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visitors at Sidmouth availed themselves And, as a singular coincidence, 1 from of his ministerial labours. Some mem. the same passage, at Worship Street, paid bers of a wealthy and very respectable a similar tribute of respect to his beJewish family occasionally attended him, loved memory; the conclusion of which and on their departure made him a pecu- forms the greatest part of this communiniary present in return for his instruc- cation for the Repository. His friends, tions.
the Rev. Joseph Cornish, of Collyton, Within the last few years he was af- and the Rev. John Hughes, of Honiton, ficted with a kind of paralytic stroke, delivered sermons on the occasion, as which produced great debility ; but he well as other ministers in the West of continued preaching once a day till lately, England. His grateful little flock at Sidwhen he altogether gave up the ministry. mouth are about to raise a tablet to his He, about a twelvemonth ago, visited his memory: only son, Mr. Edmund Butcher, residing His character is best ascertained from at Bristol, where he abode for several his writings. Besides his pleasing Picture mouths. Hence, though under much of Sidmouth, and his entertaining Tour weakness, he wrote me more than once through various Parts of England, [Mon. with his accustomed cheerfulness and re- Repos. 1. 357,] he published three volumes signation to the will of God! In 'No. of Sermons for the Use of Families, [Mon. vember, 1821, he removed to Bath, with Repos. I. 544 and XV. 163,] exceeded the hope of gaining some relief; but by none in the English language for plainsoon after, walking across the room, he ness and simplicity. There is a rich fell down and dislocated his hip. This vein of devotion and benevolence that confining him to his bed, increased his runs through the whole of them. The debility, which terminated in his placid last volume has a prefatory account of dissolution. He expired, without a sigh his adoption of Humanitarianism, withor groan, early on the morning of April out the least censure of those who dif14, 1822, in the 65th year of his age. fered from him. Indeed, with his usual
His beloved widow writes thus on the liberality, he concludes : “ The liberty Sunday after his interinent : “ Blessed in religious matters which I claim for spirit ! this was to have been the day myself, I most cheerfully and unreservedly we were to have consigned him to the allow to all other followers of Christ. tomb; but the sudden transition from Let all uncharitable thoughts and measevere cold to heat made it improper to sures be for ever abandoned. Let each retain him longer than Friday, and we be fully persuaded in his own mind. wished the last beautiful impression of May the spirit of Jesus animate all his his fine countenance to remain upon our disciples, and the peace of God, which minds Never was there a more angelic passeth all understanding, will fill us with countenance; it seemed to say, 'I am comfort now, and fit us for glory herehappy!' The prospect was all delightful after! With these sentiments, I remain to him beyond the grave; he only shrunk the friend and wellwisher of every sincere when he thought of the struggle, but, and virtuous inquirer after truth." blessed be God, that was all done away His last publication was a volume of in seemingly nothing of pain or anxiety, Prayers for the Use of Families and Indibut a sweet forgetfulness !" He wished viduals, adapted for each Discourse in his to die on the Sabbath, and his wish was three volumes of Sermons, and Forms gratified.
suited to particular occasions. The work He was buried in a most sequestered is well executed and of inestimable uti. and rural spot at Lyncomb, in the vicinity lity. The close of the Prayer for Satur. of Bath, a portion of ground set apart by day Evening is a fair specimen of the the generosity of Henry Edward Howse, rest :-" To thine all-protecting ProviEsq , about four years ago, for the inter- dence we once more commit ourselves ment of Unitarian Dissenters. He was and all that are bear and dear to us! followed to the grave by his own affec- The day is thine, and, blessed be thy tionate family; and the service was per- vame, the night is thine also ! Thy formed by the Rev. Joseph Hunter, with sacred eyes never slumber nor sleep an impressive solemnity. Here, “ early no fatigue ever wearies thine attentionin the morning," the precious deposit was no darkness hides from thy notice-10 laid till the resurrection of the just ! His danger too great for thy power to withfuneral sermon was preached at Sid- stand-no maze too perplexed for thy mouth, to a crowded and weeping audi- wisdom to unravel-10 blessing too rich ence, by his esteemed successor, the Rev. for thy goodness to bestow! Guardian Mr. 'Yeates, from Psalm xxxvii. 37: as well as Creator of the universe ! take “ Mark the perfect man, and behold the us into thy holy care; preserve us during upright, for the end of that man is peace!" the watches of the night; and if it shall please thee to raise us again in the morn- This is the true spirit of Christian coaing, may refreshing sleep have recruited tentment. onr bodies, and may our minds with He has left behind him for publication, fresh vigour rise to the duties and enjoy- a Fourth Volume of Sermons ; and it is ments of a new day, a new Sabbath! his widow's intention to add a small voPrepare us, O God! for the approach of lume, with a portrait, of Poems and Letthat solemn morning, when all that are ters, which, from their intrinsic merit, in their graves shall hear the voice of the cannot fail of meeting with due encouSon of God, when the last slumbers of ragement. For some time past, such were mortality shall close, the last night of his corporeal infirmities, that his pen was probation terminate, and the endless day his constant and almost only amusement. of immortality begin! Grant, heavenly His daughter, in one of her excellent letFather, that, through thy abounding grace ters to the writer of this article, describin the gospel, we may then enter into the ing the latter days of her deceased parent, joy of our Lord !”
says, that even when confined to his bed, He had a pleasing talent for Sacred he would dictate snall poetical effusions, Poetry. Some of his Hymns are far above indicative of the truly devout and pious mediocrity. The following specimen may state of his mind! To the very last, be deemed among his happiest effusions. few individuals possessed more of the I have long used it at the Lord's Supper spirit, and none shared more largely in on the commencement of the year :
the consolations of Christianity. The “ Stand still, refulgent orb of day!"
fruits of his peu were of no ordinary cast
-and whilst they have been admired by A Jewish hero cries; So shall at last an angel say,
his contemporaries, will be duly estimated And tear it from the skies!
J EVANS. A flame intenser than the sun
Islington, May 14, 1822,
BENJAMIN Hawes, Esq.
(The brief notice of this gentleman's Then, with immortal splendour bright, death, p. 188, is incorrect : we now inThat glorious orb shall rise,
sert a more authentic account, the pubWhich through eternity shall light lication of which has been delayed by The new-created skies !
accident.) Thou sun of nature, roll along,
1822. Jan. 10. Suddenly, aged 79, And bear onr years away;
being struck with a fit while on his usual The sooner shall we join the song
walk, three miles distant from Worthing, Of everlasting day!
Benjamin Hawes, Esq. Mr. Hawes was In matters of religion, his characteris- est of three brothers, of whom Mr.
a native of Islington. He was the youngtics were-good sense, great modesty and James Hawes, the eldest, died in 1789, a truly Christian liberality. He had not the other,--the philanthropic and mucha spark of bigotry in his composition. lamented Dr. William Hawes,—died in He loved good men of all denominations, 1806, and was the founder of that admiand rejoiced in the anticipation of meet- rable charity, the Royal Humane Society. ing them in heaven!
Mr. Hawes was for many years a reAs to his private character, our deceased spectable indigo merchant' in Thames Brother was exemplary in all the relative Street ; and having, by great skill in duties of civil and social life. He was a business, with unremitted industry and kind husband, an affectionate father and unsullied integrity, acquired an ample a faithful friend. His widow and children fortune, he relinquished trade, and passed bless his memory! Never did a person bis latter years at Worthing, where his relish more truly the pleasures of domes- loss will be felt in an extraordinary detic life-never was an individual more happy in the bosom of his family. A him to be their benefactor. The great
gree, even by many who did not know proof of the truth of this statement is distinctive feature of his mind was an afforded by the recital of a few lines sent ardent and conscientious desire to relieve me from his own pen many years ago, the distresses of his fellow-creatures, for insertion in a periodical miscellany.
without taking to himself the merit of Ask me to choose my happiest lot, his good works. Having retired from I chose exactly what I got !
the busy scene of life, he lived very abAsk me what I wish for more- stemiously, and his constant study was A little to relieve the poor :
not only to communicate good to all A life well spent, since life is given, around him, but, if possible, to conceal And long or short-as pleases Heaven! the hand which thus diffused blessings,
In his own immediate neighbourhood, till the afternoon which terminated his his charity, which often amounted to mortal existence. munificence, could not always escape the Though he sedulously avoided company, detectiou of gratitude ; but, wherever it he well knew what was going on in the was practicable, his benefactions were busy world. His dress was always neat, anonymous; he seemed ereu ingenious but so plain that it might be mistaken in devising means of " doing good by for that of a Quaker; and, in fact, stealth;” and he literally “ blushed to though not one of the Society of Friends, find it fame.” In many instances he he occasionally attended their meetings. even made considerable transfers of stock His religious faith was that of a Protesto meritorious individuals whom he saw tant Dissenter. Having diligently made struggling with adversity; and who were the Holy Scriptures his habitual study, never informed of the source from which he was from principle and conviction a their timely accession of property was firm believer in the great and important derived. With the same shrinking mo- doctrines inculcated by the inspired wri. desty, he became an anonymous contri- ters. butor to many public institutions for the It is needless to say, that this model alleviation of pain and suffering, the in. of true Christian charity acted under the struction of the ignorant, or the reforma- impulse of the strongest religious feeling; tion of the depraved. Naturally attached, but it was a feeling so destitute of all for 48 years together, to an institution prejudice, that he embraced in the large founded by his brother, and congenial circle of his beneficence his fellow-creawith his own generous sensibility, his tures of every religious persuasion, as liberal anuual donation to the Royal Hu. well as of every species of affliction ; and mane Society was nevertheless contri. the records of testamentary bounty afford buted under the mere designation of “A few parallels to the following list of beLife Governor in 1774."
nefactions, which are to be made to va. But the great object which interested rious societies after the death of a near his philanthropic feelings through life and dear relation, a daughter of his eldest was ihe abolition of the Slave Trade. To brother, who had constantly contributed promote this measure of enlightened hu- to his health and comfort. manity, he in many different ways con
34 per cent, Stock. tributed large sums anonymously. Nay, Royal Humane Society
£1000 so indignant was he, on the close of the Refuge for the Destitute
1000 late war, at the treaties which tolerated Foreigners in Distress .
1000 that abominable traffic, that in a letter Philanthropic Society
1000 which he had sketched to Mr. Wilber. St. Luke's Hospital
1000 force (whether he ever sent it we know Magdalen Hospital
1000 not) he offered to sacrifice several thou
1000 sands a-year, if that sum could ensure Indigent Blind
1000 the adoption of means to compel all the Society for the Relief of Prisoners European powers to put an end to the
for small Debts
1000 Slave Trade entirely. Even in this princely Jews' Poor, Mile End
1000 conception, however, ostentation had no City of London Truss Society 1000 part; for he stipulated for the absolute General Penitentiary
1000 concealment of his uame, and only iden. London Hibernian Society
1000 tified himself in the letter as the indivi, London Hospital, Whitechapel
1000 dual who, between 1780 and 1790, had The Missionary Society
1000 inclosed to the then Treasurer in Lom, British and Foreign Bible Society 1000 bard Street, five Exchequer Bills, and Religious Tract Society
1000 about 1810 had sent an India Bond di- Quakers' Poor House
1000 rected to the Secretary of the African Methodist Preachers
Presbyterian Ditto .
1000 Mr. Hawes was habitually an early Baptist Ditto
1000 riser, usually quitting his bed, in winter Independent Ditto .
1000 as well as summer, at four o'clock, or
Roman Catholic Ditto .
1000 earlier. One of his great delights was to
1000 observe the rising sun. He considered exercise in the open air to be essen
Mr. Hawes had no children ; but he tially conducive to health; and, by a had numerous relations, among whom he prudent arrangement of his time, even distributed the bulk of his ample property, when engaged in an extensive business, with strict attention to their just claims he generally contrived to walk on an on his notice ; nor is there one of them average about twenty miles a-day; and who has not reason to remember him this practice he continued at Worthing with gratitude.
Somerset and Dorset Unitarian Swansea on the 27th of June next, and Association.
at which Mr. J. Thomas, of Pant-y-de
faid, is to preach the Welsh seridon. Tue Half-Yearly Meeting of this Asso- The ministers are to meet at Gelli-onnen ciation was held at Taunton, on Tuesday, on the 26th, where Mr. Thomas Evans, April 9th. The Rev. Mr. Bowen, of ll- of Aberdâr, is to preach at eleven o'clock. minster, delivered a discourse from John
J. JAMES. xvii. 5, on the analogy between Natural
April 13, 1822. and Revealed Religion.
In the evening, the Rev. W. Hincks, of Exeter, preached from 1 John iv. 1, Opening of Unitarian Place of Wor. with particular reference to the doctrine
ship in the Borough. of immediate Divine Influence. Teu new members were added to the
Owing to the shutting up of the chapel Association, and nearly thirty of its in St. Thomas's, in the Borough of Southfriends dined together at the Bell Inn.
wark, and the removal of Dr. THOMAS The Rey. William Wilson, of Crew. Rees's congregation to Stamford Street, kerne, is engaged to preach at the next
Blackfriars, the remaining members of Meeting, which will be held at Yeovil, in the late Mr. Brown's congregation at October.
Horselydown, who chiefly reside at a G. B. W.
distance, which renders their worshiping at Stanford Street inconvenient, and
sometimes impracticable, have, in conQuarterly Meeting of Unitarian Mi- junction with a few other zealous indi
nisters in South Wales. viduals, engaged a large and commodioas The Quarterly Meeting of Unitarian
room for Unitarian worship, in White Ministers in South Wales was held at
Horse Court, High Street, Borough. This
was opened ou Sunday, April 14, when a Blaen-y-gwrach, on Thursday last. There was service at the Meeting-House on the Mr. DAVID EATON, from Psalm xcv. 6,
sermon was preached in the morning by preceding evening, when Mr. E. Lewis, a student in his last year at the Caermarthen and another in the evening, by the Rev.
to a congregation of about 130 persons, College, introduced, and Messrs. J. Jones, S. W. BROWNE, A.B., the minister of of Bridgend, and J. Thomas, of Pant-y-defaid, preached; the former from Acts
ii. Mogkwell Street, from John xiii. 7-9, 36; the latter from Eph. i. 7. On Thurs. has generously offered his gratuitous ser
to a very crowded audience, Mr. Browne day morning, Mr. J. Griffiths, of Llan- vices to the congregation for three months dy-fan, conducted the introductory part of the service; and J. James, of Gelli
on the Sunday evening. In this service onnen, preached from 1 Timn. iv. 8; and the Essex-Street Liturgy is used, sfty Mr. D. Davies, of Neath, in English, the Society by Mr. Agar, through the
copies of which have been presented to from John ix. 3. After concluding the kind offices of the Rev. T. BELSUAN, service with a prayer, an open conference --As the individuals who have opened took place, Mr. W. Williams, minister at the place, in the Chair. The subjects this chapel are, for the most part, in discussed were, Reason and Zeal in Mat
bumble circumstances, they respectfully ters of Religion ; what they are, and how solicit the aid of their Unitarian brethren, far useful. There were present about ten discharging the necessary expenses. They
and of the various Fellowship Funds, in preachers, and the audience, though not have consulted rigid prudence in the very numerous, was respectable and at- whole of their expenditure, and they contentive, and consisted of men of very scientiously believe, that, with the Divine different and opposite sentiments. The blessing, on which they rely, much good friends of Unitarianism seemed to be will result to the cause of Christian truth much pleased with what they had heard, and piety from their humble undertaking, and its opponents were perhaps in an equal degree dissatisfied; some of whom, of Mr. W. WOOD, Treasurer, 63, High
Auy further particulars may be learned the writer has been informed, expressed (though not publicly in the Meeting) their
Street, Borough. disapprobation, if not in the mildest, yet in very significant terms.
Eastern Unitarian Society. The summer's Quarterly Meeting is The Yearly Meeting of the Eastern united with the Annual Meeting of the Unitarian Society will be held at Diss, on Unitarian Society, which is to be held at Wednesday and Thursday, the 26th and
27th of Jme, when the vew chapel will dissolve the injunction which had been be opened. The Rev. Robert Aspland is granted in this case, to restrain the deexpected to preach.
fendant from printing, publishing and EDWARD TAYLOR, disposing of a book under the above
Secretary title. He stated, that Mr. Lawrence
was a professor of surgery, and lecturer The Annual Meeting of the Southern defendant was a respectable bookseller in
to the Royal College of Surgeous : the Unitarian Society will be held at New- the Strand. The injunction was granted port, Isle of Wight, on Wednesday July 24, 1822, when the Rev. J. B. Bristowe, in contention were delivered by the plain
on the ground of piracy, The Lectures of Ringwood, is expected to preach before the Society. Service to begiu at tiff, at the College of Surgeons, and he twelve o'clock.
afterwards printed them ; ihe defendant THOs. COOKE, Jun.
had put them together, and published
them in one volume, and this was the Secretary.
piracy complained of. What he (the
learned counsel) had to contend for was, Managers of the Society for the Re- that the plaintiff had no copyright in the
lief of the Necessitous Widows and work, for it was a publication denying Children of Protestant Dissenting Christianity and revelation, which was Ministers, deceased, for the year contrary to public policy and morality. 1822
He would not have his Lordship take it
on his ipse dixit that they were so, but Ebenezer Maitland, Esq., Clapham those Lectures had undergone criticism Common, Treasurer, William Ashlin, by persons in the habit of performing Esq., Belton Street, Long acre; the Rev. that duty; they were reprobated by the Joseph Barrett, Mecklenburgh Square ; writers of the Édinburgh Medical Review, Joseph Bradley, Esq., Clapham Common; the Quarterly Review, by the Lecturer on Joseph Bunnell, Esq., Southampton Row, Christianity in the University of Oxford, Bloomsbury; the Rev. John Clayton, and by the Rev. Mr. Whitfield, of Bath, Sen., Shore Place, Hackney; William
as being irreligious, and of such a tenBurls, Esq., Lothbury; James Collins, dency that public policy ought not to Esq., Spital Square; John Danford, Esq., tolerate them. The object of the publiAldgate; James Esdaile, Esq., Bunhill cation was to send out to the world the Row; James Gibson, Esq., Lime Street, doctrine, that when man dies, his soul Fenchurch Street; the Rev. Thomas dies with him; denying the immortality Griffin, Mile End Green ; Joseph Gut of the soul. He would admit that the teridge, Esq., Camberwell ; William Gill- Lectures were most ably and eloquently man, Esq., Bank Buildings, Cornhill; written, which only tended to give the George Hammond, Esq., Whitechapel; poison they contained greater influence Samuel Jackson, Esq., Hackney; William over weak minds. It was impossible that Marston, Esq., Eası-Street, Red Lion he could express his opinion of the misSquare; Joho Towill Rutt, Esq., Clap- chievous tendency of the Lectures better tou; John Rogers, Esq , Swithiu's Lane; than it was expressed in the Edinburgh Thomas Rogers, Esq., Clapham ; Josiah Medical Review—that they could not beRoberts, Esq., Terrace, Camberwell; lieve that the plaintiff would have atRobert Sangster, Esq., Denmark Hill
, tempted to have brought his pupils into a ditto ; Thomas Saville, Esq., Clapton ; state of total darkness; for what was the Benjamin Shaw, Esq., London Bridge doctrine of the plaintiff ?-that a man Foot ; James Smith, Esq., Hamper Mill, had no more soul than an oyster, or any Watford, Herts. ; Thomas Stiff, Esq., other fish or insect. The learned counsel New Street, Covent Garden ; William then quoted several passages from the Titford, Esq., Walworth; and Thomas Lectures, to prove, that the death of the Wilson, Esq., Highbury Place, Islington. soul was announced to them in as strong
terms as it could be pronounced ; it was
vo accidental doubt that was expressed LAW REPORT.
iu them, but it was a positive assertion, Court of Chancery, Lincoln's Inn, and read at the Royal College of SurMarch 23.
geons. He not only denied that the race Lawrence's Lectures on Physiology, of man sprang froin Adam and Eve, but
Zoology, and the Natural History in the deluge. Having called his Lord. of Man.
ship's attention to the passages, it would LAWRENCE v. SMITII.
be for him to decide whether the plaintiff Mr. Wetherell on Thursday moved to 'could have a copyright in such a work,