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quency, I think it necessary, in my own ficulties, and having come to the conjustification, to reprint the offensive let, clusion that no honest Christian miter or tract, under your cover, that the nister could have advised religious public may be enabled to decide between duplicity, he puts, itt a note, the folus. If to advise my poor neighbours, who lowing case : have every rariety of doctrine preached to them, to stick to their Bibles, to read
“ Instead of a layman coming to you, them with diligence and attention, and as Ordinary, for spiritual advice, suppose to judge for themselves in the important a minister under your pastoral care should concern of religion, be to lead them to have applied to you, and stated that, as Deism, then am I culpable; for this ad. he could find no such God as God the vice have I given them. In doing this, I Holy Ghost mentioned in the Bible, he have been guided by a wish to protect could not conscientiously continue his them at the same time from Infidelity ministration in the Church-would you aud the fashionable errors in religion. Í have advised him to consult the Articles, hope and trust that I am as far removed the Creeds, or the Homilies, or to stick from the former as you are, or can be ;
to the Bible and follow the dictates of and had I, with my opinions, and the his conscience ? high value I entertain for the Christian
“ This is not altogether an imaginary religion, written any thing that had a
statement. The Rev. Mr. Baring, a memtendency to impede its progress, it would ber of one of the most wealthy private be to me a cause of the most sincere and families in the kingdom, has lately relasting regret ; and I should justly deserve sigued his living in the Church on this your censure and execration, and that of very account.
He has made many conevery good and virtuous man. I assure
veris to his opinions, who, except rejectyou I place a high value upon the good ing the divinity and personality of the opinion of such, though I should be sorry Holy Ghost, retain, I believe, the other to obtain it by means rendering me, in doctrines of the Established Church. The my own estimation, unworthy of it.
same spirit of free inquiry may perhaps “ The good character I have main- lead him aud others to the conclusion, tained in the world, (for I will not be that God the Father is alone God; and guilty of the affectation of professing that that the Mediator between God and man I have no such character,) has, I believe, cannot in any sense be God himself; or been awarded me by some, in a great that the God and Father of Jesus Christ measure, in consequence of my regular caunot be Jesus Christ himself. If we attendance upon the ordinances of the are to dispense with the plain rules of Established Church. The small still voice grammar, of arithmetic, and of common of couscience has at all times whispered sense, in explaining the Holy Scriptures, to me, that, instead of deserving the they will become a mere dead letter." praise of others for this, I have merited Pp. 15, 16. their censure. Could they have read my This well-instructed layman asserts heart, they would have discovered that, the supremacy of the Scriptures. He instead of discharging my duty with Chris- says (p. 69) that Jesus Christ is by tian candour and sincerity, I was (in part his doctrine “ the same yesterday, toat least) acting with disingenuousness, not to say duplicity and deceit ; aud this day and for ever,” but that “
among not only towards man, but towards God: men, Jesus Christ is continually changinstead of serving him in spirit and in ing." For proof of this, he refers to truth—instead of endeavouring, by how the Peterborough Questions, which, nesty and plain dealing, to obtain his he adds, have been called “cobwebs favour, my conscience has told me that, for catching, Calvinists,” but which by attending a worship of which I disap: might, he thinks, be more properly proved, under the plausible excuse of denominated“ patent machines for setting a good example, and keeping up the manufacture of hypocrites, by a decent appearance, I was courting the wholesale, upon a new and improved unsatisfying approbation and countenance of the world, and rendering myself un
principle.” worthy of these, which I felt I enjoyed,
The Appendix contains, besides in some measure, in consequence of a
Capt. Thrush's Letter before-menfalse estimation of my character.”—Pp.
tioned, a reprint of the following 9-11.
pamphlet: “Remarks on the Atha
nasian Creed; on a Sermon preached Having treated the supposition of at the Parish Church of Deal, Oct. himself having taken the advice of 15, 1752; and on a Pamphlet, lately the Archdeacon in his theological dif- published, with the title, "Some Short
and Plain Arguments from Scripture, these texts are passed over in perfect evidently proving the Divinity of our silence, as much so as if they had no Saviour. In a Letter addressed to place in the sacred volume. the Rev. Mr. Randolph, Rector of
“ As the learned historian of Mrs. Deal. By a Lady.” This female pro- of trivial moment, has taken no notice
Carter, who has mentioned many things duction was occasioned by the suspen- of this letter, certainly no inconsequension of the Curate of St. George's tial one to the subject of the memoir, Chapel, Deal, Dr. Nicholas Carter, and merely alluded to the circumstance by his rector, Mr. Randolph, for of Dr. Carter's suspension, it affords some omitting to read the Athanasian Creed ground to suppose that either Mrs. Carin his chapel. The Sermon alluded ter or her sister, afterwards Mrs. Pento in the Lady's title-page, was pub- uington, the mother of the reverend biolished by Dr. Carter, from Matthew grapher, had written this letter; the lady xxii. 8—10, Againsi the Athanasian last mentioried, it is to be remarked, had Creed.* Of this conscientious divine, written on controversial subjects (see p. Dr. Herring, the Archbishop of Can- 6 of Mrs. Carter's Memoir). Either of terbury, says in a letter to William these ladies, no doubt, was qualified to Duncombe, Esq., dated Nov. 5, 1755, few women; and it is very natural to
write this letter, which is the case with -"Your friend Dr. Carter is griev- suppose that they would both feel a wish ously teazed by folks who call thein- to humble Mr. Randolph, the angenerous selves orthodox. I abhor every ten- enemy of their beloved father. That the dency to the Trinity controversy; the family regarded Mr. Randolph in that manner in which it is always managed light is evident from Dr. Carter's Letter is the disgrace and ruin of Christian- to that gentleman, prefixed to a Sermon ity.” Dr. Carter's name appears very which he preached at St. George's Chasuitably in our list of the Petitioning pel, in Deal, August 9th, 1752. The Clergy, in 1772. (Mon. Repos. XVII. probability that one of these ladies wrote 16, col. 1.) He is celebrated in our of Mrs. Carter's Memoir, where, among
this letter is strengthened by the perusal biographical histories as the father of that lady's correspondents and friends at the learned Mrs. Elizabeth Carter, that period, we find no one mentioned at and to this lady the Letter here re
all likely to write such a letter. As Mrs. published has been commonly attri- Carter (it is to be presumed) had left no buted. Her biographer and relation, letters or documents concerning this let. Mr. Montague Pennington, denies that ter, of so much consequence to her and she was the author, but admits that her family, her silence conveys a suspihe knows not who was : his theologi- cion that, if not the writer of it, she was cal bias may have disinclined him to not in ignorance on the subject. This give its full weight to the evidence of supposition receives strength from the its having proceeded from her pen. Mrs. Carter was living upon terms of
consideration that soon after this period On this disputed point, which some friendship and intimacy with the highest of our correspondents may enable us
diguitaries of the Church. The air of to clear up, Capt. Thrush says,
episcopal palaces has a wonderful effect “ The copy from which I reprint this in suppressing inquiries after religious letter was in the possession of the late truth. I by no means say this to cast Duke of Grafton at the time of his death, any imputation upon Mrs. Carter, whom and was marked in (I believe) the hand- I consider as a kind of superior being, writing of that nobleman as the produc- whose character cannot be affected either tion of Mrs. Carter. Her memoir, so far by praise or censure from my pen. But from throwing any light ou the subject, I think myself justified iu making the redoes not iu any way allude to this letter. mark, as it applies to characters in whose Of her ability to write such a letter no society the relations of Mrs. Carter would one can doubt ; and that her religious not be sorry to see her placed. Dr. Poropinions were not orthodox is to be in- teus, afterwards Bishop of London, Dr. ferred from her never once, in her Notes Yorke, afterwards Bishop of Ely, and Dr. on the New Testament, offering the Percy, subsequently (I believe) elevated slightest remarks on those texts which to the prelacy, were among the clergy are generally brought forward as decisive petitioning Parliament for relief in the proofs of the doctrine of the Trinity: all article of subscription; but, after breath
ing the air of episcopal palaces, they de
serted the cause in which they had before . So entitled in Letsome's Preacher's
embarked."-Note, pp. 5–7. Assistant, 8vo. 1753. Appendix, p. 283. Whoever was the author of this
pamphlet, it was well worth reprint- fathers formed no conception. Death not ing, and its being subjoined to Capt. only removes prejudiced individuals from Thrush's Letter increases the value of the world, but, by its apprehended aphis seasonable, temperate and interest- proach, frequently removes an individual's ing publication, which we dismiss with prejudices from himself. And, a man awaka cordial recommendation of it to our ing from the sleep of death, in new circumreaders.
stances, may have new feelings and see things in a very different light, as, in the morning, the intemperate look back with
regret on the last night's excess. This Art. IV. --The Wisdom and Goodness reasoning supports the pleasing idea, that
of God in the Appointment of Death. the world is, and will continue to be, insAn Essay on the Moral Benefits of proving: a fact as grateful to man as it is Death to Mankind. By David Ea hononrable to the moral goverument of ton. 12mo, pp. 48. Sold by the God."-Pp. 20, 21. Author, 187, High-Holborn. 1822. The following reflection, which E sensible author of this Essay proves itself equally to reason and
expresses his surprise that while piety, is happily expressed: so many volumes have been written * All things are so fitly adjusted, so on death, its “ moral benefits” have nicely balanced in due weight and meabeen so much overlooked. These he sure, by the Divine Architect, that, were accordingly states and reasons upon would produce settled gloom and melan.
the fear of death stronger than it is, it in this little publication. Some of his observations have been anticipated the innocent pleasures of life. If it were
choly, and destroy cheerfulness and all in Mr. Watson's “ Various Views of less awful and impressive, it would cease Death,” (Mon. Repos. XVI. 305,) but to produce that attention and those mowe know of no short treatise, drawn ral effects which now conduce so much up in a popular form, which contains to knowledge, virtue and happiness. Or, so much sound argument, enforcing a if we had no doubts and fears, if our faith rational preparation for death, or ad- were stronger and our hopes brighter, if ministering consolation under its be- we had clearer views of the glory and reavements.
felicity of heaven-our minds woald be In the following passage, the author 50 fixed and absorbed by the blissful appears to us to take a just view both scene, that we should undervalue our of human nature and the Divine dis- affairs would cease to influence us, and
present existence; this world and its pensations :
its most important duties and labours “ Men, as frail beings, naturally con- would be neglected; the moral economy tract in their journey through this world, of life would be at an end, and all those certain habits and opinions which, though active energies which now so much connot always absolutely wicked, are neither duce to the well-being of society, could wise, nor pure, nor liberal, nor just. And, not exist. How great is the wisdom and at a certain period of life, the mind be goodness of God! What a provision for comes so stationary and contracted, as happiness, by which the good man can almost to preclude the possibility of en- enjoy both this world and the next! largement; and the habits are so fixed, 'The light shineth, but not so brightly that scarcely any means are sufficient to as to oppress our vision, or to prevent, rectify or remove them. The whole his. in many instances, both doubts and fears, tory of man is decisive evidence of this which serve to inercase our vigilance and *truth. It is quite prorerbial to say, that inquiry ; yet the light of life is sufficiently use is second nature, that custom is a ty- strong to 'excite ardent hope and strong rant; we need only reflection and obser- desire, and to bear every wish above.*** vation to perceive that habit is indeed -Pp. 31, 32. invincible. But death, by withdrawing the aged, not only removes their infirmi- Eaton's Essay is entitled to a place
Upon the whole, we think that Mr. ties, but also their prejudices, their ignorance and their faults ; and younger amongst those publications on pracminds, more pure, docile and 'ardent, tical religion which the Unitarian Asprofit by their errors and discoveries, and sociations are accustomed to intermix, make those moral and intellectual attain- in their lists of works for distribution, ments and improvements of which their with doctrinal and controversial pieces.
NEW PUBLICATIONS IN THEOLOGY
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The Works of James Arminius, D.D., Pancras Chapel, Devon. 2 vols. 8vo. formerly Professor of Divinity in the Il. ls. Uuiversity of Leyden. Translated from Letters on Prejudice, 2 vols. 8vo. the Latin. With an Account of his Life Vol. I. In which the Nature, Causes and Character, and of the Eventful Pe- and Consequences of Prejudice in Reliriod in which he lived. Parts I. and II. gion are considered, with an applicatiou 8vo. 43. each, sewed.
to the Present Times. Vol. 11. On the The whole Works of the Right Rev. Influence of Prejudice, as connected with Jeremy Taylor, D. D., Bishop of Down the General Estimate of the Pulpit Divi. and Connor; with a Life of the Author nity of the last Century. £1. 18. and a Critical Examination of his Writ- Proofs of Ispiration; or, The Grounds ings. By Reginald Heber, A.M. 15 vols. of Distinction between the New Testa8vo. £9.
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A Letter on the reputed Immatcriality