m.

Lambrook. d. Mordauut Crachcrode, m. no very distant relation of the celebrated Pre

bendary of Westminster, who assisted to support him at the Academy; died on the road as he was going to preach a lecture.

Year of Admission.

Remarks. Name. 1780, Eliezer Cogan, m. Cirencester; removed to Ware to assist in a

school; afterwards opened a school himself at Enfield ; removed to Cheshunt; became minister of a congregation settled at Walthamstow : one of the most learned of the Dissenting Ministers of his day; his merits gradually became very conspicuous; and his school very prosperous; half-brother to the celebrated Dr. Thomas Cogan, one of the founders of the Humane Society, author of Travels on the Rhine, and of various Trea

tises on Metaphysics, Ethics and Theology. Ebenezer Beasley, m. Uxbridge ; where he keeps a very respectable

John Wainewright, Esq. solicitor, Furnival's Inn.
d. John Rodick,

took orders, and held a living near Welling

borough. Charles Frederick Bond, took orders, and held a living in Essex. At the end of the Session, in June 1781, Mr. Robins resigned the ofice of Principal

and Theological Tutor, on account of the loss of his voice, and was succeeded in September following by the Rev. Thomas BELSHAM, under whose superintendence

the following pupils entered the Academy. 1781, Samuel Pett, M.D. settled first at Plymouth, and afterwards at

Clapton, where he practises with a very high

degree of reputation and success. 1782, Roger Ward, m.

Kidderminster, as master of Mr. Pearsall's

school; preaches at Bromsgrove.
d, John Graham, Esq. died young.

Reader Wainewright, Esq. London ; barrister at law,
Jeremiah Olive, Esq. London ; wine merchant; Bank Director.
John Merrick, m. Stamford ; became a tutor in the family of

Benjamin Vaughan, Esq., M. P., whose sister
he afterwards married, and settled at Hallo-

well, in the State of Maine, in North America. 1783, Isaac Cook, m.

William Allard, m.

Rotherham-Bury, Lancashire.
John Holland, m.

d. John Jenkins,

drowned in his passage to the East Indies. Thomas Smith,

of Yorkshire; staid only three months. d. Edmund Butcher, m. London, Leather Lane Sidmouth. Robert Kell, m.

Wareham-Nottingham-Birmingham. Benjamin Kingsbury, m. Warwick ; left the ministry and went into

trade. John Corrie, m., F. R. S. removed to Hackney College ; became Clas

sical Tutor; removed to Birmingham, and opened a respectable institution for young gentlemen ; elected minister of the old Meeting, which, to the great regret of the congregation, he was soon compelled to

resign, on account of ill health. d, William Hawker, Esq. a youth from the Warrington Academy; who

died in May, 1784, before the close of the

Richard Chapman, Esq. merehant, London.

Josiah Cottin, Esq. a colonel in the army.
d. Joseph Shrimpton, Esq. London.
John Davis, in.

seceder from Caermarthen-Collumpton.
1784, d. John Yerbury, Esq. Shire Hampton, near Bristol.
Thomas Reynell, m.

Crediton ; left the ministry and entered into

business. Thomas Davis, m. soon left the ministry and was called to the

d. George Hodgkins, m. from Caermarthen Academy-Stoke Newington.

Thomas Johnston, m. Wakefield.
James Scott, m.



Year of

1784, John Kentish, m.

removed to Hackney College-Plymouth Dock

Hackney ; colleague with Mr. Belsham at the Gravel Pit-St. Thomas's, SouthwarkNew Meeting, Birmingham, lately under

Dr. Priestley; a most flourishing society. d. John Fletcher, m. Chosen to Plymouth Dock ; died of an apo

plexy soon after he had finished his studies,

and before he reached his destination. William Peard Jillard, quitted the ministry; carried on a brewery at

Old Down, near Bath.
Thomas Smith, Esq. of Easton Grey, near Tetbury.
Ibbetson Fenton, Esq.
Christopher Mitchelson, of Berwick-upon-Tweed ; obliged to desist

from his studies on account of ill health. 1785, - Goothridge, Esq. Hitchin, Herts. William Shepherd, m. remored to Hackney College-Gateacre-Lan

cashire ; highly distinguished as an eloquent

leader of the popular party at Liverpool. Theophilus Harris, m. America. - Gardner, m. Thomas Moore, m. Dartmouth-Kingswood-London.

Thomas Sanderson, Esq. Chowbent. d. John Evans,

from Hoxton ; died before he finished his stu

dies. George Lee, m.

from Hoxton-Belper-Hull. 1786, d. John Edwards, m.

from Hoxton-Warwick-Gateacre-Birming

ham New Meeting-London : a lecturer (at the Old Jewry) one season; drowned in

bathing near Wareham. d. George Wiche, m. from Hoxton - Monton, near Manchester ;

went to America, and died of yellow fever.
d. Thomas Patterson, m. from Hoxton-Daventry-Ashby de la Zouch.
d. Daniel Wright, Esq. Bristol.
John Kettle, Esq.

Thomas Keay, Esq. Whitchurch.
Israel Worsley, m. Dunkirk, escaped with difficulty-Lincoln-

Samuel Palmer, m. , son of the Rev. J. S. Palmer of Hackney;

keeps a flourishing school at Chigwell.
John Williams, m. Ufcombe-Norton-Halifax-Mansfield; a

student first at Caermarthen, afterwards at
Hoxton, then at Daventry; keeps a respec-

table school at Mansfield.
Jonathan Eade, Esq.
John Finch Simpson, Esq. Launde Abbey, Leicestershire.
John Willett, m.

John Norris, m.
d. George Moore,

left the Academy before he had finished his

William Morgan, m.
Oliver Bernard Galvez Ja-

cinto Procopio Pollock, Esq. of New Orleans.
Malachi Blake, M. D. Taunton.
Joseph Bond, Esq.

banker, London. d. John Humphreys, Esq. died at Northumberland in North America. 1787, Benjamin Davis, m. Chowbent; settled with a large and flourishing

congregation of well-informed Unitarians. William Priestley,

second son of Dr. Priestley, America.
Samuel Heineken, Esq.
Thomas Kinder, Esq. Stoke Newington.
William Busk, Esq. London.
Hans Busk, Esq.

Thomas Warwick, m., M.D. Rotherbam-Manchester.
William Stevenson, m. Classical Tutor at Manchester ; private secre-

tary to Lord Lauderdale.

Year of

Remarks. Admission. 1787, John Tingcomb, m. Plymouth-Newport-Isle of Wight-Bridge.

water. d. David Jardine, in. Bath; highly respected ; died of an apoplexy

before he was thirty. . d. T. Porter, m.

highly acceptable ; settled at Plymouth Dock ;

wrote an able defence of Unitarianism against Dr. Hawker ; suddenly deserted the

ministry, and emigrated to America. N. B. Messrs. Jardine and Porter left the Academy at Homerton to finish their

studies at Daventry, 1788, Samuel Rickards, Esq., London.

William Field, m. from Homerton-Warwick.'.
John Warren, Esq. London.

don. i

, .
Daniel Lister, Esq. Hackney.
John Reid, M. D.

Grenville Street, London,
Lockhart Johnstone, Esq. Worcester.

Sparrow Stovin, Esq.
d. R. Raymond, Esq.

Edward Barron, Esq. Norwich.
Arthur Aikin, Esq.

Shrewsbury-York ; left the ministry, and is

now the very ingenious and scientific Secretary to the Society of Arts, Manufactures

and Commerce. -Oakden, Esq. Daventry. In June 1789, the Rev. THOMAS BELSHAM resigned his situation as Tutor, on

account of the change which had taken place in his theological sentiments : and the Academy was soon afterwards removed to Northampton, and placed under the care of the Rev. John Horsey.

N. B. The account of the Academy under Dr. AshWORTH, to the year 1766, is compiled chiefly from a paper communicated to me by the late Rev. JOHN Cole, of Wolverhampton. The remainder is taken from my own memorandums and recollections. Mr. Cole's account was compared and corrected by Dr. ASHWORTH'S. ledger.

T. B.


April 7. 1822. thy fellow-disciples " Of course,

therefore, it reflects upon the aceuracy AS your learned correspondent, of Whitby, Pearce, Campbell, and all A Mr. Cogan, bas been kind commentators who have adopted or enough to notice (p. 210) the inqui- admitted the possibility of either of ries which I lately made, through the these interpretations. But I am far medium of the Monthly Repository, from being convinced that he is never (p. 76,) respecting the construction used in cases of opposition by the and interpretation of John xxi. 15, I writers of the New Testament. That beg leave, through the same medium, a comparison or a contrast is more to state how far his observations appear strongly marked by εμου, εμοι and εμε, to me to affect the interpretation in than by you, pou and us, I am well favour of which I have decided. “ If,aware; but that the authors of the says he, “the sense were, 'Lovest New Testament have uniformly atthou me more than these ?' the Greek tended to this distinction is by no ought to have been, ayanâs ejue WhELoy means evident. Take the following Terwy." This remark, it will be ob- passages as examples: He that served, applies to two out of the three cometh afler me is mightier than 7:” interpretations which have been given 1oXUPOTEPOS Mov. Matt. iii. 1]; see also of this passage: “Lovest thou me Mark i. 7. My Father is greater more than thou lovest these things p" than I :" NEISwy pov. John xiv. 28. viz., the instruments employed in thy “Why callest thou me (ue) good? trade as a fisherman ; and, “Lovest None is good but one, that is God.thou me more than thou lovest these Matt. xix. 17; see also Mark x. 18,

« AnteriorContinuar »