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encouraged by the decided favourable formed in some of the jails. In the disopinions of the two eminent counsel be- tribution of the Scriptures, the Society fore whom the case was laid. The course is assisted by the British and Foreign of argument adopted by these gentlemen, Bible Society. The Scriptures in the in the proceedings which ensued, was that Irish character are publishing under the which they deemed best calculated to care of Mr. Thaddeus Connellan : the attain my object--the permanent sup
books of Genesis and Exodus have appression of the book. It is not to be peared.-Several societies auxiliary to regarded as a renewed statement, or de- this bave been instituted. The Irish Sofence on my part, of opinions which I ciety for London has circulated an adhad already withdrawn from the public, dress, which states that of the 6,800,000 and the continued suppression of which, and upwards, ascertained by the late Parin conformity to my previous arrange- liamentary Census, to be the population ment, was my only motive for incurring of Ireland, the number who speak Irish the trouble and expense of a Chancery alone is above 2,000,000; that all atsuit. As to the charge of irreligion again tempts to extirpate the Irish language hinted at in the Court of Chancery, I have failed ; that though six or seven beg to repeat what I have already ex- centuries have elapsed since Henry's conpressed in my letter before alluded to, quest, Irish is now spoken by a number that I am fully impressed with the im- exceeding the population of his time; portance of religion and morality to the and that Irish has spread among the Enwelfare of mankind, that I am most sen- glish in proportion to their number, as sible of the distinguishing excellencies of much as English has spread among the that pure religion which is unfolded in Irish. It is added, that where the Irish the New Testament, and most earnestly language is spoken, there is a strong predesirous to see its pure spirit universally judice against the English language, Bible diffused and acted on.
and type. Even where English is used, “ WILLIAM LAWRENCE. Irish is the language of social intercourse Sir R. C. Glynn, Bart.,
and family communion. “ President of Bridewell and Bethlem," &c.
HOUSE OF LORDS, JUNE 21. AMONGST the benevolent institutions
Catholic Peers' Bill. that are entitled to the highest praise may be ranked “ The Irish Society, for
(See p. 389.) Education in the Irish Language.”. It Lord HOLLAND presented a petition was formed in Dublin, in 1816. Its from the Corporation of Nottingham, and object is.“ to instruct the Native Irish, the Earl of ALBEMARLB one from the who still use their vernacular language, parish of Clerkenwell, praying that the how to employ it as a means for obtain- Bill might pass into a law. Some peti. ing an accurate kuowledge of the En. tions were also presented on the other glish." The plan of the Society is to use, side. “ Several of these petitions (says in general, in its books, the Irish cha the Times' report) purported to be from facter, as affording the greatest facilities Protestant Dissenters, and one was, we for reading, but to accompany it by an understood, from Mr. Huntington, the English translation, in parallel pages or son of the preacher of that paine." Earl columns, as adapted to further the acqui- Grey, on one of the above petitions being sition of English. The school-masters presented, rose, not, as he said, to opmust all be qualified to teach their pupils pose the receiving of such petitions, but to translate Irish into English. The to point out the very little weight which schools are both stationary and on the could be attached to them, as none of circulating plan, and are established or them came from public bodies, or had carried into the remotest and least in. been agreed to at a public meeting, but structed parts of the country, where the were all signed in a private and secret Irish tongue prevails. By the last ac- manyer. Lord RedesDALE thought that counts, it appears that the Society has the observation of the poble Earl, instead forty-seven stationary schools, containing of being an objection, was a recommen2078 scholars, of whom 888 are adults : dation to the petitions. They were more besides these, six masters, on the Circu- entitled to consideration than if they had latory system, inspect and controul- ten been carried amidst the clamour of a pubschools each ; forming a total of 107 lic meeting. Earl Grey could not agree schools under the protection of the So. with the noble and learned Lord in his ciety. Sunday-schools have been esta- preference. The LORD CHANCELLOR CONblished in the neighbourhood of each curred with his noble and learned friend hxed station, and schools are about to be in giving preference to petitions privately signed, as he conceived there was no op- tial, and for ever : a Protestant Church, portunity for deliberation amidst the con- a Protestant Legislature, and a Protesfusion of public meetings.
tant King. If Roman Catholics were The Duke of PORTLAND then moved admitted into the House of Peers, they the Second Reading of the Catholic Peers' must of necessity sit in the House of Bill, in a short speech, in which he argued Commons. His Lordship appealed to the that it was incumbent on those who op- popular feeling on this subject. In a posed the Bill to shew that some danger short time, he said, it would be of very was to be apprehended from Roman Ca. little consequence to what he did and tholic Peers sitting in that House: if this what he did not consent, but he would was not done, their Lordships were bound not consent to the adoption of such a to agree to a measure which only restored measure as this; and if these were the those Peers to their rights.
last words he should ever speak, he would Lord COLCHESTER opposed the Bill. say, that were this measure carried, the He pleaded, that the exclusion of Catho- laws and liberties of the country were lics from Parliament was a principle of gone. the Revolution, which was again recog- Earl Grey animadverted upon the nized in the articles of the Scottish Union. legal learning, indistinctly applied, and He declared himself in favour of the the high and astounding words of the last most perfect toleration, but expressed his speaker. He contended that the exclufears of Roman Catholic principles, and sion of which so much had been said, his alarm at the revival of the Jesuits was not a principle of the Revolution, and the monastic institutions, and his but an exception to all its principles, an disapprobation of any other than Protes- exception springing from orer-anxiety. tant worship in our fleets and armies. He argued that the present Bill was to be When a door was once opened to innova- considered on its own merits. He called tions by 'is Bill, he did not know what for proof of the necessity of continudemands might be made. He concluded ing the odious restriction. By a large by moving that the Bill be read a second review of the history of this country and time this day six months.
of Europe, he shewed that the Catholic Lord ERSKiNE said he would rather religion was not considered to contain perish than give his consent to any mea. principles dangerous to the state. He sure which could violate or weaken the entered into the discussion of the Corpoconstitution, and he supported the pre- ration and Test Acts, and the Popish sent Bill because it was calculated to Plot, and examined the principles of the strengthen the constitution, by extending Revolution and the articles of the Union its benefits. There had been no idea of with Scotland. He then expatiated upon excluding Catholic Peers till the 30th of the Act of 1817, which opened every rank Charles Il., and the whole foundation in the army and navy to Roman Cathoof that was the Popish Plot, which had lics : for proposing less than this in 1807, no other foundation than the testimony he and his colleagues were resisted by the of Titus Oates, whose discoveries were learned Lord and others, who raised an not, as had heen said, the act of God, but outcry of the danger of giving the power the instigation of the Devil. Circum- of the sword to Roman Catholics ; yet slances and cases no longer existed to in a few short years, this very power justify, or even afford a pretence for, the was given by those that had been so claexclusion that was then thought neces. morous against it, and without the exacsary.
tion of a single security. In conclusion, The LORD CHANCELLOR was of opinion he delivered his opinion, that whether this that this Bill demanded nothing more or Bill were or were not passed, the discusless than unlimited concession to the sion of the general question must take Roman Catholics. He wanted securities place, and he hoped at no distant period. for the Protestant Church of England. The Earl of LIVERPOOL was willing to He had never seen such nonsense as the discuss this Bill on its own merits. If Bill of last year contained ; the House nothing else were to be done, then he adhad never such trash submitted to it mitted that this Bill ought to pass ; but before. If the constitution were vio- no ineasure could be more mischievous to lated by passing such a Bill as this, he the Roman Catholics than passing this could not tell what might happen in a' Bill, if it were not intended to go furmonth. With respect to that gentleman ther. The Roman Catholic Peer had no Titus Oates, he had no doubt he was a right to complain of not being allowed to scoundrel, yet he had been most scurvily sit and vote, when, supposing the King, used. He and his judge Jeffries, were from. couscientious motives, were to both unworthy of credit; he knew not change his religion, he must descend which was worse. The acts now proposed from the throne of his ancestors. to be disturbed were fundamental, esseu- Lord GRENVILLE said, that his voble friend (Lord Liverpool) had called upon upon a King or upon a placeman, was icithose Lords who on former occasions had tended for the good of the people. The peobeen the friends of the general measure, ple had said that they could not with any to consider whether any advantage could security or confidence intrust their interbe derived to it from the success of this; ests to a Catholic. When, therefore, a. now he, as one of those who had always monarch became a Catholic, they said, he been favourable to the concession of the shall no longer be our King; he shall forCatholic claims, believed that from pass- feit by his conversion his right to the ing this Bill, the greatest of all benefits throne, and another shall take his place. wonld accrue to the country—the benefit But the people who said this in the case of doing justice. In comparison with this, of the King, had not so decided in respect he set at nought all which they had heard to the excluded Peers, for whose admis. in the way of precedent and authority; sion into Parliament the Bill was introall the statements and documents which duced. They had not destroyed, they had had been quoted; all the penal enact- only suspended their rights. They did ments for which the Statute-Book had not pass a bill of attainder against them, been referred to, whether these enact- and deprive them of their property and ments were contained in this or that form rank; they only said in certain circumof words. His answer to all this was, stances it was not expedient that they “ Be just, and fear not.” His noble and should exercise their legislative functions. learned friend (Lord Chancellor) had The nation, therefore, which passed the asked, how they could ever infringe upon Act excluding the Peers, without attaintthe law so much as to admit these Catho- ing their blood or transferring their prilic Petrs into their House ? But where vileges to others for being Catholics, and was the law which excluded them ? No which deprived the King of his throne for such law every passed. It never could being so, intended to treat differently the have entered into the mind of man to religious opinions of the Sovereign and pass one of the kind. Admitted they the Peer, and meant to suspend, not to might still be; but their admission would annul, the privileges of the latter." be accompanied by certain tests which On a Division, the numbers were on the perjury and iniquity had caused to be im- motion for the second reading, posed upon them—tests which were re
Contents, quired to be taken in those times when Present 80, Proxies 49—129. various other restraints, disabilities, and
Not. Contents, penalties operated on the Roman Catho- Present 97, Proxies 74–171. lic community, and tests so repugnant to
Majority 42. the spirit of their faith, that no one would Of the Bishops, only the Bishop of dare to propose them to a Roman Catho. Norwich voted for the Bill; two Archlic. His Lördship concluded an able and bishops and twenty-two Bishops voted impressive speech by declaring, that this against it. was a question of right to he done, which their Lordships had too long delayed to HOUSE OF COMMONS, JUNE 21. do; and that it was because the question had been treated as one of mere expedi- Religious Instruction of Capital Conency instead of one of distributive justice,
victs. that he had stated the grounds of his sup- In the Committee on the Prison Laws' porting the Bill so much at length. Consolidation Bill, an amendment, moved
Lord REDESDALE contended that the by Dr. LUSHINGTON, was adopted, after legislature had the same right to exclude considerable conversation, allowing to Peers from the House of Lords, as to every prisoner under sentence of death exclude private persons (being Catholics) the visits and spiritual assistance of a from the House of Commons. One of Dissenting minister, whatever his religious the first duties of the legislature was persuasion. to protect the state-religion. With the question, neither right nor justice had any
JUNE 24. thing to do. If the present measure was carried, the Protestant establishment of Influence of the Crown by means of Ireland must fall.
the Church. Lord HOLLAND concluded the debate In the debate on the “ Influence of with an admirable speech, in which he the Crown," when Mr. BROUGHAM's Retore in pieces the sophistry by which the solution (introduced by a splendid speech) Bill had been opposed, and ridiculed most was lost by a majority of 216 to 101, successfully the fears of its enemies. He Mr. H. G. BENNETT made the following, ended with the following observation, amongst other striking observations :which he thought very material to the “ Another point of view in which it was question : !! All power, whether conferred not possible to avoid putting the question of the influence of the Crown, was its The Abbé TESSIER has published a influence through the Church. That re- retractation, addressed to the Bishop of verend body always, perhaps from good Mans, in which he declares, that after motives, went with the Crown, even in thirty years of errors be renounces the matters to which it should seem difficult oaths he has taken, and he regrets hav. for any persons, having religious feelings, ing been ordained by the constitutional to follow it. Not speaking of the esta- Bishop of Sarthe. He further deplores blishment of Ireland, where the nobility two marriages he successively contracted; parcelled out the lands of the kingdom he detests the faults which followed this among the younger branches of their forgetfulness of his state, and begs the families, under the names of bishops and Bishop to receive his repentance, and to archbishops where there was a church give this representatiou all the publicity of 500,000 Protestauts with a body of possible. ecclesiastics richer even than those of Spain had been-a body of ecclesiastics
GERMANY. having less to do and more to receive
A circumstance which has lately occurthan any in the world. There were in red in Brunswick gives the people of that England alone the gift of the Crown, state additional reason to regret their 2 archbishopricks, 24 bishopricks, 38 deaneries, 46 prebends and 1020 livings. temporary subjection to the King of HanHe would ask whether the gift of this logian of Germany, held a professorship
over. M. de WETTE, a celebrated theoenormous patronage had not necessarily in a Prussian University at the time Kotan immense effect on the country ?"
zebue was assassinated by Sandt, and
having written a letter of condolence to JULY 24.
the mother of Sandt, (who, we believe, Ancient British Histories.
had been his pupil,) he was forced in THE CHANCELLOR of the ExchEQUER consequence to resign his situation. The proposed an address to His Majesty, re- people of the town of Brunswick having presenting the defective state of the an- the right to elect their own clergy, and cient history of the kingdom, and suggest- entertaining, in common with the rest of ing that an edition, published under
royal their countrymen, the greatest regard and authority, would be most honourable to esteem for M. de Wette, on the occasion his reign and most useful in furtheriug of a late vacancy in one of their churches, the general dissemination of knowledge; chose M. de Wette to fill it. Knowing further praying directions for the publi- the state of destitution in which he was, cation of such an editiou, and assuring and his inability to provide himself with His Majesty that Parliament would pro- what his establishment would demand, vide for the expense. Sir James MACK- with a spirit and feeling which reflects INTOSH applauded the motion, and re. the highest honour on them, they detercommended Dr. Petrie, Keeper of the mined to furnish his house and supply Records at the Tower, as an individual him with whatever else might he neceswell qualified, by a life of study, to per- sary to enable him to appear among them form the work in question. The Reso- in such a manuer as his station rendered lution was unanimously agreed to. necessary, and a general contribution was
Same day, on the third reading of the immediately begun, in which some gare LOTTERY Bill, the House divided, when money, others such articles as they could the numbers were, For it, 32. Against spare, and in which all, from the highest it, 11. Majority, 21.
to the lowest, eagerly participated. To their great astonishment, however, when
all this was done, an interdict was issued FOREIGN.
by the Government which refused to raFRANCE.
tify the election of M. de Wette. FortuThe Clerical Almanack of France, for nately for him, he received immediately 1822, states the number of priests in afterwards, a call to one of the churches actual employment to be 35,286, of whom of Bern, in Switzerland. The mean and 14,870 are above 60 years of age : 4,156 vindictive spirit displayed on this occasion have been ordained during the last year. has, however, excited a very indignant
feeling throughout the north of Ger. Carnot is living in a very retired man- many.-- Times, July 20. ner near Magdeburg. He is engaged, it is said, in composing a work, entitled A law has been passed in the Duchy “ Historical Memoirs of the French Re- of BADEN, granting to the Catholic clergy volution, and the Events of the last Thirty the sanie allowance for their maintenance Years."
heretofore enjoyed by the Protestant.
(From the National Intelligencer.) Rome.—His Holiness having recovered Washington, Wednesday, June 12. from his illness, gave his apostolical benediction to the people on Whitsunday,
Agreeably to the previous arrangeand exhorted the faithful to engage them ments, and
the public notice given of selves in such a manner as would enable them, the First Unitarian Church of the them to gaiu the benefit of the indulgence. cated on Sunday last, the 9th instant.
City of Washington was opened and dedi. Two cardinal deacons published the in. The dedication sermon was preached in dulgence. The people were rejoiced to the forenoon, to a large audience, by the see the Holy Father in a state to perform Rey, Robert Little, Minister of the conthis act of piety.-In all the churches in this capital, consecrated to the blessed gregation, followed by a sermon in the Virgin,
a new feast instituted by his Ho afternoon, by the Rev. Mr. Eddowes, of liness since his release from captivity, has Philadelphia; both services were accombeen celebrated under the title of Annic panied by a number of fine pieces of lium Christianorum.-Catholic Miscel.
sacred music, performed by the strongest
aud finest choir we have ever heard in lany.
this city. The opening of this church is
interesting to our community generally, SWEDEN.
inasmuch as it adds a very handsome im
provement to our city. The design of the Colonel GUSTAVSON, the Ex-King of edifice was farnished by Charles Bulfinch, Sweden, has for some time past applied Esq., Architect of the Capitol, and it is himself to philosophical studies. He has certainly highly creditable to his taste just published a work at Frankfort, but and judgment. The unfinished tower on not for sale ; it is distributed gratis, by the south end, we understand, is to be the illustrious author, to the amateurs of surmounted by a cupola and bell, and, arts and sciences. It is written in the when that shall be completed, we quesFrench language, and is dedicated to the tion whether there will be in the Union Royal Academy of Arts at Norway. It another building, uniting so much archiis entitled, “ Reflections upon the Phe. tectural elegance, within and without, nomenon, the Aurora Borealis, and its with so little cost. The present Minister Relation with the Diurnal Movement." of the Society, the Rev. Mr. Little, we The journals of Hamburgh announce the understand, was recently pastor of the arrival of several copies of the work at Unitarian Church at Gainsborough, LinStockholm, where they are now trang. colnshire, England. lating it into the Swedish language.
(From the Washington Gazette.) UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Dedication of the first Unitarian Church,
in the City of Washington, June 9th, Opening of Unitarian Church, at
Service commenced with singing the We have received with high satisfac- one Hundredth Psalm, that sublime hymn tion the following accounts of the opening of praise which has for three thousand of the First Unitarian Church in the ca- years expressed the devotion of the wor. pital of the United States. They are shipers of the Supreme First Cause. A from newspapers in opposite interests, part of Solomon's address at the dedica“ The slight difference in the two state- tion of the Temple was read, and the ments, (says our American correspondent,) whole of Paul's inimitable discourse to may shew how hostile politicians in this the Athenians on the Unity and Spiritucountry feel nearly the same disposition ality of God and the great object of the towards Unitarianism." He adds, “Al- Christian dispensation. though there are ten other places of wor- The well-known hymn, “ Before Jeboship in our city, the sound of the church. vah's awful throne," was sung with mugoing bell' will, we expect, be first heard sical accompaniments in fine style by a from the Unitarian steeple; and the can select choir, chiefly from the congrega. tholics and Episcopalians follow us as tion. soon as they can. O! strange reverse of After prayers, Mr. L. preached from European etiquette.-Will no Herculean 2 Chron. xxxi. 20, 21 : “ 'Thus did Hezearm sustain the fainting cause of Ortho. kiah throughout all Judah, and wronght doxy!'"-A drawing of the front eleva- that which was good and right and truth tion of the Washington Unitarian Church before the Lord his God. And in every is said to have been sent us, but is not work that he began in the service of the yet received. ED.
House of God-he did it with all his heart