Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

prescribing an unchangeable model of splendidly presented to the world, faith, seems to keep her children at their wonder-working powers every the greatest possible distance from the day attracted greater notice, and the dangers of infidelity. This we believe fame of their cures spread far and to have been the case with the pious wide, so that on the Prince's arrival, Count Stolberg, whose conversion was in January 1821, at Eichstädt, the the subject of a controversy which whole country for fifty miles round filled the German newspapers and was in commotion, and the roads periodical publications about two years were covered with patients afflicted sinee; and the same motive appears with various maladies, travelling on to have influenced a descendant of the foot and on horseback, in carriages celebrated Haller, who has lately and sledges, to be healed. Two illuspublished an account of his secession trious personages were said to have from the Reformed Church of Swit- been cured, the Princess of Schwarzerland to Popery. Others, like Fre- zenburg, and the Crown Prince of deric Schlegel, (if

indeed his conversion Bavaria, the former of debility in the is not to be attributed to the baser limbs, the latter of a deafness which motive of worldly ambition, being had afflicted him from his childhood. men of taste and poetical feeling, find Hitherto the cures had been performed Protestantism too modern, cold and by prayer and exorcism, between the naked for them, and exchange it for party desiring relief and Michel and the pomp, magnificence and antiquity the Prince; the police of Bamberg of Popery. The vulgar, meanwhile, and Würzburg now interfered, very are assailed by their credulity, and an wisely not to forbid that any more attempt has been recently made to miracles should be wrought, but to revive the scenes exhibited at the prohibit secret proceedings between the tomb of Abbé Paris, in the South of workers of them and the patients, and Germany, which, perhaps, only needed to require that what was done should a violent interference of government take place openly, and in the presence to produce a delusion equally extensive of scientific men. On June 28, 1821, and extravagant. The principal actors accordingly the experiment was tried in this affair are a peasant of the name on twenty patients in the Julius hosof Martin Michel, of Unterwittig- pital at Würzburg, but without the hausen, in the grand duchy of Baden, smallest success, as is attested by a and an ecclesiastic of high rank, the protocol regularly drawn up, although Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe Schil- the faith of the common people was lingsfürst. Michel appears to have so strong that every one of them was recovered from some disorder, as he believed to have been cured. At believed, by prayer, and afterwards Bamberg a commission was appointed to have applied the same remedy with for the purpose of investigating the the same success to other afflicted reality of the alleged cures; the Prince persons, till his fame spreading through tried his gifts in their presence, upon the neighbourhood, he was persuaded a number of sick persons, without any by the priests to consider his miracu- effect; and as reports continued to be lous power as a proof of the divine spread of miracles wrought by him in authority of the Catholic Church, and private families, each of these cases as a manifestation of Divine power, was separately inquired into, and the designed for the seasonable purpose result was, that in none of them did of convincing the world that this any cure appear to have been effected. Church alone inherited the gifts of Of course the failures were all attrihealing promised to the apostles. The buted to want of faith, and those Pirince of Hohenlohe, a very young whom he could not heal, the Prince man, at the present time, we believe, exhorted to come again, after connot 28 years of age, residing in his fession and communion, with their neighbourhood, and having, it should minds in a better frame. The two seem by his own account, discovered cases which have excited the most his own prayers to possess a similar attention, those of the Princess of virtue, and being equally zealous for Schwarzenburg, and the Crown Prince the glory of the Catholic Church, was of Bavaria, when the circumstances na.turally led to join his operations are carefully examined, will appear to with those of Michel Martin. Thus be any thing but miraculous. The VOL. XVII.

3 F

[graphic]

Princess, according to the testimony a consistory, which, no doubt, will of her medical attendant, Heine, had hold its first sitting on the Grecian been making progress iowards the Kalends. This affair, absurd as it recovery of the power of walking, may seem to us, has excited very and he had announced to her con- great attention in Germany, from the nexions his hopes that her cure would attempt made to connect the miracles soon he completed. In this state of of the Prince and Michel with the things Martin Michel is introduced to claims of the Catholic Church. The her, prays over her with great fervour, review of the pamphlets occasioned by raises her mind to a state of high it fills 35 pages in the Jenaische Allgeexcitement, produces that confidence meine Litteratur-Zeitung of March in her own power which medical men this year, from which the facts above know is in such cases alone wanting to related have been extracted. Among accoinplish the effect, commands her them are discourses preached by Amto walk,-she makes the experiment, mon at Dresden, and Bretschneider at and finds that she can do so. The deaf. Gotha, both men of great consideraness of the Crown Prince of Bavaria tion among the Saxon theologians, had been only a hardness of hearing, and who would hardly have troubled and though, by his own testimony, their audiences upon such a subject, he heard a great deal better after the had not the reported miracles made a prayers of Prince Alexander than considerable impression, even in their before, he confesses that he still hears comparatively distant sphere. much worse than other people. It We see no reason for charging the remains to be seen too, whether even principal agents in this transaction this partial amendment will be per- with any wilful fraud. Michel appears manent.

to be an ignorant enthusiastic peasant, The caution with which the Court who had been led by some accidental of Rome proceeded in respect to this circumstances, to attribute a peculiar affair, appears at first sight extraor- virtue to his own intercessions, and dinary. The letter addressed to the was persuaded by the priests to conVicar-General, Baron von Gross, at sider himself as a living proof of the Bamberg, is to the following effect : apostolical tradition of the gift of “We have heard with pleasure of the healing in the true Church. Neither wonderful cures accomplished by the he nor the Prince appears to have prayers of our beloved son, Prince derived emolument from their miraAlexander of Hohenlohe, and exhort culous powers, or to have practised him to continue them, avoiding, how- any collusion with the persons alleged ever, all noisy, publicity, lest that to have been benefited by them. In which is holy be made the object of this, as in all the cases of similar idle curiosity or ridicule. We expect popular delusion, there can be no from the Vicar-General an exact and doubt that real benefit has been derived faithful account of the most important by some persons whose disorders have of these cures, corroborated by testi. been of such a nature that lively exmony on oath, and we will then sum- citement and strong agitation were mion a special consistory, which, after calculated to be useful to them. The strict examination, shall decide whe- German Thaumaturgi will serve to ther they really hear the character of furnish an additional chapter to Dougmiracles.” 'Papal infallibility was not las's Criterion. Their fame seems wont in former days to wait for affi- already to be dying fast away. In davits in order to pronounce its de- the Frankfort Journal of Oct. 6, 1821, crees ; but the reason of this cautions Michel gives notice that he is going procoeling is evident. The letter was on a journey for an indefinite time, received on September 8; on June 28 and shall not be able to receive the the Prince had failed in his attempts visits of those who had announced to cure the patients in the hospital: their intention of coming to him. The no doubt this fact was known at Rome Prince on the 15th of the same month, when the rescript was drawn up, and declares by the same channel, “ that it is, therefore, with consummate pru- his professional duties and the weak đence that he is exhorted to avoid state of his health compel him to noisy, publicity, and that the final decline the visits of those who meant decision on his miracles is referred to to apply to him.” This illness of the universal healer reminds us of what is “ For some time previously to the

cure, said to have happened to Von Feinagle, Miss O'Connor had left of the use of of artificial memory, when in this medicine. On May 2, however, she was country. Having lost a bank note, he visited by Dr. Badley, of Chelmsford, and applied to the police to assist him in Mr. Barlow, a surgeon of Writtle, who recovering it, and on being told that it to be in as bad a state as they had ever

both examined her arm, and pronounced it was necessary they should know the

seen it; the wrist measured 15 inches number, he was compelled to confess

round. They both visited her again that he had forgotten it. Nec

pro- shortly after the sudden cure, expressed sunt domino quæ prosunt omnibus their astovishmeut at the change they artes !”

witnessed, and attributed it to the inter

K. vention of Divine power and goodness. [Prince Hohenlohe's miracles are

Dr. Badley, in a letter dated May 24,

which he wrote to a gentlemen on the not, it seems, confined to Germany, or subject, observes in conclusion, This, to his own presence. The Catholic my dear Sir, battles all reasoning. What Miscellany, a magazine recently esta

cau we say ? Nothing; but bow in silent blished for the support of the doctrines wonder and admiration ; or burst out with of the Church of Rome, contains in the poet-These are thy wonderous works, the number just published the follow- Parent of good ! Almighty!"". ing account of a supernatural cure, The same magazine thus announces effected by the Prince's means, in En- the Catholic conversions in Germany, gland :

to which our correspondent has al. “ Miss BARBARA O'Connor, aged 29 luded: ycars, a choir nun of the community of English ladies formerly established at “ During the present year two foreignLeeds, but now residing at New Hall, ers, named John Christopher Rous and near Chelmsford, Essex, was attacked in Thomas Watts, made abjuration of ProNovember 1820, with a malady in her testantism in the church of St. Nicholas right arm, accompanied by excruciating of Chardonnet; and also two English pain. In the December following, she gentlemen, who have received contirmalost the entire use of her hand and arm, tion in a private chapel. Other great so that she could not move a finger. examples are daily occurring; the learned Recourse was had to medical art, and as well as the simple have opened their the most distinguished practitioners were eyes to the truth; pastors, men of letters, employed, particularly Mr. Carpue, of professors and magistrates have returned London, to restore the afflicted limb, but to the bosom of the Catholic Church. A without effect. From December 23, 1820, distinguished professor of Lausanne was till the 3rd of last May, the pain continued lately employed to answer Mr. Haller; without intermission, and the limb para- this task obliged him to read controversy, lytic, though the swelling was at times and the result was his conviction of the reduced by the application of medicine. truth of Catholic doctrines, and his reOu the 5th of March last, Prince HOHEN. nunciation of error. He has since enLOHE was applied to by letter, who, in tered among the Jesuits at Fribourg," reply, dated Bamberg, March 16, gave

ED] notice that he would offer up mass for the afflicted sister on May 3, at eight o'clock, and invoke for her the sacred name of

Sir, Jesus. The invalid made a retreat and

(R. YATES infers, (p. 292,) that a nine days' devotion, and prepared herself my own view of the construcby a general confession. On the same

tion of the words of I Cor. i. 2, oyy day, at the same hour, mass was likewise τους επικαλεμενους το ονομα το celebrated by the chaplain of the convent, Kupie juwy Ince Xp158 EY TAYTI TOTY, and all the sisters communicated. At is not clear; because, as he supposes, twenty minutes past eight, as the priest I have offered no less than five difwas beginning to read the last gospel, ferent translations of them : this is a Miss O'Connor felt a powerful emotion ; she heard a sudden crack in her right is merely verbal, for the sense is iden

mistaken supposition : the difference shoulder, from which a thrilling sensation darted to the ends of her fingers, the pain vertible! This may be elucidated by

tically the same. The terms are coninstantly ceased, and motion was as simultaneously restored to both her arm

a reference to Dr. Clarke: Scripture and hand, the free use of which she con- Doctrine of the Trinity, Works, IV. 73, tinues to enjoy to this day.

No: 691, where he notices that James

M

[ocr errors]

ii. 7, "that worthy name by which ye the formula before us, and feel no are called,” is literally, “'which was doubt as to its bearing and import, I called upon you” or over you,” TO have at least the countenance of better ETIKĀNO Eyep únars, and observes, that scholars than myself. the mode of expression is the same as Mr. Yates, in support of his hypoin Acts xv. 17: “All the Gentiles thesis, that this is one of the diffiupon whom my name is called :” this culties left in revelation for the purlatter text might, therefore, be equally pose of inculcating humility and canwell rendered, “who are called by my dour," quotes a passage from the name.”

Trinitarian translators of the Bible, The competency of Wakefield, as a importing that "it has pleased God, scholar, to decide on the meaning of in his divine providence, here and there an idiom used by Jewish writers who to scatter words and sentences of diftiwrote in Greek, was by me taken for culty and doubtfulness :” that “ feargranted, and I did not conceive it in- fulness would therefore better beseem cumbent on me to furnish the proofs us than confidence, and that, if we of the accuracy of his opinion. will resolve, we should resolve upon

Wakefield renders Acts ix. 14,“ to modesty." bind all that call themselves by thy Now, Sir, I, for my part, cannot name;" which is equivalent in sense, understand the modesty which hesithough a little varied in phrase, with tates when all is at stake. Paul speaks his rendering of 1 Cor. i. 2, " that of “great boldness in the faith ;” and take upon themselves the name of our he who, through modesty, doubts wheLord Jesus Christ.” For this usage ther Christ may not have been invoof etika hequal, in the middle or reci- cated in prayer, in opposition to his procal sense, he has Schleusner's au

own express contrary command, John thority. Hammond, with whom Locke xvi. 23, may, through the same moagrees, says, ETIKETE ai ovoua is desty, hesitate whether he ought not

to be called by the name of Jesus to acknowledge that the sacramental Christ as by a surname; marking the bread is Christ's body. There is an peculiar union which subsists between end of all critical discussion or inus and Christ, as of a spouse with her quiry, and there remains only an orhusband, or as of a slave with his thodox "

prostration of the undermaster, who is also called by his mas- standing." ter's name." Whether we adopt the The extract from the preface to the passive or middle sense, the words Bible assumes what I am by no means still convey the same meaning; for, as disposed to grant, the plenary inspiraSchleusner remarks," the formulary tion of the Sacred Records. If God ETUKANEC Bar oyoua Tivos, signifies uni- scattered, through the written Gospels, versally, to profess some certain words and sentences of difficulty and person's religion.” I cannot, there- doubtfulness,” God by his immediate fore, agree with Mr. Yates, that the spirit superintended and dictated the difference in the middle or passive use writing : 'and when Paul desired that of the verb is at all material.

“ the cloak and parchments which he Among the various senses enume. left behind him at Troas might be sent rated by Dr. Clarke, (Scrip. Doct. No. to him,” it may be contended, as, in 691,) in which this phrase is used, fact, it has been contended, that the only one implies direct invocation: sentence was designed to include some Acts vii. 59, when Stephen, who sees meaning of mysterious instruction. Jesus present with him in a vision, But, Sir, as the evangelical and aposcalls upon him “ to receive his spirit:" tolical writers lay no elaim to any such but Hammond, speaking of the use of supernatural aid, as they specially the word generally in the New Tes- note it when afforded, and cautiously tament, says expressly, “Etikaherla disclaim it where it might unistakenly signifies to be named (or surnamed); be conceived that they wrote under its Matt. x. 3; Luke xxii. 3; Acts i. 23, direction, the notion of literal inspiraiv. 36, and in other places, in which tion falls to the ground, and with it it has a passive, not an active, signi- that of dark phrases and dubious fication."

meanings, purposely inserted to try Thus, Sir, if I see no difficulty in our faith or exercise our churity. The phrase in question, from its frequent in prayer : but the effect of his conoccurrence, appears to have been a cessions is to make it appear so, and common, and therefore well under- to lend additional weight to the argustood form of expression : it occurs ment in favour of such invocation. usually in the course of historical

SERVETUS. narrative, where the writer is simply stating a fact, or designating a class P.S. The friends of Unitarian truth or profession of persons, and where will, I dare say, feel their obligation those who “ profess the name of to Mr. Yates for his having so promptly Christ,” or the simple term " Chris- acceded to the suggestion of your cortians," would have equally well com- respondent Proselytus : will the auported with the drift of the passage, thor of “the Sequel,” allow me to That such was really its import, and hint a hope that the new edition will that it was a Hebraism in common be printed of a uniform size with the use, has been shewn from the instances “Vindication," in order that they who already adduced, and is further prov. possess the latter may be enabled to ed from Deuteron. xxviii. 10: “And bind them in one volume? all people of the earth shall see that thou art called by the name of the Rebuke of Intolerance in America. Lord 2” οψονται σε παντα τα εθνη της γης, ότι το ονομα Κυριε επικεκληται σοι· A

has sent us the following extract that the name of the Lord has been called upon thee. The sense of cog- Mr. Walsh, the American traveller

from an American paper, edited by nominor to ETIKahouas is common

and political writer. “Being himself both in Xenophon and Lucian : but it is, I think, more to the purpose to

a zealous Catholic,” (says our correappeal to the collateral authorities in spondent,) his testimony in favour of the writers of the Jewish and Christian the Unitarians in America is particuScriptures than to those in profane the bigotry of Dr. Mason the more

larly valuable, and his exposure of authors, whose use of the term would

striking. Dr. Mason when here, I not be conclusive as to the use of it by a Jewish writer of Greek. The think, published a Plea for Catholic

Communion : but it seems his Cathoconjunction of erikadequas with orques licism is particular, as I think Tillotin a sense of religious subjection or

son observes of Roman Catholics." allegiance, is an idiom, which seems to have been imported into the Greek

INTOLERANCE. language from that of the Hebrews; Dr. MASON, President of Carlisle Coland to have been adopted by the apos. lege, delivered an animated address to tles from the Greek Septuagint. the Legislature of Pennsylvania, on the

The several passages, which I con- occupation of the new State Capitol at sider as proofs of the sense which the Harrisburg. Some phrases, such as “veapostles intended to convey, being nerable hearers," " friends and fathers," equivalent to Christian profession, are applied to the legislature, give rather

a grotesque air to the composition, but, not new to Mr. Yates, for he has him.

on the whole, it was well adapted to self quoted and arranged them with the occurrence, and is marked by excelgreat perspicuity and effect in his lent doctrine. The following passage * Vindication, p: 225.". I cannot dis- deserved all the attention and reflection guise my astonishment that, having of his auditors. brought them to bear with such com- The first great question with all plete success against the display of earthly legislators should be, not what is texts adduced by Mr. Wardlaw in de popular, but what is right, making the fence of the idolatrous worship of Je point of popularity to be at all times sus of Nazareth, he should still pro- subordinate to the point of integrity, fess that he is in a state of uncertainty: having always a distinct reference to the and that he should have weakened the presence and the commandment of our inforce of this part of his Vindication, where all is authority on one side, and

finite Judge. We are here upon ground by such previous adniissions. I do all ought to be obedience on the other. not apprehend that Mr. Yates means The divine law admits of no compromise : to allow, that if the sense of “ taking and the legislation which does not proChrist's-name” be found inadmissible, ceed upon this principle, I must take it will follow that Christ was invocated leave to say, is rotten : and, as it disre.

« AnteriorContinuar »