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Sermons.

The Character of Jesus Christ, au Evi. A Second Volume, By Edward Maltby. dence of his Divine Mission. A Sermon, D. D. 8vo. 128.

preached at the Gravel-Pit Meeting, Twenty, on the Evidences of Chris- Hackney, and at Lewin's Mead, Bristol. tianity, as they were stated and enforced By Robert Aspland, Pastor of the Unita. in the Discourses of our Lord, compris- rian Church, Hackney. 12mo. Is. ing a Connected View of the Claims Delivered at the Parish Churches of which Jesus advanced, of the Arguments Soham and Wicken, in the County of by which he supported them, and of his Cambridge, on Sunday, August 12, 1821. Statements respecting the Causes, Pro- By Charles Joseph Orman, B.A., late of gress and Consequences of Infidelity. Sydney Sussex College, Cambridge, CuDelivered before the University of Cam- rate of Soham. 8vo. 1s. bridge, in the Year 1821, at the Lecture The Coming of the Lord, a Motive to founded by the Rev. Johu Hulse. By Patience and Stedfastness, preached beJames Clarke Frauks, M. A., Chaplain fore the University of Cambridge, on of Trinity College. 128.

Advent Sunday, Dec. 2, 1821. By WilSix, before the University of Oxford, liam Mandell, B. D., Fellow of Queen's By T. L. Strong, B. D., of Oriel College, College. 18. 6d. Chaplain to the Bishop of Landaff. 68. The Substance of a Sermon at the

Lectures on the Book of Ecclesiastes. Church of St. Bride's, Fleet Street, OcBy Ralph Wardlaw, D.D., of Glasgow. tober 19, 1821, before the British and 2 vols. 8vo. 188.

Foreign Seaman's Friend Society. By Sea Sermons; or Twelve Short and Richard Marks, Vicar of Great Missenden, Plain Discourses for the Use of Seamen: Bucks, formerly a Lieutenant in the Royal to which are added, a Prayer adapted to Navy. 18. 6d.' each Sermon, and other Prayers. By The Christian Watchman : on Occasion George Burder. 12mo. 28. 6d.

of the Death of the Rev. Thomas Best,

late Minister of Cradley Chapel, WorcesSingle.

tershire, August 5, 1821. By John CaAn Attempt to Ascertain the Import wood, A.M. 18. 6d. of the Title “ Son of Man," commonly Suicide providentially arrested, and assumed by our Lord. A Sermon, preach- practically improved : preached by the ed before several Unitarian Associations, express desire of Mr. G. J. Furneaux, who and printed at their Request. By Robert shot himself at White-Conduit-House, Aspland, Pastor of the Unitarian Church, Sept. 19, 1821. By S. Piggott. ls. Hackney. 12mo, ls.

OBTUARY.

Memoir of the Rev. Caleb Evans. knowledge, he gained the esteem and

confidence of those who had the best [See Mon. Repos. XVI. 735—737.)

opportunities of observing him. He was The amiable and excellent youth who now for the first time the master of his forms the subject of the present Memoir, own time and conduct, and was at a diswas the third son of the Rev. Dr. Evans, tance from every one who could exert of Islington. He was born at Islington, any controul over either. In this untried April 29th, 1801. Until upwards of 16 situation, which is nerer without danger, years of age he seldom left the paternal he gave the first decisive proof of that roof, but was educated by his father, steadiness of mind and character which whose labours to imbue his mind with every successive year confirmed; for he solid and useful knowledge, and to im. studied with the diligence of those who plant in his heart the principles of piety love knowledge for itself, and acted with and virtue, were abundantly repaid by the discretiou of those whom experience the avidity with which he received the has taught the value of virtue. * former, and by the evidence he gave that his conduct was influenced by the latter. * See an article intitled, “A Ramble

In the winter of 1817, he went to Edin- into the Western Highlands of Scotland," burgh, where he spent two winters at continued throngh several successive numcollege. Both sessions he obtained the bers of the Pocket Magazine, in which leading Mathematical Prize ; and by the the deceased describes in a lively manner ability and earnestness with which he a tour which be made in the Spring of availed himself of the opportunities af- 1818, when only in the 17th year of his forded him to correct and extend his age.

E.

Soon after leaving college, at Midsum- ence and perfections of the Deity, in the mer, 1819, he took a principal part in most able and profound manner. In the management of the school which his these investigations he was encouraged father has conducted upwards of twenty and assisted by his elder brother, with years; and for the beneficial arrangements whom he could converse without reserve, he introduced and the fidelity with which and from whom he was proud to acknowhe devoted a large portion of his time ledge that he received no unimportant to the improvement of those committed aid in the solution of his difficulties and to his care, he deserves more than com. the confirmation of many of his own Iron praise, because his love of know- opinions. ledge excited in him a desire to be He next applied himself with the same wholly engaged in very different pursuits. diligence to the study of the Evidences of This sacrifice of inclination to duty he the Christian Religion. The historical evimade with so much readiness as to prove dence and the philosophical argument that to him duty was a law, and with so founded upon it made a deep impression much cheerfulness as to shew that he on his mind, and produced a firm and knew how to extract pleasure from it. unwavering conviction, that the writers

For a considerable period bis attention of the gospel history must have beeu the had been fixed on the Christian ministry men they purport to have been ; must have as the profession in which he might be seen and heard the things which they demost happily and usefully ernployed, clare they saw and heard, and must have and in the autumn of 1820 he finally done and suffered what they are reported determined to devote himself to it. This to have done and suffered: consequently, determination was the result of much that their story must be true, and thereserious reflection, and formed in the sip- fore, that the divinity of the Christian cere hope that it would be conducive to religion is established. He could never his own mental, moral and religious im- sufficiently admire the clear and masterly provement, and to the improvement, in statement of this argument in Mr. Belsome humble measure, of others. And no sham's Summary of the Evidences of mind could be better constituted and no Christianity, a work which the inquiring character better formed for this impor- and upright Deist is bound to study, and tant office,

with which the Christian parent ought Having made his election, he immedi- to render the mind of his child familiar. ately applied himself with an extraordi- The next subjects which engaged his nary ardour to those studies which he attention were the Books of the New deemed necessary to enable him to dis- Testament. He entered into a careful charge the duties of the Christian minis- examination of their genuineness and auter with hopour and usefulness. Not thenticity, and in this investigation read having it in his power to pursue that sys- with extreme pleasure the writings of tematic study of theology and of biblical Herbert Marsh. In like manner he had criticism, under the direction of able and begun to examine the epistles, the obscuenlightened tutors, which he earnestly rities of which he was anxious to explain wished, he formed a plan of study for to the satisfaction of his own mind : and himself, to which he adhered with great by the aid of Locke and Taylor, whom he steadiness, for which he husbanded every diligently studied, he had already in part hour, and from which even the pleasures succeeded : and, probably, as much for of social intercourse could seldom seduce his own improvement as with a view to him. Often when friends whose society afford improvement to others, he had he highly valued were under the same condensed and arranged the result of his roof with him, he confined himself to his investigation in a discourse on this subcloset, unwilling to lose any of those pre- ject which he never delivered. Already cious moments which could not be recall- he had made himself well acquainted ed, and of which, with all his efforts, he with the writings of Dr. Cogan, which he felt that he could obtain but too few. greatly admired. The time spent in these pursuits was his His first sermon was delivered at Worseason of enjoyment: to other engage. ship Street, Dec. 17, 1820, on the Parements he attended because his duty re- ble of the Sower, and the satisfaction quired it; to these, because they afforded whieh he gave on that and subsequent him the highest gratification.

occasions may be best estimated from the He commenced his studies with an fact, that within the year which comattentive and thorough examination of prised the whole of his ministerial laClarke's Demonstration of the Being and bours, he repeatedly officiated at most of Attributes of God; and of the Treatise the principal Dissenting places of worship of the same author on Natural and Re- in the metropolis and its neighbourhood, vealed Religion, together with several and in that short period preached forty other works which treat of the exist- times. Ou Whitsunday, June 10, 1821, he preached (by invitation) the annual ser- ever, be only convinced of this fact; mon at Horsham, from Acts ii.47 : “ Prais- where then do we behold the bigot, who ing God and having favour with all the peo- disturbs the happiness of his fellow-man ? ple;" a discourse which he likewise deli- “We see him advance with the writvered at the Gravel-Pit Meeting-house, ings of the apostles in his hand; with the last Sunday that he entered the pul. the doctrines of the apostles in his mouth; pit. At Maidstone he had engaged to but not with the spirit of the apostles in deliver two charity sermons on the Sun- his heart. day immediately following his decease. “He lays before us the doctrines of On these two sermons were employed the Paul.-" These,' he exclaims, formed last efforts of his inind. One of them, the faith and hope of an inspired apostle : from Psalm cxix. 144, “Give me under they must therefore become your faith standing and I shall lire," he had com- and your hope.' And he makes this expleted; it contains the following passage: clamation, and maintains it too, without

“If a man direct his thoughts to his deigoing to give a thought to that love, own wonderful formation to the extent which the Apostle declares to be greater and the diversity of the scene which this than the purest faith and the brightest earth presents-and to the vast, the in- hope; Now abideth faith, hope and tricate, yet the unerring process of the love, these three, but the greatest of seasons and of vegetation; and if from these is love. these objects of his more immediate con “We behold the bigot ferociously extemplation, he raise his thoughts, battled acting the belief of mankind to the docin their investigations of the smallest por- trines of James, Peter and John; but we tion of this globe, to the kiudred planets see him heeding ueither the declaration which with this world revolve round the of James, that the wisdom from above sun ;-if, too, he forget the grandeur of is first pure, then peaceable, gentle and this our solar system as he extends his easy to be intreated, full of mercy and vision to the fixed stars, whose immense good fruits ;' nor the exhortation of Pemasses by their incalculable distances are ter, to have fervent love above all reduced in his sight to twinkling specks; things ;' nor the reasoning of John, 'he -and if here he gather up the whole that loveth not, knoweth not God, for energy of his amazed and bewildered God is love. thoughts to grasp the idea that these “Do we then behold the genuine diswarering particles of light are each a sys ciple of Paul, James, Peter and John, in tem, each-worlds resolving round their this bigot, who, because his fellow-chrissun ;--if thus far he carry forth his tian assigns to the writings of those aposthoughts, must he not, when he recals tles a sense different from himself, counts them to his own nothingness, feel the that fellow-christian as an enemy and admost awful ansiety to shape his conduct monishes him not as a brother 2 Before in strict subservience to the will of that we can regard him as the genuine disciBeing, the effects of whose power he has ple of those apostles, he must destroy the been contemplating throughout the bouud- purity and benignity of that spirit which less extent of space ?"

pervades all their writings : he must saThe other charity sermon, from Pro. crilegiously tear many a passage from out verbs xi. 24, “ There is that scattereth those very epistles for every tittle of and yet increaseth," was left unfinished; which he avows the most pious reverence. it terminated abruptly with the following He enforces his doctrines by the severest sentence:

thrcats, and sends us to the epistles as “Throughout the works of God man the sources of his doctrines. We read cannot point to a single portion that has the epistles, and whether we discern or not been formed to produce some good.” fail to discern his doctrines, we peruse

The following description of a bigot is the clear condemnation of his malevoextracted from a sermon, (the last ever lence. All the evil that he is willing to preached by the deceased,) from 2 Thess. heap upon his differing brother, is seen iii. 14 and 15: “And if any man obey to recoil upon himself. He sinks down . not our word by this epistle, note that in the pit that he made; in the vet which man and have no company with him, that he hid is his own foot taken."" he may be ashamed. Yet count him not It was a favourite plan with him to as an enemy, but admonish him as a unite, at some future period, with the brother.” After pointing out the general profession of the ministry, the occupation inculcation of humility and love through of a public lecturer on natural philosophy. all the epistles, he proceeds :

And he had already spent no inconsider“From the glance which we have now able time in gaining the necessary infortaken at the epistolary portion of the New mation, and had pearly completed a LecTestament, we cannot hesitate to allow ture on Air, which seems to have been its direct tendency to promote kindly intended as an introduction to a course feelings among mankind." Let us, how. of lectures on that and similar subjects.

VOL. XVII.

· Such were his wishes and hopes, and truth, was deeply engaged in the study such his efforts to realize them. What of the question of Baptism. In this inthe fruit would have been of so much vestigation he read Wall, Gale, Belsham, ability united to so much diligence, had Taylor, Robipson, &c., and examined for it been permitted to become mature, it is himself the authorities from the Fathers impossible to say; but it must have been to which these writers refer. After a considerable and excellent. That period laborious search he conceived that the of maturity, however, was not to arrive. evidence in favour of adult baptism by By one of those mysterious dispensations immersion preponderated, and in conforwhich fill the mind with astonishment mity to this conviction, he thought it his and awe, his hopes and his labours bare duty to submit to the ordinance. Yet he been prematurely closed. He has been did not do so until he had again reviewed spatched from friends who loved him the grounds of his opinion. Haring with tender affection, and from a circle made an excellent syllabus, arranging in in which his worth was appreciated, and different columns the historical evidence, which he would have enlightened and im- the facts admitted on all sides, and the proved, and now the memory of his ex- deductions fairly to be drawn from both, cellence is all that is left. In nothing do he was more satisfied than before, that the purposes of the Moral Governor of the baptism by immersion, ou the part of a world appear more inexplicable. That believer, “coincides with all the data, the corporeal frame, just as it has at- viz., the evidence of the New Testament, tained the activity and beauty of adoles- of the Fathers, of the Jewish customs, cence, just as all its organs are fully de- and with that arising from the nature of veloped, and all the finctions of those the Christian dispensation, while it is organs are so vigorously performed, and really at variance with none." AccordBo exquisitely balanced, that there is not ingly he submitted to the rite, and was a single movement of the machine which baptized by Mr. David Eaton at Worship is not perfect, which does not seem to Street, on Sunday, October 28, 1821. exult in its strength, and which does not But the caution and modesty with which produce pleasure: that the mind, just as he judged and acted on this occasion, its faculties are unfolded, just as it is afford a striking illustration of the genebeginning to put forth its power, just as, ral character of his mind and conduct. after immense labour, it has opened to At the conclusion of the memorandum itself the treasures of knowledge, and is referred to he says, “I frankly confess beginning to diffuse them with an eager that if I had now the means of studying and delighted liberality, that then the theology thoroughly, I might feel inclined mind itself should suddenly and, as to the to defer my baptism uutil after I had eye of sense it seems, utterly perish, and made full use of those means; but hav. nothing remain of the beautiful fabric in ing, I sincerely believe, employed every which it resided, but a heap of dust- means which I at present possess, I am how irreconcileable does this appear to inclined to submit to it now. However, the wisdom and goodness of the Creator; I shall consider that I leave a duty undisto that very wisdom and goodness which charged if I do not give the subject a are exerted in the formation of those more extensive examination when my very powers and attributes thus 'prema- opportunities become enlarged. This turely destroyed! To this great difficulty memorandum will be a bond upon my the Christian knows the answer. That conscience." death is a good both to the individual In the like conscientious manner he and to the system; that unless the natures carefully abstained in his public disof each were wholly changed, its exist- courses from entering on any contreence is indispensable, and that it could verted subject which he had not himself not secure the moral advantages it is in- thoroughly studied. His mind was not tended to answer, unless it were consti. of that constitution which would permit tuted exactly as it is : unless its approach him to take any opinion imou trust, and were sometimes sudden, always uncer- he had too much probity to speak in the tain, and it were able to select its victims language of conviction on subjects of alike from persons of every character and which he was couscious that he had not every station and every age: of these made himself acquainted with the eritruths the Christian is well assured, and dence. There could be no better proof being so, he can see in some measure the that he would have become a firm, fearwisdom and goodness of this nost awful less and zealous advocate of whatever he and atflictive appointinent. But nothing might ultimately believe to be the truth. can sustain his mind under it, excepting There was ope subject of which he such an enlightened and comprehensive was convinced, of which the evidence view of its object and end.

appeared to him to be most abundant In the autumn of 1821, the active mind and glorious, and which formed the conof this sincere and diligent inquirer after stant theme of his discourse both in the

social circle and in the pulpit. The evi. whole alimentary canal. In the few dence of it be felt in himself, and saw in similar cases on record, precisely the every human being on which his eye rest. same appearances presented themselves ed. Of the abounding goodness of the as in the present instance, and like this Creator, and of the general and great also, in all of them death followed with preponderance of happiness orer misery, extreme rapidity. he was as fully assured as he was that On Wednesday the 12th, his remains his senses did not mislead him, when he were consigned to the tomb by Mr. perceived that all men live as long as Gilchrist, who delivered an appropriate they can, and love and value life. He address on the occasion. The following thought it a proof ueither of an under- Suoday, the 16th, a funeral sermon was standing niad nor of a generous and preached at Worship Street, by Mr. Dagrateful heart, to fix upon the exception vid Eaton, to a most numerous and to the rule as the rule itself, and because respectable audience, from Psalm xxxix. there are storms, to argue that the sun 5 : “ Behold, thou hast made my days as rarely shines, and because there are sur. an hand-breadth, and mine age is as porows, to contend that there is little or thing before thee;" the conclusion of no enjoyment. The earnest and indignant which appeared in the last Number of manner in which he opposed every ob- this Repository. (XVI. 735-737.] Seveservation and complaint implying the ral ministers both in the country and in general preponderance of misery, was an the metropolis testified their respect to abandant proof of his own cheerful and the memory of the deceased, by a notice happy disposition, and of that freshness from their pulpits of the awful dispensaand ardour which form the great charm tion which had removed a minister so of youth, and which few of the aged can young and so promising from his sphere contemplate without a sigh that it has of usefulness. passed from thein for ever. The follow- In contemplating the excellencics of ing passage, taken from one of his dis. the character of the friend we have thus courses, illustrates the mapuer in which lost, it is impossible not to dwell with it was his delight to think and speak : satisfaction on the gentleness and purity

"The doubts of the rational and pious of his manners. No expressions ever man, in proportion as he contemplates escaped him unbecoming the modesty of the works of nature and of Providence, youth, or inconsistent with that governsubside; and his best feelings are cheered ment of the thonghts and that chastity by perceiving how totally unfounded are the of conversation which Christianity remelancholy inferences of some respecting quires. His performance of the social the nature of the Deity. By a candid duties was exemplary; and the rememand careful examination of the world brance of those virtues which in him aparound him, even without regarding the peared to be mised with almost as few inestimable gift of the Christian Revela- faults as is consistent with the infirmity tion, he will be convinced that gloomy of human nature, is at once the sorrow notions of the Deity must arise from ex- and the consolation of his parents, his aggerations of the misery and from par- brothers and his friends. His death was tial views of the happiness that really in perfect accordance with his life. That exist. The inevitable result of his con was as peaceful as this was pure. A few templation will be, that the creation hours before he expired, he called his teaches, nay commands us to cherish the elder brother to his side, and thanked delightful and animating sentiment of the him and another friend who was standApostle Johu, that GOD IS LOVE!"

ing by, in the most affectionate manner It was on the evening of Saturday, for their kindness: he mentioned by Dec. 1, 1821, that he first complained of name several friends to whom he was indisposition. The progress of his dis attached, and desired that they might be order was extremely rapid, and was at told, that even in that hour he did not tended with some anomalous symptoms forget them, but continued to love them which led his medical attendants to sus. with tender affection. He then said, “I pect that the cause of it was not com die happy. I could have wished to have mon. Early on the morning of the 6th lived longer. I am conscious I was enbe expired, and the exainination after joying more than I deserved. I could death proved that the melancholy event have wished to have done more for Chrishad been produced by a circumstance of tianity; but I am content. It is a satispeculiarly rare occurrence. A scarlet faction to me that the last hours of my bean, which had probably been inadver- life were spent in doing good." He then tently swallowed, had insinuated itself alluded to another and a glorious meetinto the vermiform process of the intes- ing with those friends from whom he was tine, where, by mechanical irritation, it now called to separate, and intimated had produced the most intense inflamma. that even in the passage to that brighter tion, which had spread over nearly the and better world, gloomy as it is gene

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