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friend (Lord Liverpool) had called upon upon a King or upon a placeman, was inthose Lords who on former occasions had tended for the good of the people. The peobeen the friends of the general measure, ple had said that they could not with any to consider whether any advantage could security or confidence intrust their interbe derived to it from the success of this; ests to a Catholic. When, therefore, a. now he, as one of those who had always monarch became a Catholic, they said, he been favourable to the concession of the shall no longer be our King; he shall forCatholic claims, believed that from pass- feit by his conversion his right to the ing this Bill, the greatest of all benefits throne, and another shall take his place. wonld accrue to the country-the benefit But the people who said this in the case of doing justice. In comparison with this, of the King, had not so decided in respect he set at nought all which they had heard to the excluded Peers, for whose admisin the way of precedent and authority; sion into Parliament the Bill was introall the statements and documents which duced. They had not destroyed, they had had been quoted; all the penal enact- only suspended their rights. They did ments for which the Statute-Book had not pass a bill of attainder against them, been referred to, whether these enact- and deprive them of their property and ments were contained in this or that form rank; they only said in certain circumof words. His answer to all this was, stances it was not expedient that they “ Be just, and fear not." His noble and should exercise their legislative functions. learned friend (Lord Chancellor) had The nation, therefore, which passed the asked, how they could ever infringe upon Act excluding the Peers, without attaintthe law so much as to admit these Catho- ing their blood or transferring their prilic Peers into their House? But where vileges to others for being Catholics, and was the law which excluded them? No which deprived the King of his throne for such law every passed. It never could being so, intended to treat differently the have entered into the mind of man to religious opinions of the Sovereign and pass one of the kind. Admitted they the Peer, and meant to suspend, not to might still be; but their admission would annul, the privileges of the latter." be accompanied by certain tests which On a Division, the numbers were on the perjury and iniquity had caused to be im- motion for the second reading, posed upon them-tests which were re

Contents, quired to be taken in those times when Present 80, Proxies 49—129. various other restraints, disabilities, and

Not. Contents, penalties operated on the Roman Catho Present 97, Proxies 74–171. lic community, and tests so repugnant to

Majority 42. the spirit of their faith, that no one would Of the Bishops, only the Bishop of dare to propose them to a Roman Catho- Norwich voted for the Bill; two Archlic. His Lordship concluded an able and bishops and twenty-two Bishops voted impressive speech by declaring, that this against it. was a question of right to he done, which their Lordships had too long delayed to HOUSE OF COMMONS, JUNE 21. do; and that it was because the question : had been treated as one of mere expedi

Religious Instruction of Capital Conency instead of one of distributive justice,

victs. that he had stated the grounds of his sup In the Committee on the Prison Laws' porting the Bill so much at length. : Consolidation Bill, an amendment, moved

Lord REDESDALE contended that the by Dr. LUSHINGTON, was adopted, after legislature had the same right to exclude considerable conversation, allowing to Peers from the House of Lords, as to every prisoner under sentence of death exclude private persons (being Catholics) the 'visits and spiritual assistance of a from the House of Commons. One of Dissenting minister, whatever his religious the first duties of the legislature was persuasion. to protect the state-religion. With the question, neither right nor justice had any

JUNE 24. thing to do. If the present measure was carried, the Protestant establishment of m

# Influence of the Crown by means of

uence Ireland must fall.

the Church. Lord HOLLAND concluded the debate In the debate on the “ Influence of with an admirable speech, in which he the Crown," when Mr. BROUGHAM's Retore in pieces the sophistry by which the solution (introduced by a splendid speech) Bill had been opposed, and ridiculed most was lost by a majority of 216 to 101, successfully the fears of its enemies. He Mr. H. G. BENNETT made the following, ended with the following observation, amongst other striking observations : which he thought very material to the “ Another point of view in which it was question : ! All power, whether conferred not possible to avoid putting the question

of the influence of the Crown, was its The Abbé TESSIER has published a influence through the Church. That re- retractation, addressed to the Bishop of verend body always, perhaps from good Mans, in which he declares, that after motives, went with the Crown, even in thirty years of errors he renounces the matters to which it should seem difficult oaths he has taken, and he regrets barfor any persons, having religious feelings, ing been ordained by the constitutional to follow it. Not speaking of the esta. Bishop of Sarthe. He further deplores blishment of Ireland, where the nobility two marriages he successively contracted; parcelled out the lands of the kingdom he detests the faults which followed this among the younger branches of their forgetfulness of his state, and begs the families, under the names of bishops and Bishop to receive his repentance, and to archbishops--where there was a church give this representatiou all the publicity of 500,000 Protestants with a body of possible. ecclesiastics richer even than those of Spain had been-a body of ecclesiastics

GERMANY. having less to do and more to receive

A circumstance which has lately occur. than any in the world. There were in

red in Brunswick gives the people of that England alone in the gift of the Crown,

state additional reason to regret their 2 archbishopricks, 24 bishopricks, 38

temporary subjection to the King of Handeaneries, 46 prebends and 1020 livings.

over. M. de WETTE, a celebrated thesHe would ask whether the gift of this

logian of Germany, held a professorship enormous patronage had not necessarily

in a Prussian University at the time kot. an immense effect on the country?"

zebue was assassinated by Sandt, and

having written a letter of condolence to JULY 24.

the mother of Sandt, (who, we beliere, Ancient British Histories.

had been his pupil, he was forced in THE CHANCELLOR of the ExchEQUER consequence to resign his situation. The proposed an address to His Majesty, re- people of the town of Brunswick haring presenting the defective state of the an- the right to elect their own clergy, and cient history of the kingdom, and suggest entertaining, in common with the rest of ing that an edition, published under royal their countrymen, the greatest regard and authority, would be most honourable to esteem for M. de Wette, on the occasion his reign and most useful in furthering of a late vacancy in one of their churches, the general dissemination of knowledge; chose M. de Wette to fill it. Knowing further praying directions for the publi- the state of destitution in which he was, cation of such an edition, and assuring and his inability to provide himself with His Majesty that Parliament would pro- what his establishment would demand, vide for the expense. Sir James MACK with a spirit and feeling which reflects INTOSH applauded the motion, and re. the highest honour on them, they detercom

ded Dr. Petrie. Keeper of the mined to furnish his house and supply Records at the Tower, as an individual him with whatever else might he neces well qualified, by a life of study, to per. sary to enable him to appear among them form the work in question. The Reso in such a manuer as his station rendered lution was unanimously agreed to. necessary, and a general contribution was

Same day, on the third reading of the immediately begun, in which some gare LOTTERY Bill, the House divided, when money, others such articles as they could the numbers were, For it, 32. Against spare, and in which all, from the highest it, 11. Majority, 21.

to the lowest, eagerly participated. To their great astonishment, however, when

all this was done, an interdict was issued FOREIGN.

by the Government which refused to raFRANCE.

tify the election of M. de Wette. FortoThe Clerical Almanack of France, for nately for him, he received immediately 1822, states the number of priests in afterwards, a call to one of the churches actual employment to be 35,286, of whom of Bern, in Switzerland. The mean and 14,870 are above 60 years of age : 4,156 vindictive spirit displayed on this occasion have been ordained during the last year. has, however, excited a very indignant

feeling througbout the north of GerCarnot is living in a very retired man- many. - Times, July 20. ner near Magdeburg. He is engaged, it is said, in composing a work, entitled A law has been passed in the Duchy “ Historical Memoirs of the French Re- of Baden, granting to the Catholic clergy volution, and the Events of the last Thirty the same allowance for their maintenance Years."

heretofore enjoyed by the Protestant.

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ITALY.

(From the National Intelligencer.) Rome.-His Holiness having recovered Washington, Wednesday, June 12. from his illness, gave his apostolical be

Agreeably to the previous arrangenediction to the people on Whitsunday, and exhorted the faithful to engage them

ments, and the public notice given of selves in such a manner as would enable

them, the First Unitarian Church of the

City of Washington was opened and dedi. them to gain the benefit of the indulgence. Two cardinal deacons published the in

cated on Sunday last, the 9th instant.

The dedication sermon was preached in dulgence. The people were rejoiced to see the Holy Father in a state to perform

the forenoon, to a large audience, by the

Rey, Robert Little, Minister of the conthis act of piety.-lo all the churches in this capital, consecrated to the blessed

gregation, followed by a sermon in the Virgin, a new feast instituted by his Ho

afternoon, by the Rer. Mr. Eddoves, of liness since his release from captivity, has

Philadelphia; both services were accombeen celebrated under the title of Anni

panied by a number of fine pieces of lium Christianorum.- Catholic Miscel.

sacred music, performed by the strongest and finest choir we have ever heard in this city. The opening of this church is interesting to our community generally,

inasmuch as it adds a very handsome imSWEDEN.

provement to our city. The design of the Colonel GUSTAVSON, the Ex-King of edifice was farnished by Charles Bulfinch, Sweden, las for some time past applied Esq., Architect of the Capitol, and it is himself to philosophical studies. He has certainly highly creditable to his taste just published a work at Frankfort, but and judgment. The unfinished tower on not for sale ; it is distributed gratis, by the south end, we understand, is to be the illustrious author, to the amateurs of surmounted by a cupola and bell, and, arts and sciences. It is written in the when that shall be completed, we quesFrench language, and is dedicated to the tion whether there will be in the Union Royal Academy of Arts at Norway. It another building, uniting so much archiis entitled, “ Reflections upon the Phe. tectural elegance, within and without, nomenon, the Aurora Borealis, and its with so little cost. The present Minister Relation with the Diurnal Movement." of the Society, the Rev. Mr. Little, we The journals of Hamburgh announce the understand, was recently pastor of the arrival of several copies of the work at Unitarian Church at Gainsborough, LinStockholm, where they are now trang. colnshire, England. . lating it into the Swedish language.

(From the Washington Gazette.) UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Dedication of the first Unitarian Church,

in the City of Washington, June 9th, Opening of Unitarian Church, at 1822. Washington.

Service commenced with singing the We have received with high satisfac- One Hundredth Psalm, that sublime hymn tion the following accounts of the opening of praise which has for three thousand of the First Unitarian Church in the ca- years expressed the devotion of the worpital of the United States. They are shipers of the Supreme First Cause. A from newspapers in opposite interests, part of Solomon's address at the dedica“ The slight difference in the two state. tion of the Temple was read, and the ments, (says our American correspondent,) whole of Paul's inimitable discourse to may shew how hostile politicians in this the Athenians on the Unity and Spiritucountry feel nearly the same disposition ality of God and the great object of the towards Unitarianism." He adds, “ Al Christian dispensation. though there are ten other places of wor- The well-known hymn, “ Before Jeboship in our city, the sound of the church. vab's awful throne," was sung with migoing bell' will, we expect, be first heard sical accompaniments in five style by a from the Unitarian steeple; and the Cam select choir, chiefly from the congregatholics and Episcopalians follow us as tion. soon as they can. O! strange reverse of After prayers, Mr. L. preached from European etiquette.-Will no Herculean 2 Chron. xxxi. 20,21 : “Thus did Hezearm sustain the fainting cause of Ortho. kiah throughout all Judah, and wronght doxy!'"-A drawing of the front eleva- that which was good and right and truth tion of the Washington Unitarian Church before the Lord his God. And in every is said to have been sent us, but is not work that he began in the service of the yet received. ED.

House of God-he did it with all his heart and prospered." During the sermon, Mr. In this time of terrible mental darkness L., in a solemn and impressive manner, rose John Knox, Martin Luther and John dedicated the building to the service of Calvin, who from their bold characters the One Living and True God.

and convincing reasoning effected a com. The service concluded with the admired paratively great reformation in the Church, anthem, “ Strike the cymbals," &c. considering the age in which they lived;

In the evening, after prayers and but much remaius yet to be done before hymns, Mr. Eddowes, of Philadelphia, all the rubbish which the bigots of the preached from John v. 23: “ That all dark had heaped on the fair Christian men should honour the Son even as they fabric, can be entirely removed. A corhonour the Father;"-convincingly shew- rect translation of the Bible, with the ing from the Scriptures what kind of light of increasing science, he recomhonour is due to the Saviour as the Mes. mended as the best means of bringing senger of God to men; and what supreme back the Christian Church to its original worship and homage are reserved exclu- simple state, as iu the days of the Apossively for the Father who sent him. tles.

The evening service closed with the With regard to the musical performanthem, “ Grateful notes and solemn ances, they were seldom if ever equalled praise," &c.

in this city on a similar occasion; and To speak of the discourse of the Rev. though all the performers deserve praise, Mr. Little as it deserves, would not fail yet much of the credit is due to the esto be accounted flattery : the prominent cellent arrangement made for that purfeatures of it were calculated to shew pose by Mr. P. Mauro of this place. that the Christian religion, like the Jewish The building was erected under the in the days of Hezekiah, had been grossly superintendence of Mr. Bulfinch, Archicorrupted and perverted in almost all re- tect of the Capitol : it is spacious, con spects: the objects of divine worship had venient, well lighted, airy, with a handbeen greatly multiplied: the idea of one some ceiling, and reflects much credit an holy, just and good God almost oblite him and on the Committee, who in so rated from the Christian world : and a able and skilful a manner procured the system of corrupt, priestly government, funds for completing this expensive but where every crime might have been com- excellent and useful undertaking. muted for wealth, substituted instead of the divine morality taught by Jesus Christ.

CORRESPONDENCE.

Communications have been received from Messrs. Thomas Foster and F. Boardman; from Mrs. Hughes ; and from H. W.; Amicus; K. 7. a.; Philalethes ; and S. C.

“A Female Correspondent" will, we expect, receive a practical answer to her inquiry in the next Number, when we hope to be able to insert some account of the proceedings of the “ Protestant Society."

A. Vi's paper is returned according to his directions.

MUSIC PLATE in the last Vumber. Through an inadvertence in the Engraving of the Music in the last number, it was omitted to be stated that it was composed by a LADY for the Hyne by Mr. BOWRING, inserted p. 372, and sung at the Unitarian Fund Anniversary in Parliament-Court Chapel, May 29th.

ERRATA.

Page 360, col. 2, last line but one, dele his.
Page 361, col. 1, line 4, for “ regular," read irregular.

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Unitarianism in the United States of America. . A SENSIBLE and candid corre- at Portland last Sunday, that another A spondent has contributed to The congregation was established there, Christian Observer some letters from and that the legislature of the newlyAmerica. One of these gives an ac. elected State of Maine, who were then count of the lamentable spread of sitting, were debating on a bill which Unitarianism in the United States. would have a tendency, (if, indeed, it Coming from a Trinitarian, we esteem were not one of its immediate obit in several respects valuable, and jects,) to favour the extension of Unijudge that our readers will be pleased tarian sentiments. The sermon of to have it laid before them. It is ver- the minister of the Episcopal Church batim as follows:

which I attended, was on the duty of Salem, Feb. 24, 1821. contending for the faith once deli. In my last, after giving you, I vered to the saints,' and had a specific think, what you would consider an reference to this bill. As Unitarian encouraging picture of the present sentiments became more general, they state, and still more so of the future were gradually avowed with less reprospects, of religion in this country, serve; yet the pulpits of many minis. I expressed my regret that Unitarian ters who were supposed to have imism had acquired so much influence, bibed them, gave no evidence of the and promised to say more on the sub fact, except that of omissions. This ject in my next. From all I can learn, at length brought upon them the it appears that Unitarian opinions charge of insincerity from their more have been entertained in New England orthodox brethren.' The imputation for fifty years at least, and perhaps was repelled with warmth; and the much longer. Generally speaking, public were left in great doubt as to however, they were not very openly the precise sentiments of many of avowed, till much more recently; their pastors. Dr. Morse, who had some of those who held them con- been the most prominent of those who cealing their sentiments because they publicly manifested their regret at the were unpopular,-others, because they defection of their brethren from the felt indifferent about them, and common faith, was accused of inisreothers, more reflecting and philoso- presentation; and the most candid phical, because they conceived that felt it almost impossible to arrive at the their extension would be most effec- real state of things. At this time, Dr. tually promoted at that particular Morse happened to meet with Mr. Beltime by reserve and caution. The sham's Life of Lindsay (Lindsey], in first Unitarian congregation formed in which he found his own representaAmerica, was established in the King's tions borne out by letters and docuChapel soon after the Revolution. ments transmitted from Boston by the This was the chapel in which the Go- Unitarians themselves. These he vernor worshiped; but becoming af strung together in the form of a pam. terwards private property, and the phlet, under the title of American majority changing their sentiments, Unitarianism; or a Brief History of they expunged from the church pray- the Progress and present State of the ers all allusion to Trinitarian doctrines, Unitarian Churches in America; comand openly denounced the Trinity. piled from Documents and InformaThe minority of course retired. In tion communicated by the Rev. James 1792, an Unitarian congregation was Freeman, D. D., and William Wells, formed at Portland, in the district of Jun., Esq., of Boston, and from other Maine ; and another at Saco, a small Unitarian Gentlemen in this Country. town twenty miles further to the By the Rev. T. Belsham, Essex Street, south. Both these congregations soon London. Extracted from,' &c. &c. expired: but I regretted to find, when This pamphlet was eagerly read, and VOL. XVII.

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