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No. CCI.]

SEPTEMBER, 1822,

[Vol. XVII.

.

Address of the Eastern Unitarian Society to the Bishop of Norwich, with the

Bishop's Answer. IN pursuance of a resolution unani- ercise of this liberty, and how greatly

mously passed at the last Yearly therefore we are indebted to your LordMeeting of the Eastern Unitarian So- ship, not only for the courtesy and kindciety, a deputation waited upon the

ness which on all occasions have charac: venerable and excellent Bishop of Nor- terized your general conduct, but for the wich, to present him an Address, ex

open and public and persevering manner pressive of the gratitude of the Society ed the common rights of Christians.

in which you have advocated and defendfor his Lordship's long and valuable

To that vame and to those rights, howexertions in favour of religious li- ever much we may differ from your Lordberty.

ship and your Lordship from us, we are The time appointed by his Lordship sure you will not refuse to admit our for receiving the deputation was Tues. claim. We therefore take the opportuday, September 3rd, at 12 o'clock. pity, while conveying to your Lordship The members of the Society appointed our high sense of the value of your lato discharge this truly gratifying office bours in behalf of Christian charity, of

testifying our entire agreement and corwere,

The Rev. T. Madge, the Rev. T. dial sympathy with the avowed opinions Drummond and Mr. Thomas Marti- of your Lordship upon the nature and neau, of Norwich ; the Rev. - Beynon with you in reprobating every enactment

extent of religious liberty. We unite and Thomas Hurry, Esq., of Yar. which renders a inan's condition in civil mouth; Meadows 'Taylor, Esq., of society worse than it otherwise would be, Diss; George Watson, Esq., of Sax- on account of his religious opinions. We lingham (the Chairman of the Meet- agree with your Lordship, that liberty and ing); J, L. Marsh, Esq., and Mr. Ed. not toleration is the claim of conscience ; ward Taylor, the Treasurer and Secre- and further, that Christianity would be a tary of the Society.

great gainer, and the cause of justice and l'hey were received with that kind humanity be essentially promoted, by the ness and cordiality which so strongly ental repeal of every law which would inmark the Bishop's character, and the dict, or which has a tendency to inflict, following Address was read by Mr. gious opinions, either pain or penalty,

upon the sincere professor of any reliMadge:

obloquy or reproach. To do as we would

be done by, whether it relates to matters To Henry Lord Bishop of Norwich.

of faith or to matters of practice, to our My Lord,

inward belief or to our outward ayowal, In consequence of a resolution unani. appears to us to be the Christian rule mously adopted at the last Anuual Meet- of right, and to have been the uniform ing of the Eastern Unitarian Society, held measure of your Lordship’s conduct. at Diss, we beg leave to teuder to your Considering, therefore, your Lordship’s Lordship the thanks of that body of high station, and what is more, your Christians, for your Lordship's uniform Lordship's high character, and knowing attachment apd marked devotion to the as we do, the value of their influence cause of religious liberty,

upon the great cause to which they have Dissenting, as we conscientiously do, been so steadily and powerfully dedicated, from the Established Church, of which we trust that your Lordship will allow your Lordship is so distinguished a mem- us to offer to you, on behalf of the Chrisber,--distinguished, may we add, not less tian Society which we represent, our for your learning and piety, than for your most sincere, respectful and grateful acbenevolence and liberality,we feel how knowledgments. And permit us also to deeply important to us is the liberty of express our auxious hope, that long as acting agreeably to our religious convic- your life has been, it may be still further tions, how much of our peace and coin- and happily lengthened, and that you fort and happiness is involved in the ex- may yet live to witness the complete tri

VOL. XVII.

3 x

1

distinguishing Quid sit pulchrum, quid T

umph of that cause for which you have vouchsafed to man, “von disputandi
made so many efforts, and we believe we causâ, sed ita vivendi.”
may add, so many sacrifices.

Few, if any instances have occurred After Mr. Madge had read the Ad- of a proceeding similar to that which dress and delivered it to the Bishop, we have now recorded, and we have his Lordship replied in the following only to repeat the sentiment expressed words :

in the Address of the Society, that his

Lordship may live to witness the comHaving always considered the favoura- plete triumph of those principles of ble opinion of wise and good men as the which he has been so consistent, so best reward which, ou this side of the able and so disinterested a champion. grave, an honest individual can receive,

E:T. for doing what he deems to be his duty upou all occasions, I cannot but be highly gratified by the approbation of so respect.

Brief Notes on the Bible. ahle a body of my fellow-christians as

No. XXI. those are, an address from whom has been this moment read to me. I am

“God is a spirit, and they that wor most certainly a very sincere, though a

ship Him must worship Him in spirit and very humble friend to the cause of Reli. in truth.” Johu iv. 24. gious Liberty, and have uniformly been so Fragment of a Dialogue. from the first moment I was capable of

TRINITARIAN. I do not attempt ntile,

any explication of the doctrine, life, an attentive perusal of the immortal

or affect to understand it. works of Locke and Hoadly, and parti

Unitarian.- I did not expect one, cularly the arguments of the former in or suppose the other; but, is it very behalf of Toleration, and of the latter on unreasonable to require consistency the expediency of repealing the Test and in an opponent ? Corporation Acts, deeply impressed upon T.-I am aware of no inconsistency my mind this important truth, that every in referring to God what He has not penalty, every disability, every restriction, given me a capacity to comprehend. every inconvenience even, to which any He, no doubt, good Civil subject is exposed, merely on

U.-He! Who? the score of his Religion, is, in its de

T.-God, certainly. gree, persecution; because, as the great Lord Mansfield justly observed,

U.—You do, it seems, admit that science is not coutroulable by human laws there is one only God; but represent nor amenable to human tribunals,” ac

that God to consist of three persons ! tions, not opinions, being the province of How, therefore, çan you permit yourthe magistrate. Such is, as it seems to self to speak of the Deity as He or me, the clear voice of reason ; and reve.. HimDoes not consistency require lation, I am sure, confirms this voice, the use of They or Them, when diswhen it enjoins persons in authority to coursing of such a threefold Deity ? “ restrain” with the civil sword “evil You, Trinitarians, would have us bedoers,” and still more decidedly, when lieve that “Let us make man" was it warmly expostulates with those who are foud of interfering in matters of con

an address by one person of the Mysscience : “Who art thou that judgest tery to the others. Upon your own another man's servant ? To his own principles, therefore, and upon such master he standeth or falleth."

an authority, ought you not to use Let us all then be content to leave our the plural pronoun ; and ought it not, fellow-christians to stand or fall by the upon your hypothesis, to have been judgment of our common Lord and Mas. used in a famous passage, thus—"God ter, to whom both we and they must is three spirits, and they that worship hereafter give an account: and, in the Them must worship Them in spirit mean time, should we, upon reflection, and in truth”? regard it as a duty to convert others to our own peculiar opinions, let us never would you presume to vary the lan

7.-It is not so in the Bible. cease to remember that reason and argument are the only weapons of spiritual guage of revelation? warfare, and even in the use of these, we

Ù.-Heaven forbid! But, why is shall do well constantly to bear in mind, it not so ? that revealed religion was graciously

T. I receive the word of God as it

con

sons.

him;

But as

is expressed, with a prostrate mind above Version, the Introduction of St. and understanding, neither suggesting John's Gospel, to the 14th verse, as it nor answering questions of that na- may amuse some of your readers, and as ture.

a part of it seeins to be not reconcileU.-It is not every question that able with the translator's considering expects an answer ; but, you will not the Word there mentioned as, strictly deny that the use of the plural pro- speaking, a person. nouns would be consistent with the “ In the beginninge was the Worde, fact you assume of a plurality of per- and the Worde was with God: God

was the Word. The same was in the T.-But, how would such a reading beginninge with God. All thinges were sound?

made by it, without it was made noU.-Ay, how indeed !

thinge that was made. In it was life, BREVIS. and the life was the lighte of 'menne;

and the light shineth in darknesse, and

Tenterden, the darkness comprehended it pot.
Sir,
April 12, 1822. “ There was sente from God a man
whose name was John.

The same by ,

came as a witness, to beare witness of translation of the Bible, bearing the date of 1553, I was led to examine might beleve. He was not the light: some parts of it; and particularly the but was sente to beare witness of ye passage in 1 John v. 7, respecting the

lighte. That light was the true light, ihree witnesses. It appears to be Tin which lighteth every man that comethi

into the worlde. He was in the dal's translation, although it has not his name. What, indeed, is called worlde, and the worlde was made by

and the world knewe him not. Cranmer's Bible, appears to have been only this translation of Tindal's, re

He came among his owne, and vised and corrected by the Archbishop, manie as received him, to them gave

his own received him not. and afterwards by Tonstal and Heath, he power to be the sonnes of God: Bishops of Durham and Rochester;

even them that beleved on his name : but these versions appear to have been at that time promiscuously used in which were borne, not of bloode nor of churches. The Psalter in the Com- the will of the fleshe, nor yet of the

will of men, but of God. mon Prayer-Book is taken verbatiin

“And the same Woord became from Tindal's. The chapters are not divided into verses, but into short pa

fleshe and dwelt among us : and we ragraphs.

saw the glory of it, as the glory of ye Respecting the words above referred only begotte Sonne of the Father, full to, I found the following printed in a

of grace and truth.” different and much smaller character ling, and have only to observe farther,

i have strictly adhered to the spelor type from the rest of the chapter :

that the same Greek verb in the above (For there are three which beare re- which is translated made in the 3rd corde in heaven, the Father, ye Wurd and verse, and born in the 13th, is applied the Holy Gost, and these thre ar one:)"

in our Saviour's conversation with Niand, as I have done, put in a parenthe- codemus to the New Birth, John iii. sis ; an intimation, I conclude, that 3. How will the 14 verses of the 1st the translator considered the passage chapter read, as applicable to the new as at least doubtful, if not spurious. moral creation of the world by Christ This is the more valuable as the trans- Jesus in righteousness and true holilation was made in the infancy of the ness! Behold, I make all things Reformation. Query: Does Wickliff's new.Rev. xxi. 5. translation make the same distinction?

L. HOLDEN. Church is invariably translated congregation. In 1 Tim. iii. 6, 7, Devil Sir,

Penzance. is translated evil speaker. In 1 Cor. N your for April last, (pp. out. This is the rendering of the Im- admit a paper of mine relating to the proved Version.

reinission of sins : according to an inAllow me to give you, from the timation I then gave, I will now, with.

your permission, resume the subject. in the Christian plan of redemption, I then contended, in effect, that the is proved by these words of the aposmediation of Jesus Christ, especially tle, which 1 quoted before : “Whom Iris sufferings and death, were set forth God fore-ordained as a propitiation, in Seripture as the way or method in through faith in his blood, to declare which it had seemed good to the Di- his righteousness, that he might be vine Wisdom to grant to mankind re- just, and the justifier of him that bemission of sins, that is, deliverance lieveth in Jesus." And again, "He from the consequences of transgres- gave himself for us, that he might resion, and restoration to the privileges deem us from all iniquity, and purify of the Divine favour. I disclaimed unto himself a peculiar people, zeaentirely the hypothesis of vicarious lous of good works.” punishment for the satisfaction of Di. Thus I have briefly retraced the vine justice, and maintained that the chief points of my former argument, reasons and advantages on account of and I think with some alditional plainwhich this method of redemption has ness and simplicity. That the views been adopted, at least as far as our here represented are not without conknowledge extends, are derived from siderable practical value, is rendered its tendency to promote repentance probable from the fondness with which and lasting righteousness. But I was they are entertained, and the influence anxious that this should not be under- which is ascribed to thein, even though stood in too limited a sense, as if no- in a distorted form, by great numbers thing further were considered than of very pious and intelligent Christhat repentance which immediately tians. For, where great and good precedes and procures forgiveness. effects are produced by any opinions For I thought that the sentiments with which people entertain, we may suswhich the knowledge of Jesus tends pect that there is, as it were, a nuto inspire the pardoned, had at least cleus of truth in them, though disas much concern in this matter as the guised by a thick crust of error. But call which it gives to the unconverted; I think a consideration of the opinions and that the views of the Divine cha- themselves will shew that they have racter and government which the his. inuch tendency to promote both Christory of redemption unfolds, might be tian holiness and comfort. The hisas proper an accompaniment to the tory. of redemption displays most forgiveness of sins as any change in strikingly the dreadful consequences the dispositions of man. In short, I which sin tends to produce, and the wished to prove that the value of the deep corruption with which it can inmediation of Jesus, as a propitiation fect the human heart; it shews the for sins, depended not only on its ten- difficulty of deliverance from its condency to awaken the sinner to repen- sequences; we behold both the goodtance, but also on that which it has ness and sererity of God; we see the to confirm the saint in righteousness, bright reward of perfect obedience in and to illustrate certain features

of the the exaltation of Jesus, while we ourDivine government and character. In selves are humbled, as sinners, by beadmitting a penitent sinner to a cové ing obliged to receive salvation through nant of pardon and privilege, the state the mediation of our righteous broof the penitent's mind may not be the ther. Now, when we consider, that only thing which it is proper for the such lessons as these were what apJudge of the world to consider, peared to God especially necessary to (though that alone may determine him be taught us, in connexion with the to pardon,) but also the way or més pardon of our sins, and our admission thod of proceeding that is most suita- to be children of grace, we are the ble to the case, and least liable to more convinced of the propriety and attendant evils. And we may easily importance of most seriously attending conceive, that the great points to be to them, and imprinting thein deeply secured in the selection of such a me- on our hearts : and thus our holiness thod will be two: to secure the Divine is promoted. And when we see such authority, one; to secure the lasting a plan as this adopted expressly for repentance and amendment of the the purpose of dispensing mercy to transgressor, the other. That these sinners, when we see ali objeetions were the great objects really aimed at which we might conceive to our free

SIR,

A

pardon thus anticipated and provided of action; its susceptibility of hope for, we receive a greater assurance and fear, joy and sorrow; with the that it is really the counsel of God to elevating and ennobling effects of imreceive sinners to his favour, and that mortal prospects, compared with the no difficulty will obstruct or delay the debasing influence of mental apathy course of his mercy. That there are or degrading superstition; in short, hours in which an awakened con- with the appaling difference between science will feel the greatest consola- living without God in the world, and tion from this view, is abundantly rejoicing in the light of his counteproved by Christian experience. Com- nance; who does not see ample reafort will thus be administered when son to rejoice in this extensive distriwe are most in need of it.

bution of the word of life, although In answer to your intelligent cor- not thoroughly purified according to respondent Mr. Cogan, (p. 288,) I beg his perceptions, from some erroneous to say, that I have not read the work comments and translations, the off of Mr. Kenrick's to which he alludes, spring of a less enlightened age. He but the sentiment which he derives knows that these comparatively trifling from it appears to me very judicious spots in the glorious sun of righte and valuable. I think, however, there ousness, but partially, very partially is not so much difference between the obscure its heavenly effulgende ; and common sense of the forgiveness of that an ample sufficiency of moral and sins and that which he contends for, religious light still remains to guide as he seems to imagine.

the wandering probationer on his way, T. F. B. and conduct him in the paths of plea

santness and peace. What! Are no Lewes, other views of Divine Providence, save May 10, 1822.

those he has himself embraced, capaS a confirmed Unitarian, and ble of leading the erring soul to heathose views of the Divine administra- the long extent of eighteen centuries, tion I have bee led to embrace, I can- notwithstanding the unhappy mutilanot but regret, in common with my tion of some of its sublimest truths, Unitarian brethren, that our religious been of such contracted efficacy, as sentiments are not more generally re- only to guide to future bliss, in proporceived, understood, and I might say tion to the just conceptions by its folenjoyed; and that our comparative lowers, of what we term its speculadeficiency in number, added to the tive truths ? Oh, no! Perish the unstrenuous exertions and ardent zeal of welcome thought! Millions of souls our more orthodox brethren, leave us of every denomination have already but little hope of their yet making felt its power, and so shall millions any very rapid progress in the Cliris. more. Providence, in its own good tian world. This regret is particu- time, that time which unerring wisdom larly felt by the believer in the unri- knows to be the fittest and the best, valled supremacy of Jehovah, when he will, if necessary to the fulfilment of bebolds the gospel, in which he has its merciful decrees, ordain that truth, revealed his glorious and endearing unclouded truth, shall be acknowledged attributes, with the benevolent design and received by all. It is not for us and end of all his providential dealings to scan the ways of Him whose towards his earthly offspring, through thoughts are not as our thoughts, and time and in eternity, making its rapid whose ways are not as ours, in having way (through the extensive co-opera- so long permitted such a diversity of tion of Bible Institutions) over the opinion among the followers of his more remote and unenlightened regions Son : but this we know, that through of the globe, dlefaced by what he con- all the darksome mists of bigotry and siders many false interpretations, to ignorance, and during their most arbitally at variance with the general trary sway, the declared will of the tenor of the Scriptures, and decidedly Almighty has blazoned forth in chaopposed to the truth as it is in Jesus. racters of undiminished light, to be Yet, surely, he must be but little ac- seen and known by all who chose not quainted with the human heart, with to close their eyes against its comthe nature of its inotives and springs manding intiuence, the will of Him

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