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mer appointment he held nine years, and has expired. As a trustee of the prothe latier he resigned in the year 1814, pérty in the Countess of Huntingdon's assigning, as his reason for relinquishing connexion, he manifested great zeal and the duties of the ministry, the decay of liberality. When he resided at Great his sight. He continued to enjoy excel- Missenden, Bucks, he purchased the perlent health ; and at last, after the illness petual advowson of that living, and vested of only a few days, was blessed with a it in the Trustees of Cheshunt College, remarkably tranquil and easy death. Mr. (in the Countess's connexion,) for the H. was greatly respected among his purpose of perpetuating “a gospel minisneighbours as a pious and good man, a try" in that place. He recently erected serious, devout and earnest preacher, a substantial and commodious schoola careful and religious father of a family, room at Missenden, at a convenient dis. and an upright, peaceable and benevo- tance from the church, as an appendage lent member of society. “ His prayers to the living. He was buried at Chesand his alms are gone up as a memorial hunt, in a vault constructed by him beof him before God;" and it is to “a neath the College chapel. The following conscience void of offence both towards are some of his charitable legacies, all to God and towards men," and to his faith be paid clear of the legacy duty : and hope in Christ, the serenity of his £1000 three per cent. consols, to the latter end is to be ascribed, and the remarkable coolness and self-possession £1000 ditto, to the British and Foreign

London Missionary Society. he enjoyed even to his last hour. He died the death of the righteous, and $3000 to Institutions in Lady Hunting

Bible Society. his last end was like his."

don's connexion.

£500 to the Baptist Missionary SoJune 22, at Hull, aged 36, the Rev. J.

ciety. HAWKSLEY, late pastor of the Indepen

£500 to the Moravian Missionary So. dent congregation in Aldermanbury Pos

ciety. tern, London. He was educated at the Independent Academy, Rotherham, and on July 30, at Chatham, aged 80, HANNAH the completion of his term of four years ALLEN. A cancer in the breast, with in that seminary, was associated with the which she had been attacked but a few late Mr. Barber in the pastorship above- nonths, was the means of bringing about mentioned. On the death of Mr. Barber her dissolution. It is pleasing to reflect, he became in 1810 sole pastor, and coll- that the burden of affliction was lightentinued in his office until 1821, when ill- ed by the attention of friends. The dehealth obliged him to retire into the ceased lived in a state of celibacy with country. Symptoms of decline soon another maiden sister who survives, and shewed themselves, and he sunk at by whoin the parting stroke must be sen- . length under this disease, much respected sibly felt. It is but just to say of her, and lamented.

that she attended the ordinances of God's

house closely, that she heard attentively, 29, in Montague Place, Russell and has left a good report of acting in Square, in his 71st year, JAMES OLD all other respects consistently. Her reHAM OLDHAM, Esq., the eminent iron- mains were interred near to certain of monger of Holborn. Mr. Oldham had her relatives in the cemetery attached 10 been an active magistrate for Middle- the Unitarian General Baptist Chapel, of sex for many years, and also had filled which place she was, at the time of her the office of High-Sheriff for Bucking- death, the senior member ; when Mr. hamshire some years since. " The occa- Allibone, at the request of the fan ily, sion of his being so well known," (says delivered an address on the occasion, the Gent. Mag., with insidious quaintness,) was his immense wealth--four hundred thousand pounds." Early in August 1, at Hackney, in the 74th life he became connected with the “Evan- year of his age, Mr. WILLIAM Butler. gelical party in the church, and on the first opening of the late Countess of Huntingdon's chapel in Spafields, was chosen illness,' Eliza, the eldest daughter of

-7, much lamented, after a lingering one of the committee of management, which situation he retained to the day of Mr. Thomas Giles, of Woodbridge, his death. Some years since, he gave

Suffolk, to Trustees a freehold estate, for the purpose of its becoming the scite of a 12, by his own hands, at his seat new chapel when the lease of the present near North Cray, in Kent, the Marquis

of LONDONDERRY, better kdown to the Castlereagh took his seat in the United
world as Lord Castlereagh. He was the Parliament, as member for the county
eldest sou of the late Marquis of Lon- of Down; and under the Sidmouth ad-
donderry, to whose title he succeeded on ministration, in 1802, he was appointed
the death of his father last year, aud of President of the Board of Controul, a
Lady Sarah Frances Conway, sister of post which he continued to hold on Mr.
the late Marquis of Hertford, and was Pitt's return to office. He was after-
born June 18, 1769, and was conse- wards made Secretary for the War and
quently in the 53rd year of his age. He Colonial Departments. On this occa-
received his early education at Armagh, sion, he was rejected by the County of
under Archdeacon Hurrock; and at 17 Down and obliged to come into Parlia.
was entered at St. John's College, Cam- ment for a ministerial borough. The
bridge. After remaining the usual time death of Mr. Pitt drore him and the
at the Vuiversity, he made the tour of other clerks of office (as they were con-
the continent, and on his return com- temptuously styled) from place and
menced his political career in his native power. The displaced party carried on
country. His family were Presbyterians a most harassing opposition to the Fox
and Whigs, and his Lordship came out and Grenville administration, and at
into the world as a patriot. He was length prevailed against them by the
elected in 1791, after a keen and expen- “No Popery" cry; although Mr. Pitt,
sive contest, as representative of the whose inemory they affected to cherish
county of Down in the Irish Parliament; and whose policy they pretended to pur-
and on this occasion it was that he gave sue, had been ever friendly to the Catho-
a written pledge to his constituents to lic claims, and had once resigned the
support the cause of Parliamentary Re- seals of office because he could not carry
form and Irish Freedom. His first par- them; although Lord Castlereagh had,
liamentary efforts were in consonance under Mr. Pitt's sanction, held out 10
with this engagement. He favoured the the Irish, emancipation as the price of
principles on which the Society of United consent to the Union; aud although he
Írishmen was founded at Belfast, in himself was at the very time, and conti-
1792, and was in habits of intimacy with nued afterwards to the hour of his de-
some of the leaders of the Society, par. cease, an advocate for all the concessions,
ticularly the two interesting and unfor- and more than the concessions, that the
tunate brothers, the Sheares', if he him. Whigs proposed to make to the Roman
self was not sworn in as a member. Catholics. * In the Perceval ministry,

The first Irish conspiracy failed, and Lord Castlereagh filled his former post
Lord Castlereagh became a member of of Minister of War, and in that office
the English Parliament, and a humble planned the ridiculous and disastrous ex-
supporter of Mr. Pitt. Under the patro- pedition to Walcheren. This led to the
nage of this minister, he returned to the duel with Mr. Canning, and to his expul-
Irish Parliament in 1797, and was ap- sion from office. On the death of Mr.
pointed, in reward of what his former Perceval, he was recalled to place by the
compatriots termed his apostacy, first necessities of his party, and made Foreigu
Keeper of the Privy Seal of Ireland, and Secretary, which he continued to be to
then one of the Lords of the Irish Trea- the day of his death. The extraordi-
sury. His political advancement was nary events of the close of the French
promoted by his family connexion with war elevated his Lordship to an eminence
Earl Camden, the Lord Lieutenant of to which he could never have expected
Ireland, to whom, on the resignation of from his talents, principles or connexions
Mr. Pelham, the present Earl of Chi. to arrive. He divided kingdoms, parcel-
chester, he became Chief Secretary. He led out masses of population, disposed of
was also sworn of the Privy Council. He crowus and determined the fate of dynas.
continued the office of Secretary under ties. With what instruments he worked,
the Marquis Cornwallis. In this situa-
tion he was accused of conniving, at
least, at many of the worst atrocities • It must never be forgotten that the
that the triumphant faction in Ireland Perceval, Liverpool, Eldon and Castle.
perpetrated; but we know not that any reagh ministry, which had run down the
one crime was ever brought home to hini. Fox and Grenville administration on ac-
The Union with Ireland was accomplished count of their Catholic Bill, afterwards
chiefly by his agency, that is, as manager secretly introduced and quietly carried
of the Irish House of Commons, and the same measure, only with larger al
posterity will probably know the means lowances to the Catholics! This is 3
by which this measure was effected. The memorable example of political consis-
Irish Parliament being destroyed, Lord tency and integrity.

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the time may not be yet come for declar. sion of the mind of M. Haüy; and to ing. A little before his death he had that luminous and fruitful idea, his time commenced a prosecution against Mr. and his faculties were from that period O'Meara for relating in his book of Na- consecrated : it led him to the study of poleon's conversations, a statement of mineralogy, geometry and all the science the Ex-emperor's that the British minis. of nature ; it impelled him, as it were, ter had personally partaken of the spoils to acquire a new existence. How mag. of France. In private life, the Marquis nificent the reward granted to his exof Londonderry is said to have been ami- ertions ! He cast aside the veil which able ; his public character is kpown, un- concealed the fabric of those mysterious happily for his reputation, throughout productions in which inanimate matter Europe. He had talents for business, seemed to present the first motions of but in Parliament he had influence with life, iu which it appeared to assume such out respect. His speeches were labour. precise and unvarying foruis by principles ed, dull, unsatisfactory and often ludi- analogous to those of organization. Our crous: they were so managed, however, philosopher separated and measured, in as to hide the question, when it was not thought, the invisible materials forming convenient that it should be exposed, those wonderful edifices; he subjected and to confuse the minds of common them to invariable laws; his scientific hearers, and to throw a certain mistiuess eye foresaw the results of their union; upon subjects, under cover of which mem- and amongst the thousands of calculabers might yote without self-animadver- tions which he made, none were ever sion. The manner of his death was found defective. From the cube of salt, shocking. His intellect was no doubt the formation of which we perpetually disordered, but the cause of the disorder behold, to the sapphire and the ruby vainly is not yet sufficiently explained. He has hidden in gloomy caverns from our luxuleft a' widow, Amelia, the youngest riousness and avarice, every substance daughter of the late Earl of Buckingham- obeys the same laws; and amidst the shire. Having no issue, his title and innumerable metamorphoses to which estates descend to his brother, Lord they are all subjected, not one exists un. Stewart. He was buried in Westminster foreseen by the calculations of M. Haüy. Abbey on the 20th inst., and his corpse “ An illustrious meinber of our Society was received by the populace with inde- has well said, that no second Newton corous and ungenervus expressions of will be born, because there is not a setheir feelings.

cond system of the Universe: 80 we may say, in reference to a more limited object, that there will be no second Haüy, be

cause no different structurc of crystals Abbé Haüy.

exists. Like the discoveries of Newton, June 3, was interred, the Abhé (René those of M. Haüy, far from appearing reJuste) Haüy, member of the Académie stricted in their nature from the improveRoyale des Sciences. Stauding beside his ments since made in science, seem congrave, M. Cuvier, perpetual Secretary of Stautly increasing in general usefulness ; the Académie Royale des Sciences, and and his genius partook of the character Superintendant of the Museum d'Histoire of his discoveries : age detracted nothing Naturelle, in the name of those two insti- from the merit of his writings, the last of tutions pronounced the following oration : them was always the most perfect; and

My fellow-mouruers ! By what sad those persons who have seen the work fatality have the arrows of death fallen which occupied him in his last moments, of late so thickly around us ? At the assure us that it is the most admirable distance of but a few days we have ac- of all his productions. companied to their long home, Hallé, “ How sweet is that life which is deRichelieu, Sicard aud Van Spandock. voted to the pursuit of an important and Talents, greatness, active benevolence, all demonstrable truth, one which daily leads have pleaded in vain against the stern de- to the discovery of other truths connected cree. Again the mortal stroke has fallen with it! To him who is worthy to enjoy on genius and virtue; has bereft us of the such a life,-and who was ever more most perfect model of the philosopher worthy than M. Haüy ?-how far do its devoted to the study of nature, and of charms exceed all the splendid offers the the sage blest in the enjoyment of truth, world can make! The natural objects and of that happiness which is uudimi. that were constantly under the inspection nished by the revolutions and the ca- of this philosopher, the precious stones prices of fate.

so madly sought in distant climes, at the “In the midst of humble and labori. price of labour, sometimes of blood, had ous occupations, one idea took posses- no value in his estimation for that which VOL. XVII.

3 v


renders them valuable in the opinion of and, with the particular encouragement the vulgar. A new angle in the most of the late Dr. Pulteney, hc pursued that common crystal would have been more object with great diligence and advantage interesting to him than all the treasures at Edinburgh. On taking his degree, he of the Indies. Those jewels in which settled in London, and obtained the apvauity delight, those diamonds with which pointment of physician to the Finsbury kings themselves are proud to adorn their Dispensary, a very honourable but labocrowns, were continually brought into his rious situation, which he resigned after humble study without exciting in him holding it for several years. Dr. Reid any emotion. I may say much more, was well known as a popular lecturer on all the storms of the surrounding world the theory and practice of medicine; and left his soul iu perfect peace. He was also as the reporter of the state of disnot agitated either by the threats of fero- eases in the Monthly Magazine, which cious beings who at one time sought his department he took after it had been life, or by the homage which, at other conducted through three or four voluines periods, men in power thought it honora- by Dr. Willan. Besides these reports, ble to themselves to pay him. Persons which would make an interesting voluine of either description were regarded by if collected and enlarged, the Doctor him with far less attention than a youth printed“ An Account of the Savage Youth addicting himself to study, or a pupil ca. of Avignon, translated fram the French," pable of seizing his own perceptions. Even 12mo., 1801 ; “A Treatise on the Oriwhen his health forbade him to repair to gin, Progress and Treatment of Conthe lecture-room, he loved to see his sumption,” 8vo., 1806.-Gent. Mag. home frequented by these young meu, to pour his counsels into their ear, and to present them with those curious produc- THOMAS SMITH, Esq. of Easton Grey. tions of nature so abundantly supplied to his collection by his numerous scientific

(See Mr. Belsham's note, p. 332.) friends. Valuable as were his gifts and Mr. Smith was a native of Cirencester, his instruction, to his many pupils, his and bred to the bar ; but from an impeexample was of still greater value: an diment of speech, did not make a public invariable sweetness of temper, inspiring exercise of his profession. He married his family with devoted affection ; a piety early in life the daughter of the late unostentatious and tolerant, informed by Chandler, Esq., of Gloucester, and first profound speculation, yet rigid in the resided at Padhill, near Minchin-Hampobservance of every useful rite ; a whole ton; from whence he removed to Bown. life, in short, well-spent, calm and judi- hams, in the same vicinity; and, lastly, cious in its course, and softened in the to Easton Grey, near Malmesbury, a seat final scene of suffering by the noblest and manor which he purchased of consolation that philosophy can give. Hodges, Esq., of Bath. Here Mr. Smith May his favoured scholars bless the me- resided till his decease, and was the Mæmory of such a master; and may their cenas of his neighbourhood. He had an firm resolve (as they look on the tomb excellent judgment, much valuable acwhich receives him) io imitate his bright quired knowledge, an amiable temper, example, rejoice his departed spirit! And and a benevolent, useful turn of mind. let us, my dear colleagues, console each To those who knew him, his loss is not other, even while our tears are flowing the common-place transient regret, which for this privation, by saying,—What man merely jars the feelings aud is then forhas enjoyed purer happiness on earth ? gotten ; but a permanent melancholy, a What man is more certain of eternal sensation of a loss not to be repaired. felicity?"

A well-informed, liberal-minded country REGISTER OF ECCLESIASTICAL DOCUMENTS.

gentleman, with a fondness for science, Addenda.

brings into estimatiou judicious modes Dr. REID. (P. 435.)

of thinking in his vicinity, and promotes July 2, John Reid, M.D., of Gren- the improvement of it, while a ville Street, Brunswick Square, late senior Nimrod or butterfly inerely propagates physician to the Finsbury Dispensary. barbarism or dissipation. Such a man This respectable and ingenious practi. as we have first described, was Mr. tioner was a native of Leicester, where Smith: a gentleman and a philosopher in his family have long been settled in re- his pleasures and habits; a philanthropute. He was, we believe, intended for pist and public character in his forms of The ministry among the Protestant Dis- living and acting.-Gent. Mag. senters, but an inclination to the study of medicine over-ruled that intention,


Address of the Presbyterian Synod of continued favour and protection of our Munster, to the Marquis Wellesley. beloved Sovereign, and to justify that

good opinion which your Excellency many On Thursday, the 11th inst., the Pres- years since (on an occasion * that deeply* byterian Synod of Munster, consisting affected the honour and interests of the of their Moderator, the Rev. Philip Tay- Presbyterian Church) so eloquently exfor, their Clerk, the Rev. James Arm- pressed in the Irish Senate-a circumstrong, and their Agent, the Rev. Joseph stance which will ever live in our grateful Hutton, waited upon his Excellency the recollection. Marquis Wellesley, at Dublin Castle,

Signed, (by order of the Synod of with the following Address, which had

Munster) been unanimously adopted by that Body, at their late Meeting in Clonmel :


JAMES ARMSTRONG, Clerk. To his Excellency Marquis Wellesley, Lord Lieutenant-General, and General

To which his Excellency was pleased Governor of Ireland.

to make the following reply :May it please your Excellency,

WELLESLEY. We, the Ministers and Elders of the Your cordial assurances of loyalty to Presbyterian Synod of Munster, assem- our gracious Sovereign, and of attachbled at Clonmel, gladly avail ourselves of ment to the principles of the Constituthe earliest occasion afforded us by our tion, are received by me with the confi. Annual Meeting, to offer to your Excel. dence due to so respectable a body; and lency our sincere congratulations on your I entertain no doubt that you will conappointment to the Chief Government of tinue to merit and to enjoy the counteIreland; and to lay before your Excel- nance, favour and protection of our belency our assurance of affectionate loyalty loved King. to our Gracious Sovereign, aud unaltera- Your kind expressions respecting my ble attachment to the principles of our conduct and public services demand my unrivalled Constitution.

gratitude, and cannot fail to animate and We consider the appointment of your encourage me in the discharge of the Excellency, at such a critical conjuncture, arduous duties of my station. as a proof of his Majesty's paternal regards towards his people of Ireland. We rely with confidence on the wisdom and

• The occasion alluded to was the deenergy of your Excellency's Administra. bate in the Irish House of Lords, on the tion, that under it the disorders of our Presbyterian Marriage Act, on the 3d of country, which we deeply deplore, will May, 1782. By this Act, marriages celemeet their effectual and permanent cor

brated by ministers of the Irish Presbyrection—that its unemployed and suffer. terian Church were declared to have ing population will be excited to useful equal validity with those celebrated by industry—and that all the inhabitants of Episcopal Ministers. This Bill being op. this island, of every denomination, will posed by some of the Irish Bishops, found be united together in loyalty to their

a warm and strenuous advocate in the King, obedience to the laws, and love to Marquis Wellesley, then Earl of Mornone another. Should your patriotic ex. ington. His Lordship observed on this ertions effect these most desirable objects, occasion, that he considered the Presbyyour Excellency's Administration will be terians entitled, above all denominations, recorded with imperishable gratitude in to the protection and encouragement of the annals of your native land; and you the Legislature and Government, because will have accoinplished a work not less it is chiefly to them that the British ememinent than those illustrious achieve- pire owes her civil and religious liberties, ments by which the name of Wellesley is and her consequent prosperity. He called already so highly distinguished,

them “ the life-blood of the country;" We beg leave to assure your Excellency, and gave his hearty assent to a Bill which that it the earnest wish of the Mem- might tend to preserve that blood uncon. bers of our Communion to conduct them. taminated. selves in such a manner as to deserve the

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