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mates their bosoms, and while their would command much attention, both carelessness about communicating their from the English and his own counreligion to others belies their own trymen. But I will not presume to sense of its value. Year after year prescribe what others are
do. Only rolls on; the generation among
whom the importance of the subject can juswe are acting our parts is quickly tify me in saying wbat I have. Every passing from the theatre of life : yet endeavour of this kind has for its aim, this great work is scarcely begun, and to diffuse the best of blessings to whole we may fear that we shall run our races and nations of men, and to generawhole religious course, and see it no tion after generation. And when such a more advanced than it was at the out- work ought to be done, and is left set. This is the more afflicting when undone, the feeblest may not be to so much is done every day by others; blame if he lifts up the voice of exwhen every sect which is destitute of hortation, aiming, at least, to merit the clear light of our reasonable and that not mean commendation, “ He amiable views, leares us so far behind hath done what he could.” in Christian zeal and activity; and
T. F. B. when not only their zeal is observable, but also the success with which their
York, endeavours are in general crowned. Sir,
Sept. 10, 1822. It is indeed difficult, in the midst of THEN I published the Second all this, to discern an adequate reason, Part of the Family Bible, I why the Unitarian Fund, as well as expressed my hope that the Third the Missionary Societies of other Part, which was to complete the PenChristian names, should not undertake tateuch, would appear in the course of some labour for diffusing the name the last year. I was proceeding to of Jesus among mankind. A defi- realize that hope, and had nearly ciency in the requisite resources is printed the Book of Numbers, when I sometimes given as a reason against was attacked, now more than twelve such an enterprise. If we admit this months since, by very severe illoess, plea, it indeed reflects deep disgrace which compelled me to lay the work upon us as a body: Are we then so aside, and, till nearly the present momuch the fewest and poorest of all the ment, has rendered me incapable of denominations, that we can do absolute- resuming it. I am much concerned ly nothing, where others do so much? to learn, from various quarters, that Are we so poor that we cannot sup- many persons who have purchased the port half a dozen Missionaries, when two first parts, have expressed, not the Moravians can maintain hundreds ? disappointinent merely, but extreme For our credit's sake, I hope such an indignation at the delay which has argument will not often be urged, nor taken place, and have declared that our opponents allowed such a triumph. they will purchase no inore, Had the Let the trial be fairly made, and let it delay been occasioned by any indobe seen whether Unitarians have not lepce or inattention on my part, the liberal hearts, and open hands, and encouragement I have hitherto reChristian sympathy, as well as others. ceived would have been justly withIn my belief they only want leaders. drawn : but in the circumstances in
The late accounts of Rammohun which I have been placed, I trust I Roy, which inake it plain that, after shall be considered as having some much inquiry, he is become a decided claim to the indulgence of the public. and zealous Unitarian Christian, give They who may be still disposed to enus reason to think it possible, that we courage my arduous undertaking, may may have an excellent Missionary in rest assured that in the prosecution of India, without sending one from En- it, I shall spare no exertions consist, gland. Perhaps, were this great and ent with a due regard to my health, interesting man assisted by the Uni- which is by no means re-established, tarian Fund, he might get a chapel and with other important occupations erected in Calcutta, and devote bim- in which I am necessarily engaged. self to the regular ministry of the word. This would probably be at
C. WELLBELOVED. tended with the happiest effects, as he
Extract from a Sermon on the Duty as well as to destroy, with what de
of Christians to imitate the Example light should we recall that warning, of Jesus in his Compassion towards persuading and exhorting voice which the Paralytic, according to the Mean has been often heard in the church, sure of their Ability: preached at snatch away the veil of oblivion which Maidstone, Sept. 15, 1822, by the covers the events of his past life, and Rev. G. Kenrick, in behalf of the pour the oil of joy on the heads of Rev. J. Gisburne and his distressed his widowed wife, and these orphan Family.*
though not futherless children? This Mark ii. 11 : “Arise, and take up thy
exercise of our benevolent feelbed, and go thy way into thine house." ings which is not vouchsafed to us. NHE crowd assembled in the
The Father hath reserved it for the THE
Son of his love. court where our Saviour was
We are far too frail preaching, were greatly surprised at blessed. But, thanks be to God, the
and sinful to be so blessing and so the apparent presumption of the command to such an unfortunate creature need not be ungratified. Channels
generous emotions of your bosoms as he who lay before them, to take up his own couch and walk! It might benevolent affection may run, and
are provided in which every stream of for a moment be suspected that it was into winich, I doubt not, you are this intended in mockery of his hopeless moment eager to pour them. Were calamity; but the mandate is sooner issued than it is obeyed. The should do it with confidence, ground
I pleading the cause of a Heathen, I shrivelled limbs, withering in premature old age, become instantly ani- ing my claim on the admitted plea of mated with new youth, the vital cur
the Syro-Phenician woman, that the rent rushes with the rapidity of light- the crumbs which fall from the chil
dogs may be permitted to partake of ning into its almost forsaken chan.
dren's table. But here is a Christian nels, and he who could not lift a hand, now bears his own couch, to prove the suddenly deprived of the means of
brother, and a Christian minister, completeness of his cure.
prothine house,” adds Jesus. Significant him.
viding for those whom God hath given words! What transport would his arrival occasion there! Joy would
Does any one ask, What return shall almost blind the eyes of his household,
I have for my money
? while he walked with the firm, unwa
That you will enjoy any great temvering step of health into his own
poral reward for what you are about dwelling. "Blessed change! He went
to give, I dare not promise you. The out by the will of others; he returns
objects of your beneficence are not of his own accord: he went out with likely, by your utmost efforts, to be a mind dark, confused and cloudy, an placed in a situation where they will eye vacant and unmeaning ; he returns have the power of conferring great with a countenance beaming with intel- favours on others. I cannot even assure ligence and animated with joy: he you that their parent's tongue will inwent out borne of four; he returns
voke on your heads that blessing which bearing his own couch: he went out prospereth; for a hand whose doings
1 the pitied emblem of Divine chastise
presume not to question, has comment; be returns a monument of Di- manded it into silence; and his family vine mercy!
altar I almost fear may be cold. But Which of us, my brethren, would you will not be without your reward not rejoice to become the honoured
even in this life. These tender plants instrument in communicating a happi- which are springing up around his
, you ness like this to the afflicted and respected brother and his destitute speedily uprooted from their places, household whose cause I am
and cast forth to grow wild in the depleading ? Were it conceivable that sert, or be scorched in the sun or any of us should be so highly favoured choked by the weeds of vice, trained by Him who is all-powerful to make by your hand and watered by your bewhole as well as to wound, to restore neficence, will grow up in luxuriance
and fertility. And perhaps it may be The sum of 121. 148. 9d. was col- the lot of some of you in the weary lected on the occasion,
journey of life, when deprived of those
means of promoting your own comfort expected, the deficient sums were imand relieving the distresses of others inediately advanced by the Committee; which you now possess, thankfully to and it is certain that there is no intenpluck some portion of their fruit. tion on the part of any gentleman who For which of us can tell what need we did so, to require interest for the sums may have for the services of those to so advanced, till the people of Brighwhom we do good? “Cast thy bread ton shall be better able to bear it. upon the waters, for thou shalt find it More than two years have passed since after many days.” Your benevolence the chapel was opened for divine worwill be rewarded even here, for God ship; and there has been no omission will give more of it, and increase your of morning or evening service in that happiness in the same proportion. time. It is proper that this should But you will be abundantly rewarded be inade public for the information of in a better world, where the tongue those of our friends who, knowing as of the dumb shall be unloosed, where little of the Brighton case as your " that which is sown in dishonour shall correspondent, might be misled as he be raised in glory, and that which is has been. The New-Road Chapel in sown in weakness shall be raised in Brighton ought to have been named power,” and where you shall receive as a case not of warning, but of en. those acknowledgements which were couragement and incitement. here withheld, and where Christ him.
JOHN MORELL. self shall undertake to return the kindness which has been shewn to
Clapton, wards his amicted “little ones.”
Sept. 15, 1822.
NEVER heard the names of “the Hove-House,
Jury who lately convicted Mrs. Sir,
Sept. 10, 1822. Wright," so that I am quite ignoS your correspondent R. S. rant who the “professing Unitahe does not know the case of Brigh- S. C. (p. 459) by that discreditable ton, he may be excused on the plea transaction. I would not apply the of ignorance for having reported it term to any of those jurymen who, from a reporter in terms which under the disadvantages of prejudice imply, a censure upon men who and misinformation, could believe that have deserved none. "My reason for they were doing God service, by denoticing it is, however, that the report voting to imprisonment and confiscastates what is not the fact, and what tion, for such a cause, a fellow-creacould not be believed to be the fact ture, alike the offspring of their heawithout doing harm. The reporter venly Father, though so unhappy as said, that the people of Brighton were to reject his revelation, or even to unable to complete their scheme, and deny his existence. The discredit advised with respect to Clifton, “Let attaches to those who wished that “rethe expense of the building be known, straints upon discussion were abanand the money advanced before the doned,” and yet contributed to consigo undertaking.” Now the fact is, that a persecuted publisher to the tender the Unitarians of Brighton never sup- mercies of the King's Bench, satisfied posed themselves able to build a cha- with the exclamation, “What could pel for the common accommodation we do, and how could we act otherof themselves and visiters from Lon- wise?” They certainly might have don and other parts of the kingdom; done much. They might have borne and the work was not undertaken by a testimony highly honourable to them.
Christians, whose faith stands not in The subscription did indeed com- human policy, but “in the power of mence in Brighton, and with great God," by absenting themselves as liberality; but the building was under- they would probably have done, withtaken by a Committee of gentlemen out scruple, for an adequate personal at a distance, who both counted the convenience) from such a jury, at the cost and completed the scheme. As possible hazard of pecuniary pethe subscriptions from London and nalties, rather than lend their assistother parts were less numerous, but ance to the execution of what they not less liberal, than might have been esteemed an uprighteous law. No one, I think, will envy the reflections of Mr. Ramsay remarks that “master these “professing Unitarians,” when and slave are in every respect oppothe victim of their verdict shall, as is site terms; the persons to whom they too probable, be torn from her hus- are applied are natural enemies to . band and infant family by a sentence each other,” and that “to make a to a prison, and perhaps that family man capable of religion, we must enbeggared by a moderate fine.
dow him with the rights and privileges But there are, in the conclusion of of a man; we must teach him to feel your correspondent's letter, some im- his weight in society, and set a value portant considerations, which have not on himself as a member of the comyet received the attention they deserve. munity, before we can attempt to I am incompetent to decide on their persuade him to lay in his claim to application to the case in question; heaven.". Then “to shew the necesbut of this I have no doubt, that jury- sity of advancing the slave in the scale men, especially in the cases of libel, of social life," he proceeds to “relate ought, as s. C. recommends, to exa- the little efficacy of such attempts as mine more minutely than they have have been made to communicate religenerally done, and upon moral rather gious knowledge to him in his hitherto than on legal principles, the accusa- debased state." tions of a prosecutor, who, by the Among Mr. Rainsay's testimonies wordy vituperations against a defen- is “Robertson, a minister of Nevis," dant, with which he is allowed to who “ wrote professedly on the concharge his weapon of warfare, whe- version of slaves in our colonies,” ther a declaration, indictment or infor- (about 1734,) “ and seems to have mation ex officio, often becomes him- laboured honestly in it himself.” He self the publisher of “a false, scanda- appears, “ from his observations,” to lous and malicious libel.”
have been “ of opinion that the maThat interesting letter, (pp. 492– nufacture of sugar and the practice 495) the result of much attentive ob- of religion were things incompatible; servation and mortifying experience, is and that before we began to deliberate calculated to make a humane English- about the conversion of slaves, the man blush for his country, and wish previous question had need to be disthat the Protector's Admiral in 1655,in- cussed whether we should maintain stead of conquering Jamaica, had, steer- this manufacture, or apply ourselves ed homeward in an opposite direc- to promote the growth of Christition. The following representations anity.” may serve to confirm Mr. Cooper's This just view of the subject seems opinion respecting the hopelessness, or to have been well understood by the rather the impolicy, if not the injus- privileged orders in the West Indies. tice, of attempting to communicate Mr. Ramsay relates, that, on his religious instruction to Negroes, while “first settlement” there, besides inthey " are to remain the victims of a structing Negroes in his own family, disgusting tyranny,” under a perpe- he “made also some public attempts tual hereditary bondage, which shews to instruct slaves.” It was, however, how incomplete was the applauded tri- " quickly suggested, and generally umph of humanity in the Abolition of believed, that he wanted to interrupt the Slave Trade.
the work of slaves, to give them time, “The Rev. James Ramsay, M.A., forsooth, to say their prayers; that he Vicar of Teston, in Kent,” (where he aimed at making of thein Christians, died in 1789,) published in 1784, “ An to render them incapable of being Essay on the Treatment and Conver- good slaves.” Thus" he stood, in sion of African Slaves, in the British opinion, a rebel convict against the Sugar Colonies,” among which he interest and majesty of plantership.” had resided 20 years. This author, And as, “ in the bidding prayer, he described by Clarkson as the first had inserted a petition for the convercontroversial writer, and one of the sion of slaves, it was deemed so disamost able and indefatigable labourers" greeable a memento, that several white in the cause of the Abolition, has a people on account of it left off attendchapter entitled, “The Advancement ing divine service ;" so that “he was of Slaves must accompany their Reli- obliged to omit the prayer entirely, to gious Instruction.”
try and bring them back.”
Mr. Ramsay has, I think, been scope of my intention to subject myquoted on this subject in one of your self to the pride and contumely of any early volumes (V1. 452]; also the disingenuous anonymous writer. This opinion of that ambitious statesman opponent, whoever he is, las indulged and polite scholar, or rather that let- in misrepresentation, imputation and tered barbarian, Carteret Lord Gran- misquotation ; the character of the ville, who died in 1763, according to work at once displays itself. Let but Biog. Brit., (III. 278,) with a verse the subjects of its second and third of Homer on his lips, leaving papers pages be compared with their respecon various subjects, among which is tive heads in the Remonstrance, and expressed his hope“ never to see our the reason why this “Trinitarian” Negroes in America become Christians, has shot his arrow in the dark, will because he believed that this would immediately stand manifest. Secondrender them less laborious slaves.” ly, as to sound argument, I deem the Lord Granville, however, was neither so work altogether too frivolous to be inconsistent nor self-convicted, as those deserving of a lengthened attention. West-India proprietors who support The evasions are generally so palpa. Bible, Tract, or School Societies ; for ble and puerile, that any man of sense “at home he was not for having the might truly be ashamed to subscribe vulgar taught to read, that they might his name to them. Against such a think of nothing but the plough and reply, I leave the Remonstrance their other low avocations." (Ibid. charged with its own vindication, suffi. IV. Addend. to III.) Happily, the ciently satisfied that under any thing barbarous monopoly of knowledge has like a fair comparison, its merit, be now scarcely a noble, clerical, or unti- it what it may, will be found to have tled advocate; for Church and State lost little or nothing by the test of have at length judged it expedient, this " Examination.” I have no deno longer to discourage the education sire, however, that my opponent's of the people, even though the Duke work should be given over to die a of Richmond's dreaded universal suf- natural and sudden death; on the confrage should, one day, be the una- trary, should it not be found to hang voidable consequence.
inconveniently heavy upon its leadingJ. T. RUTT. strings, I could wish it to be held up
for a time, that Trinitarians of sound
understanding, on viewing the ricketty
offspring, may turn aside their faces
As to Unitarians, were N all probability many of your they in want of any materials for arof a late reply to my Remonstrance, them with an ample supply, besides,
answers to the questions by a perhaps, no small amusement; for the Trinitarian," and a reference in your varied, studied and endless contrivance pages to this work may be deemed an and subterfuge is diverting enough, attention due from me to the Unita- and must have cost the author no rian public. Beyond this reference, small pains, for, as may be seen, inhowever, it is not my intention to stead of plain, concise answers, he has give any consideration to this pub- occupied upon some single questions lication, and to this determination I more pages than the whole of the have been led by the two following questions themselves would require. reasons : first, because I have but The attempt, however, may not be too much cause to think that the pre- without its use, and it will serve me caution of the author in not having in stopping up a few insignificant creopenly advanced into the field, is little vices through which an approach has better than a tacit acknowledgment of been sought. An answer to Unitais insufficiency to meet the subject. rian questions was what I particularly He has warily and prudently, as con- desired to see, having an assurance cerns the nature of his reply, placed (and in which I am fortified by the himself in ambush, since in truth the “Examination”) that such an advenwork is stanıped generally with a spi. turous course could not fail greatly to rít which all true Christians must re- expose the weakness of the Trinitarian ject; and it does not come within the cause, and in like degree to display
I no ,